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Classical Mythology in Context encourages students to directly encounter and explore ancient myths and to understand them in broader interpretative contexts. Featuring a modular structure that coincides with the four main components of a classical mythology course--history, theory, comparison,and reception--each chapter (with the exception of Chapter 1) is built around one central figure or topic.
Classical Mythology in Context provides:
A sustained discussion of religious practices and sacred places that offers a key approach to the historical contextualization of Greek myths
An introduction to--and integration of--theoretical approaches to myth in each chapter that shows how these approaches affect the ways in which students understand myths and mythic figures
Ample selections of primary sources, all from the Oxford World's Classics series
A robust comparative approach examining Greek myths alongside other myths from the Mediterranean Basin and the Ancient Near East
An approach to the reception of myths as interpretation and reflection in Western art, with an emphasis on contemporary culture
An Ancillary Resource Center (ARC) that includes PowerPoint-based lecture slides and an Instructor's Resource Manual
A Companion Website that provides additional student and instructor resources
Compelling and relevant illustrations provide visual evidence for placing myths in context
Abundant maps help students locate all sites in Greece, the larger Greek world, and the Ancient Near East
A detailed Timeline for Greece, Rome, and the Ancient Near East helps students situate key works within their cultural and historical contexts
"The Essentials": In Part I, these boxes appear at the start of each chapter, introducing students to the most essential information about a god or goddess and previewing that chapter's content. In Part II, they appear whenever a new hero or heroine is introduced.
"Before You Read" section for each primary source and critical reading is prefaced with a brief contextual overview followed by questions that encourage critical thinking
Paired chapters explore different aspects of a god, hero, or heroine, equipping students with analytical tools that can be applied to other topics
A list of Key Terms at the end of each chapter helps students review and retain its most important points
A "For Further Exploration" annotated bibliography at the end of each chapter provides a starting point for students who wish to learn more about the chapter's content
A Select Bibliography at the end of the book, divided by chapter (and further divided by chapter section) emphasizes scholarly works that are accessible to students
A Combined Glossary and Index includes a pronunciation key, the Greek form (where relevant), and brief description for all figures, places, and rituals in the text
Lisa Maurizio is Associate Professor of Classical and Medieval Studies at Bates College. She publishes on Greek religious practices, especially divination at Delphi. In addition, she has written several plays on classical themes, two of which have been produced by Animus Ensemble at the Boston Center for the Arts: "Tereus in Fragments" and "The Memory of Salt."
Table of Contents
Preface About the Author PART I: GODDESSES AND GODS Genealogy of Greek Gods Timeline of the Ancient Near East and the Mediterranean Map: Greece and Asia Minor 1. CLASSICAL MYTHOLOGY AND CONTEMPORARY QUESTIONS 1.1 What is a Myth? Myth, Legend, and Folklore A Three-Point Definition of a Mythological Corpus 1.2 What is Classical Mythology? Myths from Ancient Greece Myths from the Ancient Near East Myths from Ancient Rome 1.3 How Do We Make Sense of Classical Myths? History Theory Comparison Reception 1.4 Why Study Classical Myths in the Twenty-First Century? 2. CREATION MYTHS 2.1 History: A Greek Creation Story Historical Settings of Hesiod's Theogony Hesiod's Creation Story: The Theogony Primary Source: Hesiod, Theogony 2.2 Theory: The Social World Shapes Myths Ivan Strenski, from "Introduction" to Malinowski and the Work of Myth 2.3 Comparison (Levant): Creation Stories 2.4 Reception: Titans in Modern Art 1.1-3.24 Paul Manship, "Prometheus, the Light Bringer" Lee Oscar Lawrie, "Atlas" 3. ZEUS AND HERA 3.1 History: Order and Rebellion Zeus Hera Zeus and Prometheus Bound Primary Source: Aeschylus, from Prometheus Bound 3.2 Theory: Finding Universal Meanings in Myths Wendy Doniger, from The Implied Spider: Politics and Theology in Myth 3.3 Comparison (Levant): Flood Stories Primary Source:Genesis 6-9 3.4 Reception: Leda and the Swan in Modernist Art Marie Laurencin, "Leda and the Swan" William Butler Yeats, "Leda and the Swan" Hilda Doolittle (HD), "Leda" 4. DEMETER AND HADES 4.1 History: Life and Death Hades Demeter Primary Source: Homer, Hymn 2: To Demeter 4.2 Theory: Myths Reinforce Social Norms Helene Foley, from "A Question of Origins: Goddess Cults Greek and Modern" 4.3 Comparison (Mesopotamia): A Sumerian Mother Goddess Primary Source:from "In the Desert by the Early Grass" 4.4 Reception: Persephone in Contemporary Women's Poetry Rita Frances Dove, "The Narcisssus Flower" Rachel Zucker,"Diary [Underworld]" Alison Townsend, "Persephone in America" 5. APHRODITE, ARES, AND HEPHAESTUS 5.1 History: Love and Strife Aphrodite Hephaestus Ares Eros Primary Source: Homer, Hymn 5: To Aphrodite 5.2 Theory: How Myths Challenge Social Norms John J. Winkler, from "The Laughter of the Oppressed: Demeter and the Gardens of Adonis" 5.3 Comparison (Mesopotamia): Ishtar Primary Source:The Descent of Ishtar to the Underworld 5.4 Reception: Pygmalion in Hollywood Pygmalion My Fair Lady Pretty Woman Lars and the Real Girl 6. ATHENA AND POSEIDON 6.1 History: Wisdom and War Athena's Birth Athena's Practical Intelligence and Men's Activities Poseidon Athena and the City of Athens Primary Source: Aeschylus, from Eumenides 6.2 Theory: The Mind Structures Myth in Oppositions Simon Goldhill, from Aeschylus: The Oresteia 6.3 Comparison (Egypt): Athena and the Goddess Neith Primary Source: Unknown, from "Cosmogonies at the Temple of Esna" 6.4 Reception: Athena as a Political Allegory Eugene Delacroix "Liberty Leading the People" François-Charles Morice and Léopold Morice "The Statute of Republic" Frédéric Bartholdi, "The Statue of Liberty" Emma Lazarus, "The New Colossus" 7. HERMES AND HESTIA 7.1 History: From Herms to Hermes Hermes' Hills Ithyphallic Herms Beardless Hermes Hestia Primary Source: Homer, Hymn 4: To Hermes 7.2 Theory: The Mind Structures Myth in Archetypes Lewis Hyde, from Trickster Makes this World: Mischief, Myth and Art 7.3 Comparison: Egyptian Thoth and Greek Hermes Primary Source: "The Hymn to Thoth" Primary Source: Plato, from Phaedrus 7.4 Reception: Hermaphroditus in Pre-Raphaelite Art Charles Algernon Swinburne, "Hermaphroditus" Edward Burne-Jones, "The Tree of Forgiveness" Aubrey Beardsley "A Hermaphrodite among the Roses" 8. ARTEMIS AND APOLLO 8.1 History: From Adolescence to Adulthood Artemis Apollo Primary Source: Homer, Hymn 3: To Apollo Primary Source: Homer, Hymn 27: To Artemis 8.2 Theory: Myth, Ritual, and Initiations Ken Dowden, "Initiation: The Key to Myth?" 8.3 Comparison (Anatolia): Cybele Primary Source: Xenophon, from "An Ephesian Tale" 8.4 Reception: Actaeon and Daphne in Contemporary Poetry Alicia Stallings, "Daphne" Seamus Heaney, "Actaeon" Don Paterson, "A Call" 9. DIONYSUS 9.1 History: Encountering Dionysus Viticulture, Wine and Fertility Theater and Masks Mystery Cults Primary Source: Homer, Hymn 7: To Dionysus Primary Source: Euripides, from Bacchae 9.2 Theory: Initiations and Ritual Cults Eric Csapo, from "Riding the Phallus for Dionysus: Iconology, Ritual, and Gender-Role De/Construction" 9.3 Comparison (Anatolia): Cybele and Attis Primary Source: Catullus, "Attis" 9.4 Reception: Dionysus as a God of the 1960s Richard Schechner, Dionysus in 69 The Rocky Horror Picture Show Wole Soyinka, The Bacchae of Euripides: A Communion Rite PART II: HEROES AND HEROINES 10. ACHILLES: THE MAKING OF A HERO 10.1 History: Defining Greek Heroes Five Traits of Greek Heroes Heroes in Cult Heroes in Myth Heracles Theseus Oedipus Achilles Primary Source: Homer, from The Iliad 10.2 Theory: The Plot of the Hero's Story Vladimir Propp, from Morphology of the Folktale 10.3 Comparison: Epic Heroes from Sumer to Rome Gilgamesh and the Burden of Mortality Aeneas and the Founding of Rome Primary Source: from"The Epic of Gilgamesh" Primary Source: Vergil, from Aeneid (Books 1, 7, 10, 12) 10.4 Reception: Achilles and War Poetry Patrick Shaw-Stewart, "I Saw A Man This Morning" Randall Jarrell, "When Achilles Fought and Fell" Michael Longley, "Ceasefire" 11. MEDEA: THE MAKING OF A HEROINE 11.1 History: Defining Heroines Five Traits of Greek Heroines Heroines in Cult Heroines in Myth Helen Clytemnestra Hecuba Medea Primary Source: Euripides, from Medea 11.2 Theory: The Plot of the Heroine's Story Mary Ann Jezewski, from "Traits of the Female Hero: The Application of Raglan's Hero Trait Patterning" 11.3 Comparison: Medea in Rome Seneca's Medea Ovid's Medea Primary Source: Ovid, from Metamorphoses 11.4 Reception: African-American Medea Countée Cullen, The Medea, and Some Other Poems Owen Dodson, The Garden of Time Toni Morrison, Beloved 12. ODYSSEUS AND QUEST HEROES 12.1 History: The Hero's Quest Defining a Quest Hero Perseus Bellerophon Jason Odysseus Primary Source: Homer, from The Odyssey 12.2 Theory: The Quest Hero Joseph Campbell's Monomyth Subjective Experience and the External Landscape W.H. Auden, from "The Quest Hero" 12.3 Comparison: The Hero's Journey to the Land of Death Gilgamesh and the Waters of Death Odysseus in the Underworld Aeneas in Avernus Primary Source: Vergil, from The Aeneid (Books 2-6) Primary Source: from The Epic of Gilgamesh (Tablets IX-XI) 12.4 Reception: African-American Odysseus Sterling A. Brown, "Odyssey of Big Boy" Zora Neale Hurston, Their Eyes Were Watching God 13. IPHIGENEIA AND NEW HEROINES 13.1. History: The Heroine's Quest Changing Definitions of Heroes and Heroines in Ancient Greece The New Heroine (and the New Hero) Iphigenia in Aulis and Among the Taurians Primary Source: Euripides, from Iphigenia Among the Taurians 13.2. Theory: A Paradigm for the New Heroine Apuleius' Tale of Amor and Psyche Defining the New Heroine in Anthropology and Literature L. R. Edwards, from Psyche as Hero: Female Heroism and Fictional Form 13.3. Comparison (Rome): Thecla Saints and Martyrs in Early Christian Communities New Heroines and Martyrs Thecla as a Christian Heroine Primary Source: "The Acts of Paul and Thecla" 13.4 Reception: Iphiengia in New York City Charles L. Mee, Iphigenia 2.0 Michi Barall, Rescue Me: A Postmodern Classic with Snacks Credits Glossary/Index