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In Conflict and Order : Understanding Society

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Allyn & Bacon
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This introductory text, written from a conflict perspective, emphasizes four themes: diversity, the struggle by the powerless to achieve social justice, the changing economy, and globalization. "In Conflict and Order" studies the forces that lead to both stability and change in society. Who benefits from the existing social arrangements, and who does not? How are human beings shaped by society? What are the forces that maintain social stability, produce social inequality, and resist social change? Eitzen and Baca Zinn challenge you to question your own taken-for-granted assumptions about society, look for the structural causes of social conditions, and ask how society can be restructured along more humane lines.

Table of Contents



1. The Sociological Perspective.
Assumptions of the Sociological Perspective.
Problems with the Sociological Perspective.
The Historical Development of Sociology.
Sociological Methods: The Craft of Sociology.
A CLOSER LOOK: Sociological Questions.
RESEARCH METHODS: Minimizing Bias.

2. The Structure of Social Groups.
The Micro Level.
A CLOSER LOOK: The Effects of the New Technology on Social Interaction.
The Societal or Macro Level.
DIVERSITY: The Societal Reaction to Gay Marriages.

3. The Duality of Social Life: Order and Conflict.
Social Systems: Order and Conflict.
RESEARCH METHODS: Social Scientists and Values.
Synthesis of the Order and Conflict Models.
A CLOSER LOOK: The Fragmentation of U. S. Society.
A CLOSER LOOK: Division and Violence in India.
The Use of the Order and Conflict Models in This Book.


4. Culture.
Culture: The Knowledge That People Share.
A CLOSER LOOK: Is the United States Culturally Superior?
A CLOSER LOOK: Cultural Time.
The Globalization of Culture.
GLOBALIZATION: The Increasing Domination of the English Language. Worldwide. Values.
A CLOSER LOOK: The Negative Consequences of Overemphasizing Competition in Sport.
RESEARCH METHODS: Participant Observation.
Values from the Order and Conflict Perspectives.

5. Socialization.
The Personality as a Social Product.
A CLOSER LOOK: Learning to Hate.
A CLOSER LOOK: What Is the Impact of Violence in the Media on Youth?
Similarities and Differences Among the Members of Society.

6. Social Control.
Agents of Ideological Social Control.
DIVERSITY: The Amish and Social Control.
Agents of Direct Social Control.
A CLOSER LOOK: Government Control in Singapore.
Social Control in the Private Sector: Implications for Contemporary Social Life.
A CLOSER LOOK: The Internet and the Shrinking Zone of Privacy.
Social Control from the Order and Conflict Perspectives.

7. Deviance.
Traditional Theories for the Causes of Deviance.
Society as the Source of Deviance.
DIVERSITY: The Criminal Justice System: Unreasonable Stops and Searches by Race.
HUMAN AGENCY: The Gay Rights Movement.
A CLOSER LOOK: Corporate Perjury and Obstruction of Justice.
Deviance from the Order and Conflict Perspectives.


8. Structural Sources of Societal Change: Economic and Demographic.
Globalization and the Structural Transformation of the Economy.
GLOBALIZATION: Globalization, the Boeing Company and Its U.S. Workers.
A CLOSER LOOK: Technological Change and Changing Jobs.
The New Immigration and the Changing Racial Landscape.
DIVERSITY: Newcomers Bring Diversity, But Fuel Fears.
HUMAN AGENCY: Immigrants Fight Back through Workers Centers.
The Aging Society.

9. Social Stratification.
A CLOSER LOOK: The Caste System in India.
GLOBALIZATION: Inequality Among Nations.
Major Concepts.
Theories of Stratification.
Deficiency Theories.
RESEARCH METHODS: How Science Is Affected by the Political Climate.
Structural Theories.
DIVERSITY: Who Benefits from Poverty?

10. Class.
Dimensions of Inequality.
Social Classes.
The Consequences of Social Class Positions.
Social Mobility.
Poverty in the United States.
HUMAN AGENCY: Coping Strategies among the Poor.
Myths about Poverty.
A CLOSER LOOK: The New Welfare Policy: A Critique.

11. Racial Inequality.
Racial and Ethnic Minorities.
DIVERSITY: Who Marked More Than One Race in the 2000 Census?
A CLOSER LOOK: Why Whiteness Studies, Why Now?
Explanations of Racial and Ethnic Inequality.
Racial Stratification from the Order and Conflict Perspectives.
Discrimination against Blacks and Hispanics: Continuity and Change.
HUMAN AGENCY: ERASE—A Model for School Reform.
Contemporary Trends and Issues in U.S. Racial and Ethnic Relations.
GLOBALIZATION: The Internationalization of Racist Music.

12. Gender Inequality.
DIVERSITY: Is a Gender-Free World Possible?
Women and Men are Differentiated and Ranked.
Gender Stratification from the Order and Conflict Perspectives.
Learning Gender.
A CLOSER LOOK: Where Are the Girls.Com?
Reinforcing Male Dominance.
Structured Gender Inequality.
GLOBALIZATION: Globalization and Women in the Sex Industry.
The Costs and Consequences of Sexism.
Fighting the System.


13. The Economy.
Capitalism and Socialism.
The Corporation-Dominated Economy.
Capitalism and Inequality.
Work in U.S. Society.
HUMAN AGENCY: Sweatshop Workers Organize and Win.
Capitalism in Crisis.
A CLOSER LOOK: Titans of the Enron Economy.
Declining Wages, Jobs, Consumerism, and Profits.

14. Power and Politics.
Models of the National Power Structure.
A CLOSER LOOK: Structural Barriers to Democracy.
A CLOSER LOOK: Is the United States a Plutocracy? Some Warnings.
The Consequences of Concentrated Power.
HUMAN AGENCY: The Use of the Courts to Achieve Racial Equality.
The Order and Conflict Perspectives on the Distribution of Power. @CHAPTER = 15. Families
The Mythical Family in the United States.
Families in Contemporary U.S. Society.
Changing Family Roles.
A CLOSER LOOK: Welfare Reform, Work, and Families.
RESEARCH METHODS: Researching Families.
Violence in Families.
The Modern Family from the Order and Conflict Perspectives.
Families of the Future.
DIVERSITY: Why Family Issues Matter for Lesbians and Gays.

16. Education.
The Characteristics of U.S. Education.
DIVERSITY: Cooling Out the Failures.
Education and Inequality.
DIVERSITY: Standardize Funding and Teachers before Standardizing Tests.
Education from the Order and Conflict Perspectives.

17. Religion.
GLOBALIZATION: The Global Reach of the World's Major Religions.
A CLOSER LOOK: Holy Tortilla.
Classical Sociology's Differing Interpretations of Religion.
Some Distinctive Features of U.S. Religion.
DIVERSITY: Islam in the United States.
A CLOSER LOOK: The Heaven's Gate Cult.
Class, Race, Gender, Sexuality, and Religion.
DIVERSITY: Religion and Patriarchy.
Religious Trends.
Contemporary Christianity and Politics.
Religion from the Order and the Conflict Perspectives.


18. Human Agency: Individuals and Groups in Society.
Changing Social Structures.
The Sociological Paradox: Social Structure and Agency.
Social Movements.
A CLOSER LOOK: Winning Civil Rights for People with Disabilities. @AHEADS = GLOBALIZATION: Students Against Sweatshops.
Agency: Social Change from the Bottom Up.




Name Index.

Subject Index.

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