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College Physics

by ; ;
Edition:
6th
ISBN13:

9780131495791

ISBN10:
0131495798
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2007
Publisher(s):
Benjamin Cummings
List Price: $216.66
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Summary

This book presents fundamental physics principles in a clear, concise manner. The Sixth Edition adds a focus on biomedical applications of physical principles, while continuing to emphasize conceptual understanding as the basis for mastering a variety of problem-solving tools. Provides a wide range of relevant applications and illustrative examples to help students understand concepts and relate physics principles to everyday life. Topics include mechanics, thermodynamics, oscillations and wave motion, electricity and magnetism, optics, and modern physics. For anyone hoping to learn more about the fundamentals of physics and applying principles to a variety of real-world situations, devices, and topics.

Table of Contents

Preface xv
Measurement and Problem Solving
1(31)
Insight: 1.1 Why Study Physics?
2(1)
Why and How We Measure
2(1)
SI Units of Length, Mass, and Time
3(4)
Insight: 1.2 What Is Time?
6(1)
More about the Metric System
7(3)
Unit Analysis
10(2)
Unit Conversions
12(5)
Insight: 1.3 Is Unit Conversion Important?
16(1)
Significant Figures
17(3)
Problem Solving
20(12)
Chapter Review
24(1)
Exercises
25(7)
Kinematics: Description of Motion
32(35)
Distance and Speed: Scalar Quantities
33(2)
One-Dimensional Displacement and Velocity: Vector Quantities
35(5)
Learn by Drawing: Cartesian Coordinates and One-Dimensional Displacement
35(5)
Acceleration
40(5)
Learn by Drawing: Signs of Velocity and Acceleration
42(3)
Kinematic Equations (Constant Acceleration)
45(4)
Free Fall
49(18)
Insight: 2.1 Galileo Galilei and the Leaning Tower of Pisa
51(5)
Chapter Review
56(1)
Exercises
57(10)
Motion in Two Dimensions
67(36)
Components of Motion
68(5)
Vector Addition and Subtraction
73(8)
Learn by Drawing: Make a Sketch and Add Them Up
80(1)
Projectile Motion
81(9)
Relative Velocity
90(13)
Chapter Review
94(1)
Exercises
95(8)
Force and Motion
103(37)
The Concepts of Force and Net Force
104(1)
Inertia and Newton's First Law of Motion
105(1)
Newton's Second Law of Motion
106(6)
Insight: 4.1 g's of Force and Effects on the Human Body
108(4)
Newton's Third Law of Motion
112(4)
Insight: 4.2 Sailing into the Wind---Tacking
115(1)
More on Newton's Laws: Free-body Diagrams and Translational Equilibrium
116(5)
Learn by Drawing: Forces on an Object on an Inclined Plane and Free-body Diagrams
116(5)
Friction
121(19)
Chapter Review
130(1)
Exercises
131(9)
Work and Energy
140(37)
Work Done by a Constant Force
141(4)
Learn by Drawing: Work: Area under the F-versus-x Curve
142(1)
Learn by Drawing: Determining the Sign of Work
143(2)
Work Done by a Variable Force
145(3)
The Work--Energy Theorem: Kinetic Energy
148(4)
Potential Energy
152(3)
Conservation of Energy
155(9)
Insight: 5.1 People Power: Using Body Energy
156(5)
Learn by Drawing: Energy Exchanges: A Falling Ball
161(3)
Power
164(13)
Insight: 5.2 Hybrid Energy Conversion
164(4)
Chapter Review
168(1)
Exercises
169(8)
Linear Momentum and Collisions
177(39)
Linear Momentum
178(4)
Impulse
182(3)
Conservation of Linear Momentum
185(6)
Insight: 6.1 The Automobile Air Bag and Martian Air Bags
186(5)
Elastic and Inelastic Collisions
191(7)
Center of Mass
198(6)
Jet Propulsion and Rockets
204(12)
Chapter Review
207(1)
Exercises
207(9)
Circular Motion and Gravitation
216(40)
Angular Measure
217(2)
Angular Speed and Velocity
219(4)
Learn by Drawing: The Small-Angle Approximation
219(4)
Uniform Circular Motion and Centripetal Acceleration
223(5)
Insight: 7.1 The Centrifuge: Separating Blood Components
225(3)
Angular Acceleration
228(3)
Newton's Law of Gravitation
231(7)
Insight: 7.2 Space Exploration: Gravity Assists
238(1)
Kepler's Laws and Earth Satellites
238(18)
Insight: 7.3 ``Weightlessness'': Effects on the Human Body
245(2)
Chapter Review
247(1)
Exercises
248(8)
Rotational Motion and Equilibrium
256(41)
Rigid Bodies, Translations, and Rotations
257(2)
Torque, Equilibrium, and Stability
259(11)
Rotational Dynamics
270(7)
Insight: 8.1 Stability in Action
271(6)
Rotational Work and Kinetic Energy
277(3)
Angular Momentum
280(17)
Insight: 8.2 Slide or Roll to a Stop? Antilock Brakes
281(6)
Chapter Review
287(1)
Exercises
288(9)
Solids and Fluids
297(41)
Solids and Elastic Moduli
298(4)
Fluids: Pressure and Pascal's Principle
302(11)
Insight: 9.1 Osteoporosis and Bone Mineral Density (BMD)
304(7)
Insight: 9.2 An Atmospheric Effect: Possible Earaches
311(1)
Insight: 9.3 Blood Pressure and Its Measurement
312(1)
Buoyancy and Archimedes' Principle
313(6)
Fluid Dynamics and Bernoulli's Equation
319(5)
Surface Tension, Viscosity, and Poiseuille's Law
324(14)
Insight: 9.4 The Lungs and Baby's First Breath
325(4)
Chapter Review
329(1)
Exercises
330(8)
Temperature and Kinetic Theory
338(29)
Temperature and Heat
339(1)
The Celsius and Fahrenheit Temperature Scales
340(3)
Insight: 10.1 Human Body Temperature
343(1)
Gas Laws, Absolute Temperature, and the Kelvin Temperature Scale
343(7)
Insight: 10.2 Warm-Blooded versus Cold-Blooded
344(6)
Thermal Expansion
350(4)
Learn by Drawing: Thermal Area Expansion
351(3)
The Kinetic Theory of Gases
354(3)
Insight: 10.3 Physiological Diffusion in Life Processes
357(1)
Kinetic Theory, Diatomic Gases, and the Equipartition Theorem
357(10)
Chapter Review
360(1)
Exercises
361(6)
Heat
367(30)
Definition and Units of Heat
368(2)
Specific Heat and Calorimetry
370(4)
Phase Changes and Latent Heat
374(5)
Learn by Drawing: From Cold Ice to Hot Steam
377(2)
Heat Transfer
379(18)
Insight: 11.1 Physiological Regulation of Body Temperature
380(4)
Insight: 11.2 Physics, the Construction Industry, and Energy Conservation
384(4)
Insight: 11.3 The Greenhouse Effect
388(2)
Chapter Review
390(1)
Exercises
391(6)
Thermodynamics
397(36)
Thermodynamic Systems, States, and Processes
398(1)
The First Law of Thermodynamics
399(4)
Thermodynamic Processes for an Ideal Gas
403(7)
Learn by Drawing: Leaning on Isotherms
409(1)
The Second Law of Thermodynamics and Entropy
410(4)
Insight: 12.1 Life, Order, and the Second Law
414(1)
Heat Engines and Thermal Pumps
414(8)
Learn by Drawing: Representing Work in Thermal Cycles
415(5)
Insight: 12.2 Thermodynamics and the Human Body
420(2)
The Carnot Cycle and Ideal Heat Engines
422(11)
Chapter Review
425(1)
Exercises
426(7)
Vibrations and Waves
433(34)
Simple Harmonic Motion
434(5)
Learn by Drawing: Oscillating in a Parabolic Potential Well
437(2)
Equations of Motion
439(7)
Wave Motion
446(3)
Wave Properties
449(5)
Insight: 13.1 Earthquakes, Seismic Waves, and Seismology
450(4)
Standing Waves and Resonance
454(13)
Insight: 13.2 Desirable and Undesirable Resonances
458(1)
Chapter Review
459(1)
Exercises
460(7)
Sound
467(38)
Sound Waves
468(3)
Insight: 14.1 Ultrasound in Medicine
470(1)
The Speed of Sound
471(3)
Sound Intensity and Sound Intensity Level
474(7)
Insight: 14.2 The Physiology and Physics of the Ear and Hearing
475(6)
Sound Phenomena
481(3)
The Doppler Effect
484(7)
Insight: 14.3 Doppler Applications: Blood Cells and Raindrops
490(1)
Musical Instruments and Sound Characteristics
491(14)
Chapter Review
496(2)
Exercises
498(7)
Electric Charge, Forces, and Fields
505(31)
Electric Charge
506(2)
Electrostatic Charging
508(4)
Electric Force
512(5)
Electric Field
517(9)
Learn by Drawing: Using the Superposition Principle to Determine the Electric Field Direction
518(3)
Learn by Drawing: Sketching Electric Lines of Force
521(2)
Insight: 15.1 Lightning and Lightning Rods
523(1)
Insight: 15.2 Electric Fields in Law Enforcement and Nature: Stun Guns and Electric Fish
524(2)
Conductors and Electric Fields
526(2)
Gauss's Law for Electric Fields: A Qualitative Approach
528(8)
Chapter Review
529(1)
Exercises
530(6)
Electric Potential, Energy, and Capacitance
536(32)
Electric Potential Energy and Electric Potential Difference
537(6)
Learn by Drawing: ΔV Is Independent of Reference Point
538(5)
Equipotential Surfaces and the Electric Field
543(6)
Learn by Drawing: Graphical Relationship between Electric Field Lines and Equipotentials
547(2)
Capacitance
549(3)
Insight: 16.1 Electric Potential and Nerve Signal Transmission
552(1)
Dielectrics
552(5)
Capacitors in Series and in Parallel
557(11)
Chapter Review
561(1)
Exercises
562(6)
Electric Current and Resistance
568(23)
Batteries and Direct Current
569(2)
Learn by Drawing: Sketching Circuits
571(1)
Current and Drift Velocity
571(2)
Resistance and Ohm's Law
573(7)
Insight: 17.1 The ``Bio-Generation'' of High Voltage
575(3)
Insight: 17.2 Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA)
578(2)
Electric Power
580(11)
Chapter Review
585(1)
Exercises
586(5)
Basic Electric Circuits
591(32)
Resistances in Series, Parallel, and Series--Parallel Combinations
592(7)
Multiloop Circuits and Kirchhoff's Rules
599(5)
Learn by Drawing: Kirchhoff Plots: A Graphical Interpretation of Kirchhoff's Loop Theorem
602(2)
RC Circuits
604(3)
Ammeters and Voltmeters
607(4)
Insight: 18.1 Applications of RC Circuits to Cardiac Medicine
608(3)
Household Circuits and Electrical Safety
611(12)
Insight: 18.2 Electricity and Personal Safety
614(1)
Chapter Review
615(1)
Exercises
616(7)
Magnetism
623(33)
Magnets, Magnetic Poles, and Magnetic Field Direction
624(2)
Magnetic Field Strength and Magnetic Force
626(3)
Applications: Charged Particles in Magnetic Fields
629(3)
Magnetic Forces on Current-Carrying Wires
632(3)
Applications: Current-Carrying Wires in Magnetic Fields
635(2)
Electromagnetism: The Source of Magnetic Fields
637(4)
Magnetic Materials
641(3)
Insight: 19.1 The Magnetic Force in Future Medicine
642(2)
Geomagnetism: The Earth's Magnetic Field
644(12)
Insight: 19.2 Magnetism in Nature
645(2)
Chapter Review
647(1)
Exercises
648(8)
Electromagnetic Induction and Waves
656(30)
Induced emf: Faraday's Law and Lenz's Law
657(6)
Electric Generators and Back emf
663(5)
Insight: 20.1 Electromagnetic Induction at Work: Flashlights and Antiterrorism
664(2)
Insight: 20.2 Electromagnetic Induction at Play: Hobbies and Transportation
666(2)
Transformers and Power Transmission
668(4)
Electromagnetic Waves
672(14)
Chapter Review
679(1)
Exercises
679(7)
AC Circuits
686(19)
Resistance in an AC Circuit
687(2)
Capacitive Reactance
689(2)
Inductive Reactance
691(2)
Impedance: RLC Circuits
693(4)
Circuit Resonance
697(8)
Insight: 21.1 Oscillator Circuits: Broadcasters of Electromagnetic Radiation
699(1)
Chapter Review
700(1)
Exercises
701(4)
Reflection and Refraction of Light
705(24)
Wave Fronts and Rays
706(1)
Reflection
707(1)
Refraction
708(9)
Learn by Drawing: Tracing the Reflected Rays
708(1)
Insight: 22.1 A Dark, Rainy Night
709(6)
Insight: 22.2 Negative Index of Refraction and the ``Perfect'' Lens
715(2)
Total Internal Reflection and Fiber Optics
717(4)
Insight: 22.3 Fiber Optics: Medical Applications
720(1)
Dispersion
721(8)
Insight: 22.4 The Rainbow
722(1)
Chapter Review
723(1)
Exercises
724(5)
Mirrors and Lenses
729(31)
Plane Mirrors
730(2)
Spherical Mirrors
732(8)
Insight: 23.1 It's All Done with Mirrors
733(1)
Learn by Drawing: A Mirror Ray Diagram (see Example 23.2)
734(6)
Lenses
740(10)
Learn by Drawing: A Lens Ray Diagram (see Example 23.5)
743(5)
Insight: 23.2 Fresnel Lenses
748(2)
The Lens Maker's Equation
750(2)
Lens Aberrations
752(8)
Chapter Review
753(1)
Exercises
754(6)
Physical Optics: The Wave Nature of Light
760(32)
Young's Double-Slit Experiment
761(3)
Thin-Film Interference
764(4)
Insight: 24.1 Nonreflecting Lenses
768(1)
Diffraction
768(7)
Polarization
775(7)
Learn by Drawing: Three Polarizers (see Integrated Example 24.6)
778(4)
Atmospheric Scattering of Light
782(10)
Insight: 24.2 LCDs and Polarized Light
783(2)
Insight: 24.3 Optical Biopsy
785(1)
Chapter Review
785(1)
Exercises
786(6)
Vision and Optical Instruments
792(27)
The Human Eye
793(6)
Insight: 25.1 Cornea ``Orthodontics'' and Surgery
797(2)
Microscopes
799(4)
Telescopes
803(4)
Diffraction and Resolution
807(3)
Insight: 25.2 Telescopes Using Nonvisible Radiation
808(2)
Color
810(9)
Chapter Review
813(1)
Exercises
814(5)
Relativity
819(32)
Classical Relativity and the Michelson--Morley Experiment
820(2)
The Postulates of Special Relativity and the Relativity of Simultaneity
822(3)
The Relativity of Length and Time: Time Dilation and Length Contraction
825(8)
Relativistic Kinetic Energy, Momentum, Total Energy, and Mass--Energy Equivalence
833(4)
The General Theory of Relativity
837(4)
Insight: 26.1 Relativity in Everyday Living
838(3)
Relativistic Velocity Addition
841(10)
Insight: 26.2 Black Holes, Gravitational Waves, and LIGO
842(2)
Chapter Review
844(1)
Exercises
845(6)
Quantum Physics
851(26)
Quantization: Planck's Hypothesis
852(2)
Quanta of Light: Photons and the Photoelectric Effect
854(4)
Learn by Drawing: The Photoelectric Effect and Energy Conservation
856(2)
Quantum ``Particles'': The Compton Effect
858(2)
The Bohr Theory of the Hydrogen Atom
860(6)
A Quantum Success: The Laser
866(11)
Insight: 27.1 CD and DVD Systems
869(1)
Insight: 27.2 Lasers in Modern Medicine
870(1)
Chapter Review
871(2)
Exercises
873(4)
Quantum Mechanics and Atomic Physics
877(25)
Matter Waves: The de Broglie Hypothesis
878(3)
The Schrodinger Wave Equation
881(4)
Insight: 28.1 The Electron Microscope
883(1)
Insight: 28.2 The Scanning Tunneling Microscope (STM)
884(1)
Atomic Quantum Numbers and the Periodic Table
885(9)
Insight: 28.3 Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
888(6)
The Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
894(2)
Particles and Antiparticles
896(6)
Chapter Review
897(1)
Exercises
898(4)
The Nucleus
902(33)
Nuclear Structure and the Nuclear Force
903(3)
Radioactivity
906(5)
Decay Rate and Half-Life
911(6)
Nuclear Stability and Binding Energy
917(5)
Radiation Detection, Dosage, and Applications
922(13)
Insight: 29.1 Biological and Medical Applications of Radiation
927(2)
Chapter Review
929(1)
Exercises
930(5)
Nuclear Reactions and Elementary Particles
935
Nuclear Reactions
936(3)
Nuclear Fission
939(5)
Nuclear Fusion
944(2)
Beta Decay and the Neutrino
946(2)
Fundamental Forces and Exchange Particles
948(3)
Elementary Particles
951(2)
The Quark Model
953(1)
Force Unification Theories, the Standard Model, and the Early Universe
954
Chapter Review
956(1)
Exercises
957
Appendix I Mathematical Review (with Examples) for College Physics 1(4)
Appendix II Kinetic Theory of Gases 5(1)
Appendix III Planetary Data 6(1)
Appendix IV Alphabetical Listing of the Chemical Elements 7(1)
Appendix V Properties of Selected Isotopes 7(3)
Answers to Follow-Up Exercises 10(8)
Answers to Odd-Numbered Exercises 18
Photo Credits 1(1)
Index 1


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