9780854045464

Clean Energy

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780854045464

  • ISBN10:

    0854045465

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2004-12-01
  • Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

Note: Supplemental materials are not guaranteed with Rental or Used book purchases.

Purchase Benefits

  • Free Shipping On Orders Over $35!
    Your order must be $35 or more to qualify for free economy shipping. Bulk sales, PO's, Marketplace items, eBooks and apparel do not qualify for this offer.
  • Get Rewarded for Ordering Your Textbooks! Enroll Now
List Price: $126.00 Save up to $12.60
  • Rent Book $113.40
    Add to Cart Free Shipping

    TERM
    PRICE
    DUE

Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.
  • The Rental and eBook copies of this book are not guaranteed to include any supplemental materials. Typically, only the book itself is included. This is true even if the title states it includes any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.

Summary

Clean Energy presents a broad survey of the energy problems facing society over the coming decades and the prospects for their solution. The book emphasizes the importance of developing a strategy for the world's future energy supply. The strategy must take into account: the finite supplies of natural gas and petroleum; the increased consumption of fuel by developing economies; the concern over greenhouse gas emissions; the pollution caused by burning coal (especially coal with a high sulphur content); the difficulties and costs of extracting unconventional fossil fuels; and the technical, sociological and cost barriers that restrict the use of renewable forms of energy. Clean Energy sets the various renewable energies (wind, waves, solar etc) in the context of present and projected world production of energy usage in the time-frame until 2020 and looks speculatively beyond that. It looks at the possibilities for reducing pollution from fossil fuels and tackles the serious problem of how to store energy, in order to smooth out fluctuations in supply and demand. Clean Energy is well illustrated with diagrams and photographs and will appeal to anyone with a serious interest in environmental matters and in the interaction between energy usage and the environment.

Table of Contents

Abbreviations, Symbols and Units Used in Text xviii
Glossary of Terms xxiii
Energy Production and Use
1(31)
A Brief History of Energy Technology
1(10)
Coal
5(1)
Petroleum
5(4)
Electricity
9(1)
Natural Gas
10(1)
World Energy Supply -- The Present Scene
11(3)
World Energy Supply -- Projections to 2020
14(1)
Fossil Fuel Reserves
15(7)
Oil and Gas
15(5)
Tar Sands, Asphalts, Oil Shales and Bitumen
20(2)
Coal
22(1)
The Overall Energy -- Environment Problem
22(4)
Prospects for Renewable Energy
26(4)
References
30(2)
Clean Fuels
32(25)
Clean-burning fuels
33(6)
Natural Gas
33(4)
Liquefied Petroleum Gas
37(2)
Developments in Petroleum Technology
39(4)
Exhaust Catalyst Technology
41(2)
Clean Coal Technologies
43(5)
Coal Gasification
44(2)
Ultra-clean Coal
46(1)
Coal Liquefaction
47(1)
Alcohols and Bio-fuels
48(3)
Methanol
48(1)
Ethanol
49(1)
Bio-diesel
50(1)
Hydrogen -- The Ultimate Fuel
51(5)
Electricity -- A Clean Secondary Fuel
56(1)
References
56(1)
Electricity Generation
57(33)
Electricity Generation Statistics
57(2)
Coal-fired Electricity Plant
59(3)
Oil-fired and Gas-fired Electricity Plant
62(5)
Combined Heat and Power (Co-generation)
67(1)
Nuclear Power
68(10)
Reactor Physics
69(3)
Reactor Design
72(1)
Water-cooled Reactors
73(2)
High-temperature Reactors
75(1)
Fuel Reprocessing and Fast-breeder Reactors
76(1)
The Future of Nuclear Energy
77(1)
Nuclear Fusion
78(5)
Distributed Generation
83(2)
Renewables and Energy Storage
85(2)
De-regulation of Electricity Markets
87(2)
References
89(1)
Renewable Energy -- Thermal
90(35)
Biomass: Agricultural and Forestry Wastes
93(5)
Straw
94(1)
Poultry Litter
95(1)
Forestry Wastes
96(1)
Wet Agricultural Wastes
97(1)
Biomass: Energy Crops
98(3)
Ligno-cellulosic Crops
98(1)
Wood
98(2)
Grasses
100(1)
Sugar and Starch Crops
100(1)
Oil Crops
100(1)
Biomass: Municipal Solid Waste
101(4)
Combustion, Gasification and Pyrolysis
101(1)
Bio-digestion
102(2)
Landfill
104(1)
Solar Heating
105(12)
Passive Solar Heating
106(2)
Active Solar Heating and Cooling
108(5)
Solar High-temperature Processes
113(4)
Geothermal Energy
117(7)
Geothermal Aquifers
119(2)
Hot Dry Rocks
121(1)
Geothermal Heat Pumps
122(1)
Brines and Magma
123(1)
References
124(1)
Renewable Energy -- Electrical
125(36)
Hydroelectricity
125(5)
Wind Energy
130(7)
On-shore Wind Generation
131(5)
Off-shore Wind Generation
136(1)
Tidal Energy
137(6)
Tidal Barrages
137(3)
Marine Currents
140(3)
Wave Energy
143(3)
Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion
146(1)
Solar Energy
146(14)
Principles and Construction of Solar (Photovoltatic) Cells, Modules and Arrays
146(5)
Performance of Solar (Photovoltaic) Cells, Modules and Arrays
151(3)
Applications of Solar (Photovoltaic) Cells, Modules and Arrays
154(2)
Organic Photovoltaic Devices
156(1)
Dye-sensitized Solar Cells
157(3)
References
160(1)
Why Store Electricity?
161(18)
Candidate Energy-storage Systems
161(1)
Energy Storage for Electricity Supply Networks
162(10)
Applications of Energy Storage within the Network
162(2)
Electricity Demand Profile
164(2)
Storage Options and their Limitations
166(2)
Experience with Battery Energy-storage Systems
168(4)
Uninterruptible Power Supplies
172(1)
Storage of Distributed Electricity
173(1)
Storage of Renewable Electricity
174(4)
References
178(1)
Physical Techniques for Storing Energy
179(19)
Thermal Energy Storage
179(4)
Sensible Heat Storage
179(3)
Phase-change Storage
182(1)
Thermochemical Storage
183(1)
Potential Energy Storage
183(4)
Pumped Hydro
183(2)
Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES)
185(2)
Kinetic Energy Storage in Flywheels
187(4)
Superconducting Electromagnetic Energy Storage (SMES)
191(2)
Electrostatic Energy Storage (ESES)
193(5)
Hydrogen Energy
198(44)
Hydrogen Production
202(9)
Hydrogen Distribution and Storage
211(13)
Gaseous Hydrogen
211(3)
Liquid Hydrogen
214(2)
Metal Hydrides
216(4)
Chemical and Related Storage
220(2)
Hydrogen Storage on Road Vehicles
222(2)
Fuel Cells to Generate Electricity
224(14)
Stationary Power
230(5)
Portable Power
235(2)
Power for Road Transportation
237(1)
Prospects for Hydrogen
238(4)
Battery Storage
242(26)
Lead--Acid Batteries
244(8)
Traditional Flat-plate Batteries
246(1)
Low-maintenance Flat-plate Batteries
247(1)
Tubular-plate Batteries
248(1)
Valve-regulated Batteries
248(4)
Alkaline Batteries
252(3)
Nickel--Cadmium Batteries
252(1)
Nickel--Metal-hydride Batteries
253(1)
Nickel--Zinc Batteries
254(1)
Zinc--Air Batteries
254(1)
Flow Batteries
255(4)
Zinc--Bromine Batteries
256(1)
Redox Batteries
257(2)
Sodium Batteries
259(2)
Sodium--Sulfur Batteries
259(1)
Sodium--Nickel-chloride Batteries
260(1)
Lithium Batteries
261(5)
Lithium--ion Batteries
262(2)
Lithium--Polymer Batteries
264(2)
Prospects for Batteries
266(2)
References
268(1)
Electric Propulsion
268(25)
Traditional Vehicles
269(3)
Tramcars and Trolleybuses
269(1)
Railways and Metros
270(1)
Marine Craft
271(1)
Off-road Vehicles
272(1)
Battery Electric Road Vehicles
272(6)
Delivery Vans
273(1)
Buses
274(1)
Cars
275(3)
Novel Electric Vehicles
278(2)
Electric Racing Cars
278(1)
Solar-powered Cars
279(1)
Hybrid Electric Vehicles
280(5)
Classification of Hybrid Electric Vehicles
281(3)
Practical Hybrid Electric Vehicles
284(1)
Fuel--Cell Vehicles
285(7)
References
292(1)
Towards 2020
293(20)
Greenhouse Gases and the Koyoto Protocol
295(2)
Energy Conservation
297(4)
Space Heating of Buildings
298(1)
Lighting
298(1)
Transportation
299(2)
Fossil Fuels
301(3)
Petroleum
301(2)
Natural Gas and Liquefied Petroleum Gas
303(1)
Electricity Generation
304(2)
Renewable Energy
306(2)
Energy Storage
308(2)
Concluding Remarks
310(3)
Appendix Conversion Factors 313(2)
Subject Index 315

Rewards Program

Write a Review