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Computer Science : An Overview,9780201781304
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Computer Science : An Overview

by
Edition:
7th
ISBN13:

9780201781304

ISBN10:
0201781301
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
7/1/2002
Publisher(s):
Pearson College Div
List Price: $73.00
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Summary

Computer Science: An Overview truly lives up to its title, providing an introduction to the entire computer science discipline. This broad coverage, combined with clear explanations, has made it the leading textbook for the beadth-first/CS0 course. The text is unique in that it avoids presenting topics from the perspective of any particular programming language. Moreover, the text communicates the dynamics of computer science by presenting topics in a historical perspective in which past developments, the current state of the art, and directions of research are discussed. The result is a balanced, realistic picture of computer science, including such topics as programming languages, operating systems, algorithms, software engineering, networking, database design, artificial intelligence, and machine architecture. This seventh edition has been thoroughly updated to discuss important trends in such areas as networking and the Internet, software engineering, and artificial intelligence. Topics added include open-source development, associative memory, XML, and C#. Thought-provoking discussions of ethical and legal issues revolving around computing are integrated into each chapter rather than being presented as separate, isolated topics.

Table of Contents

Introduction
1(16)
The Study of Algorithms
2(3)
The Origins of Computing Machines
5(4)
The Science of Algorithms
9(1)
The Role of Abstraction
10(2)
Social Repercussions
12(5)
Social Issues
14(1)
Additional Reading
15(2)
PART ONE: MACHINE ARCHITECTURE 17(90)
Data Storage
19(54)
Bits and Their Storage
20(7)
Main Memory
27(3)
Mass Storage
30(6)
Representing Information as Bit Patterns
36(7)
The Binary System
43(3)
Storing Integers
46(6)
Storing Fractions
52(4)
Data Compression
56(5)
Communication Errors
61(12)
Chapter Review Problems
65(5)
Social Issues
70(1)
Additional Reading
71(2)
Data Manipulation
73(34)
Computer Architecture
74(2)
Machine Language
76(5)
Program Execution
81(7)
Arithmetic/Logic Instructions
88(4)
Communicating with Other Devices
92(5)
Other Architectures
97(10)
Chapter Review Problems
99(6)
Social Issues
105(1)
Additional Reading
106(1)
PART TWO: SOFTWARE 107(192)
Operating Systems and Networks
109(46)
The Evolution of Operating Systems
110(3)
Operating System Architecture
113(6)
Coordinating the Machine's Activities
119(4)
Handling Competition Among Processes
123(5)
Networks
128(8)
Network Protocols
136(8)
Security
144(11)
Chapter Review Problems
148(3)
Social Issues
151(2)
Additional Reading
153(2)
Algorithms
155(52)
The Concept of an Algorithm
156(3)
Algorithm Representation
159(7)
Algorithm Discovery
166(6)
Iterative Structures
172(9)
Recursive Structures
181(8)
Efficiency and Correctness
189(18)
Chapter Review Problems
198(5)
Social Issues
203(1)
Additional Reading
204(3)
Programming Languages
207(60)
Historical Perspective
208(9)
Traditional Programming Concepts
217(11)
Procedural Units
228(9)
Language Implementation
237(8)
Object-Oriented Programming
245(6)
Programming Concurrent Activities
251(3)
Declarative Programming
254(13)
Chapter Review Problems
259(4)
Social Issues
263(1)
Additional Reading
264(3)
Software Engineering
267(32)
The Software Engineering Discipline
268(2)
The Software Life Cycle
270(5)
Modularity
275(5)
Design Methodologies
280(4)
Tools of the Trade
284(4)
Testing
288(2)
Documentation
290(1)
Software Ownership and Liability
291(8)
Chapter Review Problems
294(3)
Social Issues
297(1)
Additional Reading
298(1)
PART THREE: DATA ORGANIZATION 299(104)
Data Structures
301(40)
Data Structure Basics
302(2)
Arrays
304(3)
Lists
307(4)
Stacks
311(3)
Queues
314(4)
Trees
318(9)
Customized Data Types
327(5)
Pointers in Machine Language
332(9)
Chapter Review Problems
334(5)
Social Issues
339(1)
Additional Reading
340(1)
File Structures
341(28)
The Role of the Operating System
342(2)
Sequential Files
344(9)
Indexing
353(4)
Hashing
357(12)
Chapter Review Problems
363(3)
Social Issues
366(2)
Additional Reading
368(1)
Database Structures
369(34)
General Issues
370(2)
The Layered Approach to Database Implementation
372(3)
The Relational Model
375(13)
Object-Oriented Databases
388(2)
Maintaining Database Integrity
390(4)
Social Impact of Database Technology
394(9)
Chapter Review Problems
397(3)
Social Issues
400(2)
Additional Reading
402(1)
PART FOUR: THE POTENTIAL OF MACHINES 403(94)
Artificial Intelligence
405(50)
Intelligence and Machines
406(3)
Understanding Images
409(3)
Reasoning
412(11)
Artificial Neural Networks
423(10)
Genetic Algorithms
433(3)
Other Areas of Research
436(8)
Considering the Consequences
444(11)
Chapter Review Problems
447(4)
Social Issues
451(1)
Additional Reading
452(3)
Theory of Computation
455(42)
Functions and Their Computation
456(2)
Turing Machines
458(4)
Universal Programming Languages
462(6)
A Noncomputable Function
468(5)
Complexity of Problems
473(8)
Public Key Cryptography
481(16)
Chapter Review Problems
489(4)
Social Issues
493(2)
Additional Reading
495(2)
Appendixes 497(66)
A ASCII
499(2)
B Circuits to Manipulate Two's Complement Representations
501(4)
C A Simple Machine Language
505(4)
D High-Level Language Program Examples
509(10)
E The Equivalence of Iterative and Recursive Structures
519(2)
F Answers to Questions/Exercises
521(42)
Index 563


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