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Child, Family, School, Community: Socialization And Support,9780495007586
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Child, Family, School, Community: Socialization And Support

by
Edition:
7th
ISBN13:

9780495007586

ISBN10:
0495007587
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
3/6/2006
Publisher(s):
Wadsworth Publishing
List Price: $134.95

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Summary

Revealing and filled with professional insight, Robert M. Berns' best-selling book helps students understand the socialization process of children via the powerful conceptual framework of Urie Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Model of Human Development. Berns closely examines the interactive effects of family, childcare, school, peer groups, media, community, and societal factors (including culture, political ideology, economics, and technology) on the socialization of the child to vividly illustrate the concepts of the course and help students learn how the various aspects of a child's environment affect his or her development. Truly ideal for undergraduate students and anyone who works with children, this text underscores the immeasurable value in preparing the child with the ability to adapt to a changing world.

Table of Contents

Preface xv
Ecology of the Child
1(39)
Prologue
2(3)
Ecology, Change, and Children
5(1)
Socialization and Child Development
6(7)
Socialization as a Unique Human Process
7(1)
Socialization as a Reciprocal Dynamic Process
7(5)
Intentional and Unintentional Socialization
12(1)
Socialization, Change, and Challenge
13(6)
Change and the Concept of Childhood
15(2)
Socialization and Adaptation
17(2)
Theories Relating to Socialization
19(1)
Examining Socialization in an Ecological Context
20(9)
Microsystems
21(2)
Mesosystems
23(2)
Exosystems
25(1)
Macrosystems
26(3)
Interaction of Ecological Systems Over Time: The Chronosystem
29(3)
Impact of Significant Historical Events
29(2)
Impact of Ongoing Events
31(1)
Contemporary Ecology
32(5)
Epilogue
37(1)
Summary
37(1)
Activity
38(1)
Related Readings
39(1)
Ecology of Socialization
40(44)
Prologue
41(1)
Socialization Processes
42(2)
Aims of Socialization
44(7)
Develop a Self-Concept
44(4)
Enable Self-Regulation
48(1)
Empower Achievement
48(1)
Teach Appropriate Social Roles
48(1)
Implement Developmental Skills
49(2)
Agents of Socialization
51(9)
Family
52(3)
School and Child Care
55(1)
Peers
56(2)
Mass Media
58(1)
Community
59(1)
Methods of Socialization
60(17)
Affective Methods (Effect Emerges from Feeling)
60(2)
Operant Methods (Effect Emerges from Acting)
62(6)
Observational Methods (Effect Emerges from Imitating)
68(2)
Cognitive Methods (Effect Emerges from Information Processing)
70(3)
Sociocultural Methods (Effect Emerges from Conforming)
73(4)
Apprenticeship Methods (Effect Emerges from Guided Participation)
77(1)
Outcomes of Socialization
77(4)
Values
77(1)
Attitudes
78(1)
Motives and Attributions
78(1)
Self-Esteem
79(1)
Self-Regulation/Behavior
79(1)
Morals
80(1)
Gender Roles
81(1)
Epilogue
81(1)
Summary
82(1)
Activity
82(1)
Related Readings
83(1)
Ecology of the Family
84(43)
Prologue
85(1)
Family Systems
86(4)
Basic Family Structures
87(2)
Basic Family Functions
89(1)
Family Transitions
90(18)
Structural Family Changes
90(13)
Functional Family Changes
103(5)
Macrosystem Influences on Families, Socialization, and Children
108(12)
Socioeconomic Status
108(7)
Ethnic Orientation
115(3)
Religious Orientation
118(2)
Chronosystem Influences on Families, Socialization, and Children
120(3)
Sociopolitical Changes
121(1)
Economic Changes
122(1)
Technological Changes
122(1)
Meeting the Challenge of Change: Family Empowerment
123(1)
Epilogue
124(1)
Summary
125(1)
Activity
126(1)
Related Readings
126(1)
Ecology of Parenting
127(50)
Prologue
128(1)
Parenting
129(1)
Macrosystem Influences on Parenting
130(14)
Political Ideology
131(1)
Culture
132(3)
Socioeconomic Status
135(2)
Ethnicity/Religion
137(7)
Chronosystem Influences on Parenting
144(12)
Historical Trends
145(3)
Family Dynamics
148(8)
Parenting Styles
156(8)
Microsystem Influences: Between Parent and Child
157(6)
Mesosystem Influences: Between Parent and Others
163(1)
Appropriate Parenting Practices
164(2)
Developmental Appropriateness
165(1)
Guidance and Discipline
166(1)
Inappropriate Parenting Practices
166(8)
Child Maltreatment: Abuse and Neglect
167(3)
Correlates and Consequences of Child Maltreatment
170(4)
Epilogue
174(1)
Summary
174(1)
Activity
175(1)
Related Readings
176(1)
Ecology of Child Care
177(36)
Prologue
178(1)
Child Care
178(6)
Components of Optimal Quality Care
180(4)
Macrosystem Influences on Child Care
184(2)
Chronosystem Influences on Child Care: Correlates and Consequences
186(7)
Child Care and Psychological Development
187(3)
Child Care and Social Development
190(1)
Child Care and Cognitive Development
190(3)
Mesosystem Influences on Child Care
193(3)
School and Community Involvement in Child Care
193(2)
Government and Business Involvement in Child Care
195(1)
Child Care and Socialization
196(9)
Socialization Effects of Different Preschool Programs
197(5)
Socialization Effects of Child-Care Ideologies
202(3)
Developmentally Appropriate Caregiving
205(5)
Collaborative Caregiving
205(2)
Caregivers and Child Protection
207(3)
Epilogue
210(1)
Summary
210(2)
Activity
212(1)
Related Readings
212(1)
Ecology of the School
213(40)
Prologue
214(1)
The School's Function as a Socializing Agent
215(2)
Macrosystem Influences on Schools
217(15)
Educational Decisions
218(1)
School Choice
219(2)
Diversity and Equity
221(11)
Chronosystem Influences on Schools
232(7)
Adaptations to Societal Change
233(1)
Technology
234(2)
Violence
236(2)
Substance Use/Abuse
238(1)
Mesosystem Influences on Schools
239(10)
School-Child Linkages
240(1)
School-Family Linkages
241(5)
School-Peer Group Linkages
246(1)
School-Media Linkages
246(1)
School-Community Linkages
247(2)
Epilogue
249(1)
Summary
250(1)
Activity
251(1)
Related Readings
251(2)
Ecology of Teaching
253(44)
Prologue
254(2)
The Teacher's Role as a Socializing Agent
256(2)
Teacher Characteristics and Student Learning
258(5)
Teachers as Leaders
259(2)
Teachers as Managers
261(1)
Teachers' Expectations
262(1)
Student Characteristics and Teacher Interaction
263(21)
Gender
264(1)
Ethnicity
264(5)
Socioeconomic Status
269(2)
Learning Styles
271(3)
Disability
274(4)
Risk and Resilience
278(6)
Macrosystem Influences on Teaching
284(6)
Philosophies of Teaching and Learning
284(3)
Socialization Outcomes of Different Classroom Contexts
287(2)
Accountability and Standardization
289(1)
Mesosystem Influences on Teaching
290(4)
Family Involvement in Learning
291(2)
Developmentally Appropriate Learning and Assessment
293(1)
Epilogue
294(1)
Summary
294(1)
Activity
295(1)
Related Readings
296(1)
Ecology of the Peer Group
297(51)
Prologue
298(1)
The Peer Group as a Socializing Agent
299(15)
The Significance of Peers to Development
299(6)
Psychological Development: Emotions
305(1)
Social Development: Social Competence
306(1)
Cognitive Development: Social Cognition
307(2)
Peer Group Socializing Mechanisms
309(5)
Macrosystem Influences on the Peer Group: Developmental Tasks
314(7)
Getting Along With Others
314(1)
Developing Morals and Values
315(2)
Learning Appropriate Sociocultural Roles
317(4)
Achieving Personal Independence and Identity
321(1)
Chronosystem Influences on the Peer Group: Play/Activities
321(7)
The Significance and Development of Play
322(3)
Infant/Toddler Peer Activities
325(1)
Early Childhood Peer Activities
325(1)
Middle Childhood/Preadolescent Peer Activities
326(1)
Adolescent Peer Activities
327(1)
Peer Group Interaction
328(6)
Development of Friendship
328(2)
Acceptance/Neglect/Rejection by Peers
330(2)
Peer Sociotherapy
332(2)
Peer Group Dynamics and Social Hierarchies
334(5)
Inclusion and Exclusion
335(1)
Bullies/Victims
336(1)
Gangs
337(1)
Peer Collaboration, Tutoring, and Counseling
338(1)
Mesosystem Influences on the Peer Group
339(5)
Adult-Mediated Group Interaction
340(1)
Adult Leadership Styles
341(1)
Team Sports
342(2)
Epilogue
344(1)
Summary
344(2)
Activity
346(1)
Related Readings
346(2)
Ecology of the Mass Media
348(51)
Prologue
349(2)
Understanding Mass Media
351(2)
Chronosystem Influences on Mass Media
353(1)
Macrosystem Influences on Mass Media
354(3)
Screen Media: Television and Movies (Videos, DVDs)
357(17)
Concerns About Television and Movies
358(14)
Mediating Influences on Socialization Outcomes
372(2)
Mesosystem Influences
374(4)
Community-Media Linkages
375(1)
School-Media Linkages
376(1)
Peer-Media Linkages
376(1)
Family-Media Linkages
377(1)
Print Media: Books and Magazines
378(9)
How Books and Magazines Socialize Children
380(2)
Concerns About Books and Magazines
382(4)
Books, Socialization, and Developmental Levels of Children
386(1)
Audio Media: Popular Music
387(4)
Interactive and Multimedia
391(4)
Computers and the Internet
392(1)
Computerized Video/CD Games
393(2)
Epilogue
395(1)
Summary
395(1)
Activity
396(1)
Related Readings
397(2)
Ecology of the Community
399(48)
Prologue
400(1)
Community: Structure and Functions
401(3)
The Community's Influence on Socialization
404(10)
Physical Factors
405(3)
Economic Factors
408(2)
Social and Personal Factors
410(4)
The Community as a Learning Environment
414(1)
The Community as a Support System
415(9)
Chronosystem and Macrosystem Influences on Community Services
415(1)
Preventive, Supportive, and Rehabilitative Services
416(8)
Creating Caring Communities
424(10)
Economic Assistance
425(4)
Health Care
429(1)
Support for Families
430(3)
Special Child-Care Services
433(1)
Mesosystem Influences: Linking Community Services to Families and Schools
434(3)
Involvement and Advocacy
437(5)
Types of Advocacy Groups
437(1)
Advocating for Child Protection
438(4)
Epilogue
442(1)
Summary
442(2)
Activity
444(2)
Related Readings
446(1)
Emotional and Cognitive Socialization Outcomes
447(47)
Prologue
448(3)
Values
451(5)
Values Clarification
454(2)
Attitudes
456(10)
Development of Attitudes
456(2)
Influences on Attitude Development
458(5)
Changing Attitudes About Diversity
463(3)
Motives and Attributions
466(13)
Achievement Motivation
468(4)
Locus of Control
472(4)
Learned Helplessness
476(2)
Self-Efficacy
478(1)
Self-Esteem
479(10)
Development of Self-Esteem
481(2)
Influences on the Development of Self-Esteem
483(6)
Epilogue
489(1)
Summary
490(1)
Activity
491(2)
Related Readings
493(1)
Social and Behavioral Socialization Outcomes
494(62)
Prologue
495(3)
Self-Regulation/Behavior
498(23)
Antisocial Behavior: Aggression
501(9)
Prosocial Behavior: Altruism
510(11)
Morals
521(18)
Moral Development
521(8)
Influences on Moral Development
529(10)
Gender Roles
539(14)
Development of Gender Roles
539(5)
Influences on Gender Role Development
544(9)
Epilogue
553(1)
Summary
553(1)
Activity
554(1)
Related Readings
555(1)
Appendix: Core Concepts of Development and Socialization 556(1)
Glossary 557(6)
References 563(43)
Index 606


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