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Incorporating the insights of new coeditor Lewis Vaughn, Classics of Philosophy, Third Edition, is the most comprehensive anthology of writings in Western philosophy in print. Spanning 2,500 years of thought, it is ideal for introduction to philosophy and history of philosophy courses. It features more than seventy selections by forty philosophers--along with fragments from the Pre-Socratics--offering students and instructors an extensive and economical collection of the major works of the Western tradition. This volume contains the most important writings from Thales to Rawls; twenty of these are complete works, while the others are judiciously abridged so that little of value to the student is lost. A lucid introduction, including a brief biographical sketch, accompanies each of the featured philosophers. NEW TO THE THIRD EDITION: * Selections from philosophers who were not included in the previous edition --Maimonides ( Guide for the Perplexed ) and Schopenhauer ( The World as Will and Representation )--along with Kant's Critique of Pure Reason * Expanded readings: Aristotle's Posterior Analytics, On the Soul, Metaphysics, and Nicomachean Ethics; Berkeley's Of the Principles of Human Knowledge; and Hume's Treatise on Human Nature * Review questions for each chapter and illustrated portraits of many philosophers * A Companion Website at www.oup.com/us/pojman featuring resources for students (self-quizzes, flash cards, chapter review questions, a timeline, and helpful web links) and instructors (brief reading summaries, essay questions, test questions, and PowerPoint-based lecture slides) Classics of Philosophy, Third Edition, provides students with an extensive view of the major stages of growth in Western philosophy--including its birth with the Pre-Socratics and its contemporary developments--in an accessible format and at an affordable price.
Table of Contents
*=New to this edition **=Expanded in this edition Preface Time Line PART 1: THE ANCIENT PERIOD 1. The Pre-Socratics Readings 2. Plato Euthyphro The Apology Crito Phaedo Meno Republic 3. Aristotle Categories ** Posterior Analytics (Analytica Posteriora) Physics ** On the Soul ** Metaphysics (Metaphysica) ** Nicomachean Ethics Politics 4. Epicurus Letter to Menoeceus Principal Doctrines 5. Epictetus Encheiridion 6. Sextus Empiricus Outlines of Pyrrhonism 7. Plotinus Ennead I.6 Ennead V.1 PART 2: THE MEDIEVAL PERIOD 8. Augustine On Free Will On Time and Eternity The City of God 9. Boethius The Consolation of Philosophy 10. Anselm and Gaunilo Proslogium Gaunilo's Criticism St. Anselm's Rejoinder * 11. Moses Maimonides * Guide for the Perplexed 12. Thomas Aquinas Summa Theologica 13. William of Ockham Summa Logicae PART 3: THE MODERN PERIOD 14. René Descartes Meditations on First Philosophy 15. Thomas Hobbes Leviathan 16. Blaise Pascal Pensées 17. Baruch Spinoza The Ethics 18. Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Discourse on Metaphysics The Monadology 19. John Locke An Essay Concerning Human Understanding 20. George Berkeley ** Of the Principles of Human Knowledge Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous in Opposition to Sceptics and Atheists 21. David Hume An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding ** Treatise on Human Nature Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion 22. Immanuel Kant Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics Foundation for the Metaphysic of Morals * Critique of Pure Reason 23. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Phenomenology of Spirit * 24. Arthur Schopenhauer * The World as Will and Representation 25. Søren Kierkegaard Readings Concluding Unscientific Postscript 26. John Stuart Mill Utilitarianism On Liberty The Subjection of Women 27. Friedrich Nietzsche Aphorisms Joyful Wisdom Beyond Good and Evil Twilight of the Idols The Anti-Christ PART 4: THE CONTEMPORARY PERIOD 28. Charles Sanders Peirce Fixation of Belief 29. William James The Will to Believe Pragmatism 30. Bertrand Russell The Problems of Philosophy A Free Man's Worship 31. G.E. Moore Philosophical Papers 32. Ludwig Wittgenstein Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus Philosophical Investigations 33. Edmund Husserl Ideas: General Introduction to Pure Phenomenology 34. Martin Heidegger The Fundamental Question of Metaphysics 35. Jean-Paul Sartre Being and Nothingness Existentialism and Humanism 36. A.J. Ayer Language, Truth and Logic 37. Thomas Nagel What Is It Like to Be a Bat? 38. Philippa Foot Morality as a System of Hypothetical Imperatives 39. Nelson Goodman Fact, Fiction, and Forecast 40. John Rawls Justice as Fairness