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Community Policing and Problem Solving : Strategies and Practices,9780131132689
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Community Policing and Problem Solving : Strategies and Practices

by ;
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9780131132689

ISBN10:
0131132687
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2005
Publisher(s):
Pearson College Div

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Summary

For courses in Community Policing or Police-Community Relations. Unique in perspective and comprehensive in coverage, this text provides an exceptionally up-to-date and scholarly synthesis of the collective nationwide experience in implementing both community policing and problem-oriented policing. It explains the processes and terms in detail what they mean and how they are applied, as well as how they are implemented and evaluated. It explores both historical and operational perspectives, and provides examples of existing strategies and future considerations.

Table of Contents

The Evolution of Policing: Past Wisdom and Future Directions
COPPS: Engaging a Changing Community
COPPS: Problem Solving
Crime Prevention: For Safe Communities
Information Technology: Tools for the Task
From Recruit to Chief: Changing the Agency culture
Planning and Implementation: Translating Ideas into Action
Evaluating COPPS Initiatives
Training for COPPS: Approaches and Challenges
Police in a Diverse Society
COPPS on the Beat: drugs, Gangs, and Youth Crimes
More COPPS on the Beat: Selected Issues and Problems
Selected American Approaches
In Foreign Venues: COPPS Abroad
Looking Forward While Looking Back: The Future
Award Winning Problem-Solving Case Studies
A Community Survey in Fort Collins, Colorado
A Strategic Plan Survey in Portland, Oregon
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

Excerpts

This book is about policing at its most important and challenging levels--in neighborhoods and in communities across the nation and abroad. It is about a new policing, one that encourages collaboration with the community and other agencies and organizations that are responsible for community safety. It is a style of policing that requires officers to obtain new knowledge and tools such as problem solving, and it is grounded in strategic thinking and planning to enable agencies to keep up with the rapid societal changes such as homeland defense. This policing style also allows agencies to make the necessary organizational and administrative adjustments to maintain a capable and motivated workforce. The book is grounded on the assumption that the reader is most likely an undergraduate or graduate student studying criminal justice or policing. Or, perhaps the reader is a police practitioner with a fundamental knowledge of police history and operations, or is working in a government agency outside policing and is interested in learning about community policing and problem solving. Citizens who are collaborating with police to resolve neighborhood problems in innovative ways can also be served well by reading this book. This fourth edition also imparts some of the major underpinnings, prominent names, theories, practices (with myriad examples), and processes that are being implemented under COPPS to control and prevent crime, disorder, and fear. A considerable number of textbooks have already been written about community policing. Most of them, however, emphasize its philosophy and provide little information about itspracticalaspects--putting the philosophy into daily practice. The application of community policing is the primary focus of this book, as indicated in its title. While some fundamental components of COPPS contribute to its success, no one single model of COPPS exists--there is no cookie-cutter approach that can guarantee success. COPPS is an individualized, long-term process that involves fundamental institutional change, going beyond such simple tactics as foot and bicycle patrols or neighborhood police stations. It redefines the role of the officer on the street, from "crime fighter" to problem solver. It forces a cultural transformation of the entire police agency, involving changes in recruiting, training, awards systems, evaluations, and promotions. It has been said that problem solving is not new in policing, that police officers have always tried to solve problems in their daily work. As is demonstrated throughout this text, however, problem solving is not the same as solving problems. Problem solving in the context of COPPS is very different and considerably more complex. It requires that officers identify and examine the underlying causes of recurring incidents of crime and disorder. Such policing also seeks to make thinking "street criminologists" of our police officers, teaching them to expand their focus on offenders to include crime settings and victims. Such an approach presents great challenges for those patrol officers who are engaged in analytical work. Given the extent to which COPPS has evolved since the publication of our third edition, the authors understand the challenges involved with writing this text. Like its three predecessors, this fourth edition might still be viewed as a work in progress; today's "snapshot" of what is occurring nationally with respect to COPPS may need to be drastically revised in the future. We also emphasize that this book is not a call to ignore or discard policing's past methods, nor do we espouse an altogether new philosophy of policing in its place. Rather, we recommend that the police borrow from the wisdom of the past and adopt a holistic approach to the way police organizations are learning to address public safety more successfully. We are quite pleased with the work that has been done by


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