9780521027892

Chinese Professionals and the Republican State: The Rise of Professional Associations in Shanghai, 1912–1937

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780521027892

  • ISBN10:

    0521027896

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2006-11-02
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
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Summary

Xiaoqun Xu makes a compelling and original contribution to the study of China's modernization with this book on the rise of professional associations in Republican China in their birthplace of Shanghai, and of their political and socio-cultural milieu. This book is rich in detail about the key professional and political figures and organizations in Shanghai, filling an important gap in its social history. The professional associations were, as the author writes, 'unambiguously urban and modern in their origins and functions ... representing a new breed of educated Chinese' and they pioneered a new type of relationship with the state. Xu addresses a central issue in China studies, the relationship between state and society, and proposes an alternative to the Western-derived concept of civil society. This book illuminates the complexity of modernization and nationalism in twentieth-century China, and provides a concrete case for comparative studies of professionalization and class formation across cultures.

Table of Contents

List of Tables xii
Acknowledgments xiii
Abbreviations of Frequently Cited Sources xv
Introduction 1(20)
Professionals and Their Associations in Republican China
3(6)
Professionalization in Republican China
9(4)
StateSociety Relationship in Republican China
13(8)
Part I Professions and Professionals 21(58)
1 Professions in Early-Twentieth-Century Shanghai
23(27)
Modern Sectors of Shanghai's Economy
23(16)
Law, Medicine, and Journalism in Shanghai
39(11)
2 Professionals as Urban Middle Class
50(28)
The Life of Professionals
50(18)
The Career and Identity of Professionals
68(10)
Conclusion to Part I
78(1)
Part II Social Institutions, State Actions, and Professionalization 79(78)
3 The Republican State and Urban Associations
83(24)
Urban Associations in Late Qing Shanghai
83(4)
Urban Associations in the Beiyang Period
87(8)
Urban Associations in the Nanjing Decade
95(12)
4 The Republican State and the Legal Profession
107(22)
The Legal Profession in the Beiyang Period
107(14)
The Legal Profession in the Nanjing Decade
121(8)
5 The Republican State and the Medical Profession
129(26)
Medicine in the Beiyang Period
130(12)
Medicine in the Nanjing Decade
142(13)
Conclusion to Part II
155(2)
Part III Professionalism, Nationalism, and Politics 157(114)
6 From "Literary Men" to Professionals: Shanghai Journalists
161(29)
Journalism and Journalists in Shanghai
162(7)
From "Literary Men" to Professionals
169(12)
Freedom of Speech and the Journalistic Profession
181(9)
7 National Essence versus Science: The Medical Profession in Conflict
190(25)
Native Medicine on the Defensive
191(5)
National Essence versus Science
196(8)
Toward the Triumph of Native Medicine
204(11)
8 Professionalism and Nationalism: The Shanghai Bar Association (1)
215(27)
The Organization of the Shanghai Bar
216(7)
The Efforts at Professionalization
223(6)
The Shanghai Bar and the Rendition of the Mixed Courts
229(13)
9 Professionalism and Politics: The Shanghai Bar Association (II)
242(26)
Between Professionalism and Politics
243(11)
Into the Politics of National Salvation
254(14)
Conclusion to Part III
268(3)
Conclusion 271(14)
Symbiotic Dynamics in the StateSociety Relationship
271(2)
Synthesis of Urban Society and Its Relationship with the State
273(5)
From Republican China to Post-Mao China
278(7)
Glossary 285(14)
Bibliography 299(20)
Index 319

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