9780534585310

Conduct and Character Readings in Moral Theory

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780534585310

  • ISBN10:

    0534585310

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 5/30/2002
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing
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Summary

What makes one person full of integrity and another a scoundrel? CONDUCT AND CHARACTER: READINGS IN MORAL THEORY uses fascinating and easy-to-follow selections from the world's best philosophers to present basic ethical theory in a way you can understand. And because it has writings from both sides of an issue, you'll get the whole story.

Author Biography

Mark Timmons is professor of philosophy at The University of Memphis.

Table of Contents

Preface
1. INTRODUCTION TO MORAL THEORY: THE NATURE AND EVALUATION OF MORAL THEORIES
Basic moral concepts
The aims of moral theory
The role of principles in moral theory
The structure of a moral theory
How to evaluate a moral theory
2. EGOISM
Plato: The Myth of Gyges
Ayn Rand: The Virtue of Selfishness
James Rachels: Egoism and Moral Skepticism
Peter Singer: Egoism, Altruism, and Sociobiology
3. ETHICS BY AUTHORITY: THE DIVINE COMMAND THEORY AND RELATIVISM
Robert C
Mortimer: Morality is Based on God's Commands
Mark Timmons: Does Morality Depend on God's Commands? Ruth Benedict: A Defense of Ethical Relativism
James Rachels: The Challenge of Cultural Relativism
4. THE NATURAL LAW THEORY
St
Thomas Aquinas: Treatise on Law
C
E
Harris: The Ethics of Natural Law
Philippa Foot: The Doctrine of Double Effect
Emmett Barcalow: Problems for Natural Law Theory
5. UTILITARIANISM
Jeremy Bentham: The Principle of Utility
J
S
Mill: In Defense of Utilitarianism
Kai Nielsen: Against Moral Conservatism
John Rawls: Two Concepts of Rules
J
L
Mackie: The Ethics of Fantasy
6. KANTIAN ETHICAL THEORY
Immanuel Kant: The Moral Law and Autonomy of the Will
Robert L
Holmes: Kantianism
Onora O'Neill: Kant on Treating People as Ends in Themselves
Fred Feldman: On Treating People as Ends in Themselves: A Critique of Kant
7. VIRTUE ETHICS
Aristotle: Virtue and Character
Rosalind Hursthouse: Normative Virtue Ethics
Michael Slote: Agent-Based Virtue Ethics
Thomas Hurka: Against Virtue Ethics
8. THE ETHICS OF CARE
Carol Gilligan: Moral Orientation and Moral Development
Viginia Held: Feminist Ethical Theory
Nel Noddings: An Ethic of Caring
Claudia Card: Caring and Evil
9. PLURALISM AND PARTICULARISM
Jean-Paul Sartre: Moral Choice Without Principles
W
D
Ross: What Makes Right Acts Right? David McNaughton: Principles or Particularism? Brad Hooker: Moral Particularism: Wrong and Bad

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