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Clinical Textbook for Veterinary Technicians,9780721606125
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Clinical Textbook for Veterinary Technicians

by
Edition:
6th
ISBN13:

9780721606125

ISBN10:
0721606121
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
7/28/2005
Publisher(s):
Saunders
List Price: $95.94
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Summary

Now in full-color! Written by veterinarians, including many board-certified specialists, and veterinary technicians, this comprehensive textbook is divided into six major sections covering nearly all the major content areas in the veterinary technology curriculum. The text contains helpful learning features, including introductions, boxed technician tips, and suggested readings - all written at a level appropriate for technicians. Comprehensive text covering all areas of the curriculum. Written specifically for technicians. Presents detailed information on the role of the technician in every aspect of veterinary practice. Features helpful pedagogical aids such as introductions, suggested readings, and boxed Technician Tips. CD in the back of the book contains student exercises, including crossword puzzles to help study key terms, picture-it exercises to test knowledge of key illustrations, quiz shows and hangman exercises to make self-study fun, and WebLinks. Three new chapters! Care of Geriatric Small Animal Patients, Toxicology, and Nursing Concepts in Alternative Medicine. Diagnostic imaging chapter includes new sections on digital radiography, computed radiography, teleradiology, PACS (picture archival computing systems), and RIS (radiology information systems). Emergency nursing chapter has been completely rewritten to address rapid changes in clinical knowledge in the field. Behavior chapter has been completely rewritten to emphasize prevention of problems and the creation of wellness programs, and to focus on behavioral needs, assessment, and client teaching. Birds, Reptiles, and Small Mammals chapter has a new section on behavioral considerations and includes information on feeding, diets, and care of increasingly popular pets: rats, prairie dogs, sugar gliders, and hedgehogs. Pain management chapter includes new information of transdermal administration of Fentanyl and epidural administration of opioids. New drugs include hydromorphone, oxymorphone, deracoxib, and meloxicam. Pharmacology and pharmacy chapter includes new sections on ivermectin toxicities, expiration dates and disposal of drugs, material data safety sheets, compounding, nutraceuticals, and internet pharmacy and concern about online sites. Zoonoses and public health chapter includes up-to-date information on Q fever (coxiellosis), tularemia, and monkey pox.

Table of Contents

An Introduction to the Profession of Veterinary Technology 1(1)
Joanna M. Bassert
History of Veterinary Technology
1(1)
The Veterinary Technician Today
2(5)
Job Prospects, Salaries, and Attrition
3(1)
Education
4(3)
Terminology and the Veterinary Health Care Team
7(3)
Veterinarian
8(1)
Veterinary Technician Specialist
8(1)
Veterinary Technologist
9(1)
Veterinary Technician
9(1)
Veterinary Assistant
9(1)
Veterinary Nurse
10(1)
Laboratory Animal Technicians
10(1)
The Veterinary Technician National Examination
10(1)
Laws Governing Veterinary Technology
11(12)
Certification, Registration, and Licensure
11(1)
Reciprocity
12(1)
Scope of Practice
12(1)
Practice Acts
12(8)
Rules and Regulations
20(2)
Malpractice and Common Law
22(1)
Ethics
23(1)
Societal Ethics
23(1)
Personal Ethics
23(1)
Professional Ethics
23(1)
Professional Ideals
24(1)
Professional Organizations
24(3)
International Associations
25(1)
National Associations
25(1)
State, Provincial, and Regional Associations
26(1)
Related Organizations
26(1)
Part One Clinical Procedures
27(157)
Restraint and Handling of Animals
27(50)
Dennis D. French
Thomas N. Tully, Jr.
Introduction
27(1)
Indications for Restraint
27(1)
Animal Perception and Behavior
28(4)
Smell
28(1)
Hearing
28(1)
Vision
29(1)
Touch
29(1)
Agonistic Behaviors
29(1)
Aggressive Behavior
30(2)
Typical Behavior of Domestic Animals in Aggression and Avoidance
32(2)
Management Ethology
34(1)
Capture and Restraint of Horses
34(16)
Capture and Restraint of Foals
37(1)
Halter and Leads
38(1)
Tying the Horse
39(1)
The Twitch
40(3)
Lifting a Foreleg
43(1)
Lifting a Hind Leg
43(1)
Stocks
44(3)
Tail Tie
47(1)
Hobbles
47(1)
Restraint of the Down Horse
48(1)
Other Head and Mouth Restraints
48(2)
Manual and Chemical Restraint
50(1)
Capture and Restraint of Cattle
50(6)
Movement of Cattle Into Pens and Head Catch
51(2)
Restraint of the Head
53(2)
Tail Restraint
55(1)
Kicking Restraint
55(1)
Casting
55(1)
Lifting Feet
56(1)
Capture and Restraint of Sheep and Goats
56(2)
Capture and Restraint of Swine
58(2)
Capture and Restraint of Dogs
60(5)
Catching Dogs
60(1)
Lifting Dogs
61(1)
Table Restraint for Examination
62(1)
Restraint for Venipuncture
62(2)
Muzzles and Mouth Gags
64(1)
Mobility-Limiting Devices
65(1)
Chemical Restraint
65(1)
Capture and Restraint of Cats
65(3)
Catching Cats
65(1)
Carrying Cats
66(1)
Restraint for Examination
66(1)
Restraint for Venipuncture
66(1)
Bathing
67(1)
Chemical Restraint
68(1)
Restraint of Exotic Animals
68(8)
Restraint of Birds
68(2)
Restraint of Reptiles
70(3)
Restraint of Ferrets
73(1)
Restraint of Rabbits
73(2)
Restraint of Rodents and Small Animals
75(1)
Transportation and Shipping of Animals
76(1)
History and Physical Examination
77(14)
Ellen Miller
Obtaining an Accurate History
77(1)
Signalment of the Animal
77(1)
Chief Complaint
78(1)
History of the Present Illness
78(1)
Medical and Surgical History
78(1)
Environmental History
78(1)
Medication History
78(1)
Dietary History
79(1)
Systems Review
79(1)
Components of a Complete Physical Examination
79(2)
Temperature, Pulse, and Respirations
81(1)
Systems Assessment
81(10)
Integument
81(1)
Respiratory System
81(2)
Cardiovascular System
83(2)
Gastrointestinal System
85(1)
Urogenital System
86(1)
Musculoskeletal System
87(1)
Nervous System
87(2)
Peripheral Lymph Nodes
89(1)
Ears
89(1)
Eyes
90(1)
Diagnostic Sampling and Therapeutic Techniques
91(44)
Tracy J. Jaffe
Introduction
91(1)
Basic Guidelines
91(1)
Small Animal Sampling and Therapeutic Techniques
91(1)
Blood Sample Collection
91(5)
Venous Blood Sample
91(5)
Arterial Blood Sample
96(1)
Urine Sample Collection
96(3)
Voided Collection
96(1)
Manual Bladder Expression
96(1)
Catheterization
97(2)
Cystocentesis
99(1)
Other Collection Procedures
99(6)
Feces Sample Collection
99(1)
Thoracocentesis
100(1)
Abdominocentesis
100(1)
Diagnostic Peritoneal Lavage
101(1)
Transtracheal Wash
101(1)
Arthrocentesis
102(1)
Bone Marrow Aspiration
102(3)
Vaginal Cytologic Sampling
105(1)
Administration of Medication in the Small Animal
105(13)
Intravenous Administration
105(6)
Subcutaneous Administration
111(1)
Intramuscular Administration
111(1)
Intradermal Administration
112(1)
Intranasal Administration
112(1)
Intratracheal Administration
112(1)
Intraosseous Administration
112(1)
Intraperitoneal Administration
113(1)
Topical Ophthalmic Administration
113(1)
Aural Administration
114(1)
Transdermal Administration
114(1)
Intrarectal Administration
114(1)
Oral Administration
115(1)
Enteral Feeding Tubes
116(2)
Large Animal Sampling and Therapeutic Techniques
118(1)
Venous Blood Sample Collection
118(4)
Bovine Venipuncture
119(1)
Equine Venipuncture
120(1)
Porcine Venipuncture
120(1)
Ovine and Caprine Venipuncture
121(1)
Arterial Blood Sample Collection
122(1)
Urine Sample Collection
123(1)
Bovine Urine Collection
123(1)
Equine Urine Collection
123(1)
Ovine and Caprine Urine Collection
123(1)
Feces Sample Collection
124(1)
Rumen Fluid Collection
124(1)
Abdominocentesis
124(1)
Equine Abdominocentesis
124(1)
Ruminant Abdominocentesis
125(1)
Thoracocentesis
125(1)
Transtracheal Wash
126(1)
Administration of Medication in Large Animals
126(9)
Intravenous Administration
126(2)
Intramuscular Administration
128(2)
Subcutaneous Administration
130(1)
Intradermal Administration
130(1)
Intraperitoneal Administration
130(1)
Intranasal Administration
131(1)
Oral Administration
131(2)
Intramammary Administration
133(2)
Wound Healing, Wound Management, and Bandaging
135(30)
Giselle Hosgood
Daniel J. Burba
Introduction
135(1)
Wound Healing
135(2)
Factors Affecting Wound Healing
137(1)
Host Factors
137(1)
Wound Characteristics
137(1)
External Factors
137(1)
Wound Management
138(1)
Immediate Wound Care
138(1)
Wound Lavage
138(1)
Wound Debridement
138(1)
Wound Closure
139(2)
Wound Bandaging
141(3)
Wound Bandaging in Small Animals
144(3)
Casts
144(1)
Bandages and Splints
145(1)
Slings
146(1)
Aftercare of Casts, Bandages, Splints, and Slings
147(1)
Specific Wound Management
147(1)
Abrasions
147(4)
Lacerations
151(1)
Burns
151(1)
Puncture Wounds
152(1)
Degloving Injuries
152(1)
Decubitus Ulcers
152(1)
Large Animal Wound Management
152(1)
Wound Care of Horses
152(1)
Bandaging and Cast Application Techniques for Horses
153(9)
Bandages
154(1)
Splint Application
154(1)
Cast Application
155(6)
Cast Removal
161(1)
Bandaging and Cast Application Techniques for Cattle
162(3)
Application of a Claw Block
162(3)
Basic Necropsy Procedures
165(19)
Thomas J. Van Winkle
Perry L. Habecker
Introduction
165(1)
Necropsy Reports
166(1)
Fixatives
167(1)
Facilities and Instruments
168(1)
Ancillary Procedures
168(2)
Necropsy Procedure for a Small Mammal
170(8)
Tissue Collection
170(1)
Dissection
170(1)
Preliminary Observations
170(1)
External Examination
171(1)
Reflection of Skin and Limbs and Examination of Superficial Organs
171(2)
Examination of Skull and Brain
173(1)
Dissection and Examination of the Neck and Thoracic Viscera
174(2)
Abdominal Cavity
176(1)
Female Reproductive Tract, Urinary Tract, and Accessory Male Reproductive Organs
177(1)
Intestinal Tract
177(1)
Abdominal Aorta, Rectum, and Anal Glands
178(1)
Vertebral Column and Spinal Cord
178(1)
Necropsy Variants
178(4)
Ruminants
178(1)
Horse
179(1)
Pig
180(1)
Fetus
180(1)
Birds
181(1)
Laboratory Animals
181(1)
Cosmetic Necropsies
182(2)
Part Two Clinical Sciences
184(148)
Clinical Pathology
184(28)
Jan L. Van Steenhouse
Introduction
184(1)
Hematology
184(2)
Equipment
185(1)
Sample Handling
186(1)
Determination of Erythrocyte Numbers
187(1)
Red Blood Cell Indices
187(1)
Determination of Leukocyte Counts
188(1)
Avian and Reptilian Leukocyte Counts
189(1)
Platelet Determination
189(1)
Blood Film Evaluation
190(8)
Erythrocyte Evaluation
191(4)
Leukocyte Evaluation
195(3)
Automated Cell Counters
198(1)
Plasma Protein Determination
199(1)
Coagulation Testing
200(1)
Clinical Chemistry
200(1)
Equipment
201(1)
Clinical Chemistry Instrumentation
201(2)
Quality Control Programs
201(1)
Controls
202(1)
Sample Handling
203(1)
Urinalysis
203(1)
Equipment
204(1)
Urine Collection
204(1)
Evaluation of Physical Properties
204(1)
Color
204(1)
Turbidity
204(1)
Specific Gravity
204(1)
Chemical Evaluation
205(2)
pH
205(1)
Protein
205(1)
Glucose
206(1)
Ketones
206(1)
Bilirubin
206(1)
Blood
206(1)
Microscopic Examination
207(2)
Sample Preparation
207(1)
Epithelial Cells
207(1)
Blood Cells
207(1)
Casts
207(1)
Crystals
208(1)
Microorganisms
208(1)
Miscellaneous Findings
209(1)
Cytology
209(1)
Equipment
209(1)
Sample Preparation
210(1)
Fluid Analysis
210(1)
Joint Fluid
210(2)
Parasitology
212(22)
Johnny D. Hoskins
Introduction
212(1)
Endoparasites
212(1)
Parasites of Dogs and Cats
212(6)
Roundworms (Ascarids)
212(1)
Hookworms
213(1)
Intestinal Threadworms
214(1)
Whipworms
214(1)
Tapeworms
214(1)
Heartworms and Dipetalonema reconditum
215(1)
Giardia Species
216(1)
Coccidia
216(2)
Parasites of Horses
218(1)
Roundworms
218(1)
Pinworms
218(1)
Small and Large Strongyles
218(1)
Intestinal Threadworms
219(1)
Tapeworms
219(1)
Parasites of Ruminants
219(2)
Stronglyes
219(1)
Lungworms
220(1)
Tapeworms
220(1)
Liver Flukes
220(1)
Coccidia
220(1)
Trichomoniasis
221(1)
Parasites of Swine
221(1)
Stomach Worms
221(1)
Ascaris Species
221(1)
Stronglyoides ransomi
221(1)
Oesophagostomum Species
221(1)
Whipworms
221(1)
Lungworms
221(1)
Kidney Worms
221(1)
Ectoparasites
221(1)
Parasites of Domesticated Animals
221(2)
Fleas
222(1)
Rabbit Bots and Fox Maggots
223(3)
Bot Flies
223(1)
Heel Flies
223(1)
Sheep Nasal Flies
223(1)
Lice
223(1)
Mites
223(1)
Ticks
224(1)
Myiasis-Producing Flies
225(1)
Diagnostic Procedures
226(1)
Fecal Flotation
226(1)
Direct Fecal Smear
226(1)
Qualitative Fecal Examination
226(2)
Willis Technique
226(1)
Disposable Fecal Flotation Kits
226(1)
Paper Cup Technique
226(1)
Zinc Sulfate Centrifugal Flotation Technique
227(1)
Formalin-Ethyl Acetate Sedimentation Technique
227(1)
Quantitative Fecal Examination
228(1)
Stoll Dilution Technique
228(1)
Stoll Centrifugation Technique
228(1)
Interpretation of Quantitative Fecal Examination
228(1)
Specialized Diagnostic Tests
228(1)
Lungworm
228(1)
Microfilariae
229(1)
Tests for Blood Microfilariae
229(1)
Pinworms
229(1)
Tapeworms
229(1)
Adult Tapeworms
230(1)
Larval Tapeworms
230(1)
Trematodes
230(1)
Protozoa
230(1)
Blood Parasites
230(1)
Gastrointestinal Protozoa
230(1)
Trichomonas Species
230(1)
Hexamita meleagridis
231(1)
Coccidi
231(1)
Giardia Species
231(1)
Entamoeba histolytica
231(1)
Endamoeba Species
231(1)
Balantidium Species
231(1)
Histomonas meleagridis
231(1)
Trichomonas foetus
231(1)
Arthropods
231(1)
Mites and Chiggers
232(1)
Ticks, Fleas, and Lice
232(1)
Diptera
232(1)
Preserving Parasitic Samples
232(1)
Parasitology and Public Health
232(1)
Appendix
233(1)
Lugol's Solution
233(1)
Zinc Sulfate
233(1)
Ingredients for Willis Technique
233(1)
The Baermann Funnel
233(1)
Clinical Microbiology
234(36)
Robert L. Jones
Introduction
234(1)
Diagnostic Methods
234(1)
Collection of Specimens
235(2)
Proper Specimen Collection
235(2)
Special Collection and Handling Procedures
237(1)
Processing Specimens
237(3)
Condition of the Specimen
237(1)
Direct Microscopic Examination
237(3)
Bacterial Isolation and Identification Procedures
240(10)
Equipment
240(1)
Culture Media
240(2)
Incubation Conditions
242(1)
Routine Culture System
243(6)
Special Culture Procedures
249(1)
Common Bacterial Species
250(6)
Gram-Positive Cocci
250(2)
Anaerobic Cocci
252(1)
Gram-Positive Rods
252(1)
Acid-Fast Bacteria
253(1)
Gram-Negative Bacteria
253(2)
Spirochetes and Curved Bacteria
255(1)
Mycoplasma Species
255(1)
Other Fastidious Bacteria
255(1)
Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing
256(3)
Indications for Susceptibility Testing
256(1)
Susceptibility Test Methods
256(1)
Diffusion Test Procedure
257(2)
Interpretation and Limitations
259(1)
Mycology
259(2)
Dermatophytes
259(1)
Systemic Mycoses
260(1)
Yeasts
261(1)
Virology
261(3)
Virus Isolation
261(1)
Microscopic Evaluation
261(1)
Antigen Detection
262(2)
Serology
264(2)
Antibody Response to Infection
264(1)
Interpretation of Serologic Test Results
264(1)
Collection of Serum
265(1)
Serologic Test Procedures
265(1)
Clinical Immunology
266(1)
Purpose of Evaluating Immune System Function
266(1)
Laboratory Tests for Immunologic Disorders
266(1)
Failure of Passive Transfer
266(1)
Nosocomial Infections
266(4)
Agents of Nosocomial Infections
267(1)
Recognition and Control of Nosocomial Infections
268(1)
Antiseptics, Disinfectants, and Sterilization
268(1)
Biologic Safety
268(2)
Diagnostic Imaging
270(45)
Beth Paugh Partington
Introduction
270(1)
Radiology
270(1)
Identification
270(2)
Filing of the Radiograph
272(1)
Production of X-Rays
272(5)
The X-Ray Tube
272(4)
The Physics of X-Ray Production
276(1)
Scattered Radiations
276(1)
X-Ray Equipment
277(3)
Portable Unit
277(1)
Mobile Unit
278(1)
Stationary Unit
279(1)
Fluoroscopy
279(1)
Digital Radiography
279(1)
Computed Radiography
280(1)
Exposure Factors
280(3)
Milliamperage
280(1)
Exposure Time
280(1)
Kilovoltage
281(1)
Focal-Film Distance
282(1)
Technique Chart
282(1)
Image Formation
283(9)
X-Ray Cassette
284(1)
Intensifying Screens
285(1)
Screen Speed
286(1)
X-Ray Film
286(2)
Grids
288(1)
Equipment
289(1)
Hand Processing Equipment
290(1)
Automatic Film Processing
290(1)
Film Storage
291(1)
Cassette Loading and Unloading
291(1)
Hanging X-Ray Film
292(1)
Developing X-Ray Film
292(1)
Silver Recovery
292(1)
Radiographic Film Quality
292(2)
Detail
292(1)
Radiographic Contrast
293(1)
Radiographic Density
293(1)
Magnification
293(1)
Technical Errors and Artifacts
293(1)
Radiation Safety
294(4)
Radiation Filtration
294(2)
Radiation Measurement
296(1)
Protection Practices
296(2)
Radiographic Contrast Agents
298(4)
Common Contrast Media and Applications
301(1)
Positioning
302(1)
Restraint
303(1)
Diagnostic Ultrasonography
303(1)
Ultrasonography Basics
304(1)
Ultrasound-Tissue Interaction
304(1)
Patient Preparation
305(1)
Ultrasound Display Modes
305(2)
The Ultrasound Image
307(1)
Ultrasound Artifacts
307(2)
Reverberation Artifact
307(1)
Shadowing
308(1)
Acoustic Enhancement
308(1)
Refraction, or Edge Artifact
309(1)
Mirror-Image Artifact
309(1)
Slice-Thickness Artifact
309(1)
The Ultrasound Examination
309(1)
Clinical Use
309(1)
Uses of Ultrasound in Large and Small Animals
309(1)
Nuclear Medicine
310(1)
Computed Tomography
311(1)
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
312(2)
Teleradiology, Picture Archival System, and Radiology Information System
314(1)
Veterinary Oncology
315(17)
Glenna E. Mauldin
G. Neal Mauldin
Introduction
315(1)
Tumor Biology
316(2)
Diagnostic Approach in the Dog or Cat With Cancer
318(5)
History, Physical Examination, and Minimum Baseline Data
318(1)
Radiography
319(1)
Cytology
319(2)
Histopathology
321(1)
Biopsy Techniques
321(2)
Therapeutic Options
323(6)
Surgery
323(1)
Chemotherapy
324(4)
Radiotherapy
328(1)
Euthanasia
329(3)
Part Three Patient Management and Nutrition
332(241)
Preventive Health Programs
332(50)
Johnny D. Hoskins
Susan C. Eades
Marjorie S. Gill
Introduction
332(1)
Preventive Health Program for Dogs
332(1)
Physical Examination
332(1)
Vaccinations
332(5)
Canine Distemper Vaccine
332(2)
Canine Parvovirus Vaccine
334(1)
Rabies Vaccine
335(1)
Canine Adenoviruses Vaccine
335(1)
Infectious Tracheobronchitis Vaccine
336(1)
Canine Leptospirosis Vaccine
336(1)
Canine Coronavirus Vaccine
336(1)
Canine Giardia Vaccine
336(1)
Canine Lyme Borreliosis Vaccine
336(1)
Heartworm Preventive Therapy
337(1)
Owner Education
337(1)
Preventive Health Program for Cats
337(1)
Physical Examination
337(1)
Vaccinations
337(4)
Feline Panleukopenia Vaccine
339(1)
Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis Vaccine
339(1)
Feline Calicivirus Vaccine
339(1)
Rabies Vaccine
339(1)
Feline Chlamydophila Vaccine
339(1)
Feline Leukemia Virus and Feline Immunodeficiency Virus Vaccines
339(1)
Feline Infectious Peritonitis Vaccine
340(1)
Feline Bordetella Vaccine
340(1)
Feline Fungal Vaccine
340(1)
Feline Giardia Vaccine
340(1)
Vaccine-Associated Sarcomas
341(1)
Heartworm Preventive Therapy
341(1)
Owner Education
341(1)
Early Spay-Neuter Procedures
341(1)
Heredity DNA Tests
341(1)
Preventive Health Program for Horses
342(1)
Physical Examination
342(2)
Vaccinations
344(4)
Tetanus Vaccines
344(1)
Equine Encephalomyelitis Vaccine
344(1)
Equine Rhinopneumonitis Vaccine
344(1)
Equine Influenza Vaccine
344(3)
Strangles Vaccine
347(1)
Equine Viral Arteritis Vaccine
347(1)
Potomac Horse Fever Vaccine
347(1)
Botulism Vaccine
347(1)
Anthrax Vaccine
347(1)
Rabies Vaccine
347(1)
Sarcocystis neurona Vaccine
347(1)
West Nile Virus Vaccine
347(1)
Dental and Hoof Care
348(1)
Parasites
348(1)
Nutrition
348(1)
Sanitation
348(1)
Preventive Health Program for Cattle
349(1)
Vaccinations
349(15)
Bovine Respiratory Disease Complex Vaccines
362(1)
Clostridial Vaccines
362(1)
Leptospirosis Vaccine
363(1)
Campylobacteriosis (Vibriosis) Vaccine
363(1)
Brucellosis Vaccine
363(1)
Trichomoniasis Vaccine
363(1)
Anthrax Vaccine
363(1)
Anaplasmosis Vaccine
364(1)
Enteric Disease Vaccine
364(1)
Moraxella Vaccine
364(1)
External and Internal Parasites
364(1)
Management Recommendations for Dairy Calves
364(1)
Preventive Health Program for Swine
365(1)
Vaccinations
366(8)
Erysipelas Vaccine
366(1)
Leptospirosis Vaccine
366(1)
Transmissible Gastroenteritis Vaccine
366(1)
Porcine Rotavirus Vaccine
366(1)
Clostridium perfringens Type C Vaccine
366(1)
Neonatal Porcine Colibacillosis Vaccine
366(1)
Porcine Proliferative Enteritis Vaccine
366(7)
Bordetella, Pasteurella, Actinobacillus, and Mycoplasma Vaccines
373(1)
Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome Vaccine
373(1)
Porcine Parvovirus Vaccine
373(1)
Pseudorabies Vaccine
373(1)
Streptococcus Vaccine
374(1)
External and Internal Parasites
374(1)
Preventive Health Program for Pet Pigs
374(1)
Vaccinations
374(1)
External and Internal Parasites
374(1)
Nutrition
375(1)
Preventive Health Program for Small Ruminants
376(1)
Vaccinations
376(4)
Enterotoxemia Vaccine
376(1)
Tetanus Vaccine
376(1)
Campylobacteriosis (Vibriosis) Vaccine
376(1)
Chlamydia Vaccine
376(1)
Contagious Ecthyma Vaccine
376(4)
Foot Rot Vaccine
380(1)
Bluetongue Vaccine
380(1)
Foot Care
380(1)
Nutrition
380(1)
External and Internal Parasites
380(2)
Neonatal Care of Puppy, Kitten, and Foal
382(18)
Johnny D. Hoskins
David M. Bolt
Ann M. Chapman
Introduction
382(1)
Puppy and Kitten
382(1)
Physical and Laboratory Examination
382(2)
Newborn Puppies and Kittens
384(1)
Principles of Orphan Animal Care
384(2)
Reasons for Neonate Care
386(1)
Malnutrition
386(1)
Signs of Neonatal Illness
387(1)
Management of Neonatal Illness
387(1)
Foal
388(1)
The High-Risk Mare
388(1)
The High-Risk Foal
389(1)
Physical Examination
389(3)
Laboratory Examination
392(1)
Admitting the Critically Ill Foal
393(1)
Routine Perinatal Therapy
394(1)
Failure of Passive Transfer
394(2)
Nutrition
395(1)
Monitoring and Nursing Care
396(2)
Summary
398(2)
Geriatric Care of Companion Animals
400(9)
Johnny D. Hoskins
Introduction
400(1)
Life Stages
400(1)
Integrating Geriatric Care
400(2)
Geriatric Health Care Program
402(3)
Physical Evaluation
402(2)
Laboratory Evaluation
404(1)
Health Care Programs
405(2)
Implementation of Health Care Programs
406(1)
Utilizing Technical Support Staff
406(1)
Relief of Suffering
407(1)
Home Care
407(2)
Physical Care
407(1)
Psychosocial Care
407(1)
Spiritual Care
408(1)
Animal Behavior
409(29)
Suzanne Hetts
Introduction
409(1)
Why Behavior Wellness?
409(1)
What Is Behavior Wellness?
409(1)
Technicians Can Play a Strategic Role in Behavior Wellness Care
409(1)
Behavior Eduction for Technicians
410(1)
A Change in Perspective
410(1)
Before Implementing Behavior Wellness Care
411(1)
Components of a Behavior Wellness Program
411(25)
Establishing Realistic Expectations and Helpful Attitudes
412(1)
Providing Pet Selection Information
412(1)
Importance of Socialization
412(1)
Five-Step Plan for Positive Proaction
413(7)
Behavior Assessments
420(4)
Making the Veterinary Clinic a Behaviorally Friendly Place
424(9)
Problem Resolution Component
433(3)
Summary
436(2)
Companion Animal Clinical Nutrition
438(55)
Mary Tefend
Susan A. Berryhill
Introduction
438(1)
Overview of Nutritional Objectives and Principles
438(1)
Energy-Producing Nutrients
439(2)
Lipids and Fatty Acids
440(1)
Non-Energy-Producing Nutrients
441(5)
Water
441(1)
Minerals
441(3)
Vitamins
444(1)
Nutrient Terms
445(1)
Pet Food Evaluation
446(8)
Nutrient Content and Forms of Pet Food
447(4)
Home-Prepared Diets
451(1)
Pet Food Labels
452(2)
Market Categories
454(1)
Companion Animal Nutrition
454(1)
Energy Requirements
454(1)
Nutritional Assessment
454(1)
Feeding Normal Dogs
455(6)
Canine Pediatric Nutrition
456(1)
Feeding Orphan Puppies
457(1)
Weaning Puppies
458(1)
Feeding Growing Dogs
458(1)
Growing Concerns for Large-Breed Dogs
458(1)
Feeding Adult Dogs
458(2)
Feeding Adult Dogs With Increased Energy Needs
460(1)
Feeding During Pregnancy and Lactation
460(1)
Feeding Methods During Weaning
461(1)
Obesity-Prone Animals
461(2)
Definition, Causes, and Health Risks of Obesity
461(1)
Health Risks of Obesity
462(1)
Diagnosis and Treatment of Obesity
463(1)
Feeding the Geriatric Animal
463(1)
Renal Disease
463(1)
Feeding Cats
464(3)
Feline Pediatrics
464(1)
Adult Cats
465(1)
Feeding Cats During Gestation and Lactation
465(1)
Feeding Geriatric Cats
465(1)
Feline Obesity
465(1)
Feline Urolithiasis and Lower Urinary Tract Diseases
466(1)
Clinical Nutrition
467(13)
Nutritional Assessment of the Hospitalized Patient
467(1)
Patients at Risk for Malnutrition
467(5)
Feeding Hospitalized Small Animal Patients
472(1)
Routes of Feeding
472(2)
Tube Selection
474(1)
Feeding Schedules and Enteral Administration Techniques
475(1)
Food Selection
476(2)
Parenteral Nutrition
478(1)
Nutritional Considerations for the Critical Patient
478(1)
Small Animal Nutrition
479(1)
Nutrition of Small and Exotic Pets
480(5)
Feeding Pet Birds
480(4)
Rabbits
484(1)
Guinea Pigs
484(1)
Hamsters
485(1)
Gerbils
485(1)
Rats and Mice
485(1)
Chinchillas
485(1)
Ferrets
485(1)
Feeding Captive Reptiles
485(2)
Chelonians
485(1)
Snakes
486(1)
Lizards
486(1)
Amphibians
487(1)
Equine Nutrition
487(6)
Nutrients for Horses
487(1)
Feeding Sick Horses
488(1)
Assessing Forages and Grains for Horses
488(5)
Large Animal Clinical Nutrition
493(22)
William D. Schoenherr
Introduction
493(1)
Nutrients
493(5)
Protein
496(1)
Fats
496(1)
Carbohydrates
497(1)
Minerals and Vitamins
498(1)
Water
498(1)
Dairy Cattle
498(7)
Energy
499(4)
Protein
503(2)
Minerals and Vitamins
505(1)
Dairy Calves
505(1)
Beef Cattle
505(3)
Cow-Calf Production
505(1)
Calves
506(1)
Finishing Cattle
507(1)
Sheep
508(3)
Breeding Flock
508(3)
Lambs
511(1)
Swine
511(4)
Breeding Herd
512(1)
Starter Pigs
513(1)
Growing-Finishing Pigs
513(2)
Animal Reproduction
515(33)
Carlos R.F. Pinto
Bruce E. Eilts
Dale L. Paccamonti
Introduction
515(1)
General Female Reproduction
515(1)
The Estrous Cycle
515(3)
Canine Reproduction
518(7)
Vaginal Cultures
522(1)
Pregnancy Diagnosis
523(1)
Parturition and Dystocia
523(1)
Postpartum Problems
524(1)
Pseudopregnancy
524(1)
Mismating
524(1)
Brucellosis
525(1)
Feline Reproduction
525(2)
Seasonality
526(1)
Estrous Cycle
526(1)
Common Reproductive Problems
527(1)
Equine Reproduction
527(7)
Breeding Soundness Examination
529(1)
Breeding Management
530(1)
Pregnancy
531(1)
Parturition
532(1)
Postpartum Problems
532(1)
Hormone Use in Mares
533(1)
Bovine Reproduction
534(2)
Bovine Pregnancy Diagnosis
535(1)
Breeding/Artificial Insemination
535(1)
Abnormalities of the Estrous Cycle
535(1)
Abnormalities of Pregnancy
535(1)
Swine Reproduction
536(2)
Puberty
536(1)
Estrous Cycle
536(1)
Pregnancy
537(1)
Pharmacologic Control of the Estrous Cycle
537(1)
Artificial Insemination
537(1)
Pregnancy Diagnosis
538(1)
Postpartum Complications and Diseases
538(1)
Ovine and Caprine Reproduction
538(2)
Seasonality
538(1)
Estrous Cycle
538(1)
Breeding Management
539(1)
Pregnancy
539(1)
Ram/Buck Effect
539(1)
Pharmacologic Control of the Estrous Cycle
539(1)
Pregnancy Diagnosis
539(1)
Periparturient Problems
539(1)
Infertility
540(1)
Camelid Reproduction
540(1)
Estrous Cycles
540(1)
General Male Reproduction
541(2)
Clinical Examination of the Male
543(1)
Semen Analysis
543(5)
Bull, Ram, and Buck
544(1)
Stallion
544(3)
Canine
547(1)
Tom
547(1)
Boar
547(1)
Camelids
547(1)
Care of Birds, Reptiles, and Small Mammals
548(25)
Thomas N. Tully, Jr.
Introduction
548(1)
Birds
548(8)
Behavior Considerations During the Examination Process
549(1)
Sample Collections and Diagnostic Procedures Commonly Used in Birds
550(3)
Husbandry and Treatment in the Hospital
553(3)
Zoonoses and Common Clinical Problems
556(1)
Reptiles
556(5)
Taking the Clinical History
557(1)
Sample Collection and Diagnostic Procedures
558(1)
Blood Samples
558(1)
Radiography
559(1)
Husbandry in the Hospital
559(1)
Skin
560(1)
Feces
561(1)
Sputum
561(1)
Zoonoses and Common Clinical Problems
561(1)
Small Mammals
561(1)
Ferrets
561(2)
Rabbits
563(2)
Rodents
565(1)
Antibiotics in Rodents
565(1)
Anesthetics in Rodents
566(1)
Antiparasitic Agents in Rodents
566(1)
Zoonotic Diseases
566(1)
Guinea Pig
566(1)
Hamster
567(1)
Gerbil
568(1)
Mouse
568(1)
Rat
569(1)
Prairie Dogs
569(1)
Hedgehogs
570(1)
Sugar Gliders
570(3)
Part Four Anesthesia and Pharmacology
573(97)
Veterinary Anesthesia
573(36)
Glenn Pettifer
Introduction
573(1)
Definitions
573(1)
Concept of Balanced Anesthesia
573(1)
Process of General Anesthesia
574(1)
Anesthetic Equipment
574(7)
Catheters
574(1)
Endotracheal Tubes
574(2)
Laryngoscopes
576(1)
Anesthetic Machines
576(1)
Breathing Systems
577(4)
Preanesthetic Assessment, Stabilization, Protocol Selection
581(7)
Preanesthetic Evaluation and Stabilization
581(2)
Protocol Selection: Pharmacology of Anesthetic Drugs
583(5)
Anesthetic Maintenance
588(1)
Inhaled Anesthetics
588(1)
Monitoring During Anesthesia
589(5)
Ventilatory Support
594(1)
Assisted Ventilation
594(1)
Mechanical Ventilation
594(1)
Special Anesthetic Techniques
595(1)
Neuroleptanalgesia
595(1)
Epidural Analgesia/Anesthesia
595(1)
Protocol Selection and Preparation of Equipment
595(3)
Protocol Selection
595(1)
Equipment
595(3)
Endotracheal Intubation
598(1)
Fluid Administration During Anesthesia
599(2)
Induction and Maintenance
601(1)
Padding and Positioning of the Animal
601(1)
Recovery
602(1)
Dogs and Cats
602(1)
Horses
603(1)
Ruminants
603(1)
Swine
603(1)
Postoperative Analgesia
603(1)
Anesthetic Emergencies
603(6)
Readiness and Prevention
603(1)
Recognition and Basic Cardiac Life Support
604(1)
Advanced Cardiac Life Support
605(2)
Postresusciatative Care
607(2)
Pain Management
609(16)
Glenn Pettifer
Jill Sackman
Introduction
609(1)
Definitions
609(1)
Organizations of Nociceptive Pathways
610(1)
Peripheral Nervous System
610(1)
Central Nervous System
610(1)
Recognizing Pain in Animals
611(1)
Problems With Evaluation
611(1)
Signs of Pain and Distress: Animal Variability
611(1)
Clinical Evaluation of Pain
612(1)
Control of Pain in Animals
612(1)
Environment and Nursing Care
612(1)
Analgesic Drugs
613(8)
Opioids
613(2)
Mixed-Action Agonist/Antagonist Narcotic Analgesics
615(1)
Narcotic Antagonists
616(1)
Management of Controlled Substances
617(1)
Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs
617(3)
Psychotropic Drugs
620(1)
Corticosteroids
621(1)
Local Anesthetics as Selective Nerve Blocks
621(1)
Treatment of Pain in Dogs and Cats
621(2)
Treatment of Pain in Horses
623(2)
Analgesics in the Treatment of Colic
623(1)
Analgesics for the Treatment of Musculoskeletal Pain
624(1)
Pharmacology and Pharmacy
625(45)
Marvene Augustus
Sonya Bremer Boss
Introduction
625(1)
Pharmacology
625(1)
General Principles
625(3)
Definitions
625(1)
Drug Absorption
626(1)
Drug Distribution
627(1)
Drug Metabolism
628(1)
Excretion
629(1)
Dosage Forms
629(1)
Routes of Administration
630(2)
Oral Administration
630(1)
Parenteral Administration
630(2)
Neuropharmacology
632(5)
Barbiturates
637(2)
Analgesics, Antipyretics, and Antiinflammatory Agents
637(1)
Opioid Analgesics
637(1)
Opioid Antagonists
638(1)
Corticosteroids
638(1)
Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs
638(1)
Diuretic and Cardiovascular Drugs
639(2)
Diuretics
639(1)
Cardiac Glycosides
639(1)
Antiarrhythmia Drugs
640(1)
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
640(1)
Agents Used to Treat Parasitism
641(3)
Treatment of Internal Parasitism
641(1)
Agents Used in Heartworm Treatment and Prevention
642(1)
External Parasite Treatment
643(1)
Antimicrobial Agents
644(5)
Penicillins
645(1)
Aminoglycosides
646(1)
Cephalosporins
647(1)
Quinolones
647(1)
Chloramphenicol
647(1)
Tetracyclines
648(1)
Miscellaneous Antibiotics
648(1)
Other Antimicrobial Agents
648(1)
Sulfonamides
649(1)
Trimethoprim-Sulfonamide Combinations
649(1)
Nitrofurans
649(1)
Antifungal Agents
649(1)
Hormones and Synthetic Substitutes
649(1)
Insulin
650(1)
Prostaglandins
650(1)
Gastrointestinal Drugs
650(2)
Antiemetics
650(1)
Emetics
651(1)
Antidiarrheal Agents
651(1)
Cathartics (Laxatives)
652(1)
Ulcer Management Drugs
652(1)
Pharmacy
652(1)
Drug Laws
652(4)
State Laws
652(1)
Federal Laws
652(1)
Veterinarian-Client-Patient Relationship
653(1)
Label Requirements
653(1)
Controlled Substances
653(3)
Expiration Date and Disposal of Drugs
656(1)
Expiration Dates
656(1)
Disposal of Drugs
656(1)
Material Safety Data Sheets
657(1)
Calculations
658(4)
Expression of Concentration
658(1)
Expression of Strength
658(2)
Calculating the Strength of a Drug Solution
660(1)
Calculating the Strength of Diluted Solutions
660(1)
Calculating Drug Dosages
661(1)
Calculating Infusion Rates
661(1)
Inventory Control
662(1)
Inventory Maintenance
662(1)
Procurement
662(1)
Organizing the Pharmacy
663(2)
Arrangement of Inventory
665(1)
Compounding
665(2)
Nutraceuticals
667(1)
What are Nutraceuticals?
667(1)
Regulations of Nutraceuticals
667(1)
Matters of Public Concern
668(1)
Internet Pharmacy
668(1)
Concerns About Online Sites
668(1)
Regulations
669(1)
Advice for Consumers
669(1)
Part Five Surgical and Medical Nursing
670(357)
Surgical Instruments and Aseptic Technique
670(46)
Jacqueline R. Davidson
Daniel J. Burba
Introduction
670(1)
Instrumentation
670(1)
General Surgery Instruments
670(7)
Scalpel
670(1)
Biomedical Lasers
670(1)
Electrosurgery
670(1)
Scissors
671(1)
Needle Holders
671(1)
Thumb Forceps
671(2)
Tissue Forceps
673(2)
Hemostatic Forceps
675(2)
Suction Tips
677(1)
Stapling Equipment
677(2)
Michel Skin Clips
677(2)
Ophthalmic Instruments
679(3)
Bone-Holding Forceps
680(1)
Curettes
680(1)
Periosteal Elevators
680(1)
Osteotomes and Chisels
680(1)
Gigli Wire
681(1)
Orthopedic Implants
682(3)
Bone Pins
682(1)
Interlocking Nails
682(1)
Orthopedic Wire
682(1)
External Fixators
682(1)
Bone Screws
683(1)
Bone Plates
683(2)
Total Hip Prostheses
685(1)
Arthroscopic Instruments and Equipment
685(4)
Arthroscope
685(1)
Ancillary Arthroscopic Equipment
685(2)
Fluid Delivery Systems
687(1)
Hand Instruments for Arthroscopic Surgery
688(1)
Instrument Packs
689(2)
Instrument Care
691(1)
Drapes and Gowns
692(1)
Aseptic Technique
692(5)
Physical Methods of Sterilization
697(3)
Radiation
697(1)
Thermal Energy
697(3)
Chemical Methods of Sterilization
700(3)
Ethylene Oxide
700(1)
Hydrogen Peroxide Gas Plasma
700(1)
Chemical Disinfection
700(1)
Antiseptic and Disinfectant Compounds
701(2)
Cold Sterilization
703(1)
Sterilization of Arthroscopic Equipment
703(1)
Operating Room Preparation
703(1)
Patient Preparation
704(1)
Surgical Clip
704(1)
Surgical Scrub
704(1)
Patient Positioning
705(1)
Surgical Team Preparation
705(11)
Attire
705(1)
Hand Scrub
705(2)
Maintaining Sterility
707(1)
The Patient
707(3)
Opening Sterile Items
710(6)
Surgical Assistance and Suture Material
716(24)
Susanne K. Lauer
Role of the Veterinary Technician in Surgical Assistance
716(1)
Patient and Instrument Tables Setup
716(5)
Positioning of Patient
716(1)
Draping
717(1)
Instrument Setup and Handling
718(3)
Sterility in the Operating Room
721(1)
Proper Tissue-Handling Techniques
721(3)
Hollow Organ Surgery
722(1)
Musculoskeletal Surgery
723(1)
Retraction Techniques
723(1)
Hemostasis
724(6)
Sponge Hemostasis
724(2)
Hemostatic Forceps
726(1)
Suture Ligation
726(1)
Electrosurgery
727(3)
Chemical Cauterization
730(1)
Vascular Clips
730(1)
Incision Irrigation and Suction
730(2)
Lavage Fluid
730(1)
Lavage Technique
731(1)
Surgical Drains
732(1)
Passive Drains
732(1)
Active Drains
732(1)
Suture Material
732(1)
Qualities of the Ideal Suture Material
733(1)
Suture Nomenclature
733(2)
Absorbable Suture Material
735(1)
Synthetic Absorbable Material
735(1)
Nonabsorbable Suture Material
735(1)
Synthetic Nonabsorbable Suture Material
736(1)
Suture Size and Strength
736(1)
Suture Reaction
737(1)
Preparation of Suture Material
737(1)
Suture Needles
738(2)
Small Animal Surgical Nursing
740(40)
Loretta J. Bubenik
Introduction and General Principles
740(1)
Preoperative Patient Assessment
740(1)
Surgical Preparation and Animal Positioning
741(1)
Perioperative Antibiotics
741(1)
Indications for Prophylactic Antibiotics
741(1)
Monitoring
742(6)
Blood Loss
742(1)
Hypothermia
742(2)
Pain
744(1)
Incision Evaluation
745(2)
Bandage Care
747(1)
Drain Care
748(1)
Restraint
748(1)
Common Surgical Procedures
749(1)
Elective Versus Nonelective Surgery
749(1)
Tail Docking on Puppies
750(1)
Definition
750(1)
Indications
750(1)
Preoperative Considerations
750(1)
Technique and Intraoperative Considerations
750(1)
Postoperative Considerations
750(1)
Dewclaw Removal on Puppies
750(1)
Definition
750(1)
Indications
750(1)
Preoperative Considerations
750(1)
Technique and Intraoperative Considerations
750(1)
Postoperative Considerations
751(1)
Tail Docking and Dewclaw Removal in the Adult
751(1)
Indications
751(1)
Preoperative Considerations
751(1)
Technique and Intraoperative Considerations for Dewclaw Removal
751(1)
Technique and Intraoperative Considerations for Tail Amputation
751(1)
Postoperative Considerations
751(1)
Feline Onychectomy
751(3)
Definition
751(1)
Indications
751(1)
Preoperative Considerations
751(1)
Technique and Intraoperative Considerations
751(1)
Postoperative Considerations
751(3)
Celiotomy
754(1)
Definitions
754(1)
Indications
754(1)
Preoperative Considerations
754(1)
Technique and Intraoperative Considerations
754(1)
Postoperative Considerations
755(1)
Gastrointestinal Surgery
755(2)
Definition
755(1)
Indications
755(1)
Preoperative Considerations
755(1)
Technique and Intraoperative Considerations
756(1)
Postoperative Considerations
757(1)
Gastric Dilatation and Volvulus
757(4)
Definition
757(1)
Preoperative Considerations
758(1)
Technique and Intraoperative Considerations
759(1)
Postoperative Considerations
760(1)
Ovariohysterectomy in the Dog and Cat
761(1)
Definition
761(1)
Indications
761(1)
Preoperative Considerations
761(1)
Technique and Intraoperative Considerations
761(1)
Pyometra
762(1)
Definition
762(1)
Indications
762(1)
Preoperative Considerations
762(1)
Technique and Intraoperative Considerations
762(1)
Postoperative Considerations
763(1)
Canine Castration
763(1)
Definition
763(1)
Indications
763(1)
Preoperative Considerations
763(1)
Technique and Intraoperative Considerations
763(1)
Postoperative Considerations
763(1)
Feline Castration
764(1)
Definition
764(1)
Indications
764
Preoperative Considerations
754(10)
Technique and Intraoperative Considerations
764(1)
Postoperative Considerations
765(1)
Cesarean Delivery
765(2)
Definition
765(1)
Indications
765(1)
Preoperative Considerations
765(1)
Technique and Intraoperative Considerations
766(1)
Postoperative Considerations for the Neonate
766(1)
Postoperative Considerations for the Dam
766(1)
Cystotomy
767(1)
Definition
767(1)
Indications
767(1)
Preoperative Considerations
767(1)
Technique and Intraoperative Considerations
767(1)
Postoperative Considerations
768(1)
Urethrostomy
768(2)
Definition
768(1)
Indications
768(1)
Preoperative Considerations
768(1)
Technique and Intraoperative Considerations
768(1)
Postoperative Considerations
769(1)
Hernias
770(1)
Umbilical Hernia
770(1)
Definition
770(1)
Preoperative Considerations
770(1)
Technique and Intraoperative Considerations
770(1)
Postoperative Considerations
770(1)
Inguinal Hernia
770(1)
Definition
770(1)
Preoperative Considerations
770(1)
Technique and Intraoperative Considerations
770(1)
Postoperative Considerations
771(1)
Diaphragmatic Hernia
771(1)
Definition
771(1)
Preoperative Considerations
771(1)
Technique and Intraoperative Considerations
771(1)
Postoperative Considerations
771(1)
Lumpectomy
772(1)
Definition
772(1)
Indications
772(1)
Preoperative Considerations
772(1)
Technique and Intraoperative Considerations
772(1)
Postoperative Considerations
772(1)
Removal of Mammary Neoplasia
772(1)
Definition
772(1)
General Information and Indications
773(1)
Technique and Intraoperative Considerations
773(1)
Postoperative Considerations
773(1)
Amputation
773(2)
Definition
773(1)
Indications
773(1)
Preoperative Considerations
774(1)
Technique and Intraoperative Considerations
774(1)
Postoperative Considerations
774(1)
Neurologic Patient Care
775(2)
Surgical Technique and Perioperative Considerations
775(1)
Postoperative Considerations
776(1)
Orthopedic Surgery
777(2)
Long-Bone Fractures
777(1)
Joints
778(1)
Client Education
779(1)
Small Animal Medical Nursing
780(42)
Susan M. Eddlestone
Introduction
780(1)
General Care
781(5)
Bathing
781(1)
Exercise
781(1)
Feeding
781(1)
Nail Trimming
782(1)
Ear Cleaning
783(1)
Anal Sacs
784(1)
Bedding
784(1)
Decubital Sores
785(1)
Geriatric Nursing
785(1)
Pediatric Nursing
786(1)
Practical Nursing Procedures
786(14)
Temperature
786(1)
Pulse
786(2)
Respiration
788(1)
Administration of Medications
788(1)
Fluid Therapy
789(1)
Routes of Fluid Administration
790(1)
Central Venous Pressure
791(2)
Blood Transfusion
793(3)
Physical Therapy
796(1)
Oxygen Therapy
796(2)
Respiratory Physical Therapy
798(1)
Topical Therapy
798(2)
Infectious Diseases
800(6)
Canine Respiratory Disease Complex
800(1)
Feline Respiratory Disease Complex
801(1)
Canine Distemper
801(1)
Feline Panleukopenia
802(1)
Feline Leukemia Virus and Feline Immunodeficiency Virus Infection
802(1)
Routine Immunization Program for Dogs and Cats
803(2)
Pet-Associated Zoonoses
805(1)
Ophthalmology
806(2)
Glaucoma
806(1)
Cataracts
807(1)
Corneal Ulcers
807(1)
Dermatology
808(1)
Skin Scraping
808(1)
Cardiology
809(3)
Congestive Heart Failure
809(1)
Mitral Insufficiency
809(1)
Heartworm Disease
810(1)
Cardiomyopathy
811(1)
Endocrinology
812(2)
Hypoglycemia
813(1)
Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism
813(1)
Diabetes Mellitus
814(1)
Theriogenolgy
814(2)
Postpartum Disorders in the Bitch
814(1)
Canine Brucellosis
815(1)
Pyometritis (Pyometra)
815(1)
Canine Prostatic Disease
815(1)
Gastroenterology
816(2)
Acute Gastroenteritis
816(1)
Canine Viral Enteritis
817(1)
Nephrology and Urology
818(2)
Canine Uroliths
818(1)
Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease
819(1)
Chronic Renal Failure
820(1)
Orthopedics
820(2)
Canine Hip Dysplasia
820(1)
Intervertebral Disk Disease
821(1)
Emergency Nursing
822(29)
Lee Ann Eddleman
Kirk Ryan
Steven Marks
Introduction
822(1)
The Emergency Care Station and Resuscitation Area
822(1)
Crash Cart
823(2)
Laboratory
825(1)
Fluid Therapy
826(1)
Standards of Care and Emergency Protocol
827(1)
Triage of the Trauma Patient
827(4)
Triage of the Critical Care Patient
831(1)
Secondary Complications
831(1)
Pain
832(1)
Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation
832(2)
Shock and the Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome
834(1)
Treatment of Shock
835(1)
Perfusion Failure and Reperfusion Injury
836(1)
Cardiopulmonary Arrest
836(1)
Cardiopulmonary Cerebrovascular Resuscitation
836(5)
Basic Life Support
836(2)
Advance Life Support
838(2)
Prolonged Life Support
840(1)
Medical Treatments in the Postarrest Period
841(1)
Patient Monitoring
842(1)
Respiratory System
842(2)
Cardiovascular System and Perfusion/Hydration
844(1)
Blood Pressure
844(1)
Central Venous Pressure
845(1)
Coagulation Status
846(1)
Renal/Urinary System
847(1)
Central Nervous System
848(1)
Abdominal Cavity
848(1)
Thoracic Cavity
849(1)
Conclusion
850(1)
Toxicology
851(16)
Jill A. Richardson
Introduction
851(1)
Managing Poison Emergencies
851(1)
Assessment of the Animal's Condition
852(1)
Stabilization of Vital Functions
852(1)
Decontamination
853(1)
External Exposures
853(1)
Ocular Irrigation
853(1)
Bathing
853(1)
Oral Ingestion
853(2)
Dilution
853(1)
Emesis
853(1)
Emetic Agents
853(1)
Activated Charcoal
854(1)
Cathartics
854(1)
Enemas
854(1)
Gastric Lavage
854(1)
Enterogastric Lavage
854(1)
Supportive Care
854(1)
Household Hazards
855(1)
Household Cleaning Agents
855(1)
First Aid Treatment of Exposures to Corrosive Agents
856(1)
Miscellaneous Household Items
856(2)
Ant Baits
856(1)
Silica Gel Packets
856(1)
Toilet Water With Tank Cleaning Drop-In Tablets
856(1)
Glow Necklaces
857(1)
Liquid Potpourri
857(1)
Batteries
857(1)
Cigarettes
857(1)
Pennies
857(1)
Mothballs
857(1)
Moldy Food (Tremorgenic Mycotoxins)
857(1)
Ice or Snow Melts
858(1)
Dangerous Plants
858(3)
Rhododendron Species
858(1)
Cardiac Glycoside-Containing Plants
858(1)
Castor Beans
858(1)
Cycad Palms
859(1)
Lilies
859(2)
Grapes and Raisins
861(1)
Onions and Garlic
861(1)
Calcium Oxalate-Containing Plants
861(1)
Pesticides
861(2)
Fly Bait
861(1)
Snail or Slug Bait
861(1)
Gopher or Mole Bait
861(1)
Systemic Insecticides: Disulfoton or Disyston
862(1)
Rat or Mouse Bait
862(1)
Bromethalin
862(1)
Cholecalciferol
862(1)
Antifreeze Products
863(1)
Propylene Glycol
863(1)
Ethylene Glycol
863(1)
Dangerous Human Medications
864(3)
Acetaminophen
864(1)
Ibuprofen
864(1)
Aspirin
864(1)
Ma Huang, Pseudoephedrine, and Ephedrine: Sympathomimetic Alkaloids
864(1)
Isoniazid
864(1)
Calcipotriene: Vitamin D Derivatives
864(1)
5-Fluorouracil: Antimetabolites
865(2)
Veterinary Dentistry
867(35)
Ashley B. Oakes
Introduction
867(1)
Ethical and Legal Aspects
867(1)
Veterinary Dental Organizations
868(1)
Dental Morphology and Occlusion
868(4)
Incisors
869(1)
Canines
869(1)
Premolars
869(1)
Carnassial Teeth
869(1)
Molars
870(2)
Periodontics and Periodontal Disease
872(14)
Advance Periodontal Procedures
874(1)
Proper Diet
874(1)
Dental Scaling and Polishing
874(10)
Dental Home Care
884(1)
Sharpening Dental Scalers
885(1)
Dental Radiography
886(6)
Intraoral Radiography in the Dog and Cat
887(5)
Endodontics
892(6)
Conventional Root Canal Therapy
893(5)
Orthodontics
898(3)
Impressions and Models
899(2)
Restorative Dentistry
901(1)
Equine Medical and Surgical Nursing
902(59)
Lais R.R. Costa
Leslie Talley
Rustin M. Moore
Introduction
902(1)
Physical Examination of the Equine Patient
902(8)
Restraint of the Equine Patient
910(3)
Care of Hospitalized Patients
913(10)
Patient Monitoring
913(7)
Feeding
920(1)
Therapeutics
921(2)
Endoscopy
923(1)
Imaging Techniques
924(2)
Plain Film Radiography
924(1)
Contrast Radiography
925(1)
Ultrasound
925(1)
Nuclear Scintigraphy
926(1)
Clinical Pathology
926(3)
Serum Chemistry
926(1)
Hematology
927(1)
Urinalysis
927(1)
Evaluation of Body Fluids
927(1)
Bacterial Culture and Susceptibility
928(1)
Preventive Health Care
929(3)
Vaccination
929(1)
Deworming
930(1)
Dental Care
931(1)
Equine Infectious Anemia
932(1)
Selected Medical Diseases
932(16)
Equine Respiratory Disease
932(2)
Gastrointestinal Disease
934(1)
Neurologic Disease
934(3)
Dermatologic Disease
937(1)
Ophthalmologic Disease
938(1)
Neonatal Care
938(4)
Surgery of the Female Caudal Reproductive Tract
942(1)
Urogenital Tract Surgery
943(2)
Hernia Repair
945(1)
Musculoskeletal Disease
945(3)
Surgery of the Equine Patient
948(10)
Preoperative Preparation of the Equine Patient
948(1)
Intraoperative Nursing
949(1)
Postoperative Nursing
950(1)
Colic
950(2)
Abdominal Surgery
952(2)
Arthroscopic Surgery
954(1)
Orthopedic Surgery
954(1)
Upper Respiratory Tract Surgery
955(2)
Surgical Musculoskeletal Diseases
957(1)
Emergency Situations and Procedures
958(1)
Anesthesia for the Equine Patient
959(2)
Food Animal Medical and Surgical Nursing
961(44)
Marjorie S. Gill
Introduction
961(1)
Common Diseases and Conditions of Cattle
961(1)
Care of the Neonate and Neonatal Diseases
961(2)
Conditions of the Digestive System
963(6)
Actinomycosis and Actinobacillosis
963(1)
Pharyngeal Trauma and Abscessation
963(1)
Grain Overload (Carbohydrate Engorgement, Lactic Acidosis)
964(1)
Rumen Tympany (Bloat)
965(1)
Traumatic Reticuloperitonitis
965(2)
Abomasal Displacements and Volvulus
967(1)
Diarrhea in the Adult
968(1)
Diseases of the Respiratory System
969(1)
Diseases of the Musculoskeletal System
970(4)
Regional Analgesia and Regional Antibiotic Perfusion Techniques and PMMA Implants
970(1)
Lameness
971(1)
Interdigital Necrobacillosis
971(1)
Papillomatous Digital Dermatitis
971(1)
Laminitis
972(1)
Interdigital Hyperplasia
972(1)
Sole (Rusterholz) Ulcers
972(1)
White-Line Disease
973(1)
Underrun Heel and Sole
973(1)
Claw Amputation
973(1)
Wooden Block Application
974(1)
Blackleg and Malignant Edema
974(1)
Hemolytic System
974(1)
Lymphosarcoma
974(1)
Anastomosis
974(1)
Anthrax
975(1)
Reproductive System/Mammary Gland
975(4)
Mastitis
975(1)
Dystocia
976(1)
Vaginal and Uterine Prolapse
976(2)
Retained Placenta (Fetal Membranes)
978(1)
Fibropapillomas of the Penis
978(1)
Preputial Prolapse
978(1)
Metabolic Disorders
979(1)
Periparturient Hypocalcemia (Milk Fever)
979(1)
Ketosis (Acetonemia)
979(1)
Cardiovascular System
979(1)
Vegetative or Valvular Endocarditis
979(1)
Pericarditis
980(1)
Urinary System
980(2)
Urolithiasis
980(2)
Contagious Bovine Pyelonephritis
982(1)
Nervous System
982(1)
Rabies
982(1)
Polioencephalomalacia (Polio)
982(1)
Listeriosis
983(1)
Thromboembolic Meningoencephalitis
983(1)
Obturator and Sciatic Nerve Paresis and Paralysis
983(1)
Diseases of the Eye
983(2)
Infectious Bovine Keratoconjunctivitis
983(1)
Ocular Squamous Cell Carcinoma (Cancer Eye)
984(1)
Diseases of the Skin
985(1)
Cutaneous Papillomas (Warts)
985(1)
Dermatophytosis (Ringworm)
985(1)
Dermatophilus (Streptotrichosis, Rain Scald)
985(1)
Behavior
985(1)
Common Surgical Procedures Performed on Cattle
986(2)
Dehorning
986(1)
Castration
987(1)
Laparotomy
987(1)
Supernumerary Teat Removal
987(1)
Common Diseases and Conditions of Small Ruminants
988(1)
Care of the Neonate
988(1)
Gastrointestinal System
989(1)
Johne's Disease
989(1)
Enterotoxemia
989(1)
Respiratory System
990(1)
Pasteurella Pneumonia
990(1)
Ovine Progressive Pneumonia
990(1)
Musculoskeletal System
990(1)
Foot Rot
990(1)
Tetanus
990(1)
White Muscle Disease
991(1)
Hemolytic System
991(1)
Caseous Lymphadenitis
991(1)
Copper Toxicity
991(1)
Reproductive System/Mammary Gland
992(1)
Pseudopregnancy
992(1)
Urinary System
992(2)
Nervous System
994(1)
Caprine Arthritis-Encephalitis
994(1)
Scrapie
994(1)
Pregnancy Toxemia
994(1)
Ophthalmic System
995(1)
Pinkeye
995(1)
Entropion
995(1)
Integumentary System
996(1)
Behavior
996(1)
Common Surgical Procedures Performed on Small Ruminants
997(1)
Common Diseases and Conditions of Swine
997(1)
Care of the Neonate
997(1)
Multisystemic Diseases
998(1)
Erysipelas
998(1)
Pseudorabies Virus (Aujeszky Disease, Mad Itch)
998(1)
Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome
999(1)
Gastrointestinal System
999(1)
Diarrhea in Young Pigs
999(1)
Diarrhea in Grower and Finisher Pigs
1000(1)
Respiratory System
1000(2)
Atrophic Rhinitis
1000(1)
Swine Influenza
1001(1)
Mycoplasma Pneumonia
1001(1)
Pleuropneumonia
1001(1)
Pasteurella Pneumonia
1001(1)
Musculoskeletal System
1002(1)
Reproductive System
1002(1)
Nervous System
1002(1)
Behavior
1003(1)
Potbellied Pigs Nutrition and Husbandry
1003(2)
Nursing Concepts in Alternative Medicine
1005(22)
Laurie McCauley
Christine Jurek
Introduction
1005(1)
Massage
1005(2)
Types
1005(1)
Techniques
1006(1)
Swedish Massage
1007(1)
Contraindications
1007(1)
Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation
1007(6)
Hydrotherapy
1008(1)
Land Treadmill
1009(1)
Ultrasound
1009(1)
Neuromuscular Stimulation
1010(1)
Bioelectronic Stimulation
1010(1)
Passive Range of Motion
1011(1)
Exercises
1012(1)
Cryotherapy and Heat Therapy
1012(1)
Contraindications
1013(1)
Acupuncture
1013(5)
Terminology and Record Keeping
1013(1)
Acupuncture Theories
1013(1)
Gate Theory
1014(1)
Endogenous Opioid Theory
1014(1)
Autonomic Nervous System Theory
1014(1)
Humoral Theory
1014(1)
Bioelectric Theory
1014(1)
Techniques
1014(1)
Veterinary Chiropractic
1015(1)
History
1015(3)
Alternative Concepts in Nutrition
1018(2)
Home-Prepared Diets
1018(1)
Nutraceuticals
1019(1)
Herbal Medicine
1020(4)
Herbs Versus Drugs
1020(1)
Western Herbs
1020(1)
Chinese Herbal Medicine
1021(1)
Ayurvedic Herbs
1021(1)
Veterinary Homeopathy
1021(1)
History and Principles
1022(1)
Practice
1022(1)
Bach Flower Remedies
1023(1)
Miscellaneous Therapies
1024(2)
Laser
1024(1)
Magnets
1025(1)
Aromatherapy
1025(1)
Summary
1026(1)
Part Six Topics in Practice Management
1027(176)
Veterinary Practice Management
1027(37)
Dennis M. McCurnin
Roger L. Lukens
Introduction
1027(1)
Veterinary Practice Management Areas
1027(9)
Veterinary Facilities
1028(1)
Facility Nomenclature
1028(1)
Management of Hospital Areas
1029(7)
Traffic Flow
1036(1)
Large Animal Facilities
1036(3)
Large Animal Mobile Units
1036(1)
Large Animal Haul-In Facilities
1037(2)
Building Maintenance
1039(7)
General Maintenance
1039(1)
Managing Equipment Maintenance
1039(1)
Managing Electrical Equipment
1039(1)
Human Resources
1040(1)
Veterinary Health Care Team
1040(1)
Veterinary Practice Manager
1041(1)
Ward Staff
1041(1)
Receptionists
1041(1)
Personnel Management
1041(1)
Delegation Principles
1042(1)
Job Descriptions
1043(1)
Hiring Procedures
1043(1)
Role of Veterinary Technicians and Veterinarians in Management
1044(2)
Inventory Management
1046(1)
Client Management
1047(5)
Value of the Client
1047(1)
Client Selection of a Veterinarian
1047(1)
Evaluation of the Client
1048(1)
Client Traffic Flow Patterns
1048(1)
Office Procedures
1049(1)
Appointments
1049(1)
Practice Scheduling
1050(1)
Professional Fees
1050(1)
Collections and Billings
1051(1)
Cash Control
1052(1)
Business Management
1052(11)
Pet Insurance
1053(1)
Client Communication
1053(1)
Client Expectations
1054(1)
Common Complaints From Clients
1054(1)
The Difficult Client
1055(1)
Professional Marketing
1055(7)
Graduate Technician Self-Marketing
1062(1)
Summary
1063(1)
Medical Records
1064(44)
Joanna M. Bassert
Introduction
1064(1)
Functions of the Medical Record
1064(2)
Primary Purposes
1064(1)
Secondary Purposes
1065(1)
Types of Patient Records
1066(2)
Letter-size Folders
1066(1)
Card Files
1067(1)
Carbonized Sheets (Ambulatory Large Animal Practices)
1067(1)
Format of the Patient Record
1068(1)
Source-Oriented Medical Record
1068(1)
Problem-Oriented Veterinary Medical Record
1068(1)
Components of the POVMR
1069(34)
History Form
1070(1)
Physical Examination Form
1070(1)
Database
1070(1)
Master Problem List
1070(6)
Working Problem List
1076(1)
Progress Notes
1076(3)
Ward Treatment Sheets and Cage Cards
1079(1)
Pertinent Forms
1079(1)
Laboratory Diagnostic Summary and Flow Sheet
1079(1)
Consultants
1079(1)
Case Summary and Discharge Instructions
1079(3)
Consent and Authorization Forms
1082(18)
Radiology Log
1100(1)
Surgery Log
1100(1)
Anesthesia Log
1101(1)
Necropsy Log
1102(1)
Organization and Filing
1103(1)
File Purging
1104(1)
Lost Records
1104(1)
Ethical and Legal Issues
1104(2)
Ownership of Medical Records
1104(1)
Release of Medical Information
1105(1)
Medical and Legal Requirements
1106(1)
Computers
1106(2)
Computer Applications in Veterinary Practice
1108(12)
Vickie Byard
Introduction
1108(1)
Computer Hardware and Software
1108(1)
Computer Configurations
1109(2)
Maintenance Tips
1111(1)
How to Research, Select, and Purchase Hardware and Software
1111(1)
Typical Uses of Computers in Veterinary Practice
1112(4)
Data Collection
1112(1)
Scheduling
1113(1)
Billing
1114(1)
Medical Records
1114(1)
Client Communications and Mass Mailings
1115(1)
Inventory Management
1115(1)
Accounting and Practice Management
1115(1)
Implications for the Future
1116(4)
Paperless Versus Less Paper
1116(1)
Other Applications for Computer Use in the Veterinary Practice
1116(1)
The Future Is Not Far Away
1117(3)
Zoonoses and Public Health
1120(30)
Michael G. Groves
Kathleen Story Harrington
Introduction
1120(1)
Animal-Associated Injuries: Bite Wounds
1120(3)
Bacterial Zoonoses
1123(15)
Anthrax
1123(2)
Psittacosis (Avian Chlamydiosis)
1125(1)
Brucellosis
1126(1)
Campylobacteriosis
1127(1)
Cat-Scratch Disease (Bartonella henselae Infection)
1128(1)
Capnocytophaga canimorsus Infection
1129(1)
Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae Infection
1130(1)
Pasteurellosis
1131(1)
Plague
1132(2)
Q Fever
1134(1)
Rat-Bite Fevers: Streptobacillus Species and Spirillosis
1135(1)
Salmonellosis
1136(1)
Tularemia
1137(1)
Mycotic Zoonoses
1138(2)
Systemic Infections: Cryptococcosis
1138(1)
Superficial Mycoses: Dermatophytoses
1139(1)
Parasitic Diseases
1140(3)
Cryptosporidiosis
1140(1)
Toxoplasmosis
1141(2)
Viral Diseases
1143(7)
Monkeypox
1143(1)
Contagious Ecthyma (Orf)
1144(1)
Herpesvirus simiae Infection (B Virus)
1144(1)
Newcastle Disease
1145(1)
Rabies
1146(4)
Occupational Health and Safety in Veterinary Hospitals
1150(17)
Philip J. Siebert, Jr.
Overview
1150(2)
Objectives of a Safety Program
1150(1)
Your Safety Rights
1150(1)
Your Safety Responsibilities
1151(1)
The Leadership's Rights
1151(1)
The Leadership's Responsibilities
1152(1)
General Workplace Hazards
1152(6)
Dressing Appropriately for the Job
1152(1)
Save Your Back!
1152(1)
Clean Up After Yourself
1153(1)
Everything in Its Place
1153(1)
Beware of Break Times
1153(1)
Machinery and Equipment
1153(1)
Electrical
1154(1)
Fire and Evacuation
1154(1)
Do Not Become a Victim of Violence
1155(1)
Hazardous Chemicals: Right to Know
1156(1)
Special Chemicals
1157(1)
Medical and Animal-Related Hazards
1158(9)
Noise
1158(1)
Bathing, Dipping, and Spraying Areas
1159(1)
Zoonotic Diseases
1159(2)
Nonzoonotic Diseases of Concern
1161(1)
A Dirty Mouth?---Precautions for Dentistry
1161(1)
Radiology
1161(1)
Anesthesia
1162(2)
Compressed Gasses
1164(1)
Sharps and Medical Waste
1164(1)
Hazardous Drugs and Pharmacy Operations
1165(1)
Summary
1166(1)
Euthanasia
1167(10)
Joseph Taboada
Introduction
1167(1)
The Decision
1168(1)
As the End Draws Near: The Beginning of the End
1168(2)
At the End
1170(1)
The End as a Beginning . . . After the End
1171(1)
The Stress of Euthanasia
1172(1)
Euthanasia in the Shelter and Research Facility
1173(1)
Euthanasia of Large Animals
1173(1)
Conclusion
1173(4)
Client Bereavement and the Human-Animal Bond
1177(13)
Joseph Taboada
Stephanie W. Johnson
Katie Underwood
Introduction
1177(1)
The Human-Animal Bond
1177(1)
The Attachment Between Animals and Humans
1178(1)
Benefits of Attachment
1178(1)
Pet Loss and Veterinary Medicine
1178(1)
When the Bond is Broken
1179(8)
Pet Loss and the Grief Process
1180(1)
The Normal Grief Process
1180(7)
Grief and the Veterinary Professional
1187(1)
Conclusion
1188(2)
Stress and Substance Abuse in Practice
1190(13)
Sandra S. Brackenridge
Introduction
1190(1)
A Definition of Stress
1190(1)
Good Stress and Bad Stress
1190(1)
Choice
1190(1)
Control
1191(1)
Consequences
1191(1)
Mental and Physical Effects of Stress
1191(2)
Flight or Fight
1191(1)
The Pathway of Stress
1191(2)
Substance Abuse and Stress
1193(1)
Abuse or Dependence?
1193(1)
Risk Factors for Substance Abuse
1193(1)
Recognizing and Intervening
1193(1)
Stress and Personality
1194(2)
The Stress-Prone Individual
1194(1)
The Stress-Hardy Individual
1195(1)
Identifying Stressors
1196(3)
Life Event Stressors
1196(1)
Environmental Stressors
1196(1)
Client Stressors
1197(1)
Career Stressors
1198(1)
Evaluation
1199(1)
Coping With Stress
1199(2)
Stress-Resister Habits
1199(1)
Mental Health and Awareness
1200(1)
Support
1200(1)
Relaxation Techniques
1200(1)
Burnout, Impairment, and Treatment
1201(1)
Summary
1202(1)
Glossary 1203(4)
Index 1207


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