Cities and Economies

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 1/29/2008
  • Publisher: Routledge
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Cities and Economies explores the complex and subtle connections between cities and economies. The rise of the merchant city, the development of the industrial city and the creation of the service-dominated urban economy are explored, along with economic globalization and its effects on cities in both developed and developing economies. This book provides a thorough examination of the role of the city in shaping economic processes and explains the different effects that economies have on cities. It provides an invaluable and unrivaled guide to the relationship between urban structure and economic processes as they compare and contrast across the world. The authors examine the complex relationships between the city and the economy in historical and global contexts, as well as evaluating the role of world cities, the economic impacts of megacities and the role of the state in shaping urban economic policies. They focus on the ways in which cities have led, and at the same time adapted to,economic shifts. Large cities are viewed as the centres of regional and national economies, while a small number are defined by their centrality in the global economy. The book examines: ? Key ideas and concepts on the economic aspects of urban change. ? The changing nature of urban economies and their relationships with changes at the national and global levels. ? Compares current economic issues and policies of large cities around the world. ? Explores the links between globalization and economic changes in cities and the growing competitions between them. Cities and Economies uses case studies, photographs and maps expanding across the US, Western Europe and Asia. Written in a clear and accessible style, the book answers some fundamental questions about the economic role of cities. Cities and Economies is an essential text for students of Geography, Economics, Sociology, Urban Studies and Urban Planning.

Author Biography

John Rennie Short is Professor of Geography and Public Policy at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County, USA.

Table of Contents

List of illustrationsp. vii
List of case studiesp. xi
Acknowledgementsp. xiii
Cities and economiesp. 1
Urban growth and declinep. 2
Large cities in the national and global economiesp. 4
Urban economic changes in the era of globalizationp. 7
Urban growth and decline in economic shiftsp. 11
Mercantile cities and European colonialismp. 13
Merchant capitalism and the growth of townsp. 14
Merchant capitalism, colonialism and global urban networksp. 20
Cartographic representations of the merchant cityp. 25
The rise and fall of industrial citiesp. 28
The industrial city and social conflictp. 32
The planned cityp. 34
The Fordist cityp. 37
Service industries and metropolitan economiesp. 48
The growth of the service sectorp. 50
The role of the public sectorp. 56
Global shift of servicesp. 57
The global economy and world cities in developed countriesp. 63
Globalization and world citiesp. 65
World cities in urban studiesp. 66
Command and control centers of the global economyp. 72
The global urban hierarchyp. 74
Globalization and globalizing citiesp. 80
Urban competitivenessp. 82
Politics of world-city statusp. 89
Globalizing cities and globalized urbanismp. 93
New solutions for old economiesp. 97
The cultural economyp. 98
The creative economyp. 104
The national economy and capital cities in developing countriesp. 115
Third world citiesp. 117
Third world cities in urban studiesp. 118
Mega cities of the developing worldp. 124
Primate citiesp. 134
World city projects for national capitalsp. 140
National economic development and capital citiesp. 141
Graduating from third world city statusp. 146
Globalizing islands in developing countriesp. 156
Inequality in globalizing third world citiesp. 157
High-tech enclaves in Bangalorep. 162
Ethnic enclaves in Seoulp. 165
Referencesp. 173
Indexp. 191
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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