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List of Illustrations | p. xi |
Acknowledgments | p. xiii |
Introduction | p. 1 |
General Remarks | p. 1 |
Electromagnetic Field Equations | p. 3 |
Electrical Neutrality | p. 7 |
Electric Charge and Magnetic Field Dominance | p. 12 |
Electric Fields | p. 15 |
Basic Considerations | p. 15 |
Definition of Charge and Field | p. 16 |
Concept of Electric Field | p. 17 |
Physical Reality of Electric Field | p. 20 |
Electric Field Pressure | p. 22 |
Magnetic Fields | p. 25 |
Basic Considerations | p. 25 |
Experimental Connection | p. 26 |
Differential Form of Ampere's Law | p. 27 |
Energy and Stress | p. 29 |
Detecting a Magnetic Field | p. 32 |
Field Lines | p. 37 |
Basic Considerations | p. 37 |
The Optical Analogy | p. 39 |
Maxwell's Equations | p. 43 |
Maxwell and Poynting | p. 48 |
Poynting's Momentum and Energy Theorems | p. 48 |
Applications | p. 52 |
Electric and Magnetic Fields in Matter | p. 52 |
SI Units | p. 55 |
Systems of Units | p. 59 |
Chaucer Units | p. 63 |
Moving Reference Frames | p. 65 |
Lorentz Transformations | p. 65 |
Electric Fields in the Laboratory | p. 66 |
Occam's Razor and the Tree in the Forest | p. 67 |
Electric Field in a Moving Plasma | p. 68 |
Net Charge in a Swirling Plasma | p. 71 |
Hydrodynamics | p. 74 |
Basic Considerations | p. 74 |
Derivation of the HD Equations | p. 76 |
The Pressure Tensor | p. 79 |
Pressure Variation in Uniform Dilatations | p. 82 |
Shear Flow | p. 85 |
Effects of Collisions | p. 86 |
Off-diagonal Terms and Viscosity | p. 89 |
Summary | p. 91 |
Magnetohydrodynamics | p. 92 |
Basic Considerations | p. 92 |
Diffusion and Dissipation | p. 96 |
Application of Magnetic Diffusion | p. 98 |
Discussion | p. 101 |
Partially Ionized Gases | p. 102 |
An Electric Current to Satisfy Ampere | p. 108 |
Particle Motion Along B | p. 114 |
Time-varying Magnetic Field | p. 119 |
Comments | p. 121 |
Singular Properties of the Maxwell Stress Tensor | p. 123 |
Magnetic Equilibrium | p. 123 |
Calculation of the Equilibrium Field | p. 128 |
Equilibrium in Stretched Field | p. 129 |
Resolving the Contradiction | p. 132 |
Formation of TDs | p. 133 |
Rapid Reconnection at an Incipient TD | p. 137 |
Quasi-steady Dissipation at a TD | p. 142 |
Comments | p. 147 |
Summary | p. 147 |
Electric Circuit Analogy | p. 148 |
A Simple Example of an Electric Circuit | p. 149 |
Popular Electric and Magnetic Fields | p. 154 |
Electrostatically Driven Expansion of the Universe | p. 157 |
Relaxation of Electric Charge Inhomogeneity | p. 159 |
Imposition of a Large-scale Electric Field | p. 162 |
Electric Charge Density in an Electric Field | p. 165 |
The Transverse Invariant wn2B | p. 167 |
Blocking the Flow of Electric Current | p. 169 |
References | p. 173 |
Index | p. 179 |
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