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Contemporary Moral Problems,9780534517243
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Contemporary Moral Problems

by
Edition:
6th
ISBN13:

9780534517243

ISBN10:
0534517242
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
7/21/1999
Publisher(s):
Wadsworth Publishing

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This is the 6th edition with a publication date of 7/21/1999.
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Summary

This excellent collection of topically organized articles with chapter introductions, cases, and end-of-chapter study questions and resources provides an accessible yet philosophically honest and balanced introduction to the world of moral issues.

Table of Contents

Preface vii
Chapter One: Ethical Theories
1(118)
Introduction
2(7)
James Rachels
Egoism and Moral Scepticism
9(9)
John Arthur
Religion, Morality, and Conscience
18(9)
Friedrich Nietzsche
Master-and Slave-Morality
27(4)
Mary Midgley
Trying Out One's New Sword
31(5)
John Stuart Mill
Utilitarianism
36(7)
Immanuel Kant
The Categorical Imperative
43(6)
Onora O'Neill
A Simplified Account of Kant's Ethics
49(6)
Aristotle
Happiness and Virtue
55(10)
Ronald Dworkin
Taking Rights Seriously
65(7)
Charlotte Bunch
Women's Rights as Human Rights: Toward a Re-Vision of Human Rights
72(10)
John Rawls
A Theory of Justice
82(7)
Annette C. Baier
The Need for More Than Justice
89(8)
Virginia Held
Feminist Transformations of Moral Theory
97(17)
Problem Cases
114(2)
Suggested Readings
116(3)
Chapter Two: Abortion
119(86)
Introduction
120(6)
The Supreme Court: Roe v. Wade (1973)
126(10)
John T. Noonan, Jr.
An Almost Absolute Value in History
136(6)
Judith Jarvis Thomson
A Defense of Abortion
142(10)
Mary Anne Warren
On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion
152(12)
Don Marquis
An Argument That Abortion Is Wrong
164(12)
Celia Wolf-Devine
Abortion and the "Feminine Voice"
176(10)
Ronnie Zoe Hawkins
Reproductive Choices: The Ecological Dimension
186(13)
Problem Cases
199(3)
Suggested Readings
202(3)
Chapter Three: Euthanasia and Sustaining Life
205(40)
Introduction
206(4)
James Rachels
Active and Passive Euthanasia
210(5)
Daniel Callahan
Killing and Allowing to Die
215(3)
Peter Singer
Justifying Voluntary Euthanasia
218(6)
John Harris
The Survival Lottery
224(6)
Susan Sherwin
Gender, Race, and Class in the Delivery of Health Care
230(10)
Problem Cases
240(2)
Suggested Readings
242(3)
Chapter Four: Capital Punishment
245(54)
Introduction
246(4)
The Supreme Court: Gregg v. Georgia (1976)
250(11)
Immanuel Kant
The Retributive Theory of Punishment
261(2)
Ernest van den Haag
On Deterrence and the Death Penalty
263(10)
Jeffrey H. Reiman
Justice, Civilization, and the Death Penalty
273(11)
Anthony G. Amsterdam
Capital Punishment
284(11)
Problem Cases
295(1)
Suggested Readings
296(3)
Chapter Five: Sexuality
299(38)
Introduction
300(3)
The Vatican: Declaration on Sexual Ethics
303(6)
Alan Goldman
Plain Sex
309(13)
John Finnis
Homosexual Conduct Is Wrong
322(3)
Martha Nussbaum
Homosexual Conduct Is Not Wrong
325(2)
Robin West
The Harms of Consensual Sex
327(5)
Problem Cases
332(2)
Suggested Readings
334(3)
Chapter Six: Pornography and Hate Speech
337(76)
Introduction
338(4)
John Stuart Mill
On Liberty
342(5)
Catharine MacKinnon
Pornography, Civil Rights, and Speech
347(7)
Barry Lynn
Pornography and Free Speech: The Civil Rights Approach
354(8)
United States District Court and Court of Appeals: American Booksellers v. Hudnutt
362(8)
Charles R. Lawrence III
If He Hollers Let Him Go: Regulating Racist Speech on Campus
370(29)
Jonathan Rauch
In Defense of Prejudice: Why Incendiary Speech Must Be Protected
399(8)
Problem Cases
407(2)
Suggested Readings
409(4)
Chapter Seven: Affirmative Action
413(72)
Introduction
414(4)
Louis P. Pojman
The Moral Status of Affirmative Action
418(20)
Laurence Thomas
What Good Am I?
438(5)
T. Alexander Aleinikoff
A Case for Race-Consciousness
443(12)
Mary Anne Warren
Secondary Sexism and Quota Hiring
455(14)
Thomas E. Hill, Jr.
The Message of Affirmative Action
469(11)
Problem Cases
480(2)
Suggested Readings
482(3)
Chapter Eight: Animals
485(52)
Introduction
486(3)
Immanuel Kant
Our Duties to Animals
489(1)
Peter Singer
All Animals Are Equal
490(10)
Tom Regan
The Case for Animal Rights
500(9)
Tibor R. Machan
Do Animals Have Rights?
509(7)
Mary Anne Warren
Difficulties with the Strong Animal Rights Position
516(7)
James Rachels
Vegetarianism and "the Other Weight Problem"
523(10)
Problem Cases
533(1)
Suggested Readings
534(3)
Chapter Nine: The Environment
537(71)
Introduction
538(4)
Aldo Leopold
The Land Ethic
542(11)
J. Baird Callicot
Animal Liberation: A Triangular Affair
553(18)
Paul W. Taylor
The Ethics of Respect for Nature
571(14)
Holmes Rolston III
Duties to Endangered Species
585(9)
Vandana Shiva
Women, Ecology, and Development
594(9)
Problem Cases
603(2)
Suggested Readings
605(3)
Index 608


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