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Classics of Political and Moral Philosophyprovides in one volume the major writings from nearly 2,500 years of political and moral philosophy, from Plato through the twentieth century. The most comprehensive collection of its kind, it moves from classical thought (Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus, Cicero) through medieval views (Augustine, Aquinas) to modern perspectives (Machiavelli, Hobbes, Spinoza, Locke, Rousseau, Hume, Adam Smith, Kant). It includes major nineteenth-century thinkers (Bentham, Hegel, Mill) and considerably more twentieth-century theorists than are found in competing volumes (Rawls, Nozick, Taylor, Foucault, Habermas, Held, Nussbaum). Also included are numerous essays from The Federalist Papers and a variety of notable documents and addresses, among them Pericles' Funeral Oration, The Declaration of Independence, The Constitution of the United States, The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, and speeches by Edmund Burke, Abraham Lincoln, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, John Dewey, and Martin Luther King, Jr. The readings are substantial or complete texts, not fragments. The second edition contains two new readings--by Charles Taylor and Virginia Held--and adds The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. It also presents two works by John Locke in their entirety and includes a new translation of Kant's Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals. An especially valuable feature of this volume is that the writings of each author are introduced with a substantive and engaging essay by a leading contemporary authority. These introductions include Richard Kraut on Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus, and Cicero; Paul J. Weithman on Augustine and Aquinas; Roger D. Masters on Machiavelli; Jean Hampton on Hobbes; Steven B. Smith on Spinoza and Hegel; A. John Simmons on Locke; Joshua Cohen on Rousseau and Rawls; Donald W. Livingston on Hume; Charles L. Griswold, Jr., on Smith; Bernard E. Brown on Hamilton and Madison; Jeremy Waldron on Bentham and Mill; Paul Guyer on Kant; Richard Miller on Marx and Engels; Thomas Christiano on Nozick; Robert B. Talisse on Charles Taylor; Thomas A. McCarthy on Foucault and Habermas; Cheshire Calhoun on Held; and Eva Feder Kittay on Nussbaum. Offering unprecedented breadth of coverage,Classics of Political and Moral Philosophy,Second Edition, is an ideal text for courses in political philosophy, social and political philosophy, moral philosophy, or surveys in Western civilization.
Table of Contents
* = Unabridged selections # = Expanded selections + = New to this edition Preface PLATO Introduction, Richard Kraut * Defence of Socrates * Crito Republic ARISTOTLE Introduction, Richard Kraut Nicomachean Ethics Politics EPICURUS Introduction, Richard Kraut * Letter to Menoeceus * Principal Doctrines CICERO Introduction, Richard Kraut On the Republic On the Laws AUGUSTINE Introduction, Paul J. Weithman The City of God THOMAS AQUINAS Introduction, Paul J. Weithman Summa Theologiae NICCOLO MACHIAVELLI Introduction, Roger D. Masters # The Prince Discourses THOMAS HOBBES Introduction, Jean Hampton Leviathan BARUCH SPINOZA Introduction, Steven B. Smith Theologico-Political Treatise JOHN LOCKE Introduction, A. John Simmons * # Second Treatise of Government * # Letter Concerning Toleration JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAU Introduction, Joshua Cohen Discourse on the Origin of Inequality Of the Social Contract DAVID HUME Introduction, Donald W. Livingston A Treatise of Human Nature * Of Parties in General * Of the Original Contract ADAM SMITH Introduction, Charles L. Griswold, Jr. The Theory of Moral Sentiments The Wealth of Nations ALEXANDER HAMILTON and JAMES MADISON Introduction, Bernard E. Brown The Federalist Papers JEREMY BENTHAM Introduction, Jeremy Waldron Principles of Legislation IMMANUEL KANT Introduction, Paul Guyer * Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals * On the Common Saying: "This May Be True in Theory, but It Does Not Apply in Practice" G.W.F. HEGEL Introduction, Steven B. Smith The Philosophy of Right The Philosophy of History KARL MARX and FRIEDRICH ENGELS Introduction, Richard Miller Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844 The German Ideology * Manifesto of the Communist Party A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy * Socialism: Utopian and Scientific JOHN STUART MILL Introduction, Jeremy Waldron * Utilitarianism * On Liberty The Subjection of Women JOHN RAWLS Introduction, Joshua Cohen A Theory of Justice ROBERT NOZICK Introduction, Thomas Christiano Anarchy, State, and Utopia + CHARLES TAYLOR + Introduction, Robert B. Talisse * + Atomism MICHEL FOUCAULT Introduction, Thomas A. McCarthy Power/Knowledge JÜRGEN HABERMAS Introduction, Thomas A. McCarthy * Three Normative Models of Democracy * On the Internal Relation Between the Rule of Law and Democracy + VIRGINIA HELD + Introduction, Cheshire Calhoun * + Non-Contractual Society: A Feminist View MARTHA C. NUSSBAUM Introduction, Eva Feder Kittay * The Feminist Critique of Liberalism DOCUMENTS AND ADDRESSES PERICLES * Funeral Oration EDMUND BURKE Speech to the Electors of Bristol * THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE * THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES * THE DECLARATION OF THE RIGHTS OF MAN AND OF THE CITIZEN ABRAHAM LINCOLN * Gettysburg Address * Second Inaugural Address ELIZABETH CADY STANTON * The Solitude of Self JOHN DEWEY Democracy * + THE UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR. * Letter from a Birmingham City Jail * The March on Washington Address