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Acclaimed for its creative approach and diverse repertoire, Contemporary Class Piano provides a student-friendly introduction to basic piano skills. In short, progressive chapters that mirror the standard two-semester curriculum, it explains the essential elements of piano playing, incorporating diagrams, practice exercises, and musical examples that help students build proficiency and confidence with a variety of chord patterns, major and minor scales, and accompaniments.
Elyse Mach is Distinguished Professor of Music Emerita at Northeastern Illinois University in Chicago. She has given concerts throughout Europe and the United States, appearing as a piano soloist with the NBC Symphony and the Netherlandische Philharmonic Broadcasting Orchestra, among others. She has written ten books on piano and pianists and has been a contributing music critic for the Chicago Sun-Times. She is active as a consultant, clinician, master class teacher, and frequent adjudicator, and has guest lectured at St. Catherine's College of Oxford University, Northwestern, Yale, The Juilliard School, and many other institutions. She is the first recipient of the Board of Governors Universities Distinguished Professor Award and was honored by a proclamation issued by the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Illinois.
Professor Mach is the 2010 recipient of the Silver Medal presented by The American Liszt Society--the highest honor that the society bestows. She is also the 2010 recipient of the Bernard G. Brommel Distinguished Research Professor Award of Northeastern Illinois University.
Table of Contents
Unit 1 Keyboard Basics
Keyboard Posture Finger Numbers Basic Note and Rest Values Notes Rests Measures The Keyboard Location of White Keys Registers Using Black-key Groups to Locate White Keys C-D-E Groups Three Black-Key Groups F-G-A-B Groups Playing by Touch Playing by Ear Improvisation: Pentatonic (Black-key) Scale Accompaniments Notation and Naming Conventions Sharp and Flat Signs Half Steps Natural Sign Enharmonic Tones Letter Names for All Twelve Tones Whole Steps The Major Five-Finger Pattern C Major Five-Finger Pattern G Major Five-Finger Pattern F Major Five-Finger Pattern D Major Five-Finger Pattern Ryan's Song Ode to Joy In Praise Aura Lee Reading Notes The Staff and Clefs The Grand Staff Naming and Playing Treble and Bass Clef Notes Naming Notes and Playing Melody Patterns Intervals Melodic Intervals Harmonic Intervals Interval Studies Keeping Time Meter Signatures Tempo Playing Five-finger Melodies Using the Right Hand Playing Five-finger Melodies Using the Left Hand Slur and Phrase Markings Alternating Hands Marching Memories Rock It! Rhythmic Studies Ensemble Piece Sakura Sunrise Worksheet Review
UNIT 2 Playing Melodies in Other Positions and More Keyboard Basics
Melodies Divided Between Two Hands Notation Symbols Whole Rest Tie A Jazz Waltz Measure Numbers Shepherd's Song (Pastoral from Beethoven's Symphony No. 6) Boogie Beat Love Somebody Key Signature Eighth Notes and Eighth Rests Feelin' Good Pagoda Waltzing Morning Has Broken Little River For the Beauty of the Earth Drone Bass Highlander Tune French Canadian Round Major Five-Finger Pattern Improvisation Using a Drone Bass Accompaniment Classic Miniatures The Contest (Cornelius Gurlitt) Two Etudes (Ferdinand Byer) Repertoire Surfing (Lee Evans) Harmonization Improvisation Dorian Mode Improvisation Dorian Mode Accompaniment 12-Bar Blues Improvisation Start of the Blues Movin' on the White Key Blues Improvisation with New Notations and Techniques It's Up to You Taking A Chance Sightreading Studies Adding Drone Bass Accompaniments Treble Clef Melodies for the Right Hand Five-finger Pattern Studies in Major Keys Rhythmic Studies Technical Studies Ensembles Student-Teacher Ensemble Pieces Land of the Silver Birch Summer Breezes Lyric Piece (Heinrich Wohlfahrt) Student Ensemble Pieces Rock for Two Tag Along Black and White Morning Worksheet Review
UNIT 3 More Five-Finger Patterns
Playing in Different Registers Stepping Up in C Stepping Down in C Score Reading Tempo Markings More Dynamic Markings Breezes are Blowing Melody Study Accidentals Persian Scene Sahara Monday Blues Dotted Quarter Notes Fiesta Time Repertoire Shoestring Boogie Damper Pedal Evening Tide Upbeat and Downbeat On the Town Slurs Casey Jones Ole! Parallel Motion Stompin' 6/8 Time Two Stuidesin 6/8 Time Flemish Folk Song Key Signatures Sharp Key Signatures Flat Key Signatures Key Signature Chart Warm Up Study in Gb Major The Donkey Two Etudes in A Major Change of Dynamics A Sonata Theme (Mozart) Reading Study in E Major Follow Me Wheels Contrary Motion Calypso Beat Mysterious Corridors Classic Miniatures Minuet (Alexander Reinagle) Melody (Louis Köhler) Repertoire Etude in D (Ferdinand Beyer) Improvisation Creative Music Sightreading Studies Melodies with Various Rhythmic Patterns Different Registers and Register Changes Staccato Notes Parallel and Contrary Motion Rhythmic Studies Technical Studies Ensembles Student-Teacher Ensemble Pieces Razzle Dazzle (Lee Evans) Merry-Go-Round (Arthur Foote) Student Ensemble Pieces Spring (Antonio Vivaldi) Folk Song (French) Worksheet Review
UNIT 4 Major and Minor Triads
Major Triads Major Triad Groups Five-finger Studies and Triads in Major Open Fifths The Minor Five-finger Pattern Relative Minor Keys Eric Canal (William Allen) Zum Gali Gali (Israeli) Imitation and Inversion Imitation and Inversion (Béla Bartók) Minor Triads Five-Finger Studies and Triads in Major and Minor Major-Minor-Major Chord Progression Pieces Using Major and Minor Triads Aaron's Song Pyramids Afar Mostly Upward Classic Miniatures Allegro (Dmitri Kabalevsky) Etude in A Minor (Ferdinand Beyer) Repertoire Moonlit Sea (Phillip Keveren) Improvisation Creative Music Sightreading Studies Rhythmic Studies Technical Studies Ensembles Student-Teacher Ensemble Pieces La Cinquantine (Gabriel Marie) Prelude (Henirch Wohlfahrt) Student Ensemble Pieces Canon (Johann Pachelbel) Fanfare Whistle Daughter (American Folksong) Worksheet Review
UNIT 5 The Dominant Seventh Chord
Root Position: V7 First Inversion I-V6/5 Chord Progressions Block-Chord Accompaniment with I and V6/5 Austrian Folk Song Music Chord Symbols Bells of London Chilean Folksong Studies in Eb Major English Folk Song Etudes in Ab Major Five-Finger Melodies with Letter Name and Roman Numeral Chord Symbols for I and V6/5 Chords German Folk Song South American Folk Song German Tune Swedish Folk Song Hey Lidee (American) Classic Miniatures Moving Along (Cornelius Gurlitt) March (Daniel Gottlob Türk) Repertoire Vivace (Cornelius Gurlitt) Improvisation Pentatonic Improvisation Japanese Gardens Little River Call Saporo Sunset Creative Music and Harmonization i and V6/5 Chords in Minor Sightreading Studies I and V6/5 Chords in Major i and V6/5 Chords in Minor Rhythmic Studies Technical Studies Ensembles Student-Teacher Ensemble Pieces Waltz (Henirch Wohlfahrt) Joyful Day (Joseph Löw) Student Ensemble Pieces Drink to Me Only with Thine Eyes (English) Amazing Grace (traditional) Worksheet Review
UNIT 6 The Subdominant Chord and Changing Five-Finger Positions
The Subdominant Chord Root Position: The IV6/4 Inversion Cadences Authentic Candence Plagel Cadence Pieces with I-IV6/4-V6/5 Accompaniments Banks of the Ohio (American) Beautiful Brown Eyes (Traditional) French Folk Song Jingle Bells (J.S. Pierpont) Shall We Gather at the River (Robert Lowry) When the Saints Go Marchin' In (Traditional) Compostie Meter Festive Dance Exploring Db Major Two Studies Gentle Rain Melody from Op. 39 (Dmitri Kabalevsky) Exploring Bb Major Calisthenic Studies This Land is Your Land (Woody Guthrie) Exploring B Major Studies in B Major Zulu Farewell Song Five-Finger Melodies with Letter-Name and Roman Numeral Chord Symbols for I, IV6/4, and V6/5 Chord Accompaniments Christmas Day is Come (Traditional Irish Carol) Alleluia (Traditional) Git Along, Little Dogies (Cowboy Song) Changing Five-Finger Positions Using More than a Single Five-Finger Position Study (Béla Bartók) Steamroller Rock Belly Button Blues Time Clock Blues Round the Corner Boogie Classic Miniatures Moving Around (Dmitri Kabalevsky) Dance (Dmitri Kabalevsky) Repertoire A Little Joke (Dmitri Kabalevsky) Improvisation 12-Bar Blues 12-Bar Blues Pattern Starting the Blues Walking Through the Blues Blue Note Blue Note Blues Blues Beat Rockin' Blues I-IV-V Chords in All Major Keys Creative Music and Harmonization I and V6/5 Chords in Major i and V6/5 Chords in Minor Sightreading Studies I and V6/5 Chords Change of Five-finger Position Rhythmic Studies Technical Studies Ensembles Student-Teacher Ensemble Pieces Scherzo from Melodious Pieces, Op. 149, No. 6 (Anton Diabelli) Rumba (Gerard Hengeveld) Student Ensemble Piecess Alouette (French) Quand J'etais Chez Mon Pere (French) Worksheet Review
UNIT 7 Major Scales and Easy Pieces with Block-Chord Accompaniments
Major Scales Major Scales in Tetrachord Position Sharp Keys Flat Keys Major Scales with Fingerings for Both Hands Together Scale Studies in Clusters Triads on Major-Scale Degrees Intervals of a Sixth, Seventh, and Eighth (Octave) Extending the Five-finger Position Moving Along (Cornelius Gurlitt) The Strawberry Roan (Cowboy Song) Simple Gifts (Shaker Hymn) Michael, Row the Boat Ashore (Spiritual) Kum Ba Ya (Traditional) Mary Ann (Calypso Song) Sixteenth Notes and Sixteenth Rests Keep in the Middle of the Road (African American Spiritual) The Galway Piper (Irish) The Dotted Eighth Note Oh! Susanna (Stephen Foster) Round and Round (John Hilton) Scale Study (Carl Czerny) A Little Scale (Daniel Gottlob Türk) Musical Forms: AB and ABA Irish Washerwoman (Irish) Melodies with Letter-Name Chord Symbols for I, IV6/4, and V6/5 Chords When I Come Back (German) La Cucaracha (Mexican) Rock of Ages (Thomas Hastings) A Christmas Carol (Bohemian) Nobody Knows the Trouble I've Seen (Spiritual) Classic Miniatures Teasing (Daniel Gottlob Türk) German Dance, No. 2 (Joseph Haydn) Improvisation Pentatonic Improvisation Bagpiper's Strut Creative Music and Harmonization Sightreading Studies Melodies in Parallel Motion Accompanied Melodies Rhythmic Studies Technical Studies Five Finger Exercise (Charles-Louis Hanon) Ensembles Student-Teacher Ensemble Pieces Sunset (Dennis Alexander) Calico Rag (Dennis Alexander) Student Ensemble Pieces Lullaby (Louis Köhler) She'll Be Comin' 'Round the Mountain Worksheet Review
UNIT 8 Easy Pieces with Various Accompaniment Patterns
Broken-Chord Accompaniment Patterns Frankie and Johnny (Traditional) Vive La Compagnie (French) Waltz Pattern Du, Du Liegst Mir im Herzen (German) My Hat, It Has Three Corners (German) Arpeggio Accompaniment Patterns On Top of Old Smoky (Traditional) Barcarolle (Jacques Offenbach) Gaîté Parisienne (Jacques Offenbach) Alberti Bass Ah, Vous Dirai-Je, Maman? (Ah, Shall I Tell You, Mama?) (French) Syncopation Etudes in Syncopated Rhythm Apple Street Rag The Entertainer (Scott Joplin) The Damper Pedal Direct Pedaling Pedal Studies The Highlands Lady Moon (Lynn Freeman Olson) Other Accompaniment Patterns Ostinato Accompaniment He's Got the Whole World In His Hands (Spiritual) Drum Roll Accompaniment Battle Hymn of the Republic (William Steffe) Classic Miniatures Scotch Dance (Friedrich Kuhlau) A Little Rondo (Daniel Gottlob Türk) Repertoire Écossaise in C Major (Franz Schubert) Improvisation Pentatonic Improvisation Goin' West Tango Improvisation Tango Dream (Jeff Kowalkowski) Creative Music and Harmonization Sightreading Studies Rhythmic Studies Technical Studies Fingerbuilder Exercise Finger-Strengthening Exercise Ensembles Student-Teacher Ensemble Piecess Rondo, from First Suite, first movement (Franz Joseph Mouret) Casey Jones (American Railroad Ballad) Student Ensemble Pieces Hello, Ma Baby (Joseph E. Howard/Ida Emerson) Missa Ramgoat (Jamaican Folk Song) Worksheet Review
UNIT 9 Secondary Chords and Chord Inversions of Triads and Seventh Chords
Secondary Chords Every Night When the Sun Goes Down (American) Stars of the Heavens (Las estrellitas del cielo; Mexican Folksong) Ships Ahoy Oregano Rock Repertoire Scherzo (Dmitri Kabalevsky) Intervals Within the Scale Melodic Lines with Intervals Seconds The Chase (Stan Applebaum) Thirds Carol of the Drums ("The Little Drummer Boy") (Katherine K. Davis) Thirds and Fourths Saturday Smile (Lynn Freeman Olson) Repertoire Perpetual Motion (Elyse Mach) Chord Inversions Chord Inversions: Blocked and Arpeggiated Steeplechase (Cornelius Gurlitt) Triads on the Run Repertoire Hunting Horns (Theodore Oesten) The Damper Pedal (Indirect Pedaling) Pedal Studies Big Ben Twilight (Lynn Freeman Olson) Hymn Style In Church (Jane Smisor Bastien) Prelude (Ludwig Schytte) Augmented and Diminished Triads Theme from Symphony No. 9 ("From the New World") (Antonin Dvo?ák) A New Fanfare Classic Miniatures Study Op. 101, No. 62 (Ferdinand Boyer) Dance, Op. 108, No. 1(Ludwig Schytte) Repertoire Etude (Cornelius Gurlitt) Improvisation Step Along Blues Scaling the Blues Boogie Woogie Blues Over Easy Blues Ostinato Accompaniment Patterns Step Around Blues Ostinato Accompaniment Patterns Up and Down Blues Conversational Blues Creative Music and Harmonization Sightreading Studies Accompanied Melodies Pedal Studies Rhythmic Studies Technical Studies Finger Extension Study (Charles-Louis Hanon) Czerny Fingerbuilder Exercises (Carl Czerny) Inversion Studies Repeated-note Studies Ensembles Student-Teacher Ensemble Pieces Tranquility from On the Green Meadow (Alexander Gretchaninov) Knock About (Ken Iversen) Student Ensemble Pieces Au Clair de la Lune (French) Courante (Elsie Wells) Worksheet Review
UNIT 10 Minor Scales and Other Scale Forms
Minor Scales Relative Major and Relative Minor Scales Natural Minor Scale Harmonic Minor Scale Melodic Minor Scale Minor Key Signatures Relative Key Signatures Natural Minor Scales in Tetrachord Positions Sharp Keys Flat Keys Harmonic Minor Scales i-iv6/4-I-V6/5-i Chord Progression Volga Boatman (Russian) Joshua Fought the Battle of Jericho (Spiritual) Hatikvah (Israeli) A Sea Shantey Moroccan Carivan Greensleeves (English) Dark Eyes (Russian) Marche Slave (Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky) Repertoire Etude in A Minor (Cornelius Gurlitt) Parallel Major and Minor Scales Scaling Pyramids Venetian Waltz Repertoire Etude (Ludvig Schytte) Other Scale Forms (Modes) Sakura (Japanese) Aeolian Lullaby (Joan Hansen) Scarborough Fair (English) High Noon Spanish Folk Melody Sharp Four (Arthur Frackenpohl) Lydian March (David Duke) Repertoire Shepherd Pipes (Tat'iana Salutrinskaya) The Chromatic Scale Chromatic Blues Navy Blues Repertoire Chromatizone Rag (Ann Collins) Classic Miniatures Etude (Louis Köhler) The Village Prophet (Jean-Jacques Rousseau) Improvisation Rocker (Jeff Kowalkowski) Creative Music and Harmonization Sightreading Studies Technical Studies Finger-Extension Exercise (Charles-Louis Hanon) Major-Minor Scale Study: Op. 261, No. 50 (Carl Czerny) Ensembles Student-Teacher Ensemble Pieces Sugar Plum Fairy Dance from the Nutcracker Suite (Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky) Student Ensemble Pieces Sugarloaf Mountain (Everett Stevens) Galop (Elsie Wells) Worksheet Review
UNIT 11 Tonality and Atonality: Exploring Twentieth and Twenty-First Century Music Styles
Jazz Hallelujah! (Martha Mier) The Whole-Tone Scale Morning Mist Name that Tune Bitonality Pomp (Vincent Persichetti) Two Tone (Joan Hansen) Atonality Barcarolle (Ross Lee Finney) Innovative Notations 5-White-Note Clusters (Ross Lee Finney) Seashore (Ross Lee Finney) Winter (Ross Lee Finney) Quartal Harmony Cathedral in the Snow (David Duke) Classic Miniatures Jumping Jacks (Op. 146, No. 5) (Dianne Goolkasian Rabbee) Invention for Piano (Emma Lou Diemer) Repertoire Shades of Blue (Robert Starer) Bitonal Improvisation Ensemble Pieces Student Ensemble Pieces For the Kid Next Door (Soulima Stravinsky) Folk Dance (Dianne Goolkasian Rabbee) Worksheet Review
UNIT 12 Melodies with Letter-Name Chord Symbols and Melodies with Roman Numeral Chord Symbols
Melodies with Roman Numeral Chord Symbols Letter Names of I, IV, and V7 Chords Melodies with Letter-Name Chord Symbols New River Train (American) Lavender's Blue (Old English Folk Song) Long, Long Ago (Thomas H. Bayly) Hush Little Baby (American) William Tell Overture (Gioacchino Rossini) Danube Waves (Ion Ivanovich) Two Guitars (Russian) Arkansas Traveler (American) Melodies with Roman Numeral Chord Symbols Over the Waves (Traditional) Aloha Oe (Queen Liliuokalani of Hawaii) Dona Nobis Pacem (Traditional) The Washington Post March (John Philip Sousa) Camptown Races (Stephen Foster) Melodies with Letter-name Chord Symbols that Include Secondary Chords ii, iii, and vi, and Augmented and Diminished Chords Jacob's Ladder (Spiritual) Streets of Laredo (American Cowboy Tune) Saint Anthony Chorale (From Joseph Haydn) Take Me Out to the Ball Game (Albert von Tilzer/Jack Norworth) Melodies with Roman Numeral Chord Symbols that Include Secondary Chords ii, iii, and vi, and Augmented and Diminished Chords All Through the Night (Webb) O Mon Cher Amant from La Périchale (Jacques Offenbach) Auld Lang Syne (Scottish) Waltzing Matilda (Australian) Jesu, Joy of Man's Desiring (Johann Sebastian Bach) Famous Themes Theme from Bridal Chorus (from Lohengrin) (Richard Wagner) Theme from the Barber of Seville (Antonio Rossini) Trepak (from The Nutcracker Suite) (Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky) Theme from Don Giovanni (La ci darem la mano) (Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart) Theme from Symphony No. 4, K. 550 (Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart) Musetta's Waltz (from La Bohčme) (Giacomo Puccini) La Donna Č Mobile (from Rigoletto) (Giuseppe Verdi) Für Elise (Ludwig van Beethoven) Theme from Liebestraum (Franz Liszt) Theme from Piano Concerto No. 2, Op. 18 (third movement) (Sergei Rachmaninoff) Theme from Symphony No. 9 ("From the New World) (Antonin Dvorák) Strumming Accompaniments Dixie (Dan Emmett) Sweet Betsy from Pike (American) Arpeggio Accompaniments Diminished and Augmented Triads Even Though (Elyse Mach) Major and Minor Seventh Chords More (Theme from Mondo Cane) (Riziero Ortolani and Nino Oliviero) Somewhere My Love (Lara's Theme from Dr. Zhivago) (Maurice Jarre) Letter-Name Chord Chart Ensemble Pieces Nadia's Theme (from "The Young and the Restless") (B. De Vorzon and P. Botkin, Jr. Edel Weiss (from "The Sound of Music") (Richard Rodgers)
UNIT 13 Thirty-One Piano Classics
1. Rameau, Tambourin 2. Rameau, Rondino 3. Bach, Minuet in G from the Notebook for Anna Magdalena Bach 4. Schein, Allemande 5. Corelli, Sarabande 6. Krieger, Minuet in A Minor 7. Witthauer, Gavotte 8. Mozart, L., Burleske (from Notebook for Wolfgang) 9. Haydn, Gypsy Dance (Trio) 10. Mozart, W. A., Minuet in C 11. Beethoven, Russian Folk Song,( Op. 107, No. 3) 12. Burgmüller, Arabesque 13. Schumann, Melody (from 43 Piano Pieces for the Young, Op. 68) 14. Gurlitt, Night Journey 15. Lyne, Sonatina in C Major (first movement) 16. Streabbog, A Pleasant Morning, ( Op. 3, No. 1) 17. Tchaikovsky, Italian Song 18. Schytte, Etude in D Major,( Op. 108, No. 7) 19. Rebikoff, The Bear 20. Bartók, Springtime Song (No. 2 from For Children, Vol. 1) 21. Tansman, Au Jardin (To the Garden) 22. Kabalevsky, A Conversation (Op. 39, No.7) 23. Hovhaness, Moon Dance (No. 2 from Mountain Idylls) 24. Starer, Evens and Odds 25. Gillock, Autumn is Here 26. Norton, Microjazz I 27. Tingley, Early Spring 28. Miller, Festive Dance 29. Olson, Razz-Ma-Tazz 30. Vandall, Prelude No. 7 in B Minor (Chaconne) 31. Rollin, To B or Not to B Flat
APPENDIX A Score Reading
Three-Part Texture Four-Part Texture Hush Little Baby (American) Red River Valley (American Folk Song) Londonderry Air (O Danny Boy) (Irish Folk Tune) Homeward Bound (Ken Iverson) Sailing (Ken Iverson) Hymn (Ken Iverson) New Created World (Excerpt from The Creation) (Franz Joseph Haydn) Chorale (Excerpt from No. 140) (Johann Sebastian Bach) Hostias (Excerpt from Requiem) (Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart) Movable Clefs The Alto Clef Rondo (Excerpt from Sextet,No. 1, Op. 18) (Johannes Brahms) Sarabande (John Ernest Galliard) The Tenor Clef Long, Long Ago (Thomas Bayly) Figured Bass Figured Bass Symbols Close and Open Structure Figured Bass Symbols for Triad Inversions Melodies with Figured Bass Lasset Uns Den Nicht Zerteilen (Excerpt from the Passion According to St. John) (Johann Sebastian Bach) Transposing Instruments
APPENDIX B Vocal and Instrumental Accompaniments
Foster: Camptown Races Foster: Oh! Susanna Schubert: Heiden-Röslein (Rose on the Hearth) Schumann: Ich Grolle Nicht (Excerpt from Die Dichterliebe, Op. 48, No. 7) She's Like the Swallow Beethoven: Violin Sonata, Op. 25, No. 5 (Excerpt) Beethoven: Scotch Dance (Excerpt) Hammerschmidt: Wende Dich, Herr (Excerpt)
APPENDIX C Major and Harmonic Minor Scales and Arpeggios in Two Octaves
Major Scales and Arpeggios in Two Octaves Harmonic Minor Scales and Arpeggios in Two Octaves
APPENDIX D Three Patriotic Song Arrangements
1. Carey, America 2. Bates/Ward, America the Beautiful 3. Key/Smith, The Star-Spangled Banner