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Community-Based Nursing : An Introduction,9780721694436

Community-Based Nursing : An Introduction

by
ISBN13:

9780721694436

ISBN10:
0721694438
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
7/25/2002
Publisher(s):
Saunders
List Price: $46.95
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  • Community-Based Nursing : An Introduction
    Community-Based Nursing : An Introduction




Summary

This practical and concise text presents the essential information necessary for nursing care in community settings including homes, doctors' offices, clinics, schools, and work sites. It is written from a health promotion and illness prevention perspective. Community-based care for the major population groups across the lifespan are addressed. Content on nursing care settings, roles, and interventions is addressed to provide the information needed to practice throughout the community. Chapters about all ages of the lifespan children and adolescents, adults, and the elderly highlight issues unique to each age group. A chapter on women's health discusses health care specific to women. A chapter on communicable disease provides timely information on bioterrorism, as well as other important issues related to communicable diseases. A chapter on environmental health emphasizes the importance of this key subject. A Case Study at the beginning of each chapter presents a "real-life" clinical example related to the chapter topic. Key Points summarize the most important concepts in each chapter. Learning Activities and Application to Practice exercises provide the opportunity to apply chapter concepts in the classroom and in clinical settings.

Table of Contents

Unit One Foundations of Community-Based Nursing Practice 1(84)
Opportunities in Community-Based Nursing Practice
3(11)
Community-Based Health Care and Nursing Practice
5(1)
Community-Based Nursing and Community Health Nursing
6(1)
Education Focus
6(1)
Differentiated Practice Issues
7(1)
Employment Opportunities in Community Settings
7(2)
Current Trends in Nursing Employment
7(1)
Employment Opportunities
8(1)
Characteristics of Community-Based Nursing
9(1)
National Health Goals
10(4)
Roles and Interventions in Community-Based Nursing Practice
14(14)
Nursing Roles in Community Settings
15(5)
Direct Care Provider
15(1)
Educator
16(1)
Counselor
17(1)
Advocate
17(1)
Manager
17(1)
Other Roles in Community-Based Nursing
18(2)
Comparison of Nursing Roles in Hospitals and Community Settings
20(1)
Nursing Interventions in Community Settings
20(8)
``Universal'' Nursing Interventions
20(2)
Nursing Interventions in Acute Care
22(1)
Nursing Interventions Frequently Used in Community Practice
22(6)
Nursing Care in Ambulatory Settings
28(26)
Nursing Practice in Selected Settings
30(14)
Health Care Provider Office or Clinic
31(1)
Schools
32(4)
Occupational Health
36(2)
Rural Health
38(3)
Parish Nursing
41(1)
Correctional Institutions
42(2)
Nursing Practice with Selected Populations
44(5)
Public Health Departments
44(1)
Ambulatory Oncology Care
45(1)
Ambulatory Surgery
46(3)
Nursing Care in ``Other'' Ambulatory Settings
49(5)
Home Health Care Nursing
54(31)
History of Home Health Care Delivery and Financing
55(2)
Definitions Related to Home Health Care
57(1)
Standards and Credentialing for Home Health Nursing
58(1)
Home Health Care Reimbursement and Documentation
58(2)
Home Health Care Documentation
59(1)
Elements of Home Care Nursing Practice
60(3)
Discharge Planning
60(1)
Case Management
60(2)
Coordination of Community Resources
62(1)
Interdisciplinary Collaboration
62(1)
The Process of Home Health Nursing
63(8)
Planning for the Home Health Nursing Visit
64(3)
The Home Visit Activities
67(3)
Postvisit Activities
70(1)
Specialized Home Health Care
71(14)
Infusion Therapy
71(2)
Wound Management
73(1)
Care of Ventilator-Dependent Clients
74(1)
Perinatal Home Care
74(2)
Psychiatric Home Care
76(1)
Hospice Care: Home Care of the Terminally Ill
77(8)
Unit Two Factors That Influence Health and Health Care 85(100)
Overview of the Health Care Delivery System
87(23)
Structure of the Health Care Delivery System
88(9)
Public Sector
89(1)
Private Sector
89(8)
Health Care Provider Organizations
97
Ambulatory Health Care
91(1)
Hospitals
92(1)
Long-Term Care Facilities
92(3)
Health Care Professionals
95(3)
Physicians, Physician Assistants, and Dentists
95(1)
Nurses
96(1)
Therapists
97(1)
Other Health Care Providers
97(1)
Health Care Financing
98(7)
The High Cost of Health Care!
99(1)
Public Financing
100(3)
Private Financing
103(2)
Caring for the Uninsured
105(5)
Epidemiology
110(18)
Models of Disease Causation
112(5)
The Epidemiological Triangle
113(1)
The Web of Causation
114(1)
The Iceberg Model
115(1)
Natural History of Disease
116(1)
Levels of Prevention
116(1)
Epidemiological Tools
117(5)
Rates---Description, Calculation, and Interpretation
117(3)
Collection of Data: The Census Vital Statistics, and Health Statistics
120(2)
Descriptive and Analytical Epidemiology
122(6)
Descriptive Epidemiology
122(1)
Analytical Epidemiology
122(6)
Environmental Health Issues
128(30)
Housing and Living Patterns
131(5)
Indoor Air Quality
132(1)
Lead Exposure
133(3)
Work Risks
136(1)
Atmospheric Quality
137(4)
Ozone Depletion
141(1)
Water Quality
141(3)
Microbial Contamination
141(1)
Chemical and Metal Contaminants
142(1)
Community and Nursing Interventions
143(1)
Food Quality
144(3)
Microbiological Contamination
144(1)
Intentional Food Additives
144(2)
Unintentional (Incidental) Food Additives
146(1)
Other Issues in Food Quality
147(1)
Waste Control
147(2)
Solid Waste Management
147(1)
Toxic and Hazardous Waste Control
147(2)
Landfills
149(1)
Incineration
149(1)
Radiation Risks
149(3)
Radon Gas
150(1)
Ultraviolet Radiation and Skin Cancer
151(1)
Signs, Symptoms, and Detection of Skin Cancer
151(1)
Environmental Health and Nursing Practice
152(6)
Cultural Influences on Health
158(27)
Transcultural Nursing
159(2)
Culture and Related Concepts
161(2)
Race
162(1)
Ethnic Group
162(1)
Culture
163(1)
Characteristics of Culture
163(2)
Cultural Assessment
165(1)
Cultural Values
165(1)
Socioeconomic Status
165(2)
Language and Communication
167(2)
Language
167(2)
Communication Patterns
169(1)
Diet and Nutrition
169(1)
Religion
169(1)
Cultural Variations in Health and Illness
170(6)
African-Americans
170(4)
Native Americans, Including Aleuts and Inuits
174(1)
Asians and Pacific Islanders
174(1)
Whites (Americans of European Descent)
175(1)
Hispanic, or Latino, Americans (All Races)
175(1)
Principles for Nursing Practice in Community Settings
176(4)
Appendix 8-A: Andrews/Boyle Transcultural Nursing Assessment Guide
180(5)
Unit Three Community-Based Nursing Care Across the Life Span 185(182)
Health Promotion and Illness Prevention for Infants, Children, and Adolescents
187(47)
The Health of Infants, Children, and Adolescents
188(2)
Causes of Mortality
189(1)
Causes of Morbidity
189(1)
Other Indicators of Health
189(1)
Special Health Programs and Services for Children
190(2)
Medicaid and the Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment Program
190(1)
State Children's Health Insurance Program
191(1)
Women, Infants, and Children Program
192(1)
Head Start
192(1)
Education for All Handicapped Children Act
192(1)
Primary Health Care Recommendations: U.S. Preventative Services Task Force
192(27)
Screening Recommendations and Guidelines
193(7)
Health Promotion
200(6)
Illness Prevention and Health Protection
206(13)
Nursing Care for Common Health Problems
219(15)
Health Promotion and Illness Prevention for Adults
234(34)
Causes of Death
236(1)
Health Promotion and Illness Prevention
236(1)
Assessment of Health Risks and Health Habits
237(1)
Physical Activity and Fitness
237(3)
Nutrition and Weight Control
240(4)
Lowering Fat and Cholesterol Intake
242(1)
Vitamins and Minerals
242(2)
Tobacco Use
244(1)
Smoking Cessation
245(1)
Health Task Force Recommendations-Illness Prevention
245(3)
Primary and Secondary Prevention of Selected Conditions
248(13)
Heart Disease and Stroke
248(2)
Cancer
250(1)
Diabetes
251(10)
Appendix 10-A: Healthstyle: A Self-test
261(4)
Appendix 10-B: Healthy Heart I.Q.
265(3)
Issues in Women's Health Care
268(32)
Family Planning
269(2)
Contraception
271(1)
Prenatal Care
271(7)
Risk Identification and Case Management
276(1)
Nutrition Counseling
276(2)
Elimination of Unhealthy Habits
278(4)
Stress Reduction
279(1)
Social Support Services
279(1)
Health Education
279(1)
Prenatal Screening
279(3)
Infant Care
282(4)
Infant Nutrition
282(1)
Sleeping
283(1)
Bathing and Cord Care
284(1)
Dressing and Diapering
285(1)
Stooling and Voiding Patterns
286(1)
Observing for Complications
286(1)
Infertility
286(2)
Teenage Pregnancy
288(3)
Consequences
288(1)
Contributing Factors
289(1)
Counseling Teenagers on Issues of Sexuality
289(1)
Prenatal Care for Pregnant Teens
289(1)
Postdelivery Needs
290(1)
Women's Health Care
291(3)
Screening Recommendations for Breast Cancer
291(1)
Screening Recommendations for Cancers of the Female Reproductive Tract
292(1)
Prevention of Osteoporosis
293(1)
Domestic Violence
294(6)
Health Promotion and Illness Prevention for Elders
300(38)
Assessment of Older Adults
304(1)
General Assessment
304(1)
Common Health Problems
305(1)
Nutrition
305(1)
Promoting Functional Independence
305(16)
Hearing Deficits
315(1)
Vision Deficits
315(2)
Cognitive Impairment
317(2)
Depression
319(1)
Incontinence
320(1)
Health Promotion and Illness Prevention
321(1)
Preventative Services Guidelines
321(1)
Immunization Recommendations
321(1)
Safety Concerns for Older Adults
322(6)
Falls
322(2)
Compliance with Medication
324(1)
Elder Abuse
324(4)
Care Assistance for Older Adults
328(6)
Appendix 12-A: Comprehensive Older Person's Evaluation (COPE)
334(4)
Health Promotion and Illness Prevention for Families
338(29)
The Concept of Family
340(5)
Definitions of Family
340(1)
Types of Families
341(2)
Characteristics of Families
343(1)
Purposes of Families
344(1)
Roles in the Family
344(1)
Developmental Stages of Families
345(1)
Establishment Stage (Beginning Family)
346(1)
Early Childbearing Stage
346(1)
Families with Preschool Children
346(1)
Families with School-Age Children
346(1)
Families with Adolescents
346(1)
Launching Families
346(1)
Middle-Age Families
346(1)
Aging Families
346(1)
Family Health
346(5)
Healthy People 2010 and Family Health
347(1)
Characteristics of Healthy Families
347(1)
Characteristics of Unhealthy Families
348(2)
Family Crisis
350(1)
Nursing Care of Families
351(1)
Family Nursing
351(1)
Family Nursing Interventions
352(1)
Family Assessment
352(2)
Family Health Assessment Tools
352(2)
Genogram
354(1)
Family Health Tree
354(1)
Ecomap
354(1)
Application of the Nursing Process to Caring for Families
354(7)
Assessment
356(1)
Analysis and Diagnosis
356(1)
Intervention
357(1)
Evaluation
358(3)
Appendix 13-A: Family Health Assessment
361(6)
Unit Four Nursing Care of Clients with Special Needs in Community Settings 367
Vulnerable Groups
369
Vulnerable Groups
370
Persons in Severe Poverty
373
Definition of Poverty
373
Homelessness
374
Migrant Workers
377
Persons With Disabilities
380
Definitions Related to Disability
381
Characteristics of Disabled Persons
382
Major Legislation Related to Disabilities
382
Victims of Disasters
383
Impact of a Disaster
384
Disaster Management
386
Disaster Planning
387
Role of the Nurse During Disasters
388
The Nurse and Disaster Preparedness
389
Mental Health Issues
395
Mental Health and Mental Illness
399
Depression
399
Risk Factors and Symptoms
400
Depression in Children and Adolescents
401
Treatment
401
Anxiety Disorders
402
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
403
Panic Disorder
404
Phobias
404
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
405
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
406
Eating Disorders
406
Bulimia Nervosa
406
Anorexia Nervosa
407
Treatment
407
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
407
Substance Abuse
409
Alcohol Abuse
410
Illicit Drug Use
410
Risk Factors for Substance Abuse
410
Signs and Symptoms of Substance Abuse
410
Treatment for Substance Abuse
410
Suicide
415
Identification of Mental Disorders
415
Treatment of Mental Disorders
417
Psychotherapeutic Medications
417
Psychotherapy
422
Behavioral Therapy
423
Communicable Disease: Prevention and Intervention
427
Communicable Disease Transmission
429
Reportable Communicable Diseases
431
Reportable Diseases
431
Who is Responsible for Reporting
431
What Information is Required
431
How, When, and to Whom to Report
431
Steps Taken to Control Spread
431
Identifying Communicable Diseases
432
Incidence of Selected Reportable Diseases
432
Vaccine-Preventable Diseases
443
Immunity
444
Immunization Schedule
444
Immunization Standards
444
Contraindications
446
Parental Education and Consent
446
Documentation
447
Reporting Adverse Vaccine Events
447
Adult Immunization
447
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
447
Primary Prevention of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
449
Secondary Prevention and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
449
Trends in Incidence and Prevention of Selected Communicable Diseases
449
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome and Human Immunodeficiency Virus
449
Tuberculosis
453
Hepatitis B
454
Emerging Infections
455
International Travel
457


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