9780679763871

The China Reader

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780679763871

  • ISBN10:

    0679763872

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Trade Paper
  • Copyright: 1998-12-29
  • Publisher: Vintage
  • View Upgraded Edition

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Summary

Current Affairs/Asian Studies Perhaps no nation in recent history has undergone as total a transformation as China has in the past twenty-five years. For Chinese leaders, the death of Mao Zedong, the rise of Deng Xiaoping, and unprecedented economic growth have spawned new complexities. For the country's 1.3 billion citizens, changes have been equally dramatic, from skyrocketing sales in automobiles and satellite dishes to an explosion in violent crime and drug trafficking. The China Reader: The Reform Era is a fascinating compilation by two astute China watchers of the most important documents, articles, and statements on China from 1972 to the present. Here are the voices of the experts, from Chinese analyses of the fall of Soviet Communism to Western exposes of an ecological crisis that threatens global weather patterns into the next millennium. Here, too, are the artifacts of an era, from regulations to control Chinese cyberspace to a Party member's Orwellian justification of the military crackdown in Tiananmen Square. Authoritative and comprehensive, The China Reader is a timely guide to understanding a nation in the throes of change--a historic moment with profound implications for policy makers and markets from the Pacific Rim to Wall Street.

Table of Contents

Preface xv(2)
Introduction: Reforming China xvii
Orville Schell
David Shambaugh
POLITICS 3(212)
I. Inner-Party Politics
3(152)
From Mao to Deng
5(45)
Michel Oksenberg and Richard Bush, China's Political Evolution, 1972-1982
5(16)
Communique of the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China
21(8)
Deng Xiaoping, Answers to the Italian Journalist Oriana Fallaci
29(8)
Resolution on Certain Questions in the History of Our Party Since the Founding of the People's Republic of China
37(13)
Radical Reform
50(28)
Zhao Ziyang, Advance Along the Road of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics
50(28)
The Tiananmen Crisis
78(25)
Chen Xitong, Report on Checking the Turmoil and Quelling the Counterrevolutionary Rebellion
79(16)
Deng Xiaoping, Speech to Officers at the Corps Level and Above from the Martial Law Enforcement Troops in Beijing
95(8)
Politics in the Nineties
103(33)
Michael D. Swaine, China Faces the 1990s: A System in Crisis
103(13)
Anonymous, The Ten-Thousand-Character Manifesto
116(20)
China After Deng
136(19)
Ellis Joffe, Ruling China After Deng
136(19)
II. Outer-Party Politics
155(20)
Democracy Wall
157(18)
Orville Schell, The Democracy Wall Movement
157(8)
Wei Jingsheng, Democracy: The Fifth Modernization
165(10)
The Student Demonstrations of 1986-87
175(11)
Fang Lizhi, Democracy, Reform, and Modernization
175(7)
Deng Xiaoping, Taking a Clear-Cut Stand Against Bourgeois Liberalization
182(4)
The Tiananmen Square Demonstrations and the Beijing Massacre
186(29)
Orville Schell, China's Spring
186(11)
1989 Wall Posters
197(2)
A Hunger Strike Manifesto
199(5)
Yang Jianli, The Beijing Massacre
204(3)
Ding Zilin, Who They Were
207(8)
EDUCATION, MEDIA, AND CULTURE 215(84)
III. Education and Research
215(13)
Deng Xiaoping, Speech at the National Conference on Education
215(8)
Geremie Barme, A Small Matter of Truth
223(5)
IV. Media
228(32)
Allison Jernow, The Press in the 1980s: Testing New Ground
229(7)
Seth Faison, The Press During the 1989 Demonstrations
236(10)
Orville Schell, The Second Channel
246(10)
The Battle for Cyberspace
256(4)
V. Culture
260(39)
High Culture
261(19)
Orville Schell, The Reemergence of the Realm of the Private
261(6)
Religion Must Serve the State
267(4)
Hong Ying, Summer of Betrayal
271(9)
Low Culture
280(19)
Orville Schell, Shake, Rattle, and Roll
280(11)
Sang Ye, Computer Insects
291(8)
THE ECONOMY 299(48)
VI. Building an Economic Superpower
299(48)
Barry Naughton, The Pattern and Logic of China's Economic Reform
300(11)
Hang-Sheng Cheng, A Midcourse Assessment of China's Economic Reform
311(10)
Anthony Y.C. Koo and K.C. Yeh, The Impact of Township, Village, and Private Enterprises' Growth on State Enterprises Reform: Three Regional Case Studies
321(14)
Frederick Crook, Grain Galore
335(12)
SOCIETY 347(84)
VII. The Social Consequences of Reform
347(59)
Rich and Poor
348(14)
Antoine Kernen, Out of Work in the State Sector
348(9)
Patrick Tyler, Rural Poverty
357(5)
The "Floating Population"
362(14)
Cheng Li, 200 Million Mouths Too Many: China's Surplus Rural Labor
362(11)
People's Daily Commentator, Strengthening Management over the Floating Population
373(3)
The Environment
376(18)
Mark Hertsgaard, Our Real China Problem
376(13)
The World Bank, China's Environment in the New Century
389(5)
Crime
394(12)
Angelina Malhotra, Shanghai's Dark Side
394(7)
Patrick Tyler, Crime (and Punishment) Rages Anew in China
401(5)
VIII. The Rule of Law, Rights, and Prisons
406(25)
Andrew Nathan, Getting Human Rights Right
407(8)
Yi Ding, Opposing Interference in Other Countries' Internal Affairs Through Human Rights
415(4)
Xu Liangying, Chinese Officialdom's Miraculous and Unique Conception of Human Rights
419(3)
Wang Yu, Liu Gang: Stalwart Resistance
422(9)
SECURITY AND FOREIGN RELATIONS 431(74)
IX. The Military
431(17)
David Shambaugh, China's Military: Real or Paper Tiger?
432(16)
X. China and the World
448(40)
Samuel S. Kim, China As a Great Power
448(11)
Liu Huaqiu, Strive for a Peaceful International Environment
459(11)
David Shambaugh, The United States and China: Cooperation or Confrontation?
470(9)
William Jefferson Clinton, China and the National Interest
479(9)
XI. Greater China
488(17)
The Dalai Lama on China, Hatred, and Optimism
489(4)
The Joint Declaration of the Government of the United Kingdom and the Government of the People's Republic of China on the Question of Hong Kong
493(3)
Jiang Zemin, Continue to Promote the Reunification of China
496(9)
WHITHER CHINA? 505(26)
XII. China Faces the Twenty-first Century
505(26)
Michel C. Oksenberg, Michael D. Swaine, and Daniel C. Lynch, The Chinese Future
505(26)
Conclusion: The Legacy of Reform 531(6)
Index 537

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