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Computers in Your Future : Complete Edition,9780130354686
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Computers in Your Future : Complete Edition

by
ISBN13:

9780130354686

ISBN10:
0130354686
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2003
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall

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Summary

For courses in Computer Concepts, Introduction to Computers, Computer Literacy/MIS, CIS, Computer Science, Business. This introduction to computers is noted for its lucid explanations of computing concepts, practical applications of technology theory, and emphasis on the historical and societal impacts of technological innovations. It features integrated coverage of management information systems, networking, email, and the Internet.

Table of Contents

Becoming Fluent with Computers and the Internet
Introducing Computers and the Internet
2(1)
The Need for Computer Fluency
3(1)
What Is a Computer, Anyway?
4(8)
Understanding the Computer: Basic Definitions
4(2)
What Computers Can't Do (Yet)
6(1)
The Information Processing Cycle in Action: Batch vs. Interactive Processing
6(2)
So What?
8(4)
Computer Systems
12(1)
Introducing Hardware: The Computer's Physical Components
12(7)
Input: Getting Data into the Computer
13(1)
Processing: Transforming Data into Information
14(1)
Output: Displaying the Information
15(1)
Storage: Holding Programs and Data for Future Use
16(1)
Communications Devices
17(1)
Types of Computers
17(2)
Introducing Software: Telling the Computer What to Do
19(1)
Creating Software
19(1)
Using Software
19(1)
Types of Software
19(1)
System Software
19(1)
Operating System (OS)
19(1)
System Utilities
20(1)
Application Software
20(2)
Packaged vs. Custom Software
20(1)
Office Applications
21(1)
The Internet
22
Inside the System Unit
Describing Hardware Performance
2(1)
Bits and Bytes
2(1)
Thousands, Millions, and More
2(1)
Introducing the System Unit
3(3)
Inside the System Unit
4(2)
What's on the Motherboard?
6(11)
System Clock
6(1)
The Microprocessor
6(1)
Processor Slots and Sockets
6(1)
Instruction Set
7(1)
Control Unit
7(7)
Benchmarks
14(1)
Memory
14(2)
Chipset
16(1)
Input/Output (I/O) Buses
17(1)
What's on the Outside of the Box?
17(4)
Power Switch
17(1)
Connectors
17(4)
Front Panel
21(1)
How Computers Represent Data
21(1)
Digital vs. Analog Representation
21(1)
Numbering Systems
22(1)
Representing Numbers
22(1)
Representing Very Large and Very Small Numbers
23(1)
Representing Characters
23
Storing Data: Electronic Filing Cabinets
Memory vs. Storage
2(2)
Why Is Storage Necessary?
2(2)
Types of Storage Devices
4(2)
Read/Write Media vs. Read-Only Media
4(1)
Sequential vs. Random-Access Storage
4(1)
Storage Technologies: Magnetic and Optical
5(1)
The Storage Hierarchy
6(1)
Capacity of Storage Devices
6(1)
Speed of Storage Devices (Access Time)
7(1)
Floppy Disks and Floppy Disk Drives
7(5)
What Does ``Floppy'' Mean?
7(1)
Storage Capacities of Floppy Disks
8(1)
Protecting Your Data
9(1)
Floppy Disk Drives
9(1)
How Floppy Drives Work
9(2)
Formatting: Preparing Disks for Use
11(1)
Beyond the Floppy: High-Capacity Disks and Drives
11(1)
Hard Disks
12(5)
Why Are Hard Disks Needed?
12(1)
How Hard Disks Work
12(2)
Factors Affecting Hard Disk Performance
14(1)
Hard Disk Interfaces
14(1)
Disk Caches: Improving a Hard Disk's Performance
14(1)
Hard Disk Longevity
15(1)
RAID
15(1)
Removable Hard Disks
16(1)
Magnetic Tape: Still Useful
17(1)
CD-ROM Discs and Drives
17(2)
CD-R and CD-RW Discs and Recorders
18(1)
DVD-ROM Discs and Drives
19(1)
More Optical Storage Technologies
20(1)
Storage Horizons
20(1)
FMD-ROM
20(1)
Solid State Storage Devices
20(2)
Enterprise Storage Systems
22
Input and Output: Data In, Information Out
Buying and Upgrading Your Computer System
The Four Types of Input
2(18)
Input Devices: The Computer's ``Senses''
3(1)
Introducing Keyboards
3(1)
Using a Computer Keyboard
3(3)
Alternative Keyboards
6(1)
Entering International Characters
6(1)
Health Risks of Keyboard Use
6(1)
Speech Recognition
7(1)
Pointing Devices
8(3)
Types of Mice
11(1)
Health Risks of Mouse Usage
11(1)
More Ways to Control the Computer
12(1)
More Ways to Get Data Into the Computer
13(4)
Input Devices in Business, Industry, and Science
17(3)
Understanding Output: Making Data Meaningful
20(1)
Output Devices: Engaging Our Senses
21(5)
Visual Display Systems
21(4)
Data Projectors
25(1)
Printers
26(1)
Impact Printers
26(1)
Nonimpact Printers
26(2)
Plotters
28(1)
Fax Output
28(1)
Audio Output: Sound Cards and Speakers
28(1)
Tactile Feedback
28
System Software: Keeping the Computer Running Smoothly
Operating System (OS): The Computer's Traffic Cop
2(9)
Starting the Computer
3(2)
Managing Programs
5(1)
Managing Memory
6(1)
Handling Input and Output
7(1)
User Interface
7(4)
Exploring Popular Operating Systems: A Guided Tour
11(7)
UNIX
11(1)
Xerox PARC and the First GUI
11(1)
MS-DOS
12(1)
Mac OS
12(1)
Microsoft Windows 3.x
12(1)
Microsoft Windows 95 and 98
13(1)
Microsoft Windows CE
14(1)
Microsoft Windows NT
14(1)
Microsoft Windows 2000
14(1)
Microsoft Windows ME
15(1)
Microsoft Windows XP
15(1)
Linux
16(2)
System Utilities: Tools for Housekeeping
18(1)
File Management
18(1)
File Finders
19(1)
Backup Utilities
20(1)
Antivirus Software
20(1)
File Compression Utilities
21(1)
Disk Scanning Utilities
21(1)
File Defragmentation Programs
21
Application Software: Essentials for Knowledge Workers
Multimedia and Virtual Reality
Horizontal versus Vertical Applications
2(1)
Types of Application Software
3(1)
System Requirements
3(1)
Commercial Programs, Shareware, and Freeware
4(1)
Software Licenses
5(2)
Distribution Methods
7(1)
Documentation
7(1)
Software Versions
7(1)
Installation
8(1)
Registration
8(1)
Visual Metaphors: Working in Familiar Ways
8(2)
Integrated Programs and Suites: The All-in-One Approach
10(1)
Using Application Software
11(6)
Installing Applications
12(1)
Launching Applications
12(1)
Understanding the Application's Window
12(2)
Getting Help
14(1)
Understanding Menus
14(1)
Choosing Preferences
15(1)
Using Popup Menus
15(1)
Using Wizards
15(1)
Creating New Documents
16(1)
Open an Existing Document
16(1)
Saving Your Work
16(1)
Exiting the Application
16(1)
Shutting Down Your System
17(1)
Web Integration: A New Way to Get the Word Out
17
The Internet: The Network of Networks
Using E-mail
Introducing the Internet: The Network of Networks
2(6)
A Galactic Network
4(1)
Interoperability
4(1)
Leave the Lower Layers to the LANs and WANs
5(1)
The Internet versus Online Services
5(1)
The Internet's History
6(2)
Internet Software: Clients and Servers
8(2)
Exploring Internet Services
10(6)
Electronic Mail (E-mail): Staying in Touch
10(1)
The World Wide Web (WWW): Accessing Information
10(1)
FTP: Transferring Files
11(2)
Usenet: Joining Online Discussions
13(1)
IRC: Text Chatting in Real Time
14(1)
Instant Messaging
15(1)
Internet Telephony: Real-Time Voice and Video
15(1)
How the Internet Works: A Geography of Cyberspace
16(4)
Configuring your Computer for Internet Access
16(1)
Accessing the Internet
17(1)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs)
17(1)
Backbones
18(1)
The Internet Protocols (TCP/IP)
18(1)
The Domain Name System
19(1)
Intranets: Using TCP/IP Inside the Enterprise
20(1)
The Future of the Internet
20(1)
More Internet Addresses
20(1)
More Bandwidth
21
The World Wide Web and E-Commerce
Creating a Web Page
Welcome to the Web
2(5)
The Hypertext Concept
2(1)
Web Browsers and Web Servers
3(2)
Web Addresses (URLs)
5(1)
Web Protocols
6(1)
Web Page Design Tools
6(1)
Browsing the Web
7(4)
Exploring Your Browser's Window
7(1)
Default Start Page
7(1)
Accessing Web Pages
7(2)
Using the Back and Forward Buttons
9(1)
Using Navigation Aids
9(1)
History List
10(1)
Favorites and Bookmarks
10(1)
Finding Information on the Web
11(2)
Understanding Information Discovery Tools
11(1)
Subject Guides
11(1)
Search Engines
12(1)
Search Techniques
13(1)
Inclusion and Exclusion
13(1)
Wildcards
14(1)
Phrase and Boolean Searches
14(1)
Evaluating the Information You've Found
14(3)
Rules for Critically Evaluating Web Pages
15(1)
Locating Material in Published Works
15(1)
Authoritative Sources Online
15(2)
Electronic Commerce
17(1)
Business-to-Business E-Commerce
18(1)
Online Shopping
18(3)
Secure Electronic Transactions (SET)
21(1)
Online Banking
21(1)
Online Stock Trading
22
Telecommunications: Exchanging Data Via the Telephone System
Understanding the Telephone System
2(6)
Quality of Service
2(1)
Local Exchange Carriers (LECs)
2(1)
Long-Distance Transmission Media
3(1)
Standards and Regulations
4(2)
More Ways to Access the System
6(2)
The PSTN in Perspective
8(1)
Modems: From Digital to Analog and Back
8(2)
How Modems Work
8(1)
Asynchronous Communication
8(1)
Modulation Protocols
8(1)
Fax
9(1)
Digital Telephony: Living with Twisted Pair
10(2)
Bandwidth
10(1)
Last Mile Technologies
11(1)
Alternatives to Digital Telephony
12(3)
Direct Broadcast Satellite (DBS)
13(1)
Cable Modems
13(1)
Electrical Power Systems
13(2)
Convergence: Is It a Phone or a Computer?
15(1)
The Everything PC
15(1)
TV Internet Set-Tops
16(1)
Personal Communication Service (PCS)
16(1)
Internet Telephony
16(1)
Internet Faxing
17
Networks: Superhighways for Digital Information
Introducing Computer Networks: Synergy at Work
2(2)
What Is a Computer Network?
2(1)
Types of Computer Networks: LANs and WANs
3(1)
Networking Synergies in a Nutshell
3(1)
Network Fundamentals
4(3)
Physical Media
4(1)
Switching and Routing Techniques
4(1)
Protocols
5(1)
Network Layers
6(1)
Local Area Networks (LANs): Limited Reach, Fast Connections
7(4)
Networking Hardware: Network Interface Cards (NICs)
8(1)
Networking Software
8(1)
Media
8(1)
LAN Topologies
9(1)
LAN Technologies
10(1)
LAN Protocols
10(1)
Wide Area Networks (WANs): Long-Haul Carriers
11(2)
How WANs Work
13(1)
How WANs Are Organized
13(1)
WAN Protocols
14(1)
WAN Applications
14
Privacy and Encryption
Privacy vs. Encryption
2(1)
Privacy in Cyberspace
2(2)
The Problem: Collection of Information Without Consent
3(1)
The Internet Factor
4(1)
Protecting Privacy: Basic Principles
4(1)
Anonymity
4(1)
How Is Technology Eroding Privacy and Anonymity?
5(2)
Cookies
5(1)
Global Unique Identifiers (GUIDs)
6(1)
Is Self-Regulation Sufficient?
7(1)
Privacy at Work
8(1)
Protecting Your Privacy Online
9(1)
The Encryption Debate
9(1)
Encryption Basics
9(1)
The Problem of Key Interception
10(1)
Public Key Encryption
11(1)
Key Length
11(1)
Public Key Encryption Algorithms
12(1)
Digital Signatures and Certificates
12(1)
Toward a Public Key Infrastructure (PKI)
13(1)
Public Security Issues of Strong Encryption
13(3)
Export Restrictions
16(1)
The Academic Angle
16(1)
The Global Dimension
16
Computer Crime and Security
Ethics: Doing the Right Thing
Scope of the Problem
2(1)
Computer Crime and Cybercrime: Tools and Techniques
2(5)
Tricks for Obtaining Passwords
2(2)
Salami Shaving and Data Diddling
4(1)
Forgery
4(1)
Security Loophole Detection Programs
4(1)
Computer Viruses
4(2)
More Rogue Programs
6(1)
Meet the Attackers
7(4)
Crackers, Cyber Gangs, and Virus Authors
7(1)
Disgruntled Employees
8(1)
Spies
8(1)
Swindlers
9(1)
Shills
9(1)
Cyberstalkers and Sexual Predators
9(1)
Information Warfare
10(1)
What's at Stake?
11(1)
Consumption of Staff Time
11(1)
Downtime
11(1)
Fraud and Theft
11(1)
Adverse Publicity
11(1)
Vandalism
12(1)
Character Assassination
12(1)
Loss of Privacy
12(1)
Risks to Public Safety
12(1)
Denial of Service
12(1)
Playing it Safe
12(1)
Protecting Computers from Power-Related Problems
13(1)
Controlling Access
13(1)
Using Firewalls
14(1)
Using Encryption
14(2)
Using Antivirus Programs
16(1)
Backing Up Data
16(1)
Avoiding Scams
16(1)
Preventing Cyberstalkers
17
Databases and Information Systems
Database Concepts: The Essentials
2(1)
The Hierarchy of Data
2(1)
Introducing Database Management Systems (DBMS)
3(1)
Data Integrity
4(1)
Data Independence
4(1)
Avoidance of Data Redundancy
4(1)
Data Security
4(1)
Data Maintenance
4(1)
Types of Database Programs
4(2)
File Management Programs
4(1)
Database Management Systems
5(1)
Data Warehousing and Data Mining
6(1)
Client/Server Database Systems
6(1)
The Internet Connection: Going Public with Data
7(1)
Information Systems: Tools for Global Competitiveness
8(1)
Computerized Information Systems (CIS): Serving an Organization's Needs
8(1)
Understanding Complex Organizations: The Power Pyramid
9(1)
Functional Divisions of an Organization
9(1)
Chain of Command
10(2)
Characteristics of Valuable Information
12(1)
Techniques of Information Reduction
12(1)
Information Systems in Organizations: A Survey
12(4)
Transaction Processing System (TPS)
13(1)
Management Information System (MIS)
13(1)
Decision Support System (DSS)
13(1)
Executive Information System (EIS)
13(1)
Expert System
14(1)
Knowledge Management System
15(1)
Computer-Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW)
15(1)
Workflow Automation
15(1)
Business Process Reengineering (BPR)
16(1)
Computers in the Retail Sector
16(1)
At the Checkout Stand
16
Systems Analysis and Design
Systems Analysts: Communication Counts
2(1)
The Systems Development Life Cycle (SDLC): A Problem Solving Approach
3(2)
The Five Phases of SDLC
3(1)
Avoiding Mistakes
3(1)
Waterfall Model
4(1)
Phase 1: Identifying the Problem and Opportunities
5(3)
Recognizing the Need for the System
5(1)
Defining the Problem
5(1)
Identifying Opportunities
6(1)
Developing a Plan
6(1)
Determining Feasibility
6(2)
Preparing the Project Proposal
8(1)
Phase 2: Analyzing and Documenting the Existing Information System
8(1)
Analyzing the Existing System
8(1)
Determining the New System's Requirements
8(1)
Phase 3: Designing the System
8(2)
Phase 4: Implementing the System
10(1)
Deciding to Build or Buy
10(1)
Developing the Software
11(1)
Testing
11(1)
Training
11(1)
Converting Systems
11(1)
Phase 5: Supporting the System
11
Programming Languages and Program Development
First-Generation Languages: 1s and Os
2(1)
Second-Generation Languages: A Little Easier
2(1)
Third-Generation Languages: Programming Comes of Age
3(2)
Compilers and Interpreters
3(1)
Spaghetti Code and the Great Software Crisis
4(1)
Structured Programming Languages
4(1)
Modular Programming Languages
4(1)
Fourth-Generation Languages: Getting Away From Procedure
5(1)
Object-Oriented Programming: A Revolution in the Making?
5(2)
Eliminating the Program versus Data Distinction
5(1)
What Is an Object?
6(1)
Classes
6(1)
Inheritance
6(1)
Rapid Application Development (RAD)
7(1)
Middleware (Objects across the Enterprise)
7(1)
A Guide to Programming Languages: One Size Doesn't Fit All
7(4)
COBOL and Fortran: For Some People, Retro Rules!
7(1)
Structured and Modular Languages
8(2)
Object-Oriented (OO) Languages
10(1)
Introducing the Program Development Life Cycle (PDLC)
11(2)
Phase 1: Defining the Problem
13(1)
Phase 2: Designing the Program
13(4)
Phase 3: Coding the Program
17(1)
Phase 4: Testing and Debugging the Program
17(1)
Phase 5: Formalizing the Solution
17(1)
Phase 6: Implementing and Maintaining the Program
17
Careers and Certification
Emerging Technologies
Traditional Information Technology (IT) Career Paths
3(4)
Training for Traditional IT Careers
4(1)
Traditional Methods of Continuing Education
5(2)
New Information Technology (IT) Career Paths
7(3)
Sought-After Business Skills
7(1)
Sought-After Technology Skills
8(2)
New Technologies, New Jobs
10(2)
Certification
10(2)
The Effect of Computers on Overall Employment
12


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