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Contemporary Bioethics A Reader with Cases,9780195313826
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Contemporary Bioethics A Reader with Cases

by ;
ISBN13:

9780195313826

ISBN10:
0195313828
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
10/9/2009
Publisher(s):
Oxford University Press
List Price: $102.34

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Summary

Incorporating introductions, readings, and cases that span the breadth of the discipline, Contemporary Bioethics: A Reader with Cases captures the spirit of bioethics as a rich, exciting, and continually evolving field. It covers all the essential topics - including abortion, reproductiveethics, end-of-life care, research ethics, and allocation of resources - and also extends into cutting-edge areas like environmental sustainability, terrorism, neuroethics, immigration, genetic manipulations, and links between first- and third-world health. The book opens with a substantialintroduction that explores key differences between secular and religious modes of argumentation. Each of the following chapters contains an in-depth introduction, a selection of concise readings, discussion questions, and a collection of 7-10 case studies.

Table of Contents

Chapters 2-8 open with an Introduction and include References and Further Reading, an Article List, and Discussion Questions for the Readings.
Bioethics: An Introduction to the Discipline
What Is Bioethics?
Bioethics: Theory and Method
Religion and Bioethics
Bioethics Comes of Age: An Expanding Moral Framework and Vocabulary
References and Further Reading
Doctors and Patients
The Profession of Medicine
""I Swear by Apollo"": On Taking the Hippocratic Oath,""
""Hippocratic Oath, Modern Version,""
""Principles of Medical Ethics,"" American Medical Association
""Medical Professionalism in Society,""
The Obligations of Doctors to Their Patients
""Fundamental Elements of the Patient-Physician Relationship,"" American Medical Association
""Respect for Autonomy,""
""The Meaning and Justification of Informed Consent,""
""A Framework of Standards for Surrogate Decision Making,""
""Truth Telling in Medicine: The Confucian View,""
""Patient Confidentiality,"" American Medical Association
""A Defense of Unqualified Medical Confidentiality,""
Responsibilities of Patients
""Patient Responsibilities,"" American Medical Association
""The Patient's Work,"" Leonard C. Groopman
""Limits on Patient Responsibility,""
Doctors and Society
""Cosmetic Surgery and the Internal Morality of Medicine,""
""When Doctors Go to War,""
""Shifting Sands,""
Cases
The White Coat
Can a Killer Be a Doctor?
Vaccine Skeptics Refuse to Inoculate Children
Should Medical Students Believe in Evolution? The Case of Professor Dini
Pillow Angel
College Student Requests Modafinil
At the End of Life
Defining Death
""The Whole-Brain Concept of Death Remains Optimum Public Policy,""
""The Conscience Clause"": How Much Individual Choice in Defining Death Can Our Society Tolerate?
How Much Treatment?
""The Case for Mortality,""
""Does Professional Autonomy Protect Medical Futility Judgments?""
Rejecting Treatment
""Autonomy, Wellbeing, and the Case of the Refusing Patient,""
""The Severely Demented, Minimally Functional Patient: An Ethical Analysis,""
""Extreme Prematurity and Parental Rights After Baby Doe,""
""Has the Emphasis on Autonomy Gone Too Far?"" Insights from Dostoevsky on Parental Decisionmaking in the NICU
""Appropriate Use of Artificial Nutrition and Hydration"": Fundamental Principles and Recommendations
""Assisted Nutrition and Hydration and the Catholic Tradition,""
Hastening Death
""The Devil's Choice: Re-Thinking Law, Ethics, and Symptom Relief in Palliative Care,""
""Voluntary Euthanasia"": A Utilitarian Perspective
""End of Life: The Buddhist View,""
""Gender, Feminism, and Death"": Physician-Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia
""A Moral Defense of Oregon's Physician-Assisted Suicide Law,""
Cases
Not Dead Yet--Part I
Not Dead Yet--Part II (or There Is Cryonics in Baseball)
Slow Medicine
Is There Anybody in There?
A Patient's Rights Act? The Limits of Patient Autonomy in Israel
The Texas Advance Directives Act
Don't Mess with Texas: Cancer, Custody, and Katie
Not Dead Yet--Part III
The Groningen Protocol--Euthanasia for Newborns
A Friend in Need
At the Beginnings of Life
Abortion
""A Defense of Abortion,""
""Abortion and the Beginning and End of Human Life,""
""Feminist Discourse on Sex Screening and Selective Abortion of Female Foetuses,""
""Could Artificial Wombs End the Abortion Debate?""
""The Limits of Conscientious Objection--May Pharmacists Refuse to Fill Prescriptions for Emergency Contraception?""
Maternal-Fetal Relations
""Distinguishing Features of Women's Health Care,""
""A Realistic Approach to Maternal-Fetal Conflict,""
Reproductive Technology
""What Are Families For? Getting to an Ethics of Reproductive Technology,""
""Whose Bodies? Which Selves?"" Appeals to Embodiment in Assessments of Reproductive Technology
""Reproductive Gifts and Gift Giving: The Altruistic Woman,""
""Two Questions About Surrogacy and Exploitation,""
Human Cloning
""Preventing A Brave New World: Why We Should Ban Cloning Now,""
""Human Reproductive Cloning"": A Look at the Arguments Against It and a Rejection of Most of Them
Cases
Measure for Measure
Where the Boys Are
What's Plan C? Pharmacist Refusal to Distribute Plan B
Safe in the Womb?
McKnight v. South Carolina
Amber Alert
A Person, No Matter How Small?
Veto Power
Surrogacy Specialists of America (SSA)
Free to Be Me (Again?)
Distributing and Procuring Health Care Resources
Access to Health Care
""Justice, Health, and Healthcare,""
""Rights to Health Care, Social Justice, and Fairness in Health Care Allocations: Frustrations in the Face of Finitude,""
""A Conservative Case for Universal Access to Health Care,""
""Illegal Immigrants, Health Care, and Social Responsibility,""
Rationing
""Should Physicians Be Gatekeepers of Medical Resources?""
""Rationing in the Intensive Care Unit,""
Organizational Ethics
""Justice and Managed Care"": Four Principles for the Just Allocation of Health Care Resources,""
""Fulfilling Institutional Responsibilities in Health Care: Organizational Ethics and the Role of Mission Discernment,""
Organ Transplantation
""Responsibility, Alcoholism, and Liver Transplantation,""
""Recovery of Transplantable Organs After Cardiac or Circulatory Death: Transforming the Paradigm for the Ethics of Organ Donation,""
""Why We Are Not Allowed to Sell That Which We Are Encouraged to Donate,""
""Presumed Consent, Autonomy, and Organ Donation,""
""An 'Opting in' Paradigm for Kidney Transplantation,""
Cases
The Health of Nations
The ""Commonhealth"" of Massachusetts
Should Illegal Immigrants Have Access to Health Care?
Blue Cross Seeks Physician Informants
Age-Based Rationing
Living the Mission
Early Harvest--Removing Organs After Cardiac Death
Presumed Consent and Organ Donation
Pat Summerall's New Liver
Matchmakers
Biomedical Research
Research on Human Subjects
""The Nuremburg Code""
""The Belmont Report"": Ethical Principles and Guidelines for the Protection of Human Subjects of Research, The National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research
""Declaration of Helsinki"": Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects, World Medical Association
""Making Research a Requirement of Treatment"": Why We Should Sometimes Let Doctors Pressure Patients to Participate in Research
""Guinea-Pigging,""
""Justice and the Human Development Approach to International Research,"" Alex John London
Stem Cell and Cloning Research
""Monitoring Stem Cell Research"": Introduction, President's Council on Bioethics
""Ethical Issues in Human Stem Cell Research"": Vol. 3, Religious Perspectives, National Bioethics Advisory Commission
""Research with Human Embryonic Stem Cells: Ethical Considerations,"" Geron Ethics Advisory Board: Karen Lebacoz (CHAIR)
Animals as Research Subjects (or Objects)
""The Ethics of Animal Research: What Are the Prospects for Agreement?""
""International Guiding Principles for Biomedical Research Involving Animals (1985),"" Council for International Organization of Medical Sciences
""Guidelines for the Care and Use of Mammals in Neuroscience and Behavioral Research,"" National Research Council
Cases
Medicare Requires Heart Patients to Enlist in Research
Empathic Mice
Orphan Diseases
In Defense of Animals (IDA) Urges NIH to Halt Animal Nicotine Experiments
Pharmacological Research on Pregnant Women
Stem Cell Research--""Dead"" Embryos?
Dying Patients and the Right to Try Experimental Drugs
Surgeon as Animal Rights Warrior
Great Ape Protection Act
Genetics, Biotechnology, and Posthuman Possibilities
Technological Manipulations and Posthuman Futures
""Biotechnology and the Pursuit of Happiness: An Introduction,"" President's Council on Bioethics
""The Case Against Perfection,""
""Gene Therapies and the Pursuit of a Better Human,""
""Jewish Reflections on Genetic Enhancement,""
""Transhumanist Values,""
Enhancing the Mind
""Treatment, Enhancement, and the Ethics of Neurotherapeutics,""
""Memory and Happiness,"" President's Council on Bioethics
Genetics and Future Children
""Genetic Dilemmas and the Child's Right to an Open Future,""
""Extending Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis: Medical and Non-Medical Uses,""
Cases
DNAdirect.com: Direct-to-Consumer Marketing of Genetic Tests
Playing God in the West, but Not in the East
Myriad Genetics and the BRCA-2 Gene
Mo Money
Consumer Eugenics
Williams Syndrome and PGD
Better Brains Through ""Chemistry""
Therapeutic Forgetting
Soul Catcher 2025
Be More Than You Can Be
The Environmental Turn in Bioethics
Redefining Bioethics, Redefining Health
""Health is Membership,""
""Toward an Ecological View of Health: An Imperative for the Twenty-First Century,""
""New Ways of Thinking About Bioethics,""
Health and the Environment
""Global Environmental Change and Health:"" Impacts, Inequalities, and the Health Sector
""Embedded in Nature"": Human Health and Biodiversity""
Sustainable Health Care
""Sustainable Health Care and Emerging Ethical Responsibilities,""
""Medicine After Oil"": It Could Be Distributed a Lot More Democratically
""Deep Ecology and End-of-Life Care,""
""Declaration of Professional Responsibility"": Medicine's Social Contract with Humanity, American Medical Association
""Stewardship of the Environment: Policy H-135.973,"" American Medical Association
Cases
Malaria and DDT
Physicians and the Environmental Imperative
Population Connection
Sustainable Trials
Asthma Inhalers and Ozone
Mussels on Prozac
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.


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