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L. Scott Mills is a Professor in the Wildlife Biology Program at The University of Montana. He was a 2009 John Simon Guggenheim Fellow, has received multiple NSF Awards, served on the Board of Governors for the North American Section of the Society for Conservation Biology, and has testified to Congress about the role of ethics in wildlife population biology research. Mills was an invited contributor to the 2007 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Report (IPCC) report, and to the Western Governors’ Association Climate Change Working Group. His research and teaching integrates field studies with population models and genetic analyses to understand effects of human perturbations on wildlife populations. Mills’ research on wildlife around the world – from snowshoe hares to marmots, mice to coyotes, bighorn sheep to snow leopards and tigers - has been covered in media outlets including Newsweek, National Geographic, The New York Times, Discovery Channel Canada, Science News, National Public Radio, Nature, Science, and The Nature of Things with David Suzuki.
Table of Contents
List of boxes, ix
Preface to second edition, xi
Preface to first edition, xii
List of symbols, xiv
Acknowledgments for second edition, xv
Acknowledgments for first edition, xvi
PART I BACKGROUND TO APPLIED POPULATION BIOLOGY, 1
1 The big picture: human population dynamics meet applied population biology, 3
2 Designing studies and interpreting population biology data: how do we know what we know?, 14
3 Genetic concepts and tools to support wildlife population biology, 33
4 Estimating population vital rates, 54
PART II POPULATION PROCESSES: THE BASIS FOR MANAGEMENT, 77
5 The simplest way to describe and project population growth: exponential or geometric
6 All stage classes are not equal in their effects on population growth: structured
population-projection models, 98
7 Density-dependent population change, 126
8 Predation and wildlife populations, 142
9 Genetic variation and fi tness in wildlife populations, 154
10 Dynamics of multiple populations, 175
PART III APPLYING KNOWLEDGE OF POPULATION PROCESSES TO PROBLEMS OF DECLINING, SMALL, OR HARVESTABLE POPULATIONS, 199
11 Human-caused stressors: deterministic factors affecting populations, 201
12 Predicting the dynamics of small and declining populations, 224
13 Focal species to bridge from populations to ecosystems, 244
14 Population biology to guide sustainable harvest, 251
Further Reading, 267
Colour Plates fall between page 160 and 16