9780195182873

China Empire and Civilization

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780195182873

  • ISBN10:

    0195182871

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 5/26/2005
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Summary

To Western eyes, China is one of the most mysterious and intriguing of all civilizations. The legacy of its long dynastic rule, extending back more than 3,000 years, includes fascinating contributions to philosophy, religion, art, science, and mythology that continue to influence the modern world. China explores the ideas and achievements of this unique culture through a combination of authoritative, accessible scholarship and magnificent imagery. Drawing on the most recent discoveries and theories, the book presents China's history, society, and beliefs from the legends of prehistory to the end of imperial power in 1912. It investigates the key cultural, spiritual, and artistic traditions of this vast civilization and describes the country's major scientific and technological innovations, such as gunpowder, printing, and the compass. An investigation of trading routes, both by land and sea, challenges the conventional view of China as an isolated, insular civilization, stressing instead the impact of its sophisticated society upon the world. A final section discusses the continuing legacy of the imperial period through the turbulent years of the twentieth century up to the present day. A wealth of color photography and imaginative artwork, together with a lively and authoritative text, vividly evokes the pinnacles of Chinese civilization as well as the realities of everyday life, from life in the Imperial court to the most rural villages.

Author Biography


Edward L. Shaughnessy is Professor of Early Chinese History at the University of Chicago. A well respected scholar, his books include I Ching: The Classic of Changes and The Cambridge History of Ancient China. He lives in Chicago.

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION 6(4)
Edward L. Shaughnessy
PART 1: THE CHINESE WORLD 10(66)
CHAPTER 1. "ALL UNDER HEAVEN"
12(12)
Richard von Glahn
Borders of Land and Sea
12(2)
Mountains and Water
14(4)
Resources and Ecology
18(2)
Provinces and Peoples
20(2)
Communication Routes
22(2)
CHAPTER 2. CONTINUITY AND CHANGE
24(20)
Mark Edward Lewis
The Archaic States
24(2)
The Territorial States
26(2)
The First Empires
28(2)
A Time of Disunion
30(2)
Medieval Empires
32(2)
The Southward Shift
34(2)
The Conquest Dynasties
36(2)
The Rise of Autocracy
38(2)
Zenith and Decline
40(4)
CHAPTER 3. THE ROLE OF THE STATE
44(12)
John Chinnery
The "Son of Heaven"
44(2)
Palace and Court
46(2)
Governing the State
48(4)
Justice and the Law
52(2)
The Military
54(2)
CHAPTER 4. FAMILY AND SOCIETY
56(12)
John Chinnery
Ties that Bind
56(2)
Women in Society
58(2)
Rites of Passage
60(2)
Village Life
62(2)
Towns and Cities
64(2)
The Scholar-Gentry
66(2)
CHAPTER 5. THE CREATION OF WEALTH
68(8)
Richard von Glahn
The Four Occupations
68(2)
Settlement and Farming
70(2)
The Rise of Industry
72(2)
Trading by Land and Sea
74(2)
PART 2: BELIEF AND RITUAL 76(70)
CHAPTER 6. CONFUCIANISM: ORDER AND VIRTUE
78(12)
Jennifer Oldstone-Moore
Confucius and his Followers
78(2)
Heroes of Antiquity
80(2)
The Confucian Canon
82(2)
Ideology and Empire
84(2)
Schools and Academies
86(2)
A World of Ritual
88(2)
CHAPTER 7. FOLLOWING THE DAO
90(18)
Jennifer Oldstone-Moore
The Organic Universe
90(2)
Religious Daoism
92(2)
In Quest of Immortality
94(2)
Healers, Magicians, and Exorcists
96(2)
Meditation and Ritual
98(2)
Priests and Temples
100(2)
Daoism and Popular Religion
102(2)
Sectarian Movements and Secret Societies
104(4)
CHAPTER 8. THE WAY OF THE BUDDHA 108
Jennifer Oldstone-Moore
The Buddha and his Teachings
108(2)
The Dharma in China
110(2)
Paths to Enlightenment
112(4)
Sacred Writings
116(2)
Worship and Monasticism
118(2)
CHAPTER 9. THE HARMONY OF HEAVEN AND EARTH
120(16)
Edward L. Shaughnessy
The Great Trinity
120(2)
Yin and Yang and the Five Elements
122(2)
Mapping the Heavens
124(2)
Interpreting the Heavens
126(2)
Mapping the Earth
128(2)
Feng Shui
130(2)
Divination
132(2)
The Calendar
134(2)
CHAPTER 10. THE REALM OF GHOSTS AND SPIRITS
136(10)
Edward L. Shaughnessy
A World of Spirits
136(2)
Wandering Souls
138(2)
Death and Burial
140(2)
Serving the Ancestors
142(2)
Arts of Transformation
144(2)
PART 3: CREATION AND DISCOVERY 146(84)
CHAPTER 11. HEALING AND MEDICINE
148(18)
Vivienne Lo
The Sources of Medical Tradition
148(2)
Healers and their Art
150(2)
Qi and Human Physiology
152(2)
The Structure of the Body
154(2)
Acupuncture and Moxihustion
156(2)
Self-Cultivation
158(3)
Drugs and Healing Foods
161(5)
CHAPTER 12. TECHNOLOGY AND SCIENCE
166(18)
Peter J. Golas
The Inquiring Spirit
166(2)
Farming and Food
168(2)
Spinners and Weavers
170(2)
Treasures from the Earth
172(2)
Transport and Communication
174(2)
The Technology of War
176(2)
Mechanics and Power
178(4)
Paper, Printing, and Publishing
182(2)
CHAPTER 13. THE FINE AND DECORATIVE ARTS
184(20)
Ni Yibin
Ritual Jade and Bronze
184(2)
Art for the Afterlife
186(2)
Inspiration and Enlightenment
188(2)
The Art of Writing
190(4)
Traditions of Court Painting
194(2)
A Noble Pastime: Literati Art
196(2)
The Craft of the Potter
198(4)
The Aesthetics of Display
202(2)
CHAPTER 14. THE PERFORMING ARTS
204(8)
Ni Yibin
The Chinese Theater
204(2)
Musical Traditions
206(2)
The Art of Dance
208(2)
Acrobats and Circus
210(2)
CHAPTER 15. ARCHITECTURE AND PLANNING
212(18)
Nancy R.S. Steinhardt
The Technology of Chinese Architecture
212(2)
The Great Wall
214(2)
Walled Cities and Towns
216(2)
A House for the "Son of Heaven"
218(2)
Places of Worship
220(2)
The Pagoda
222(2)
Building for the Afterlife
224(2)
Designs for Living
226(2)
Gardens of Delight
228(2)
AFTERWORD: THE LEGACY OF 4,000 YEARS 230(8)
Edward L. Shaughnessy
LANGUAGE AND PRONUNCIATION 238(1)
TABLE OF DYNASTIES 239(1)
FURTHER READING 240(4)
INDEX 244(12)
PICTURE CREDITS 256

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