9780750675451

Compressors

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780750675451

  • ISBN10:

    0750675454

  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2005-06-24
  • Publisher: Elsevier Science
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Summary

This practical reference provides in-depth information required to understand and properly estimate compressor capabilities and to select the proper designs. Engineers and students will gain a thorough understanding of compression principles, equipment, applications, selection, sizing, installation, and maintenance. The many examples clearly illustrate key aspects to help readers understand the "real world" of compressor technology. Compressors: Selection and Sizing, third edition is completely updated with new API standards. Additions requested by readers include a new section on diaphragm compressors in the reciprocating compressors chapter, and a new section on rotor dynamics stability in the chapter on diaphragm compressors. The latest technology is presented in the areas of efficiency, 3-D geometry, electronics, CAD, and the use of plant computers. The critical chapter on negotiating the purchase of a compressor now reflects current industry practices for preparing detailed specifications, bid evaluations, engineering reviews, and installation. A key chapter compares the reliability of various types of compressors. * Everything you need to select the right compressor for your specific application. * Practical information on compression principles, equipment, applications, selection, sizing, installation, and maintenance. * New sections on diaphragm compressors and an introduction to rotor dynamics stability.

Author Biography

Royce N. Brown is the owner of RNB Engineering, a consulting firm in Houston.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xi
Acknowledgmentsp. xiii
About the Authorp. xv
Overviewp. 1
Introductionp. 1
Compression Methodsp. 2
Intermittent Mode Compressorsp. 4
Continuous Compression Compressorsp. 12
Basic Relationshipsp. 17
Introductionp. 17
Gas and Vaporp. 18
Compressibilityp. 19
Partial Pressurep. 20
Gas Mixturesp. 21
Specific Gravityp. 22
Mixture Compressabilityp. 23
Humidityp. 23
Flowp. 24
Acoustic Velocityp. 28
Equations of Statep. 29
Theoretical Workp. 32
Intercoolingp. 44
Referencesp. 51
Bibliographyp. 51
Reciprocating Compressorsp. 52
Introductionp. 52
Piston Compressorsp. 53
Performancep. 58
Mechanical Designp. 71
Diaphragm Compressorsp. 96
Performancep. 97
Selection and Sizingp. 100
Referencesp. 122
Bibliographyp. 124
Rotary Compressorsp. 125
Common Featuresp. 125
Helical-Lobe Compressorsp. 127
Straight-Lobe Compressorsp. 156
Sliding-Vane Compressorsp. 159
Liquid Piston Compressorsp. 164
Referencesp. 165
Centrifugal Compressorsp. 166
Introductionp. 166
Performancep. 182
Mechanical Designp. 223
Shaft End Sealsp. 249
Referencesp. 260
Bibliographyp. 261
Axial Compressorsp. 262
Historical Backgroundp. 262
Performancep. 264
Mechanical Designp. 286
Referencesp. 294
Bibliographyp. 294
Driversp. 295
Introductionp. 295
Compressors and Motorsp. 307
Variable Frequency Drivesp. 317
Steam Turbinesp. 323
Gas Enginesp. 333
Gas Turbinesp. 334
Expansion Turbinesp. 338
Referencesp. 342
Bibliographyp. 343
Accessoriesp. 344
Introductionp. 344
Dry Gas Seal Systemsp. 367
Gearsp. 371
Couplingsp. 377
Instrumentationp. 386
Vibrationp. 395
Controlp. 402
Referencesp. 413
Bibliographyp. 413
Dynamicsp. 415
Introductionp. 415
Balancep. 416
Balance Methodsp. 421
Reciprocating Shaking Forcesp. 427
Rotary Shaking Forcesp. 432
Rotor Dynamicsp. 432
Referencesp. 451
Testingp. 453
Introductionp. 453
Operational Testsp. 457
Referencesp. 484
Bibliographyp. 485
Negotiation and Purchasingp. 487
Introductionp. 487
Preliminary Sizingp. 489
Inquiry Specificationsp. 490
Writing the Specificationp. 492
Bid/Quotationp. 504
Bid Evaluationp. 504
Pre-Award Meetingp. 505
Purchase Specificationp. 506
Award Contractp. 506
Coordination Meetingp. 506
Engineering Reviewsp. 507
Inspectionsp. 508
Testsp. 508
Shipmentp. 510
Site Arrivalp. 511
Installation and Startupp. 511
Successful Operationp. 513
Bibliographyp. 513
Reliability Issuesp. 515
General Overviewp. 515
The Installationp. 518
Compressorsp. 523
Driversp. 527
Applicationsp. 529
Operationsp. 532
System Componentsp. 535
Qualityp. 536
Referencesp. 543
Bibliographyp. 543
Appendix Ap. 545
Appendix Bp. 547
Appendix Cp. 582
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