9780534585365

Contemporary Moral Problems (with InfoTrac)

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780534585365

  • ISBN10:

    0534585361

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 3/12/2002
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing
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Summary

This topically organized anthology-replete with problem cases, illuminating introductory essays, and end- of-chapter study questions--engages students in a variety of contemporary moral debates. Combining divergent viewpoints on a number of timely issues and an introduction to the major currents of thought in the history of Western ethics, White's CONTEMPORARY MORAL PROBLEMS, Seventh Edition provides students with a proven roadmap through the compelling and contentious arena of today's most pressing moral problems.

Table of Contents

Preface vii
Ethical Theories
1(98)
Introduction
2(92)
Egoism and Moral Scepticism
9(8)
James Rachels
Religion, Morality, and Conscience
17(8)
John Arthur
Master- and Slave-Morality
25(5)
Friedrich Nietzsche
Trying Out One's New Sword
30(4)
Mary Midgley
Utilitarianism
34(7)
John Stuart Mill
The Debate over Utilitarianism
41(8)
James Rachels
The Categorical Imperative
49(6)
Immanuel Kant
Happiness and Virtue
55(9)
Aristotle
The Nature and Value of Rights
64(8)
Joel Feinberg
Taking Rights Seriously
72(7)
Ronald Dworkin
A Theory of Justice
79(7)
John Rawls
The Need for More Than Justice
86(8)
Annette Baier
Problem Cases
94(2)
Suggested Readings
96(3)
Abortion
99(84)
Introduction
100(76)
The U.S. Supreme Court: Roe v. Wade (1973)
106(10)
An Almost Absolute Value in History
116(5)
John T. Noonan, Jr.
A Defense of Abortion
121(10)
Judith Jarvis Thomson
Virtue Theory and Abortion
131(13)
Rosalind Hursthouse
On the Moral and legal Status of Abortion
144(12)
Mary Anne Warren
An Argument That Abortion Is Wrong
156(12)
Don Marquis
Feminism and Abortion
168(8)
Sally Markowitz
Problem Cases
176(4)
Suggested Readings
180(3)
Euthanasia and Sustaining Life
183(56)
Introduction
184(50)
Active and Passive Euthanasia
188(5)
James Rachels
The Intentional Termination of Life
193(6)
Bonnie Steinbock
Killing and Letting Die
199(7)
Philippa Foot
The Survival Lottery
206(6)
John Harris
Justifying Voluntary Euthanasia
212(6)
Peter Singer
Objections to the Institutionalisation of Euthanasia
218(4)
Stephen G. Potts
A Feminist Critique of Physician-Assisted Suicide
222(12)
Susan M. Wolf
Problem Cases
234(3)
Suggested Readings
237(2)
Capital Punishment
239(46)
Introduction
240(40)
The U.S. Supreme Court: Gregg v. Georgia (1976)
243(11)
The Retributive Theory of Punishment
254(2)
Immanuel Kant
Deterrence and the Death Penalty
256(9)
Louis P. Pojman
Deterrence: Common Sense and the Best Bet Argument
265(5)
Jeffrey H. Reiman
Capital Punishment
270(10)
Anthony G. Amsterdam
Problem Cases
280(2)
Suggested Readings
282(3)
Sexuality and Marriage
285(70)
Introduction
286(63)
The Vatican: Declaration on Sexual Ethics
290(6)
Plain Sex
296(12)
Alan Goldman
Why Shouldn't Tommy and Jim Have Sex? A Defense of Homosexuality
308(11)
John Corvino
A Reply to Corvino
319(10)
David Bradshaw
How Domestic Partnerships and ``Gay Marriage'' Threaten the Family
329(11)
Robert H. Knight
Who Needs Marriage?
340(9)
Jonathan Rauch
Problem Cases
349(2)
Suggested Readings
351(4)
Pornography and Drugs
355(60)
Introduction
356(52)
On Liberty
361(4)
John Stuart Mill
Pornography and Free Speech: The Civil Rights Approach
365(8)
Barry Lynn
Sex, Lies and Pornography
373(12)
Ann Garry
The Ethics of Addiction
385(8)
Thomas S. Szasz
Against Legalization of Drugs
393(10)
James Q. Wilson
Addiction and Drug Policy
403(5)
Daniel Shapiro
Problem Cases
408(3)
Suggested Readings
411(4)
Affirmative Action
415(52)
Introduction
416(45)
The Moral Status of Affirmative Action
420(19)
Louis P. Pojman
The Case against Pojman
439(6)
Albert Mosley
What Good Am I?
445(5)
Laurence Thomas
The Message of Affirmative Action
450(11)
Thomas E. Hill, Jr.
Problem Cases
461(2)
Suggested Readings
463(4)
Animals
467(44)
Introduction
468(38)
Our Duties to Animals
471(1)
Immanuel Kant
All Animals Are Equal
472(9)
Peter Singer
The Case for Animal Rights
481(9)
Tom Regan
Do Animals Have Rights?
490(6)
Tibor R. Machan
Vegetarianism and ``the Other Weight Problem''
496(10)
James Rachels
Problem Cases
506(1)
Suggested Readings
507(4)
The Environment
511(62)
Introduction
512(56)
The Land Ethic
516(11)
Aldo Leopold
Animal Liberation: A Triangular Affair
527(18)
J. Baird Callicot
Deep Ecology
545(8)
Bill Devall
George Sessions
Radical American Environmentalism and Wilderness Preservation: A Third World Critique
553(7)
Ramachandra Guha
The Environmental Costs of Consumption
560(8)
Alan Thein Durning
Problem Cases
568(3)
Suggested Readings
571(2)
War and Terrorism
573(64)
Introduction
574(56)
Pacifism
579(14)
Douglas P. Lackey
The Conduct of Just and Limited War
593(13)
William V. O'Brien
The Morality of Terrorism
606(13)
Haig Khatchadourian
The Terrorist's Tacit Message
619(7)
Laurie Calhoun
The Doctrine of Jihad
626(4)
Majid Khadduri
Problem Cases
630(4)
Suggested Readings
634(3)
Index 637

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