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The Contemporary American President,9780136018827
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The Contemporary American President

by
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780136018827

ISBN10:
0136018823
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
3/5/2012
Publisher(s):
Pearson

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Summary

Debuting in its first edition , The Contemporary American Presidentexplores the potential and limitations of presidential influence in times of rising public expectation for the office and the declining ability of presidents to meet it. It focuses on six major areas concerning the presidency- selection, power, accountability, decision making, personality, and leadership -and offers an appreciation of the challenges of the office as the institution attempts to function in an increasingly controversial political environment.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
The Concerns of This Bookp. x
Difficulties in Studying the Presidencyp. xi
Notesp. xiii
Acknowledgmentsp. xvi
The Selection Processp. 1
Presidential Selection: A Historical Overviewp. 1
The Nominating Functionp. 3
Who Contends? Who Is Nominated?p. 7
Legal Criteriap. 7
Informal Criteriap. 7
Criticisms of the Presidential Nominating Processp. 16
The Problem of Lengthp. 16
Frontloading and the Rush to Judgmentp. 19
The Problem of Quality Controlp. 22
Proposals for Changep. 24
Primary/Caucus Clusteringsp. 24
National Primaryp. 25
Party Elite Selectionp. 26
The General Election and the Electoral College Filterp. 27
Conclusionp. 29
Notesp. 31
The President and Foreign Affairsp. 35
Some General Considerations: The Two Presidenciesp. 35
The War-Making Powerp. 41
The Intent of the Foundersp. 41
Presidential Warp. 43
Congress Reacts: The War Powers Resolutionp. 49
The War Powers Resolution in Actionp. 50
Treaties and Executive Agreementsp. 60
Executive Agreementsp. 64
Congress Reacts: The Case Act (1972)p. 66
The CIA and Foreign Policyp. 67
Foreign Aid and Tradep. 73
The Swing of the Pendulump. 79
Notesp. 82
The President and Congressp. 89
The President and Congress: A Strained Relationshipp. 90
Separation of Powersp. 90
Structure of Congressp. 91
Different Constituenciesp. 91
Erosion of Supportp. 92
Lessening or Worsening the Antagonism: Intervening Factorsp. 93
Nature of the Timesp. 93
Public Prestigep. 94
Legislative Leadership Stylep. 96
Party Controlp. 105
The Ascendancy of the President as Legislatorp. 107
Congressional Reassertionp. 110
Tools and Tactics of Presidential Persuasionp. 117
Status Conferralp. 118
Legislative Assistancep. 118
Programs, Projects, and Patronagep. 119
Campaign Assistancep. 121
Appeal to the Publicp. 121
The Veto Powerp. 122
The Quest for Information: The President, Congress, and Executive Privilegep. 127
The Ultimate Confrontation: Impeachmentp. 134
The Impeachment Processp. 134
Impeachable Offensesp. 135
The Impeachment Instrument: An Assessmentp. 138
Conclusion: The Politics of Deadlockp. 142
Proposals for Changep. 145
Notesp. 146
President, Public, and Pressp. 155
Public Attitudes toward the Office: Pre-Watergatep. 156
The Importance of the Officep. 156
The Office as an Object of Trust and Respectp. 157
Attitudes about the Power of the Presidencyp. 161
The Public's Attitudes toward the Individualp. 163
The Inevitable Decline in Supportp. 163
The Interplay of Public Attitudes toward the Individual and the Office: The Case of Watergatep. 179
Presidential Efforts to Influence Public Opinionp. 184
The Media as Facilitators of Presidential Influencep. 185
The Media as Complicators of Presidential Influencep. 194
An Antipresidency Biasp. 204
Possible Consequences of Media Negativismp. 207
Presidential Responsesp. 209
Conclusionp. 211
Notesp. 211
The President and the Bureaucracyp. 219
The Power of Appointmentp. 221
Kinds of Choicesp. 221
Number of Choicesp. 223
Federal Regulatory Agenciesp. 226
Political Appointees: The Problem of "Going Native,"p. 227
Political Appointees: The Problem of Getting Them in Placep. 231
Reorganizationp. 233
On the Need to Reorganizep. 234
Difficulties of Reorganizationp. 235
Central Clearancep. 241
The End Runp. 242
Other Limitations on Presidential Controlp. 244
Size and Complexityp. 245
Lack of Clarity in Presidential Intentp. 246
Attempts at Greater Control over the Bureaucracy: The Cases of Nixon, Reagan, and G. W. Bushp. 247
Nixonp. 248
A Change in Approachp. 249
The Resultsp. 250
Reaganp. 251
The Resultsp. 255
G.W. Bushp. 257
Conclusionp. 259
Notesp. 259
Decision Making in the White Housep. 265
The Participantsp. 265
The Cabinetp. 266
Cabinet Member Influencep. 270
The Executive Office of the Presidentp. 271
National Security Councilp. 273
National Security Advisor/Staffp. 274
Council of Economic Advisersp. 278
Office of Management and Budgetp. 279
Domestic Policy Councilp. 280
National Economic Councilp. 283
The White House Staffp. 284
The White House Staff and the Problem of Presidential Isolationp. 287
Staff Organizationp. 288
Staff Attitudes toward the Presidentp. 294
The President's Attitude toward Staffp. 296
Outside Advisersp. 300
Notesp. 302
Five Cases in Presidential Decision Makingp. 308
Five Cases in Presidential Decision Makingp. 310
The Bay of Pigs Invasion (1961)p. 310
The Cuban Missile Crisis (1962)p. 315
The Iran-Contra Affair (1986)p. 320
The Second Iraq War (2003)p. 330
Shoe Import Quotas (1977)p. 336
Maximizing the Flow of Information to the Presidentp. 340
Notesp. 344
The Presidency and Emergency Powersp. 349
The Founders, the Constitution, and Emergency Powersp. 351
On the Necessity for Emergency Powersp. 352
On the Necessity for Safeguardsp. 354
Essential Safeguardsp. 354
Emergency Powers and the Courtsp. 359
Congressional Action on Emergenciesp. 365
The Attack on 9/11p. 367
Conclusionp. 370
Notesp. 370
Personality and the Presidencyp. 373
Conditions Conducive to the Expression of Personalityp. 373
Analysis of Presidential Personalityp. 374
Barber's Analysisp. 376
Lyndon Johnson as an Active-Negativep. 378
Johnson's Youthp. 378
Johnson Enters Politicsp. 380
Worldview and Stylep. 381
The Johnson Presidencyp. 382
Richard Nixon as an Active-Negativep. 387
Nixon's Youthp. 387
Nixon Enters Politicsp. 389
Worldview and Stylep. 391
The Nixon Presidencyp. 394
Franklin Roosevelt as an Active-Positivep. 399
Roosevelt's Youthp. 399
Entry into Politics; Worldview and Stylep. 400
The Roosevelt Presidencyp. 401
Ronald Reagan as an Imperfect Passive-Positivep. 404
Reagan's Youthp. 404
Worldview and Stylep. 406
The Reagan Presidencyp. 407
Personality Qualities Suitable to the Presidencyp. 412
The Case of Jimmy Carterp. 414
Predicting Presidential Personalitiesp. 416
Notesp. 419
Presidential Leadershipp. 425
Evaluating Presidential Leadership: The Problemsp. 429
Achievement Is in the Eye of the Beholderp. 429
The Situational Problemp. 430
The Problem of Perspectivep. 432
The Matter of Unanticipated Consequencesp. 434
Achievement versus Agenda Settingp. 435
The Matter of Who Gets Creditp. 435
Qualities of Leadershipp. 437
Empathy with the Publicp. 437
An Ability to Communicatep. 438
Credibilityp. 439
A Sense of Timingp. 441
Couragep. 444
Decisivenessp. 446
Visionp. 448
Flexibilityp. 450
A Sense for Powerp. 452
Conclusionp. 455
Notesp. 456
The Vice Presidencyp. 459
Vice-Presidential Selectionp. 459
Reforming Vice-Presidential Selectionp. 465
The Problem of Vice-Presidential Responsibilitiesp. 466
Constitutional and Statutory Responsibilitiesp. 467
Presidential Assignmentsp. 469
The Carter-Mondale Precedentp. 472
Reagan and Bushp. 474
Bush and Quaylep. 475
The Clinton-Gore Precedentp. 476
The Cheney Vice Presidencyp. 477
Notesp. 480
Indexp. 483
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.


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