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The ninth edition of Colonial Latin America provides a concise study of the history of the Iberian colonies in the New World and their preconquest background to the wars of independence in the early nineteenth century. Colonial Latin America is indispensable for students who wish to gain a deeper understanding of the fascinating and often colorful history of the cultures, the people, and the struggles that have played a part in shaping Latin America.
Mark A. Burkholder is Curators' Professor of History at the University of Missouri-St. Louis.
Lyman L. Johnson is Professor Emeritus of History at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: America, Iberia, and Africa Before the Conquest Amerindian Civilizations on the Eve of European Conquest The Iberian World in the Late Fifteenth Century Atlantic Africa in the Fifteenth Century First Encounters in the New World
Chapter 2: The Age of Conquest The Conquest of Mexico The Conquest of Peru The Ebb Tide of Conquest Black Participation in the Age of Conquest Conundrums and the Columbian Exchange Chapter 3: Ruling New World Empires Imperial Organization and Administration The Colonial Church The Inquisition Chapter 4: Population and Labor Changes in the Colonial Population Indian Labor Slavery and the Slave Trade
Chapter 5: Production, Exchange, and Defense The Mining and Sugar Industries International Trade and Taxation Defense The Colonial Economy Chapter 6: The Social Economy Evolution of Colonial Societies The Elites Urban and Rural Middle Groups The Broad Base of Colonial Society Chapter 7: The Family and Society Family: The Foundation of Colonial Society Women in Colonial Societies and Economies The Culture of Honor
Chapter 8: Living in an Empire Colonial Settings Daily Life in the Colonies The Cultural Milieu Chapter 9: Imperial Expansion The Spanish Colonies: From the War of Succession to the Loss of Havana Brazil in the Age of Expansion
Chapter 10: The Era of Caroline Reforms Reconfiguration of Empire Church, State, and the Enlightenment Population Growth and Social Change Colonial Economies in the Reform Era Protest and Insurrections Chapter 11: Crisis and Political Revolution The World Turned Upside Down An Era of War and Crisis for Spain and Portugal Governments of Resistance and Political Revolution, 1808-12
Chapter 12: From Empire to Independence Ferdinand and the Failure of Absolutism Independence in Spanish America Portugal and Brazil in an Era of Revolution Cuba: The "Ever Faithful Isle" Spain After the Loss of the Mainland Empire Chapter 13: Epilogue The Economy Government and Political Life Social Change
A note on periodical literature and suggested readings Glossary Illustration sources and credits Monarchs of Spain and Portugal Index