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Children's Thinking : Cognitive Development and Individual Differences,9780534622459
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Children's Thinking : Cognitive Development and Individual Differences



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Wadsworth Publishing
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A comprehensive book supported by extensive research studies and data, Bjorklund's text presents the broadest coverage of topics in cognitive development. Unlike other books, Bjorklund shows readers how developmental function can help explain individual differences in cognition by covering both the typical pattern of change in thinking observed over time and the individual differences in children's thinking in infancy and childhood. A major theme of this book is the continuous transaction between the child embedded in a social world: although a child is born prepared to make some sense of the world, his or her mind is also shaped by forces in the physical and social environment.

Author Biography

David F. Bjorklund: Florida Atlantic University

Table of Contents

An Introduction to Cognitive Developmentp. 1
Basic Concepts in Cognitive Developmentp. 2
Some Issues in Cognitive Developmentp. 6
Changes That Occur in Cognitive Developmentp. 20
Overview of the Remainder of the Bookp. 22
Summaryp. 23
Biological Bases of Cognitive Developmentp. 26
Evolution and Cognitive Developmentp. 28
Models of Gene-Environment Interactionp. 33
The Development of the Brainp. 43
Developmental Biology and Cognitive Developmentp. 56
Summaryp. 57
The Social Construction of Mind: Sociocultural Perspectives on Cognitive Developmentp. 60
The Role of Culture in Cognitive Developmentp. 62
Implications for Educationp. 73
Sociocultural Theory and Cognitive Developmentp. 75
Summaryp. 75
Piaget and the Neo-Piagetiansp. 78
Some Assumptions of Piaget's Theoryp. 79
Stages of Developmentp. 83
The State of Piaget's Theory Todayp. 103
Neo-Piagetian Theoriesp. 107
Summaryp. 113
Information-Processing Approachesp. 118
Assumptions of Information-Processing Approachesp. 119
Information-Processing Perspectives on Developmentp. 123
Capacity and Cognitive Developmentp. 129
Learning How Not to Respond: Inhibition and Resistance to Interferencep. 134
The Role of Knowledge Base in Cognitive Developmentp. 140
Fuzzy-Trace Theoryp. 142
Connectionist Perspective of Developmental Changep. 146
Summaryp. 147
Learning to Think on Their Own: The Role of Strategies in Cognitive Developmentp. 151
The Development of Strategiesp. 152
Strategies and Metacognitionp. 167
Culture and Strategiesp. 171
How Do Children's Strategies Develop?p. 172
Strategies in the Classroomp. 178
Summaryp. 180
Infant Perceptionp. 183
Basic Perceptual Abilities of Young Infantsp. 184
Some Methodologies Used to Assess Infant Perceptionp. 185
Auditory Developmentp. 187
The Development of Visual Perceptionp. 190
Intermodal Integrationp. 199
Category Representationp. 201
Infant Perception: A Successful Past and a Bright Futurep. 205
Summaryp. 206
Spatial Cognitionp. 208
The Development of Spatial Abilities in Infants and Toddlersp. 209
Spatial Cognition Beyond Infancyp. 220
Gender Differences in Spatial Cognitionp. 225
The Development of Spatial Abilities in Perspectivep. 230
Summaryp. 231
Representationp. 233
Mental Representation Through Infancyp. 234
Learning to Use Symbolsp. 241
Children's Theory of Mindp. 248
Classificationp. 257
Summaryp. 262
Memory Developmentp. 265
Memory Development in Infancyp. 267
Implicit Memoryp. 276
The Development of Event Memoryp. 278
Children as Eyewitnessesp. 282
Consistency and Stability of Memoryp. 294
Forgettingp. 296
Summaryp. 297
Language Developmentp. 299
What Makes a Communication System a Language?p. 300
Describing Children's Language Developmentp. 301
Some Theoretical Perspectives of Language Developmentp. 318
Gender Differences in Language Acquisitionp. 331
Language and Thoughtp. 333
Summaryp. 334
Problem Solving and Reasoningp. 338
Problem Solvingp. 339
Tool Usep. 344
Planningp. 348
Reasoningp. 351
Summaryp. 361
Social Cognitionp. 364
Social Learningp. 365
Social Cognitive Theoryp. 368
Cultural Learningp. 371
Social Information Processingp. 374
The Development of a Concept of Selfp. 377
Cognitive Bases of Gender Identityp. 379
How "Special" Is Social Cognition?p. 388
Summaryp. 388
Schooling and Cognitionp. 391
The Development of Reading Skillsp. 392
Children's Number and Arithmetic Conceptsp. 404
Schooling and Cognitive Developmentp. 421
Summaryp. 426
Approaches to the Study of Intelligencep. 429
The Psychometric Approach to the Study of Intelligencep. 430
Information-Processing Approaches to the Study of Intelligencep. 440
Piagetian Approaches to the Study of Intelligencep. 448
Sternberg's Triarchic Theory of Intelligencep. 449
Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligencesp. 454
Summaryp. 459
Origins, Modification, and Stability of Intellectual Differencesp. 461
A Transactional Approach to the Study of Intelligencep. 463
Behavior Genetics and the Heritability of Intelligencep. 465
Experience and Intelligencep. 475
The Stability of Intelligencep. 487
Summaryp. 495
Epilogue: Cognitive Development: What Changes and How?p. 498
Seven "Truths" About Cognitive Developmentp. 499
Diversity of Opinions, But a Single Sciencep. 506
Glossaryp. 508
Referencesp. 522
Creditsp. 578
Author Indexp. 582
Subject Indexp. 595
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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