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Clinical Drug Therapy : Rationales for Nursing Practice,9780781721219

Clinical Drug Therapy : Rationales for Nursing Practice

by ;
ISBN13:

9780781721219

ISBN10:
0781721210
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
11/1/2000
Publisher(s):
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
List Price: $58.95

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Summary

This popular core nursing pharmacology textbook provides unique coverage of nursing interventions for drug therapy with related rationales. Highly praised for its organized and readable presentation, the text explains the "why" behind each nursing action and emphasizes how drugs work differently in different patients. New to the Eighth Edition are case studies integrated into each chapter with case-based questions that foster critical thinking. New Research Briefs summarize current research and its nursing implications. A new chapter covers drugs for obesity, and all nutrition products have been consolidated into one chapter. New NCLEX®-style questions appear at the end of each drug chapter.

Table of Contents

SECTION I Introduction to Drug Therapy 1(60)
Introduction to Pharmacology
3(9)
Sources of Drugs
4(1)
Drug Nomenclature
4(1)
Sources of Drug Information
4(1)
Federal Drug Laws and Standards
4(2)
Cellular Physiology
6(1)
Cellular Injury and Response to Injury
7(5)
Basic Concepts and Processes
12(14)
Mechanisms of Drug Movement
13(1)
Pharmacokinetics
13(2)
Pharmacodynamics
15(2)
Variables That Affect Drug Actions
17(3)
Adverse Effects of Drugs
20(4)
Tolerance and Cross-Tolerance
24(2)
Administering Medications
26(15)
Preventing Medication Errors
27(1)
Medication Systems
28(1)
Medication Orders
28(1)
Drug Preparations and Dosage Forms
28(1)
Calculating Drug Dosages
29(1)
Routes of Administration
30(11)
Nursing Process in Drug Therapy
41(20)
Using the Prototype Approach to Study Pharmacology
42(1)
Legal Responsibilities of the Nurse
42(1)
Applying the Nursing Process in Drug Therapy
43(6)
Integrating Nursing Process, Drug Therapy, and Clinical Pathways
49(1)
General Principles of Drug Therapy
50(11)
SECTION II Drugs Affecting the Central Nervous System 61(186)
Physiology of the Central Nervous System
63(8)
Characteristics and Functions of the Central Nervous System
64(5)
Drugs Affecting the Central Nervous System
69(2)
Opioid Analgesics and Opioid Antagonists
71(19)
Pain
72(1)
Endogenous Analgesia System
73(1)
Opioid Analgesics
73(1)
Classifications and Individual Drugs
74(6)
Principles of Therapy
80(10)
Analgesic-Antipyretic-Anti-inflammatory and Related Drugs
90(20)
Description
91(1)
Pain, Fever, and Inflammation
91(1)
Gout
91(1)
Migraine
91(1)
Mechanism of Action
92(1)
Indications For Use
93(1)
Contraindications to Use
93(1)
Individual Drugs
93(7)
Principles of Therapy
100(10)
Antianxiety and Sedative-Hypnotic Drugs
110(19)
Anxiety
111(1)
Sleep and Insomnia
111(1)
Drugs Used to Treat Anxiety and Insomnia
112(8)
Principles of Therapy
120(9)
Antipsychotic Drugs
129(21)
Psychosis
130(1)
Schizophrenia
130(1)
Antipsychotic Drugs
131(1)
Individual Antipsychotic Drugs
132(7)
Principles of Therapy
139(11)
Antidepressants
150(19)
Depression
151(1)
Antidepressant Drugs
152(3)
Individual Antidepressants
155(4)
Principles of Therapy
159(10)
Antiseizure Drugs
169(17)
Seizure Disorders
170(1)
Antiseizure Drugs
170(1)
Individual Antiseizure Drugs
171(6)
Principles of Therapy
177(9)
Antiparkinson Drugs
186(13)
Parkinson's Disease
187(1)
Antiparkinson Drugs
187(1)
Individual Antiparkinson Drugs
188(4)
Principles of Therapy
192(7)
Skeletal Muscle Relaxants
199(6)
Skeletal Muscle Relaxants
200(2)
Principles of Therapy
202(3)
Anesthetics
205(18)
General Anesthesia
206(1)
Regional Anesthesia
206(1)
Adjuncts to Anesthesia
207(1)
Individual Anesthetic Agents
208(6)
Principles of Therapy
214(9)
Substance Abuse Disorders
223(16)
Substance Abuse
224(1)
Dependence
224(1)
Central Nervous System Depressants
225(5)
Central Nervous System Stimulants
230(3)
Marijuana
233(1)
Hallucinogens
234(1)
Volatile Solvents (Inhalants)
234(2)
Principles of Therapy
236(3)
Central Nervous System Stimulants
239(8)
Uses
240(1)
Types of Stimulants
240(1)
Individual Central Nervous System Stimulants
240(2)
Principles of Therapy
242(5)
SECTION III Drugs Affecting the Autonomic Nervous System 247(60)
Physiology of the Autonomic Nervous System
249(7)
Autonomic Nervous System
250(4)
Characteristics of Autonomic Drugs
254(2)
Adrenergic Drugs
256(14)
Description
257(1)
Individual Adrenergic Drugs
258(5)
Principles of Therapy
263(7)
Antiadrenergic Drugs
270(16)
Description
271(2)
Individual Antiadrenergic Drugs
273(5)
Principles of Therapy
278(8)
Cholinergic Drugs
286(9)
Description
287(1)
Individual Cholinergic Drugs
287(3)
Principles of Therapy
290(5)
Anticholinergic Drugs
295(12)
Description
296(2)
Individual Anticholinergic Drugs
298(3)
Principles of Therapy
301(6)
SECTION IV Drugs Affecting the Endocrine System 307(122)
Physiology of the Endocrine System
309(5)
The Endocrine System
310(1)
Endocrine System-Nervous System Interactions
310(1)
General Characteristics of Hormones
311(2)
General Characteristics of Hormonal Drugs
313(1)
Hypothalamic and Pituitary Hormones
314(9)
Description
315(1)
Therapeutic Limitations
316(1)
Individual Hormonal Agents
316(3)
Principles of Therapy
319(4)
Corticosteroids
323(23)
Endogenous Corticosteroids
324(3)
Exogenous Corticosteroids (Glucocorticoid Drugs)
327(9)
Principles of Therapy
336(10)
Thyroid and Antithyroid Drugs
346(13)
Description and Uses
347(1)
Thyroid Disorders
347(2)
Individual Drugs
349(4)
Principles of Therapy
353(6)
Hormones That Regulate Calcium and Bone Metabolism
359(18)
Overview
360(3)
Drugs Used For Calcium and Bone Disorders
363(7)
Principles of Therapy
370(7)
Antidiabetic Drugs
377(30)
Endogenous Insulin
378(2)
Diabetes Mellitus
380(2)
Hypoglycemic Drugs
382(10)
Principles of Therapy
392(15)
Estrogens, Progestins, and Oral Contraceptives
407(15)
Estrogens
408(1)
Progesterone
408(1)
Estrogens and Progestins Used as Drugs
409(2)
Individual Estrogens, Progestins, and Oral Contraceptives
411(3)
Principles of Therapy
414(8)
Androgens and Anabolic Steroids
422(7)
Androgens
423(1)
Anabolic Steroids
423(1)
Testosterone
423(1)
Abuse of Androgenic and Anabolic Steroid Drugs
423(1)
Characteristics of Androgenic and Anabolic Steroid Drugs
423(3)
Principles of Therapy
426(3)
SECTION V Nutrients, Fluids, and Electrolytes 429(62)
Nutritional Support Products and Drugs for Obesity
431(20)
Overview
432(1)
Nutritional Deficiency States
432(1)
Nutritional Products
432(1)
Pancreatic Enzymes
433(3)
Obesity
436(4)
Principles of Therapy
440(11)
Vitamins
451(17)
Overview
452(1)
Description and Uses
452(3)
Vitamin Supplements
455(6)
Principles of Therapy
461(7)
Minerals and Electrolytes
468(23)
Description and Uses
469(2)
Individual Agents Used in Mineral-Electrolyte and Acid-Base Imbalances
471(9)
Principles of Therapy
480(11)
SECTION VI Drugs Used to Treat Infections 491(138)
General Characteristics of Antimicrobial Drugs
493(19)
Microorganisms and Infections
494(6)
Host Defense Mechanisms
500(1)
Characteristics of Anti-Infective Drugs
501(3)
Principles of Therapy
504(8)
Beta-Lactam Antibacterials: Penicillins, Cephalosporins, and Others
512(17)
Description
513(1)
Penicillins
513(5)
Cephalosporins
518(1)
Carbapenems
519(1)
Monobactam
520(1)
Principles of Therapy
520(9)
Aminoglycosides and Fluoroquinolones
529(12)
Aminoglycosides
530(3)
Fluoroquinolones
533(1)
Principles of Therapy
534(7)
Tetracyclines, Sulfonamides, and Urinary Agents
541(13)
Description
542(7)
Principles of Therapy
549(5)
Macrolides and Miscellaneous Antibacterials
554(11)
Macrolides
555(1)
Miscellaneous Antibacterial Drugs
555(4)
Principles of Therapy
559(6)
Drugs for Tuberculosis and Mycobacterium Avium Complex (MAC) Disease
565(13)
Tuberculosis
566(1)
Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis
566(1)
Chemoprophylaxis of Tuberculosis
566(1)
Treatment of Tuberculosis
566(1)
Characteristics of Antitubercular Drugs
567(1)
Individual Antitubercular Drugs
568(2)
Mycobacterium Avium Complex Disease
570(2)
Principles of Therapy
572(6)
Antiviral Drugs
578(22)
General Characteristics of Viruses and Viral Infections
579(11)
Principles of Therapy
590(10)
Antifungal Drugs
600(14)
Fungi and Fungal Infections
601(2)
Antifungal Drugs
603(3)
Principles of Therapy
606(8)
Antiparasitics
614(15)
Protozoal Infections
615(1)
Helminthiasis
616(1)
Scabies and Pediculosis
616(1)
Antiparasitic Drugs
617(8)
Principles of Therapy
625(4)
SECTION VII Drugs Affecting Hematopoiesis and the Immune System 629(68)
Physiology of the Hematopoietic and Immune Systems
631(10)
Hematopoiesis
632(1)
Hematopoietic Cytokines
632(2)
Overview of Body Defense Mechanisms
634(1)
Immunity
634(1)
Immune Cells
635(3)
Patient-Related Factors that Influence Immune Function
638(1)
Immune Disorders
639(1)
Drugs that Alter Hematopoietic and Immune Responses
640(1)
Immunizing Agents
641(18)
Immunization
642(1)
Agents For Active Immunity
642(7)
Agents For Passive Immunity
649(1)
Individual Immunizing Agents
650(3)
Principles of Therapy
653(6)
Hematopoietic and Immunostimulant Drugs
659(14)
Overview
660(2)
Characteristics of Hematopoietic and Immunostimulant Drugs
662(3)
Principles of Therapy
665(8)
Immunosuppressants
673(24)
Description
674(1)
Autoimmune Disorders
674(1)
Tissue and Organ Transplantation
674(3)
Immunosuppressant Drugs
677(6)
Principles of Therapy
683(14)
SECTION VIII Drugs Affecting the Respiratory System 697(44)
Physiology of the Respiratory System
699(4)
The Respiratory System
700(2)
Disorders of the Respiratory System
702(1)
Drug Therapy
702(1)
Bronchodilating and Other Antiasthmatic Drugs
703(14)
Respiratory Disorders
704(1)
Drug Therapy
704(7)
Principles of Therapy
711(6)
Antihistamines
717(13)
Histamine and Its Receptors
718(1)
Hypersensitivity (Allergic) Reactions
718(3)
Antihistamines
721(5)
Principles of Therapy
726(4)
Nasal Decongestants, Antitussives, Mucolytics, and Cold Remedies
730(11)
Description
731(1)
The Common Cold
731(1)
Sinusitis
731(1)
Common Signs and Symptoms of Respiratory Disorders
731(1)
Drugs for Respiratory Disorders
732(1)
Individual Drugs
733(1)
Principles of Therapy
734(7)
SECTION IX Drugs Affecting the Cardiovascular System 741(140)
Physiology of the Cardiovascular System
743(5)
Heart
744(1)
Blood Vessels
744(1)
Blood
745(1)
Cardiovascular Disorders
746(1)
Drug Therapy in Cardiovascular Disorders
746(2)
Drug Therapy of Heart Failure
748(16)
Heart Failure
749(1)
Drug Therapy
750(6)
Principles of Therapy
756(8)
Antiarrhythmic Drugs
764(18)
Cardiac Electrophysiology
765(1)
Cardiac Arrhythmias
766(1)
Antiarrhythmic Drugs
766(4)
Classifications and Individual Drugs
770(5)
Principles of Therapy
775(7)
Antianginal Drugs
782(16)
Angina Pectoris
783(2)
Antianginal Drugs
785(7)
Principles of Therapy
792(6)
Drugs Used in Hypotension and Shock
798(10)
Hypotension and Shock
799(1)
Antishock Drugs
799(2)
Individual Drugs
801(2)
Principles of Therapy
803(5)
Antihypertensive Drugs
808(23)
Regulation of Arterial Blood Pressure
809(3)
Hypertension
812(1)
Antihypertensive Drugs
812(3)
Individual Drugs
815(5)
Principles of Therapy
820(11)
Diuretics
831(16)
Description
832(1)
Renal Physiology
832(2)
Alterations in Renal Function
834(1)
Diuretic Drugs
835(4)
Principles of Therapy
839(8)
Drugs That Affect Blood Coagulation
847(21)
Description
848(1)
Hemostasis
848(1)
Clot Lysis
848(3)
Thrombotic and Thromboembolic Disorders
851(1)
Drugs Used in Thrombotic and Thromboembolic Disorders
851(9)
Principles of Therapy
860(8)
Drugs for Hyperlipidemia
868(13)
Antilipemic Drugs
869(1)
Atherosclerosis
869(1)
Blood Lipids
869(1)
Hyperlipidemia
869(2)
Initial Management of Hyperlipidemia
871(1)
Drug Therapy of Hyperlipidemia
872(4)
Principles of Therapy
876(5)
SECTION X Drugs Affecting the Digestive System 881(56)
Physiology of the Digestive System
883(4)
The Digestive System
884(1)
Organs of the Digestive System
884(1)
Secretions of the Digestive System
885(1)
Effects of Drugs on the Digestive System
886(1)
Drugs Used in Peptic Ulcer Disease
887(17)
Peptic Ulcer Disease
888(1)
Types of Antiulcer Drugs
889(6)
Principles of Therapy
895(9)
Laxatives and Cathartics
904(10)
Description
905(1)
Defecation
905(1)
Laxatives and Cathartics
905(4)
Principles of Therapy
909(5)
Antidiarrheals
914(12)
Description
915(6)
Antidiarrheal Drugs
921(1)
Principles of Therapy
921(5)
Antiemetics
926(11)
Nausea and Vomiting
927(1)
Antiemetic Drugs
927(5)
Principles of Therapy
932(5)
SECTION XI Drugs Used in Special Conditions 937(83)
Drugs Used in Oncologic Disorders
939(28)
Characteristics of Normal Cells
940(1)
Characteristics of Malignant Neoplasms
940(4)
Antineoplastic Drugs
944(2)
Individual Drugs
946(5)
Cytoprotectant Drugs
951(5)
Principles of Therapy
956(11)
Drugs Used in Ophthalmic Conditions
967(16)
Structures of the Eye
968(1)
Disorders of the Eye
968(1)
Types of Ophthalmic Drugs
969(1)
Ophthalmic Drug Therapy
970(1)
Individual Drugs
970(5)
Principles of Therapy
975(8)
Drugs Used in Dermatologic Conditions
983(17)
Characteristics of the Skin
984(1)
Disorders of the Skin
984(2)
Types of Dermatologic Drugs
986(1)
Individual Drugs
987(6)
Principles of Therapy
993(7)
Drug Use During Pregnancy and Lactation
1000(20)
Pregnancy and Lactation
1001(1)
Maternal-Placental-Fetal Circulation
1001(1)
Drug Effects on the Fetus
1002(5)
Fetal Therapeutics
1007(1)
Maternal Therapeutics
1007(3)
Abortifacients
1010(1)
Tocolytics
1011(1)
Drugs Used During Labor and Delivery at Term
1011(1)
Neonatal Therapeutics
1012(1)
Principles of Therapy
1013(7)
Appendix A Recently Approved and Miscellaneous Drugs 1020(2)
Appendix B The International System of Units 1022(1)
Appendix C Therapeutic Serum Drug Concentrations for Selected Drugs 1023(1)
Appendix D Canadian Drug Laws and Standards 1024(1)
Appendix E Canadian Drug Names 1025


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