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Clinical Calculations A Unified Approach,9781401858490
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Clinical Calculations A Unified Approach

by ;
Edition:
5th
ISBN13:

9781401858490

ISBN10:
140185849X
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
7/6/2005
Publisher(s):
Cengage Learning

Questions About This Book?

What version or edition is this?
This is the 5th edition with a publication date of 7/6/2005.
What is included with this book?
  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any CDs, lab manuals, study guides, etc.
  • The Used copy of this book is not guaranteed to include any supplemental materials. Typically, only the book itself is included.

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Summary

The original is now a classic. Clinical Calculations was the first text to introduce the dimensional analysis method of calculating dosages, an approach rapidly becoming the method of choice for nurses. The fifth edition of this trailblazer showcases its proven strengths: a clear writing style, workbook-style format, strong IV therapy content, and clinical applicability. Critical thinking is encouraged in conjunction with memorized rules by asking learners to always consider whether their answers make sense. It does this within the context of providing the core knowledge-base for dosage calculation and administration for learners of all levels and experience. Chapters cover the range of practice, including systems of measurement, oral and parenteral medications, basic and advanced intravenous medications, and pediatric dosage. Just as the title suggests, this resource is the ideal tool for calculation in a clinical setting. With copious reference tools, outlined injection sites for IV therapy, and unique performance criteria for evaluating nurse competency, the tradition of excellence and innovation continues.

Table of Contents

Preface ix
Acknowledgments xi
How to Use This Book xiii
How to Use the Practice Software xv
Dimensional Analysis
1(18)
Introduction
1(1)
Dimensional Analysis Methodology
2(1)
Dimensional Analysis
2(1)
Step I Determining the Starting Factor and Answer Unit
3(2)
Step II Formulating the Conversion Equation
5(8)
Step III Solving the Conversion Equation
13(4)
Accuracy and Accountability
17(2)
The Metric System of Measurement
19(6)
Basic Units
19(1)
Comparing Metric Units
19(3)
Metric Notation
22(1)
Converting Units within the Metric System
23(2)
The Apothecaries System of Measurement
25(5)
Basic Units and Abbreviations
25(1)
Apothecaries Notation
26(1)
Comparing Apothecaries Units
26(1)
Converting Units within the Apothecaries System
27(3)
The Household System of Measurement
30(4)
Household Units
30(1)
Household Notation
31(1)
Comparing Household Units
32(1)
Converting Units within the Household System
33(1)
Conversion of Metric, Apothecaries, and Household Units
34(6)
Conversion from One System to Another
37(3)
Calculation of Oral Medications
40(26)
Oral Medications
40(1)
The Medicine Cup
41(2)
Rounding Off
43(2)
Reading Labels and Calculating Dosage
45(7)
Calculations Based on Body Weight
52(14)
Administration of Oral Medications
66(17)
Medication Order
66(2)
Abbreviations
68(2)
Self-Quiz-Abbreviations
70(1)
Routes for Administering Medications
71(1)
Medication Administration Record (MAR)
71(2)
Recording Medications
73(1)
Drug Distribution System
73(2)
Accountability
75(1)
General Rules for Administration of Medications
75(1)
Administering Oral Medications
76(7)
Calculation of Parenteral Medications
83(45)
Parenteral Medications
83(1)
The Syringe and Needle
84(3)
Reading the Syringe
87(2)
Rounding Off
89(1)
Parenteral Medication Forms
90(2)
Reading Labels
92(6)
Calculating Dosages Obtained from Premixed Solutions
98(11)
Calculations Based on Body Weight
109(3)
Units of Medication
112(4)
Reconstitution of Drugs in Powder Form
116(12)
Administration of Parenteral Medications
128(18)
Injection Sites and Techniques
128(7)
Precautions in Handling Needles and Syringes
135(1)
Administration of Parenteral Medications
136(1)
Variation of Parenteral Injection Techniques: IM
137(1)
Variation of Parenteral Injection Techniques: Subcut
138(1)
Insulin Preparations
138(5)
Insulin Administration
143(3)
Calculations of Intravenous Medications and Solutions
146(60)
Section I Intravenous Equipment
146(1)
Intravenous Injections and Infusions
146(1)
Needleless Infusion Systems
147(1)
Equipment
148(2)
Reading Labels: Drop Factor
150(1)
Reading IV Labels
151(1)
Intermittent IV Drug Administration
152(5)
Electronic Infusion Devices
157(2)
Section II Calculation of IV Flow Rates and Infusion Times
159(1)
Calculation of Intravenous Flow Rates, Infusion Times, Infusion Rate, and Bolus Using Dimensional Analysis
159(1)
Calculation of IV Flow Rate in gtt per min
159(5)
Calculation of IV Flow Rate in mL per hr
164(1)
Calculation of Infusion Time
165(2)
Section III Adding Medications to IV Fluids and Calculating Flow Rates
167(1)
Calculation of Flow Rate (gtt per min) When IV Contains Medication
167(2)
Adding Medications to Intravenous Fluids
169(6)
Section IV Special Applications of IV Therapy
175(1)
Critical Care IV Calculations
175(22)
Parenteral Nutrition
197(3)
Section V Assessment and Adjustment of IVs
200(6)
Administration of Intravenous Medications and Solutions
206(5)
Intravenous Administration
206(1)
Infusion Sites
207(1)
Nursing Responsibilities Relative to Intravenous Administration
207(2)
Precautions in Handling IV Equipment
209(1)
Recording
210(1)
Pediatric Dosage
211(22)
General Considerations in Administering Oral and Parenteral Medications to Children
212(1)
Administration of Parenteral Medications to Infants and Children
212(2)
Pediatric Dosage Based on Body Weight---Oral Medications
214(6)
Calculating Pediatric Dosage---Injections
220(3)
Calculating Pediatric Dosage---IVs
223(5)
Calculation of Pediatric Dosage Based on Body Surface Area
228(2)
Application of Dimensional Analysis Using BSA Estimates
230(3)
Clinical Calculations
233(58)
Appendix A Arithmetic Review
291(23)
Appendix B Conversion between Celsius and Fahrenheit Temperatures
314(2)
Appendix C Measuring and Recording Fluid Balance
316(2)
Appendix D Dimensional Analysis Variation
318(1)
Appendix E Twenty-Four Hour Clock
319(3)
Appendix F Percentage Solutions
322(5)
Appendix G Answer Keys
327(29)
Appendix H Performance Criteria: Administration of Oral Medications
356(21)
Performance Criteria: Administration of Injections
359(4)
Performance Criteria: Z-Track Method---Deep Intramuscular Injection
363(1)
Performance Criteria: Administration of Heparin
364(1)
Performance Criteria: Administration of Insulin
365(2)
Performance Criteria: Setting Up an IV
367(2)
Performance Criteria: Preparation and Administration of IV Piggyback (IVPB) through Infusing IV
369(2)
Performance Criteria: Administration of IV Push Medication via Port in an Infusing IV
371(2)
Performance Criteria: Starting IV (with an Over-the-Stylet Type Catheter)
373(2)
Performance Criteria: Assessment, Adjustment, and Termination of IV
375(2)
Index 377


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