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Children And Their Development,9780131949119
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Children And Their Development

by
Edition:
5th
ISBN13:

9780131949119

ISBN10:
013194911X
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2010
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $144.20

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Summary

Written by a well-known and respected researcher in the field of child development, this TOPICALLY organized text uses unique and effective pedagogy as the framework of the entire text. Designed to demonstrate how research translates into practice with accessible writing, a modular format, and application-based features such as: Focus on Research, Real Children, Cultural Influences, and Child and Development and Family Policy.

Table of Contents

Preface xvii
The Science of Child Development
2(36)
Setting the Stage
4(4)
Historical Views of Children and Childhood
4(1)
Origins of a New Science
5(3)
Foundational Theories of Child Development
8(9)
The Biological Perspective
9(1)
The Psychodynamic Perspective
10(1)
The Learning Perspective
11(2)
The Cognitive-Developmental Perspective
13(1)
The Contextual Perspective
14(3)
Themes in Child-Development Research
17(3)
Early Development Is Related to Later Development but Not Perfectly
17(1)
Development Is Always Jointly Influenced by Heredity and Environment
18(1)
Children Influence Their Own Development
18(1)
Development in Different Domains Is Connected
19(1)
Doing Child-Development Research
20(18)
Measurement in Child-Development Research
21(4)
General Designs for Research
25(3)
Designs for Studying Age-Related Change
28(5)
Ethical Responsibilities
33(1)
Communicating Research Results
34(2)
See for Yourself, Resources, Key Terms
36(1)
Summary
37(1)
Genetic Bases of Child Development
38(22)
Mechanisms of Heredity
40(8)
The Biology of Heredity
40(2)
Single Gene Inheritance
42(2)
Genetic Disorders
44(4)
Heredity, Environment, and Development
48(12)
Behavioral Genetics
48(6)
Paths From Genes to Behavior
54(4)
See for Yourself, Resources, Key Terms
58(1)
Summary
59(1)
Prenatal Development, Birth, and the Newborn
60(40)
From Conception to Birth
62(6)
Period of the Zygote (Weeks 1--2)
62(1)
Period of the Embryo (Weeks 3--8)
63(2)
Period of the Fetus (Weeks 9--38)
65(3)
Influences on Prenatal Development
68(14)
General Risk Factors
69(4)
Teratogens: Diseases, Drugs, and Environmental Hazards
73(4)
How Teratogens Influence Prenatal Development
77(2)
Prenatal Diagnosis and Treatment
79(3)
Happy Birthday!
82(9)
Labor and Delivery
83(1)
Approaches to Childbirth
84(2)
Adjusting to Parenthood
86(1)
Birth Complications
87(4)
The Newborn
91(9)
Assessing the Newborn
91(2)
The Newborn's Reflexes
93(1)
Newborn States
94(2)
Perception and Learning in the Newborn
96(1)
See for Yourself, Resources, Key Terms
97(2)
Summary
99(1)
Growth and Health
100(32)
Physical Growth
102(15)
Features of Human Growth
102(3)
Mechanisms of Physical Growth
105(4)
The Adolescent Growth Spurt and Puberty
109(8)
Challenges to Healthy Growth
117(6)
Malnutrition
117(1)
Eating Disorders: Anorexia and Bulimia
118(1)
Obesity
119(1)
Disease
120(1)
Accidents
121(2)
The Developing Nervous System
123(9)
Organization of the Mature Brain
123(1)
The Developing Brain
124(5)
See for Yourself, Resources, Key Terms
129(2)
Summary
131(1)
Perceptual and Motor Development
132(30)
Basic Sensory and Perceptual Processes
134(7)
Smell, Taste, and Touch
135(1)
Hearing
136(1)
Seeing
137(1)
Integrating Sensory Information
138(3)
Complex Perceptual and Attentional Processes
141(10)
Perceiving Objects
141(6)
Attention
147(1)
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
148(3)
Motor Development
151(11)
Locomotion
152(3)
Fine-Motor Skills
155(2)
Physical Fitness
157(3)
See for Yourself, Resources, Key Terms
160(1)
Summary
161(1)
Theories of Cognitive Development
162(36)
Setting the Stage: Piaget's Theory
164(10)
Basic Principles of Piaget's Theory
164(2)
Stages of Cognitive Development
166(5)
Piaget's Contributions to Child Development
171(3)
Modern Theories of Cognitive Development
174(11)
The Sociocultural Perspective: Vygotsky's Theory
174(4)
Information Processing
178(5)
Care-Knowledge Theories
183(2)
Understanding in Core Domains
185(13)
Understanding Objects and Their Properties
186(2)
Understanding Living Things
188(2)
Understanding People
190(6)
See for Yourself, Resources, Key Terms
196(1)
Summary
197(1)
Cognitive Processes and Academic Skills
198(38)
Memory
200(12)
Origins of Memory
200(1)
Strategies for Remembering
201(2)
Knowledge and Memory
203(9)
Problem Solving
212(7)
Developmental Trends in Solving Problems
212(2)
Features of Children's and Adolescents' Problem Solving
214(4)
Scientific Problem Solving
218(1)
Academic Skills
219(17)
Reading
220(5)
Writing
225(2)
Knowing and Using Numbers
227(7)
See for Yourself, Resources, Key Terms
234(1)
Summary
235(1)
Intelligence and Individual Differences in Cognition
236(30)
What Is Intelligence?
238(7)
Psychometric Theories
238(1)
Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences
239(3)
Sternberg's Theory of Successful Intelligence
242(3)
Measuring Intelligence
245(11)
Binet and the Development of Intelligence Testing
246(2)
Do Tests Work?
248(3)
Hereditary and Environmental Factors
251(3)
Impact of Ethnicity and Socioeconomic Status
254(2)
Special Children, Special Needs
256(10)
Gifted and Creative Children
257(2)
Children With Mental Retardation
259(1)
Children With Learning Disabilities
260(3)
See for Yourself, Resources, Key Terms
263(2)
Summary
265(1)
Language and Communication
266(34)
The Road to Speech
268(6)
Elements of Language
268(1)
Perceiving Speech
269(3)
First Steps to Speech
272(2)
Learning the Meanings of Words
274(10)
Understanding Words as Symbols
274(1)
Fast Mapping Meanings to Words
275(4)
Individual Differences in Word Learning
279(1)
Encouraging Word Learning
280(3)
Beyond Words: Other Symbols
283(1)
Speaking in Sentences
284(7)
From Two-Word Speech to Complex Sentences
285(2)
How Do Children Acquire Grammar?
287(4)
Using Language to Communicate
291(9)
Taking Turns
292(1)
Speaking Effectively
293(3)
Listening Well
296(2)
See for Yourself, Resources, Key Terms
298(1)
Summary
299(1)
Emotional Development
300(30)
Emerging Emotions
302(9)
The Function of Emotions
302(1)
Experiencing and Expressing Emotions
303(4)
Recognizing and Using Others' Emotions
307(2)
Regulating Emotions
309(2)
Temperament
311(7)
What Is Temperament?
311(2)
Hereditary and Environmental Contributions to Temperament
313(1)
Stability of Temperament
314(1)
Temperament and Other Aspects of Development
315(3)
Attachment
318(12)
The Growth of Attachment
319(2)
The Quality of Attachment
321(6)
See for Yourself, Resources, Key Terms
327(2)
Summary
329(1)
Understanding Self and Others
330(32)
Who Am I? Self-Concept
332(10)
Origins of Self-Recognition
332(2)
The Evolving Self-Concept
334(1)
The Search for Identity
335(7)
Self-Esteem
342(9)
Measuring Self-Esteem
342(3)
Developmental Change in Self-Esteem
345(3)
Sources of Self-Esteem
348(2)
Low Self-Esteem: Cause or Consequence?
350(1)
Understanding Others
351(11)
Describing Others
352(1)
Understanding What Others Think
353(2)
Prejudice
355(4)
See for Yourself, Resources, Key Terms
359(2)
Summary
361(1)
Moral Understanding and Behavior
362(34)
Self-Control
364(5)
Beginnings of Self-Control
364(3)
Influences on Self-Control
367(1)
Improving Children's Self-Control
368(1)
Reasoning About Moral Issues
369(11)
Piaget's Views
370(1)
Kohlberg's Theory
371(4)
Beyond Kohlberg's Theory
375(3)
Promoting Moral Reasoning
378(2)
Helping Others
380(5)
Development of Prosocial Behavior
380(1)
Skills Underlying Prosocial Behavior
381(1)
Situational Influences
382(1)
Socializing Prosocial Behavior
383(2)
Aggression
385(11)
Changes and Stability
385(2)
Roots of Aggressive Behavior
387(4)
Victims of Aggression
391(3)
See for Yourself, Resources, Key Terms
394(1)
Summary
395(1)
Gender and Development
396(30)
Gender Stereotypes
398(4)
How Do We View Men and Women?
398(1)
Learning Gender Stereotypes
399(3)
Differences Related to Gender
402(9)
Differences in Physical Development and Behavior
403(1)
Differences in Intellectual Abilities and Achievement
404(3)
Differences in Personality and Social Behavior
407(2)
Frank Talk about Gender Differences
409(2)
Gender Identity
411(9)
The Socializing Influences of People and the Media
412(5)
Cognitive Theories of Gender Identity
417(2)
Biological Influences
419(1)
Gender Roles in Transition
420(6)
Emerging Gender Roles
420(1)
Beyond Traditional Gender Roles
421(3)
See for Yourself, Resources, Key Terms
424(1)
Summary
425(1)
Family Relationships
426(32)
Parenting
428(9)
The Family as a System
428(2)
Styles of Parenting
430(2)
Parental Behavior
432(3)
Influences of the Marital System
435(1)
Children's Contributions
436(1)
The Changing Family
437(7)
Impact of Divorce on Children
438(2)
Blended Families
440(1)
The Role of Grandparents
441(2)
Children of Gay and Lesbian Parents
443(1)
Brothers and Sisters
444(5)
Firstborn, Laterborn, and Only Children
445(2)
Qualities of Sibling Relationships
447(2)
Maltreatment: Parent-Child Relationships Gone Awry
449(9)
Consequences of Maltreatment
450(1)
Causes of Maltreatment
451(2)
Preventing Maltreatment
453(2)
See for Yourself, Resources, Key Terms
455(2)
Summary
457(1)
Influences Beyond the Family
458(36)
Peers
460(15)
Development of Peer Interactions
460(4)
Friendship
464(4)
Romantic Relationships
468(3)
Groups
471(1)
Popularity and Rejection
472(3)
Electronic Media
475(5)
Television
475(4)
Computers
479(1)
Institutional Influences
480(14)
Day Care
480(3)
Part-Time Employment
483(2)
Neighborhoods
485(4)
School
489(3)
See for Yourself, Resources, Key Terms
492(1)
Summary
493(1)
Glossary 494(7)
References 501(24)
Acknowledgments 525(2)
Name Index 527(10)
Subject Index 537


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