9781609189464

Cognitive Consistency A Fundamental Principle in Social Cognition

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9781609189464

  • ISBN10:

    1609189469

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2012-01-17
  • Publisher: The Guilford Press

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Summary

This volume provides an overview of recent research on the nature, causes, and consequences of cognitive consistency. In 22 chapters, leading scholars address the pivotal role of consistency principles at various levels of social information processing, ranging from microlevel to macro-level processes. The book'"s scope encompasses mental representation, processing fluency and motivational fit, implicit social cognition, thinking and reasoning, decision making and choice, and interpersonal processes. Key findings, emerging themes, and current directions in the field are explored, and important questions for future research identified.

Author Biography

Bertram Gawronski, PhD, is Professor of Psychology and Canada Research Chair in Social Psychology at the University of Western Ontario. His research focuses on associative and propositional processes underlying social judgments and social behavior. Dr. Gawronski\u2019s work has been recognized with the Theoretical Innovation Prize from the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, the Early Career Award from the International Social Cognition Network, the Early Researcher Award from the Ministry of Research and Innovation of Ontario, and the Charlotte and Karl B\u00fchler Award from the German Psychological Society. Fritz Strack, PhD, is Professor of Psychology at the University of W\u00fcrzburg, Germany. His research focuses on reflective and impulsive processes underlying social behavior. Dr. Strack\u2019s work has been recognized with the Theoretical Innovation Prize from the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, the Thomas M. Ostrom Award from the Person Memory Interest Group for outstanding lifetime contributions to theory and research in the field of social cognition, and the Wilhelm Wundt Medal from the German Psychological Society for outstanding achievements in the field of psychology.

Table of Contents

1. Cognitive Consistency as a Basic Principle of Social Information Processing, Bertram Gawronski and Fritz Strack I. Mental Representation 2. Cognitive Conflict and Consciousness, Ezequiel Morsella, Pareezad Zarolia, and Adam Gazzaley 3. A Neuroscientific Perspective on Dissonance, Guided by the Action-Based Model, Eddie Harmon-Jones, Cindy Harmon-Jones, and David M. Amodio 4. Parallel Constraint Satisfaction as a Mechanism for Cognitive Consistency, Stephen J. Read and Dan Simon II. Fluency and Fit 5. Fluency of Consistency: When Thoughts Fit Nicely and Flow Smoothly, Piotr Winkielman, David E. Huber, Liam Kavanagh, and Norbert Schwarz 6. Nonpropositional Consistency, Sascha Topolinski 7. Motivational Fit, E. Tory Higgins III. Implicit Social Cognition 8. Balanced Identity Theory:Review of Evidence for Implicit Consistency in Social Cognition, Dario Cvencek, Anthony G. Greenwald, and Andrew N. Meltzoff 9. Implicit Ambivalence, Richard E. Petty, Pablo Bri\u00f1ol, and India Johnson 10. Discrepancies between Implicit and Explicit Attitudes, Prejudices, and Self-Esteem: A Model of Simultaneous Accessibility, Christian H. Jordan, Christine Logel, Steven J. Spencer, and Mark P. Zanna IV. Thinking and Reasoning 11. Mental Models and Consistency, Philip N. Johnson-Laird 12. Cognitive Consistency as Means to an End: How Subjective Logic Affords Knowledge, Arie W. Kruglanski and Garriy Shteynberg 13. Confirmation and Disconfirmation of Expectancies, Marret K. Noordewier and Diederik A. Stapel V. Decision Making and Choice 14. The Dynamics of Ambivalence: Evaluative Conflict in Attitudes and Decision Making, Frenk van Harreveld, Iris K. Schneider, Hannah Nohlen, and Joop van der Pligt 15. Self-Produced Decisional Conflict Due to Incorrect Metacognitions, Lottie Bullens, Jens F\u00f6rster, Frenk van Harreveld, and Nira Liberman 16. Regret, Consistency, and Choice: An Opportunity \u00d7 Mitigation Framework, Keith D. Markman and Denise R. Beike 17. Consistency as a Basis for Behavioral Interventions: Using Hypocrisy and Cognitive Dissonance to Motivate Behavior Change, Jeff Stone VI. Interpersonal Processes 18. Balance Principles in Attitude Formation and Change: The Desire to Maintain Consistent Cognitions about People, Eva Walther and Rebecca Weil 19. Cognitive Consistency in Prejudice-Related Belief Systems: Integrating Old-Fashioned, Modern, Aversive, and Implicit Forms of Prejudice, Bertram Gawronski, Paula M. Brochu, Rajees Sritharan, and Fritz Strack 20. Stereotype Confirmation and Disconfirmation Jeffrey W. Sherman, Thomas J. Allen, and Dario L. M. Sacchi 21. Adhering to Consistency Principles in an Unjust World: Implications for Sense-Making, Victim Blaming, and Justice Judgments, Kees van den Bos and Marjolein Maas 22. Interpersonal Cognitive Consistency and the Sharing of Cognition in Groups, Ernest S. Park, R. Scott Tindale, and Verlin B. Hinsz

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