CART

(0) items

Comparative Criminal Justice Systems,9780534514808
This item qualifies for
FREE SHIPPING!

FREE SHIPPING OVER $59!

Your order must be $59 or more, you must select US Postal Service Shipping as your shipping preference, and the "Group my items into as few shipments as possible" option when you place your order.

Bulk sales, PO's, Marketplace Items, eBooks, Apparel, and DVDs not included.

Comparative Criminal Justice Systems

by
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780534514808

ISBN10:
0534514804
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
8/24/2000
Publisher(s):
Wadsworth Publishing
List Price: $76.66

Buy New Textbook

Currently Available, Usually Ships in 24-48 Hours
N9780534514808
$68.99

Rent Textbook

We're Sorry
Sold Out

Used Textbook

We're Sorry
Sold Out

eTextbook

We're Sorry
Not Available

More New and Used
from Private Sellers
Starting at $0.22
See Prices

Questions About This Book?

What version or edition is this?
This is the 2nd edition with a publication date of 8/24/2000.
What is included with this book?
  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any CDs, lab manuals, study guides, etc.

Related Products


  • Comparative Criminal Justice Systems
    Comparative Criminal Justice Systems
  • Comparative Criminal Justice Systems
    Comparative Criminal Justice Systems
  • Comparative Criminal Justice Systems
    Comparative Criminal Justice Systems
  • Comparative Criminal Justice Systems, 4th Edition
    Comparative Criminal Justice Systems, 4th Edition




Summary

The revision of this best-selling book presents a comprehensive analysis of how various criminal justice systems throughout the world compare. New co-author Harry Dammer has extensively revised the text to reflect the latest trends and most up-to-date information on such hot topics as international crime control and corrections. By using a topical approach (examining various aspects of each system, such as policing, drugs, sentencing, and juvenile justice) rather than a country- by-country approach, the book gives students a more realistic understanding of the similarities and differences of each system. The authors use six "model" countries (China, England, Germany, Japan, Saudi Arabia, and France) to provide specific examples and explore historical, political, economic, social, and cultural influences on each system.

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
PART I SETTING THE STAGE 1(90)
Introduction
3(11)
Defining Terms
5(1)
Why Compare Systems of and Issues in Criminal Justice?
6(3)
To Benefit from Others' Experience
7(1)
To Broaden Our Understanding of the World
8(1)
To Deal with Transnational Crime Problems
9(1)
The Historical-Political Approach
9(1)
Model Systems
10(1)
Basic Values in the Criminal Justice System
11(1)
Political Culture Versus Politicized Justice
11(1)
The Plan of This Book
12(1)
Summary
13(1)
Discussion Questions
13(1)
For Further Reading
13(1)
Measuring and Comparing Crime in and Across Nations
14(28)
Why Measure Crime and Compare Crime Data?
15(1)
The Historical Background of International Crime Data
16(1)
The Different Kinds of Crime Data
17(8)
The Uniform Crime Reports
17(1)
The National Crime Victimization Surveys
18(1)
Self-Report Surveys
18(1)
International Police Data
18(1)
United Nations Surveys
19(1)
INTERPOL and INTERPOL Crime Data
20(1)
International Victimization Surveys
21(3)
Other Sources of Crime Data
24(1)
Limitations of International Crime Data
25(4)
Underreporting
25(1)
Nonstandard Definitions
26(1)
Differences in Collection and Recording Practices
27(2)
How to Compare International Crime Data
29(1)
Ways to Improve the Comparability of Crime Data
29(1)
Cautions in Comparing Crime Data
30(1)
International Crime Rates
30(7)
Overall Crime Rates
30(1)
Homicide Rates
31(3)
Crime Rates in Model Countries
34(3)
The Exceptions: Countries with Low Crime Rates
37(2)
Japan
37(1)
Saudi Arabia
38(1)
How Does the United States Measure Up?
39(2)
Summary
41(1)
Discussion Questions and Exercises
41(1)
For Further Reading
41(1)
Families of Law
42(22)
Ancient and Lesser-Employed Legal Systems
44(2)
Ancient/Historical Legal Systems
44(1)
Religious Law
45(1)
Indigenous Law
45(1)
Clarifying Terms
46(1)
The Civil Law
47(4)
Roman Law
48(1)
Canon and Commercial Law
48(1)
The Napoleonic Code
49(1)
The German Civil Code
50(1)
The Importance of the French and German Civil Codes
50(1)
The Common Law
51(3)
The King's Court
51(1)
Equity Courts
52(1)
The Modern History of the Common Law
52(1)
The Development of Criminal Procedure
52(1)
The Definition of Crimes
53(1)
The Current Status of the Common Law
53(1)
The Socialist Law
54(6)
The Historical Background of Socialist Law
55(1)
Socialism and the People's Republic of China
56(1)
Socialist Versus Civil Law
56(1)
The Public Law/Private Law Distinction
57(1)
Economic Crimes
57(1)
The Educational Function of the Law
57(1)
The Role of the Procurator
58(1)
Political Versus Nonpolitical Justice
58(1)
The Independence of the Judiciary
59(1)
The Islamic Law
60(2)
Shari'a
60(1)
The Prevalence of Shari'a
61(1)
Crime and Punishment Under Shari'a
62(1)
Equality and Islamic Justice
62(1)
Summary
62(1)
Discussion Questions and Exercises
63(1)
For Further Reading
63(1)
Six Model Nations
64(27)
England
66(4)
Overview
66(1)
Historical Developments
66(3)
Crime
69(1)
Criminal Law
70(1)
The Criminal Justice System
70(1)
France
70(3)
Overview
70(1)
Historical Development
71(1)
Crime
72(1)
Criminal Law
72(1)
The Criminal Justice System
73(1)
Germany
73(4)
Overview
73(1)
Historical Developments
74(1)
Crime
75(1)
Criminal Law
76(1)
The Criminal Justice System
76(1)
China
77(4)
Overview
77(1)
Historical Developments
77(2)
Crime
79(1)
Criminal Law
80(1)
The Criminal Justice System
80(1)
Japan
81(4)
Overview
81(1)
Historical Developments
81(1)
Crime
82(2)
Criminal Law
84(1)
The Criminal Justice System
84(1)
Saudi Arabia
85(3)
Overview
85(1)
Historical Developments
86(1)
Crime
86(1)
Criminal Law
87(1)
The Criminal Justice System
88(1)
Summary
88(1)
Discussion Questions
89(1)
For Further Reading
89(2)
PART II CRIMINAL JUSTICE PROCESSES 91(186)
Law Enforcement: Functions, Organization, and Community Involvement
93(26)
Functions of Police
94(2)
Deviance Control
95(1)
Civil Order Control
95(1)
The Functional Organization of Police Forces
95(1)
Policing in the Model Countries
96(16)
England
96(1)
Organization and Training
97(1)
Civil Order Control
98(1)
France
99(1)
Organization and Training
99(2)
Civil Order Control
101(1)
Germany
102(1)
Organization and Training
102(1)
Civil Order Control
103(1)
Problems Following Reunification
103(1)
China
103(1)
Organization and Training
104(1)
Civil Order Control
105(1)
Japan
105(1)
Organization and Training
106(1)
The Koban and the Chuzaisho
107(1)
A Unique Police Culture
108(1)
Organization and Training
109(1)
Saudi Arabia
109(1)
Organization and Training
109(1)
Civil Order Control
110(1)
Comparing the Different Styles of Policing
111(1)
Community Policing and Its Implementation in the Model Countries
112(3)
What Is Community Policing?
112(1)
Models of Community Policing
112(1)
Community Policing in the Model Countries
113(1)
England
113(1)
France
113(1)
Germany
113(1)
China
114(1)
Japan
114(1)
Saudi Arabia
115(1)
International Police Cooperation
115(2)
Summary
117(1)
Discussion Questions and Exercises
117(1)
For Further Reading
118(1)
Constitutional Review
119(20)
Judicial Review: An American Contribution to the Science of Government
121(1)
Other Possible Arrangements for Constitutional Review
121(1)
No Review
121(1)
Nonjudicial Review
122(1)
Judicial Review with Legislative Approval
122(1)
Constitutional Review and the Criminal Process
122(1)
Constitutional Review in the Model Countries
123(12)
England: Indirect Judicial Review
123(2)
France: The Conseil Constitutionnel
125(2)
Germany: The Bundesverfassungsgericht
127(2)
Japan
129(1)
Why Japan's Supreme Court Is Different
129(2)
The Structure and Functioning of the Japanese Supreme Court
131(1)
China
132(1)
Human Rights in Chinese Context
133(1)
Nonjudicial Review, Chinese Style
133(1)
Saudi Arabia
134(1)
Beyond Constitutional Review: Supranational Courts of Human Rights
135(2)
The European Court of Human Rights
135(1)
The Development of the ECHR
135(1)
The Dilemma of the ECHR
136(1)
Looking to the Future
136(1)
Summary
137(1)
Discussion Questions and Activities
137(1)
For Further Reading
138(1)
Criminal Procedure
139(25)
The Adversarial System
140(2)
Common Law Criminal Procedure
142(4)
The Right to Counsel
142(1)
The Right to Remain Silent
143(1)
The Right to Trial by Jury
143(1)
The Right to Bail
144(1)
The Differences in Criminal Procedure Rules in Common Law Countries
145(1)
The Inquisitorial System
146(1)
Civil Law Criminal Procedure
147(4)
The Investigation
147(1)
The Right to Counsel
148(1)
The Right to Remain Silent
148(1)
The Trial
149(1)
Differences and Similarities Between the French, German, and American Systems
150(1)
Procedural Variations in Other Civil Law Countries
150(1)
The Mixed Court
151(1)
Socialist Criminal Procedure
151(6)
Pretrial Investigation, Arrest, and Detention
152(2)
The Right to Counsel
154(1)
The Trial Process and Judicial Fairness
154(3)
Distinctive Aspects of Socialist Law Procedure
157(1)
Japan: The Hybrid Situation
157(2)
Islamic Criminal Procedure
159(2)
The Convergence of Systems
161(1)
Summary
162(1)
Discussion Questions
162(1)
For Further Reading
162(2)
Legal Actors
164(24)
The Legal Profession
165(3)
Adjudicators
166(1)
Advocates
167(1)
Advisors
168(1)
Legal Scholars
168(1)
Key Issues in the Legal Profession
168(2)
Creeping Specialization
168(1)
Stratification Within the Profession
169(1)
Legal Aid
169(1)
Bureaucratic and Political Organization of Legal Actors
170(2)
Bureaucratically Oriented Organization
171(1)
Politically Oriented Organization
172(1)
The Legal Profession in the Model Systems of Justice
172(14)
England
172(3)
France and Germany
175(4)
China
179(3)
Japan
182(2)
Saudi Arabia
184(2)
Summary
186(1)
Discussion Questions
187(1)
For Further Reading
187(1)
Courts
188(26)
The Concept of a Court
189(1)
The Development of Courts in Western Nations
190(1)
The Study of Courts
191(1)
Courts in England
192(3)
Magistrates' Courts
192(1)
Crown Courts
193(1)
Appeals Courts
194(1)
Courts in France
195(4)
Trial Courts
196(1)
Appeals Courts
197(1)
Administrative Courts
198(1)
Courts in Germany
199(2)
Criminal Court Organization
200(1)
Courts in China
201(2)
Courts in Japan
203(4)
Court Organization
204(2)
Citizen Participation in the Judicial Process
206(1)
The Nonlitigious Japanese: Myth or Reality?
207(1)
Courts in Saudi Arabia
207(2)
Court Organization
208(1)
Supranational Courts
209(3)
The Background of the Supranational Courts
209(1)
Supranational Courts Today
210(1)
The Legal Jurisdiction of Supranational Courts
211(1)
Future Developments in Supranational Courts
212(1)
Summary
212(1)
Discussion Questions and Exercises
213(1)
For Further Reading
213(1)
After Conviction: The Sentencing Process
214(35)
The Purposes of Criminal Sanctions
215(2)
Sentencing Practices
217(2)
Corporal Punishment
219(3)
Noncustodial Sanctions
222(7)
Monetary Sanctions
223(1)
Fines
223(1)
Day Fines
224(1)
Restitution and Community Service
225(1)
Community Supervision
226(1)
Probation
226(1)
House Arrest
227(1)
Electronic Monitoring
228(1)
Exile
228(1)
Restorative Justice
229(1)
Warnings
229(1)
Imprisonment
229(14)
International Prison Data
232(9)
Commitment to Mental Hospitals
241(2)
The Death Penalty
243(2)
Public Opinion and Sentencing
245(2)
Summary
247(1)
Discussion Questions and Exercises
248(1)
For Further Reading
248(1)
After Conviction: The Problem of Prison
249(28)
The Evolution of Prison Systems
251(1)
Penal Policy in the Model Nations
252(15)
England and Wales
252(3)
France
255(2)
Germany
257(2)
China
259(3)
Japan
262(4)
Saudi Arabia
266(1)
Prison Crowding
267(4)
Prison Crowding Data
267(2)
Effects of Prison Crowding
269(1)
Solutions to Prison Crowding
270(1)
Rights of Prisoners
271(3)
Summary
274(1)
Discussion Questions
274(1)
For Further Reading
275(2)
PART III MODERN DILEMMAS IN INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL JUSTICE 277(56)
Terrorism
279(21)
The Historical Background of Terrorism
280(1)
Defining Terrorism
281(1)
The Goals of Terrorism
281(1)
The Prevalence of Terrorism
282(1)
Terrorist Groups
283(5)
Northern Ireland
285(1)
Palestine
286(1)
Al-Qaida
287(1)
Terrorism in the Model Nations
288(6)
England
288(1)
France
288(2)
Germany
290(1)
China
291(1)
Japan
292(1)
Saudi Arabia
293(1)
Responses to International Terrorism
294(4)
Foreign Policy
294(1)
International Cooperation Strategies
294(2)
Military and Police Detection and Apprehension Strategies
296(1)
Adjudication
297(1)
The Future of Terrorism
298(1)
Summary
298(1)
Discussion Questions and Exercises
299(1)
For Further Reading
299(1)
Transnational Organized Crime and Drug Trafficking
300(21)
What Is Organized Crime?
301(1)
The Scope of the Organized Crime Problem Worldwide
302(1)
``Traditional'' Criminal Syndicates
303(5)
The Italian Mafia
303(2)
Yakuza: The Japanese Gangster
305(2)
Chinese Triad Groups
307(1)
``New'' Organized Crime Groups
308(3)
The Colombian Drug Cartel
308(1)
The Russian Mafiya
309(1)
The Mexican Federation
310(1)
``Second Tier'' Groups
310(1)
The Organized Drug Trade
311(6)
The Extent and Impact of the Drug Trade
311(1)
The Drug Odyssey
312(1)
Money Laundering
313(2)
Traffic in Narcotics and U.S. Foreign Policy
315(2)
Responses to Organized Crime and Drug Trafficking
317(3)
Prevention Strategies
318(1)
Crime Control Strategies
318(1)
Cooperation Strategies
319(1)
Summary
320(1)
Discussion Questions
320(1)
For Further Reading
320(1)
Contemporary Influences and Future Developments in Transnational Crime and Justice
321(12)
Convergence
322(1)
Cultural Persistence
323(1)
Political and Policy-Making Processes
324(1)
Looking to the Future
325(7)
Changes in the Model Nations
325(1)
Computer Crime
326(2)
Corruption
328(1)
Forms of Corruption
328(1)
Reasons for Corruption
329(1)
Solutions to Corruption
329(1)
Smuggling
329(1)
Smuggling of Firearms
329(1)
Smuggling of Nuclear Weapons Materials
330(1)
Smuggling of Human Organs
330(1)
Smuggling of Women
331(1)
Smuggling of Migrants
331(1)
Summary
332(1)
Discussion Questions
332(1)
For Further Reading
332(1)
Appendix A Basic Principles on the Role of Lawyers 333(4)
Appendix B Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners 337(2)
Appendix C Demographic Summaries 339(18)
Appendix D The World's Legal Systems 357(4)
Glossary 361(12)
Works Cited 373(14)
Index 387


Please wait while the item is added to your cart...