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"As a practitioner in the field for over thirty years, I have been exposed to endless 'planning' sessions that are prescriptive to the point of being oppressive. Thistext 'gives permission' to the practitioner to allow for emergence, uncertainty, and ambiguity in the planning process. Comparative Approaches to Program Planning provides a guide for the manager, administrator, executive director, strategic planner, and CEO to embrace multiple planning strategies and the understanding of each. This is extremely worthwhile in a dynamic environment and an ever- changing landscape and worldview." -Paul D. McWhinney, ACSW, Director of Social Services City of Richmond, Richmond, Virginia "This is the book I've been waiting for. It provides not only a linear approach to program design, but gives language to the tacit knowledge many planners have of the circular nature of their work. Both linear and circular thinking are important to planning processes and now we have a resource for teaching." -Jon E. Singletary, PhD, MSW, MDiv, Baylor University, School of Social Work The first text on program planning to guide readers in selecting program planning approaches appropriate to setting, culture, and context Valuable for students and practitioners in the social work, public administration, nonprofit management, and community psychology fields, Comparative Approaches to Program Planning provides practical and creative ways to effectively conduct program planning within human service organizations. Written by leaders in the social work education community, this innovative book explores program planning as a multi-layered and complex process. It examines both a traditional linear problem-solving model as well as an alternative emergent approach to program planning, helping professionals to successfully develop and enact effective and culturally competent planning in organizations and communities.

Author Biography

F. Ellen Netting, PHD, is the Samuel S. Wurtzel Endowed Chair and Professor of Social Work at Virginia Commonwealth University where she teaches in the PhD, MSW, and BSW programs.

Mary Katherine O'Connor, PHD, is a Professor in the School of Social Work at Virginia Commonwealth University where she teaches in the PhD and MSW programs.

David P. Fauri, PHD, is a Professor of Social Work at Virginia Commonwealth University where he teaches in the PhD, MSW, and BSW programs.

Table of Contents

Differences Between Lines And Circles
Lines and Circles as Planning Metaphors
A Brief History of Lines & Circles
Science and Reason
Positivism vs
Rational and Nonrational Thought
Rational & Nonrational Problem-Solving and Decision-Making
Planning Theory (Both Lines and Circles)
Examples of Planning Approaches
The "Surety" of the Line and the "Tentativeness" of the Circle
A Conceptual Framework
Discussion Questions
Programs -- Containers For Idea Implementation
Programs and Projects
Services and Interventions
Programs and Projects
Services and Interventions
Programs in Organizational Context
Program Planning
Mandates & Initiatives
Planning Different Types of Programs
Discussion Questions
Rational Planning And Prescriptive Approaches
Case: The Mayor and the Street Educators
History of Rational Planning and Prescriptive Approaches
Dimensions of Rational Planning and Prescriptive Approaches
The Logic Model
Assessing Needs
Defining and Analyzing Problems
Selecting Intervention Strategies
Writing Goals and Objectives
Program Design and Decision-Making
Accountability in a Prescriptive Approach
Accountability Challenges
Information Systems
Rational Planning
Mind Sets
Strengths and Challenges of Rational Planning
Discussion Questions
Interpretive Planning And Emergent Approaches
Case: The Invisible People and the Area Agency on Aging
History of Interpretive Planning and Emergent Approaches
Dimensions of Interpretive Planning and Emergent Approaches
The Logic of Emergence
Accountability in an Emergent Approach
Accountability Challenge
Accountability Options
Interpretive Planning
Mind Sets
Strengths and Challenges of Interpretive Planning
Discussion Questions
Knowing When To Use What Planning Approach
An Example: AIDS Orphans and the Pig Intervention
Similarities in Planning Approach Challenges
Gaining Entry
Becoming Oriented
Engaging in Critical Thinking
Making Ethical Decisions
Comparing Program Planning Approaches
Comparing Dimensions
Examining Accountability
Thinking about Mindsets and Skills
Decision Issues for Approach Selection
Discussion Questions
Program Planning In Diverse Cultural Contexts
Culture and Context
Defining Culture
Elements in Culture Development
Cultural Competence
Skills of the Culturally Competent
Challenges to Culturally Competent Human Service Programming
Understanding Empiricism
Recognizing Realism and Rationalism
Responding to Accountability Demands
Cultural Competence and Program Planning
Planning with Sensitivity to Difference
Differences within the Mainstream.&
Within-Group Differences
Planning with Sensitivity to Inclusion
Planning with Sensitivity to Context
Planning Across Multiple Organizational Settings
Issues when Practicing Internationally
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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