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Contemporary Moral Problems,9780534584306
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Contemporary Moral Problems

by
Edition:
8th
ISBN13:

9780534584306

ISBN10:
0534584306
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
2/23/2005
Publisher(s):
Wadsworth Publishing

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Summary

This classic topically organized anthology--replete with problem cases, illuminating introductory essays, and end of-chapter study questions--engages students in a variety of contemporary moral debates. Combining divergent viewpoints on a number of timely issues and an introduction to the major currents of thought in the history of Western ethics, White's CONTEMPORARY MORAL PROBLEMS, Eighth Edition provides students with a proven roadmap through the compelling and contentious arena of today's most pressing moral problems.

Table of Contents

Preface vii
Ethical Theories
1(80)
Introduction
2(72)
Egoism and Moral Scepticism
10(9)
James Rachels
Religion, Morality, and Conscience
19(8)
John Arthur
The Natural Law
27(3)
Saint Thomas Aquinas
Morality is Based on Sentiment
30(4)
David Hume
Ethical Relativism
34(4)
William H. Shaw
Utilitarianism
38(6)
John Stuart Mill
The Categorical Imperative
44(6)
Immanuel Kant
Happiness and Virtue
50(10)
Aristotle
A Theory of Justice
60(6)
John Rawls
The Idea of a Female Ethic
66(8)
Jean Grimshaw
Problem Cases
74(3)
Suggested Readings
77(4)
Abortion
81(76)
Introduction
82(66)
The U.S. Supreme Court: Roe v. Wade (1973)
88(10)
An Almost Absolute Value in History
98(6)
John T. Noonan, Jr
A Defense of Abortion
104(10)
Judith Jarvis Thomson
On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion
114(12)
Mary Anne Warren
An Argument that Abortion Is Wrong
126(12)
Don Marquis
Creation Ethics
138(10)
Elizabeth Harman
Problem Cases
148(6)
Suggested Readings
154(3)
Euthanasia and the Duty to Die
157(56)
Introduction
158(46)
Active and Passive Euthanasia
163(5)
James Rachels
The Intentional Termination of Life
168(6)
Bonnie Steinbock
Killing and Letting Die
174(6)
Phillippa Foot
The Survival Lottery
180(6)
John Harris
Justifying Voluntary Euthanasia
186(6)
Peter Singer
Is There a Duty to Die?
192(12)
John Hardwig
Problem Cases
204(5)
Suggested Readings
209(4)
Capital Punishment
213(42)
Introduction
214(35)
The U.S. Supreme Court: Gregg v. Georgia (1976)
218(11)
The Retributive Theory of Punishment
229(2)
Immanuel Kant
The Ultimate Punishment: A Defense of Capital Punishment
231(7)
Ernest van den Haag
Justice, Civilization, and the Death Penalty
238(11)
Jeffrey H. Reiman
Problem Cases
249(3)
Suggested Readings
252(3)
Sexuality and Marriage
255(56)
Introduction
256(47)
The Vatican: Declaration on Sexual Ethics
260(6)
Why Shouldn't Tommy and Jim Have Sex? A Defense of Homosexuality
266(11)
John Corvino
A Reply to Corvino
277(7)
David Bradshaw
Plato and Aristotle on Love
284(1)
Martha Nussbaum
Gay Marriage---and Marriage
285(9)
Sam Schulman
Who Needs Marriage?
294(9)
Jonathan Rauch
Problem Cases
303(5)
Suggested Readings
308(3)
Liberty and Drugs
311(62)
Introduction
312(55)
On Liberty
316(5)
John Stuart Mill
What Libertarianism Is
321(9)
John Hospers
Paternalism
330(13)
Gerald Dworkin
The Ethics of Addiction
343(8)
Thomas Szasz
Against Legalization of Drugs
351(9)
James Q. Wilson
Addiction and Drug Policy
360(7)
Daniel Shapiro
Problem Cases
367(4)
Suggested Readings
371(2)
The Moral Status of Animals
373(40)
Introduction
374(34)
Our Duties to Animals
377(2)
Immanuel Kant
All Animals Are Equal
379(8)
Peter Singer
The Case for Animal Rights
387(9)
Tom Regan
Difficulties with the Strong Animal Rights Position
396(7)
Mary Anne Warren
The Moral Status of Animals
403(5)
Roger Scruton
Problem Cases
408(2)
Suggested Readings
410(3)
The Environment and Consumption
413(60)
Introduction
414(50)
The Land Ethic
419(11)
Aldo Leopold
Animal Liberation: A Triangular Affair
430(17)
J. Baird Callicot
The Environmental Costs of Consumption
447(8)
Alan Thein Durning
Famine Affluence, and Morality
455(9)
Peter Singer
Problem Cases
464(6)
Suggested Readings
470(3)
War and Terrorism
473(86)
Introduction
474(71)
Pacifism
480(14)
Douglas P. Lackey
The Conduct of Just and Limited War
494(13)
William V. O'Brien
The Morality of Terrorism
507(13)
Haig Khatchadourian
The Terrorist's Tacit Message
520(7)
Laurie Calhoun
The War on Terrorism and the End of Human Rights
527(7)
David Luban
The Concept and Practice of Jihad in Islam
534(11)
Michael G. Knapp
Problem Cases
545(10)
Suggested Readings
555(4)
Index 559


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