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Classic Philosophical Questions,9780130830531
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Classic Philosophical Questions

by ;
Edition:
10th
ISBN13:

9780130830531

ISBN10:
0130830534
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
6/1/2000
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $65.00
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Summary

For Introduction to Humanities courses and Introduction to Philosophy courses. A classic, proven through nine previous editions, this reader stimulates students' interest in philosophy through an innovative and appropriate sides of the argument presentation, with each reading representing a position on each of the fundamental philosophical questions. Using debate and argument as a vehicle, Classic Philosophical Questions simultaneously teaches students the fundamentals of philosophy while also demonstrating that philosophy is a discourse that has spanned centuries and stressing the importance of the philosophical debate. Sure to create lively in-class debates, the collection of readings offers both classic and contemporary readings that challenge students with the basic inquiries that philosophers have discussed for centuries.

Table of Contents

Preface xi
PART 1 Plato and the Trial of Socrates 1(40)
Euthyphro: Defining Philosophical Terms
3(11)
The Apology, Phaedo, and Crito: The Trial, Immortality, and Death of Socrates
14(27)
PART 2 The Value of Philosophy 41(10)
What Is the Value of Philosophy
Russell: The Value of Philosophy
43(8)
PART 3 Philosophical Methodologies 51(26)
What Is the Best Approach to Philosophy?
Peirce: Four Approaches to Philosophy
53(12)
Feigl: The Scientific Approach
65(12)
PART 4 Philosophy of Religion 77(54)
Can We Prove God Exists
St. Anselm: The Ontological Argument
79(7)
St. Thomas Aquinas: The Cosmological Argument
86(6)
Paley: The Teleological Argument
92(6)
Pascal: It Is Better to Believe in God's Existence Than to Deny It
98(7)
Kierkegaard: Faith, Not Logic, Is the Basis of Belief
105(7)
Does the Idea of a Good God Exclude Evil?
Hume: A Good God Would Exclude Evil
112(9)
Hick: God Can Allow Some Evil
121(10)
PART 5 Ethics 131(138)
Are Humans Free
Holbach: Humans Are Determined
133(10)
James: Humans Are Free
143(11)
Are Ethics Relative
Benedict: Ethics Are Relative
154(8)
Stace: Ethics Are Not Relative
162(14)
Are Humans Always Selfish
Plato: Humans Are Always Selfish
176(4)
Rachels: Humans Are Not Always Selfish
180(13)
Which Is Basic In Ethics: Happiness or Obligation?
Aristotle: Happiness Is Living Virtuously
193(11)
Bentham: Happiness is Doing Good for All People
204(10)
Kant: Duty Is Prior to Happiness
214(16)
Nietzsche: Happiness Is Having Power
230(8)
Sartre: Existentialist Ethics
238(11)
Tong: Feminist Ethics Are Different
249(20)
PART 6 Knowledge 269(100)
How Do We Acquire Knowledge
Descartes: Knowledge Is Not Ultimately Sense Knowledge
271(13)
Locke: Knowledge Is Ultimately Sensed
284(16)
Kant: Knowledge Is Both Rational and Empirical
300(10)
How Is Truth Established?
Russell: Truth Is Established by Correspondence
310(8)
Bradley: Truth Is Established by Coherence
318(7)
James: Truth Is Established on Pragmatic Grounds
325(9)
Can We Know the Nature of Causal Relations?
Hume: Cause Means Regular Association
334(9)
Hanson: Causes and Becauses
343(12)
Hume: There Are No Possible Grounds for Induction
355(14)
PART 7 Metaphysics 369(68)
Of What Does Reality Consist
Descartes: Reality Consists of Mind and Matter
371(7)
Taylor: Reality Consists of Matter
378(15)
Berkeley: Reality Consists of Ideas
393(7)
Is Reality General or Particular
Plato: Universals Are Real
400(11)
Hume: Particulars Are Real
411(7)
Do Humans Have an Identical Self
Locke: Human Beings Have an Identical Self
418(11)
Hume: Human Beings Have No Identical Self
429(8)
PART 8 Social Philosophy 437(32)
The Abortion Issue
English: Most Abortions Are Moral
439(12)
The Pornography Issue
Ward: Should Pornography Be Censored
451(11)
The Homosexuality Issue
Gould: Is Homosexuality Unnatural or Immoral
462(7)
PART 9 Political Philosophy 469(88)
What Is Freedom?
Dostoevski: Freedom Is Authority
471(14)
Mill: Freedom Is Independence from the Majority's Tyranny
485(13)
Bartky: Women Are Not Free
498(15)
Which Government Is Best
Hobbes: Monarchy Is Best
513(9)
Locke: Liberal Democracy Is Best
522(8)
Marx: Communism and Nonalienated Labor Is Best
530(18)
Dewey: Social Democracy Is Best
548(9)
PART 10 Aesthetics 557(52)
Are Artistic Judgements Subjective
Ducasse: Tastes Cannot Be Disputed
559(12)
Beardsley: Tastes Can Be Disputed
571(9)
What Is the Function of Art
Aristotle: Art Purges the Emotions
580(9)
Collingwood: Magic or Amusement?
589(20)
PART 11 The Meaning of Life 609(28)
What Gives Life Meaning
Tolstoy: Faith Provides Life's Meaning
611(13)
Camus: Each Person Determines His or Her Life's Meaning
624(13)
Glossary 637


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