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Comparative Politics Today: A World View, Update Edition,9780321350992

Comparative Politics Today: A World View, Update Edition

by ; ; ;
Edition:
8th
ISBN13:

9780321350992

ISBN10:
0321350995
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2006
Publisher(s):
Longman
List Price: $117.20

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Summary

Comparative Politics Today is the text that defined the discipline of comparative politics and continues to set the standard for the course with and the most current country study chapters available. The chapters on England, France, Germany, Russia, Japan, India, and the United States have all been thoroughly updated. As in the previous edition, theoretical chapters (Chapters 1-7) at the beginning of the book explore the "purpose of government" and provide students with a framework for understanding comparative politics. The theoretical section is followed by 12 individual country studies. All country studies are written by pre-eminent specialists on that particular country, ensuring that students have the most reliable information and insights into the political systems of those nations.

Table of Contents

Preface xvii
Acknowledgments xix
Contributors xxi
PART ONE Introduction
Issues in Comparative Politics
1(30)
What Is Politics?
1(1)
Governments and the State of Nature
2(1)
Why Governments?
3(3)
When Does Government Become the Problem?
6(5)
Political Systems
11(1)
States
11(5)
Building Community
16(6)
Fostering Development
22(5)
Securing Democracy, Human Rights, and Civil Liberties
27(4)
Key Terms
29(1)
Suggested Readings
29(2)
Comparing Political Systems
31(15)
Why We Compare
31(1)
How We Compare
32(2)
Systems: Environment and Interdependence
34(2)
Structures and Functions
36(4)
An Illustrative Comparison: Russia in 1985 and 2002
40(3)
The Policy Level: Performance, Outcome, and Evaluation
43(3)
Key Terms
44(1)
Suggested Readings
44(2)
PART TWO System, Process, and Policy
Political Culture and Political Socialization
46(16)
Political Culture
46(1)
Mapping the Three Levels of Political Culture
46(6)
Political Socialization
52(1)
Agents of Political Socialization
53(5)
Trends in Contemporary Political Cultures
58(4)
Key Terms
60(1)
Suggested Readings
60(2)
Interest Articulation
62(19)
Citizen Action
62(3)
Interest Groups
65(6)
Access to the Influential
71(4)
Policy Perspectives on Interest Articulation
75(1)
Interest Group Development
76(5)
Key Terms
78(1)
Suggested Readings
78(3)
Interest Aggregation and Political Parties
81(20)
Personal Interest Aggregation
81(2)
Institutional Interest Aggregation
83(1)
Competitive Party Systems and Interest Aggregation
84(8)
Authoritarian Party Systems
92(2)
The Military and Interest Aggregation
94(2)
Trends in Interest Aggregation
96(1)
Significance of Interest Aggregation
97(4)
Key Terms
98(1)
Suggested Readings
98(3)
Government and Policymaking
101(28)
Constitutions and Decision Rules
101(2)
Democracy and Authoritarianism
103(1)
Separation of Government Powers
104(3)
Geographic Distribution of Government Power
107(1)
Limitations on Government Power
108(2)
Checking the Top Policymakers
110(1)
Assemblies
111(4)
Political Executives
115(7)
The Bureaucracy
122(7)
Key Terms
126(1)
Suggested Readings
127(2)
Public Policy
129(27)
Government and What It Does
129(1)
Extraction
130(3)
Distribution
133(4)
Regulation
137(3)
Community-Building and Symbolic Policies
140(1)
Outcomes: Domestic Welfare
140(4)
Domestic Security Outcomes
144(2)
International Outputs and Outcomes
146(2)
Political Goods and Values
148(2)
Strategies for Producing Political Goods
150(3)
Trade-offs and Opportunity Costs
153(3)
Key Terms
154(1)
Suggested Readings
154(2)
PART THREE Country Studies
Politics in England
156(50)
Richard Rose
Current Policy Challenges
158(1)
The Constraints of History
159(3)
The Environment of Politics
162(5)
The Structure of Government
167(10)
Political Culture and Legitimacy
177(3)
Political Socialization
180(3)
Political Participation and Recruitment
183(3)
Organizing Group Interests
186(4)
Party System and Electoral Choice
190(4)
Making and Delivering Government Policies
194(8)
Policy Outcomes and Changes in Society
202(4)
Key Terms
203(1)
Suggested Readings
204(2)
Politics in France
206(54)
Martin A. Schain
Current Policy Challenges
207(1)
A Historical Perspective
208(1)
Economy and Society
209(2)
Constitution and Governmental Structure
211(3)
Political Culture
214(4)
Political Socialization
218(4)
Mass Participation and Voting
222(5)
Recruitment and Style of Elites
227(2)
Interest Groups
229(4)
Political Parties
233(10)
Policy Processes
243(6)
The State and Territorial Relations
249(3)
Performance and Prospects
252(8)
Key Terms
256(1)
Suggested Readings
257(3)
Politics in Germany
260(54)
Russell J. Dalton
Current Policy Challenges
262(1)
The Historical Legacy
263(3)
Following Two Paths
266(3)
Social Forces
269(2)
The Institutions and Structure of Government
271(5)
Remaking Political Cultures
276(5)
Political Learning and Political Communication
281(3)
Citizen Participation
284(2)
Politics at the Elite Level
286(1)
Interest Groups
287(3)
The Party System
290(6)
The Electoral System
296(3)
The Policy Process
299(4)
Policy Performance
303(5)
The Policy Challenges of Unification
308(2)
After the Revolution
310(4)
Key Terms
311(1)
Suggested Readings
312(2)
Politics in Japan
314(50)
Frances Rosenbluth
Michael F. Thies
Current Policy Challenges
316(2)
Historical Origins of the Modern Japanese State
318(1)
The Occupation
319(2)
Political Institutions and the Policy Process
321(9)
Electoral Systems and the Nature of Electoral Competition
330(5)
The Japanese Party System
335(7)
The Internal Organization of the LDP
342(1)
Political Participation, Voting Behavior, and Interest Groups
343(4)
Political Culture and Issue Cleavages
347(4)
Policy Performance
351(6)
Concluding Thoughts About Japan's Democracy
357(7)
Key Terms
359(1)
Suggested Readings
359(5)
Politics in Russia
364(48)
Thomas F. Remington
Rebuilding Russia
365(1)
Current Policy Challenges
366(1)
Historical Legacies
367(5)
The Contemporary Constitutional Order
372(9)
Russian Political Culture in the Post-Soviet Period
381(4)
Political Participation
385(3)
Interest Articulation: From Statism to Pluralism
388(5)
Parties and the Aggregation of Interests
393(6)
The Politics of Economic Reform
399(4)
Rule Adjudication: Toward the Rule of Law
403(4)
Russia and the International Community
407(5)
Key Terms
408(1)
Suggested Readings
409(3)
Politics in China
412(48)
Melanie Manion
Current Policy Challenges
414(2)
Historical Setting
416(1)
Political History of the PRC
417(3)
Chinese Society
420(1)
A Communist Party-State
421(1)
Political Structures
422(8)
Elite Recruitment
430(1)
Rule by Law
430(2)
Political Socialization
432(2)
Political Culture
434(2)
Political Participation
436(6)
Interest Articulation and Aggregation
442(2)
Policymaking and Implementation
444(3)
Corruption
447(2)
Policy Performance
449(5)
Hong Kong
454(1)
Taiwan
454(1)
China's Political Future
455(5)
Key Terms
456(1)
Suggested Readings
456(4)
Politics in Mexico
460(56)
Wayne A. Cornelius
Jeffrey A. Weldon
Current Policy Challenges
463(1)
Historical Perspectives
464(8)
Political Culture and Socialization
472(4)
Political Structure and Institutions
476(11)
Recruiting the Political Elite
487(2)
Interest Representation and Political Control
489(2)
Political Parties
491(11)
Government Performance
502(8)
Mexico's Political Future
510(6)
Key Terms
512(1)
Suggested Readings
512(4)
Politics in Brazil
516(60)
Frances Hagopian
Current Policy Challenges
517(2)
Historical Perspectives
519(2)
Economy and Society
521(5)
Institutions and Structures of Government
526(5)
Political Culture
531(6)
Political Recruitment and Political Participation
537(7)
Political Representation and Interest Groups
544(5)
Political Parties and Elections
549(10)
The Policy Process
559(4)
Policy Performance
563(7)
International Relations
570(1)
Prospects for the Future
571(5)
Key Terms
571(1)
Suggested Readings
572(4)
Politics in Egypt
576(54)
Ann Mosely Lesch
Current Policy Challenges
577(1)
The Importance of Place
578(4)
The Legacy of History
582(5)
Institutions and Structure of Government
587(9)
Party System and Elections
596(6)
Political Culture and Socialization
602(5)
Political Participation and Recruitment
607(2)
Articulation and Aggregation of Interests
609(8)
Public Policy and Performance
617(7)
Crisis of Legitimacy
624(6)
Key Terms
625(1)
Suggested Readings
626(4)
Politics in India
630(56)
Subrata K. Mitra
Current Policy Challenges
632(1)
Beyond Indian ``Exceptionalism''
633(3)
Some Basic ``Givens'' of the Indian Social Structure: From Hierarchy to Democratic Plurality
636(6)
The Twin Legacy of Colonial Rule and the Anticolonial Movement
642(4)
Political Socialization, Recruitment, and Political Culture
646(6)
Political Institutions and Policy Process
652(8)
The Federal Structure
660(2)
The Articulation and Aggregation of Interests
662(10)
The Economy, Welfare, and Regulation
672(5)
Conclusion: The Resilience of Pluralist Politics in India
677(9)
Key Terms
680(1)
Suggested Readings
680(6)
Politics in Nigeria
686(52)
Robert J. Mundt
Oladimeji Aborisade
Current Policy Challenges
687(1)
The Effects of History
688(4)
Environmental Potential and Limitations
692(5)
Political Culture and Subcultures
697(7)
Political Socialization
704(4)
Political Recruitment
708(2)
Political Structure
710(6)
Interest Articulation
716(3)
Political Participation
719(1)
Parties and Elections
719(6)
Policy Formation and Implementation
725(7)
Nigeria in Africa and in the World
732(1)
Prospects for Development
733(5)
Key Terms
734(1)
Suggested Readings
734(4)
Politics in the United States
738(45)
Austin Ranney
Current Policy Challenges
739(2)
The United States Among the World's Nations
741(3)
The Constitutional System
744(4)
Political Culture and Socialization
748(3)
The Mass Communications Media
751(1)
Political Participation and Recruitment
752(2)
Recruitment of Leaders
754(2)
Interest Articulation: Pressure Groups and PACs
756(4)
The Special Characteristics of American Political Parties
760(7)
The Policymaking Process in America
767(3)
Policy Performance
770(5)
American Exceptionalism: Myth or Reality?
775(4)
Conclusion
779(1)
Key Terms
779(1)
Suggested Readings
779(4)
Index 783


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