9780312410216

Christopher Columbus and the Enterprise of the Indies A Brief History with Documents

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780312410216

  • ISBN10:

    0312410212

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1/26/2005
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's

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Summary

In 1492, previously separate worlds collided and began to merge, often painfully, into the world-system in which we live today. Columbus's four Atlantic voyages (14921504) helped link Africa, Europe, and the Americas in a conflicted economic and cultural symbiosis. These carefully selected documents describe the voyages and their immediate impact on Europe and the indigenous peoples of the Caribbean. Geoffrey Symcox and Blair Sullivan's engaging introduction presents Columbus as neither hero nor villain, but as a significant historical actor who improvised responses to a changed world. Document headnotes provide context for understanding Columbus's voyages within the broader context of fifteenth-century Europe and the policies of the Spanish crown. Maps, illustrations, a chronology, questions for consideration, and a selected bibliography invite students to analyze and interpret the documents.

Author Biography

GEOFFREY SYMCOX is professor of history at University of California, Los Angeles and general editor of the Repertorium Columbianum, a multi-volume series of original sources dealing with different aspects of the Columbian voyages. Professor Symcox received his Ph.D. from UCLA in 1967 and works in early modern European history, up to and including the French Revolution. His books include The Crisis of French Sea Power 1688–1697 (1974) and Victor Amadeus II: Absolutism in the Savoyard State 1675–1730 (1983).

BLAIR SULLIVAN is director of publications at the Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies at University of California, Los Angeles and associate editor of the Repertorium Columbianum.

Table of Contents

Foreword iii
Preface v
List of Maps and Illustrations
xiii
PART ONE Introduction: Columbus---The Man, the Voyages, the Legacy
1(40)
Columbus's Genoese Origins and Early Life
3(4)
Columbus in Portugal, 1476--1485
7(4)
Columbus in Spain, 1485--1492
11(3)
The First Voyage, 1492--1493
14(4)
The Second Voyage, 1493--1496: Colonization
18(5)
The Third Voyage, 1498--1500
23(3)
The Fourth Voyage, 1502--1504, and Columbus's Last Years
26(4)
Columbus's Legacy
30(4)
Columbus after Columbus
34(7)
PART TWO The Documents
41(146)
Christopher Columbus
43(17)
Agreement Mentioning Domenico Colombo and His Son Christopher Columbus, Genoa, September 22, 1470
43(1)
Notarial Document Mentioning Christopher Columbus's Trip to Madeira to Purchase Sugar, Genoa, August 25, 1479
44(2)
Bartolome de Las Casas, On Columbus's Appearance, Education, and Character, ca. 1527--1563
46(3)
Gonzalo Fernandez de Oviedo, On Columbus's Appearance and Origins, 1535--ca. 1549
49(2)
Christopher Columbus, Undated Letter to Fernando and Isabel, 1500--1502
51(4)
Christopher Columbus, Letter to Nicolo Oderigo, with ``Xpo ferens'' Signature, March 21, 1502
55(1)
Bartolome de Las Casas, On Columbus as an Instrument of God's Will, ca. 1527--1563
56(1)
Gonzalo Fernandez de Oviedo, On Columbus as ``First Discoverer,'' 1535--ca. 1549
57(1)
Agostino Giustiniani, Psalter, On Columbus the Evangelist, 1516
58(2)
The Four Voyages
60(80)
First Voyage, 1492--1493
60(1)
Santa Fe Capitulations, Santa Fe, April 17, 1492
60(2)
Granada Capitulations, Granada, April 30, 1492
62(3)
Christopher Columbus, Selected Entries from the Log, August 3, 1492--March 15, 1493
65(19)
Second Voyage, 1493--1496
84(1)
Warrant to Christopher Columbus and Juan Rodriguez de Fonseca Commissioning Them to Outfit the Second Voyage, Barcelona, May 24, 1493
84(3)
Michele da Cuneo, From News of the Islands of the Hesperian Ocean Discovered by Sir Christopher Columbus of Genoa, October 1495
87(11)
Giambattista Strozzi, Letter from Cadiz, March 19, 1494
98(1)
Giovanni de' Bardi, Letter from Seville, April 19, 1494
99(3)
Third Voyage, 1498--1500
102(1)
Instructions to Columbus for Colonization of the Indies, Burgos, April 23, 1497
102(3)
Bartolome de Las Casas, On Columbus's Third Voyage, ca. 1527--1563
105(8)
Andres del Corral, Testimony concerning Columbus's Landing on the South American Mainland, Santo Domingo, June 16, 1512
113(5)
Christopher Columbus, Letter to Juana de la Torre, Making the Case for the Restitution of His Privileges, Late 1500
118(5)
Fourth Voyage, 1502--1504
123(1)
Writ Ordering Restitution of Property to the Admiral and His Brothers, Granada, September 27, 1501
123(4)
Bartolome de Las Casas, On Columbus's Fourth Voyage, ca. 1527--1563
127(13)
The Spanish Crown, Portugal, and the Papacy
140(15)
Alexander VI, Papal Bull ``Inter Cetera II,'' Rome, May 4, 1493
140(4)
Alexander VI, Papal Bull ``Piis Fidelium,'' Rome, June 25, 1493
144(4)
Alexander VI, Papal Bull ``Dudum Siquidem,'' Rome, September 25, 1493
148(2)
Treaty of Tordesillas between Spain and Portugal, June 7, 1494
150(3)
Alexander VI, Papal Bull ``Eximie Devotionis,'' Rome, November 16, 1501
153(2)
European Constructions of the New World
155(32)
Allegretto Allegretti, Sienese Diaries from 1450 to 1496, April 25, 1493
155(1)
Morelletto Ponzone, Letter from Ferrara, June 11, 1494
156(1)
Diego Alvarez Chanca, From His Report to the City Council of Seville on Columbus's Second Voyage, ca. 1494
157(2)
Ramon Pane, On Taino Religious Practices, ca. 1498
159(8)
Peter Martyr of Anghiera, On Tainos, Caribs, the Flora and Fauna of the Indies, and the Golden Age of Life According to Nature, 1511
167(4)
Alessandro Geraldini, On Caribs and Tainos, March 29, 1522
171(6)
APPENDIXES
A Christopher Columbus Chronology (1451--1506)
177(3)
Glossary
180(2)
Questions for Consideration
182(2)
Selected Bibliography
184(3)
Index 187

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