9781137353764

Collaborative Colonialism The Political Economy of Oil in the Persian Gulf

by
  • ISBN13:

    9781137353764

  • ISBN10:

    1137353767

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2013-09-19
  • Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
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Summary

Since the discovery of oil, the countries of the Persian Gulf have been caught in a vicious circle. With increasing oil revenues, rulers have made self-enrichment their motivation while foreign powers have exploited the region and provided support for oppressive regimes. Early exploitation of the region's oil was colonial in practice; today, oppressive rulers and foreigners work hand-in-hand to the detriment of the citizenry. Rulers have no incentives to foster good institutions, especially the rule of law, as independent and efficient institutions would undermine their control over oil revenues.
This book takes a chronological look at the impact of oil in the region and examines how vast oil revenues have encouraged oppressive governance and corrupted development policies, impeding human, political, and economic progress. Hossein Askari argues that there is an urgent need for visionary political and economic reform in order to prevent a regional catastrophe. Rulers must start by publicly acknowledging that oil belongs to the people of all generations and that it must be managed accordingly - efficiently, equitably, and transparently.

Author Biography

Hossein Askari is Iran Professor of International Business and International Affairs at the George Washington University, USA. He has served on the Executive Board of the IMF and as a special advisor to the Minister of Finance of Saudi Arabia.

Table of Contents

THE EVOLVING ROLE OF OIL IN THE PERSIAN GULF
1. Before Oil—Political and Economic Conditions in the Persian Gulf
2. Oil—Discovery and Production in the Persian Gulf (1900-1945)
3. Oil—The Early Years, OPEC, and Its Empowerment (1945-1979)
4. Oil—The Turbulent Years (1979-2001)
5. Oil—The Most Recent Years (2001-2013)
THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF OIL AND TRANSITION TO OIL-LESS ECONOMIES
6. Oil—Islam, Ownership, and Institutions
7. Oil—Foreign Interference
8. Oil—The Fallout in the Persian Gulf
9. After Oil—Transition to Oil-Less Economies
10. Conclusion

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