9780226301617

Console and Classify: The French Psychiatric Profession in the Nineteenth Century : With a New Afterword

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780226301617

  • ISBN10:

    0226301613

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2002-02-01
  • Publisher: UNIV OF CHICAGO PRESS
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Summary

Since its publication in 1989,Console and Classifyhas become a classic work in the history of science and in French intellectual history. Now with a new afterword, this much-cited and much-discussed book gives readers the chance to revisit the rise of psychiatry in nineteenth-century France, the shape it took and why, and its importance both then and in contemporary society.

Author Biography

Jan Goldstein is a professor of modern European history and a member of the Committee on Conceptual and Historical Studies of Science at the University of Chicago. Her other books include Foucault and the Writing of History and two volumes of the Chicago Readings in Western Civilization.

Table of Contents

List of illustrations
x
Acknowledgments xi
List of abbreviations
xiii
Introduction 1(7)
``Profession'' in context
8(33)
The corporate model
15(5)
The statist model
20(8)
The laissez-faire model
28(7)
Redefinition
35(6)
Toward psychiatry
41(23)
The bureaucracy: health police of the insane
41(8)
General medical theory: medicine as ``anthropology''
49(6)
Specialization
55(9)
The transformation of charlatanism, or the moral treatment
64(56)
Philippe Pinel: a medical career in political context
67(5)
Pinel and the ``concierges'': the origins of the moral treatment
72(8)
What was the moral treatment?
80(9)
``Scientizing'' the treatment
89(16)
A therapy for the Revolution
105(12)
Healthy sentimentality
117(3)
The politics of patronage
120(32)
The Pinel circle
122(6)
The Esquirol circle
128(19)
The dynamics of recruitment: specialization and the ``doctor glut''
147(5)
Monomania
152(45)
The initial definition of the disease
155(3)
Professional ramifications (I): charting ``mental tendencies''
158(4)
Professional ramifications (II): the emergence of forensic psychiatry
162(4)
A boundary dispute with the legal profession
166(3)
The elusive insanity: its partisans and its varieties
169(10)
The politicization of the monomania doctrine
179(5)
The medical defense of monomania and the self-defense of psychiatric specialization
184(5)
The decline of monomania
189(8)
Religious roots and rivals
197(43)
A religious mission to the insane
197(3)
The moral treatment as religious consolation
200(10)
The anticlerical current in early medecine mentale
210(15)
The collaborative possibility
225(15)
Choosing philosophical sides
240(36)
The philosophical choice
242(3)
Medecine mentale and ``physiology''
245(12)
The inroads of spiritualism
257(6)
Practical implications of philosophical positions
263(10)
Some comparative remarks
273(3)
The Law of 1838 and the asylum system
276(46)
Lunacy legislation and the constitutional monarchy
277(8)
The obstacle of interdiction and the theory of isolation
285(7)
The government's bill: an exercise in ``political medicine''
292(5)
The establishment of a nationwide asylum system
297(10)
Assessing the clerical ``threat''
307(15)
Hysteria, anticlerical politics, and the view beyond the asylum
322(56)
The hysteria diagnosis and the epidemiology of hysteria
323(8)
The appropriation of the demi-fou
331(8)
A profession's progress, 1838--1876
339(12)
Shifting political configurations, 1838--1876
351(10)
The anticlerical partnership
361(17)
Conclusion 378(7)
Appendix 385(6)
Bibliographic note 391(7)
Afterword 398(18)
Index 416

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