9780205539369

Consider Ethics : Theory, Readings, and Contemporary Issues

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780205539369

  • ISBN10:

    020553936X

  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1/1/2008
  • Publisher: Longman
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Summary

Offering a balance of theory and applications and a mix of text and readings,Consider Ethicsbegins with chapters covering ethical theory, each of which is followed by related, classical readings. The book concludes with an examination of six contemporary ethicalissuespresented in a pro/con format, including introductory material placing each issue and the arguments in context.

Table of Contents

Thinking About Ethics
Ethics and Critical Thinking
Studying Ethics
God's Commandments and Ethics
Religion and Ethics
Reading: Plato, Euthyphro
Exercises
Ethics and Reason
Reasoning about Ethics
Elements of Kantian Ethics
Criticisms of Kantian Ethics
Conclusion
Reading: Kant, Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of Morals
Exercises
Ethics and Emotions
Follow Your Reason or Follow Your Heart?
Objective and Subjective Feelings
Intuitionism
Conclusion
Reading: Hume, A Treatise of Human Nature
Exercises
Utilitarian Ethics
Utilitarian Theory
Act- vs. Rule-Utilitarians
Utiliatarians and the Quality of Pleasures
Criticisms of Utilitarian Ethics
Nozicks Challenge to Utilitarian Ethics The Uses of Utilitarian Ethics
Opposition to Utilitarianism
Reading: Bentham, An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation
Reading: Mill, What Utilitarianism Is
Exercises
Social Contract Ethics
Framing the Social Contract
Fairness and Social Contract Theory: John Rawls
Gauthier's Contractarian Ethics
The Social Contract Myth and its Underlying Assumptions
Conclusion
Reading: Hobbes, Leviathan
Exercises
Egoism, Relativism, and Pragmatism
Egoism
Relativism
Pragmatism
Readings: Rorty, Philosophy and Social Hope
Exercises
Virtue Ethics
The Distinctive Focus of Virtue Ethics
The Strengths of Virtue Ethics
Criticisms of Virtue Theory
Virtue Theory and Medicine
Reading: Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics
Exercises
Care Ethics
The Neglect of Women's Ethical Views
The Care Perspectives on Ethics
Women and Ethics
Reading: Baier, The Need for More than Justice
Exercises
The Scope of Mortality
Who is Due Moral Consideration? Moral Agents
Darwin and the Moral Status of Nonhuman Animals
Reading: Darwin, The Descent of Man
Reading: Frans de Waal, Primates and Philosophers
Exercises
Ethical NonObjectivism
The Nature of Ethical Nonobjectivism
Arguments for Ethical Nonobjectivism
The Continuing Struggle Between Objectivists and Nonobjectivists
Reading: Ayer, Language, Truth, and Logic
Exercises
Moral Realism
Contemporary Moral Realism
Moral Realism and the Argument from Simplicity
Moral Facts and Scientific Revolutions
Two Ways that Moral Realism Might Fail
Reading: Smith, Realism
Exercises
How Hard is Ethics?
The Demands of Ethical Living
Comparing Ethical Systems on the Basis of Difficulty
Duty and Feelings
Reading: Mencius, Book of Mencius
Exercises
Free Will
Determinism
Fatalism
Determinism and Free Will
Libertarian Free Will and the Rejection of Determinism
Reading: Wolf, Asymmetrical Freedom
Exercises
Freedom, Moral Responsibility, and Ethics
Types of Responsibility
Moral Responsibility and the Utility of Punishment
Conditions for Moral Responsibility
Moral Responsibility and Ethics
Conclusion
Reading: Nagel, Moral Luck
Exercises
The Death Penalty
The Death Penalty Should Be Abolished
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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