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Countries and Concepts: An Introduction to Comparative Politics

by
Edition:
6th
ISBN13:

9780136252450

ISBN10:
0136252451
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
8/1/1997
Publisher(s):
Pearson

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Summary

Appropriate for undergraduate Political Science courses including Introduction to Comparative Politics, Introduction to European Politics, and Introduction to Politics. Introduces the concepts and vocabulary of Comparative Politics through a country-by-country analysis and recent case studies. By demonstrating that political life is universal and comparable, the text also proves that no country is really alien, but rather that all countries are understandable.

Table of Contents

A NOTE TO INSTRUCTORS xxi
CHAPTER 1 WHAT TO LOOK FOR
1(18)
Looking for Quarrels
1(1)
The Structure of This Book
2(1)
The Impact of the Past
3(3)
The Five Crises of Nation Building
5(1)
The Key Institutions
6(2)
Left, Right, and Center
6(1)
What about Names and Dates?
7(1)
Political Attitudes
8(4)
Parliamentary versus Presidential Systems
9(1)
The Civic Culture Study
10(1)
What Is "Ideology"?
11(1)
Patterns of Interaction
12(3)
The Politics of Social Cleavages
13(1)
How Important Is the European Union?
14(1)
What People Quarrel About
15(1)
The Importance of Being Comparative
16(1)
Vocabulary Building
16(1)
Further Reference
17(2)
PART I GREAT BRITAIN 19(64)
CHAPTER 2 BRITAIN: THE IMPACT OF THE PAST
20(12)
The United Kingdom
21(1)
Britain's French Legacy
22(1)
Magna Carta
22(1)
The Common Law
23(1)
The Rise of Parliament
23(1)
Henry VIII
24(1)
Parliament versus King
25(1)
Premature Democrats
25(1)
Acton's Dictum
26(1)
Cromwell's Commonwealth
26(1)
The "Glorious Revolution"
26(1)
The Rise of the Prime Minister
27(1)
The Democratization of Parliament
27(2)
Conservative Geniuses: Burke and Disraeli
29(1)
The Rise of the Welfare State
29(2)
Comparing: The Genesis of Two Welfare States
30(1)
Vocabulary Building
31(1)
Further Reference
31(1)
CHAPTER 3 BRITAIN: THE KEY INSTITUTIONS
32(14)
The Monarch
32(2)
Comparing: The Last Political Monarch
34(1)
The Cabinet
34(3)
The Queen Chooses a New Prime Minister
35(2)
The Prime Minister
37(1)
Tony Blair: A British Clinton?
37(1)
The Commons
38(2)
The Deceptive No. 10 Downing Street
39(1)
How the Commons Works
40(3)
How Much Are Parliamentarians Paid?
40(2)
What to Do with Lords?
42(1)
The Parties
43(2)
Two-Party Systems: Variations on a British Theme
43(2)
Vocabulary Building
45(1)
Further Reference
45(1)
CHAPTER 4 BRITISH POLITICAL ATTITUDES
46(11)
"Public" Schools
47(1)
What to Do with "Public" Schools?
47(1)
"Oxbridge"
48(1)
Class and Voting
48(1)
The Deferential British?
49(1)
The 1997 Elections: Class Plus Region
50(1)
British Civility
50(1)
Pragmatism
51(2)
Football Hooliganism
51(1)
The Shape of the British Electorate
52(1)
Traditions and Symbols
53(1)
Legitimacy and Authority
53(1)
The Ulster Ulcer
54(1)
The IRA: Ballots and Bullets
55(1)
A Changing Political Culture
55(1)
Vocabulary Building
56(1)
Further Reference
56(1)
CHAPTER 5 BRITAIN: PATTERNS OF INTERACTION
57(12)
1997: Finally, Labour
58(1)
National and Local Party
58(1)
Politics within the Parties
59(3)
The Struggle of the Liberal Democrats
60(1)
Saving Labour from the Unions
61(1)
The "Poll Tax" Issue
62(1)
Parties and Interest Groups
62(1)
The Parties Face Each Other
63(1)
The Profumo Scandal
64(1)
The Cabinet and the Civil Servants
64(2)
The Utility of Dignity
65(1)
Treasury: The Real Power
66(1)
The Civil Service and Interest Groups
66(1)
What about Democracy?
67(1)
Vocabulary Building
68(1)
Further Reference
68(1)
CHAPTER 6 WHAT BRITONS QUARREL ABOUT
69(14)
The "British Disease"
69(1)
"Pluralistic Stagnation"
70(1)
The Thatcher Cure
70(4)
The Flip Side of the Welfare State
71(1)
Comparing: The Productivity Race
72(1)
Comparing: Thatchernomics and Reaganomics
73(1)
The Trouble with National Health
74(3)
Scottish and Welsh Nationalism
74(3)
What to Do with Northern Ireland?
76(1)
British Racism
77(1)
Britain and Europe
78(2)
Britain's Education Dilemma
79(1)
Great Britain or Little England?
80(1)
Vocabulary Building
80(1)
Further Reference
81(2)
PART II FRANCE 83(70)
CHAPTER 7 FRANCE: THE IMPACT OF THE PAST
84(12)
The Roman Influence
84(1)
The Rise of French Absolutism
85(1)
Great French Expressions: "Paris Is Worth a Mass"
85(1)
Louis XIV: The High Point of Absolutism
86(1)
Why the French Revolution?
86(2)
Great French Expressions: "L'etat, c'est moi"
86(1)
Great French Expressions: "Let Them Eat Cake"
87(1)
Three French Geniuses: Voltaire, Montesquieu, Rousseau
88(1)
From Freedom to Tyranny
88(2)
A Tale of Two Flags
89(1)
The Original Chauvinist
90(1)
The Bourbon Restoration
90(2)
A Theory of Revolution
91(1)
Great French Expressions: "They Learned Nothing and They Forgot Nothing"
92(1)
The Third Republic
92(1)
Vichy: France Splits Again
93(1)
The Dreyfus Affair
93(1)
The Fourth Republic
94(1)
Vocabulary Building
95(1)
Further Reference
95(1)
CHAPTER 8 FRANCE: THE KEY INSTITUTIONS
96(15)
A Semipresidential System
96(4)
Parliamentary versus Presidential Systems
97(2)
Great French Expressions: Cohabitation
99(1)
The Presidential Election of 1995
100(1)
Premier and Cabinet
100(3)
A Gaullist Technocrat as President
101(2)
Great French Expressions: "Plus ca change, plus c'est la meme chose"
103(1)
The National Assembly
103(2)
Comparing: The Israeli Parliamentary System
104(1)
A Senate That Fights Back
105(1)
The Party System
105(3)
The Parliamentary Elections of 1997
106(2)
Comparing: A French Supreme Court?
108(1)
A Decentralized Unitary System
108(1)
Vocabulary Building
109(1)
Further Reference
109(2)
CHAPTER 9 FRENCH POLITICAL ATTITUDES
111(15)
How to Celebrate a 200-Year-Old Revolution
112(1)
Historical Roots of French Attitudes
112(1)
A Climate of Mistrust
113(1)
"La Marseillaise"
113(1)
Great French Expressions: "L'enfer, c'est les autres"
114(1)
The Nasty Split
114(2)
French and American Party Identification
115(1)
Comparing: The Instability of Split Societies
116(1)
School for Grinds
116(2)
French Elections: The Persistence of Religion
117(1)
French Elections: The Persistence of Region
118(1)
The "Great Schools"
118(2)
How Would You Do on the "Bac"?
119(1)
Rule of the Enarchs
120(1)
The Fear of "Face to Face"
120(1)
Freedom or Authority?
121(1)
Comparing: French and American Press Conferences
121(1)
Social Class
122(1)
The Great Calming Down
122(3)
Great French Expressions: "The Heart Is on the Left, but the Billfold Is on the Right"
123(1)
The French Turn Centrist
124(1)
Vocabulary Building
125(1)
Further Reference
125(1)
CHAPTER 10 FRANCE: PATTERNS OF INTERACTION
126(15)
The Emerging Party System
127(1)
The Socialists and the Communists
127(2)
The French Left: Smother Thy Brother
128(1)
The Gaullists and Republicans
129(2)
Mitterrand Skunks Chirac
130(1)
Balladur Upstages Mitterrand
131(1)
The Stalemate Cycle
131(2)
The Events of May 1968
132(1)
Referendum Madness
133(2)
Boring! Boring! No New Faces
135(1)
Fragmented Labor Unions
135(2)
Business and the Bureaucracy
136(1)
"Putting on the Slippers"
137(1)
The Eternal Bureaucracy
137(2)
The Real Power: The Inspection
138(1)
Government by Bureaucracy
139(1)
Vocabulary Building
139(1)
Further Reference
140(1)
CHAPTER 11 WHAT THE FRENCH QUARREL ABOUT
141(12)
Nukes, French Style
142(1)
Big Guys versus Little Guys
142(2)
The Poujadists: A Classic Flash Party
143(1)
The Nationalization Question
144(2)
The Concorde: A Prestigious Dinosaur
145(1)
The Unemployment Horror
146(2)
Comparing: Europe Adopts U.S.-Style Conservatism
146(1)
Is There a VAT in Your Future?
147(1)
France's Racial Problem
148(1)
The National Front: The Angry Party
149(1)
France's Education Problems
149(1)
The Covering Up of Things Past
150(1)
Comparing: How U.S. and French Youth Handle the School Problem
150(1)
Vocabulary Building
151(1)
Further Reference
151(2)
PART III GERMANY 153(72)
CHAPTER 12 GERMANY: THE IMPACT OF THE PAST
154(16)
Who Are the Germans?
154(1)
The Fragmented Nation
155(3)
The Changing Shape of Germany
156(2)
Impressive German Words: Obrigkeit
158(1)
The Rise of Prussia
158(1)
German Nationalism
159(1)
Impressive German Words: Machtstaat
Impressive German Words: Volksgeist
160(1)
The Second Reich
160(2)
Bismarck's Dubious Legacy
161(1)
Impressive German Words: Kulturkampf
162(1)
The Catastrophe: World War I
162(1)
Republic without Democrats
163(3)
Impressive German Words: Dolchstoss
163(1)
The Horrors of Polarized Pluralism
164(1)
Impressive German Words: Gleichschaltung
165(1)
Impressive German Words: Lebensraum
166(1)
The Third Reich
166(2)
Might Have Been: The Plot to Kill Hitler
167(1)
Another Tale of Two Flags
168(1)
The Occupation
168(1)
Vocabulary Building
169(1)
Further Reference
169(1)
CHAPTER 13 GERMANY: THE KEY INSTITUTIONS
170(14)
The President
170(1)
Impressive German Words: Bundesrepublik
171(1)
The Chancellor
171(1)
Impressive German Words: Grundgesetz
172(1)
The Cabinet
172(3)
Der Alte: Adenauer
173(1)
Helmut Kohl: The Underestimated Chancellor
174(1)
The Bundestag
175(2)
The Grand Coalition: A Dangerous Experiment
175(2)
The Constitutional Court
177(1)
The Bundesrat: A Useful Upper House
178(1)
The Parties
178(2)
Impressive German Words: Regierungsfahig
179(1)
Comparing: Germany's Electoral System: An Export Product
180(1)
A Split Electoral System
180(3)
"You Have Two Votes": A German Ballot
181(1)
1994: A Modified PR System in Action
182(1)
Vocabulary Building
183(1)
Further Reference
183(1)
CHAPTER 14 GERMAN POLITICAL ATTITUDES
184(12)
The Moral Vacuum
185(1)
Impressive German Words: Gehorsamkeit
185(1)
Impressive German Words: Vergangenheitsbewaltigung
186(1)
Forgetting the Past
186(2)
The Rise of "Postmaterialism"
187(1)
A German "Generation X"?
188(1)
The Generation Gap
188(1)
A New German Democracy
189(1)
Germany's Nationalistic "New Right"
190(1)
The Disorienting Unification
190(2)
Willy Brandt: A German Mr. Clean
191(1)
The End of Shell Shock
192(1)
Impressive German Words: Politikverdrossenheit
193(1)
The German Political Elite
193(1)
The German Split Personality
194(1)
Impressive German Words: Sehnsucht and Streben
194(1)
Vocabulary Building
195(1)
Further Reference
195(1)
CHAPTER 15 GERMANY: PATTERNS OF INTERACTION
196(13)
More Complex, Less Stable
196(1)
Parties and the Electorate
196(4)
Germany's Possible Coalitions
197(1)
The Shape of the German Electorate
198(1)
Unhappy on the Left: The Jusos
199(1)
The Chancellor and the Electorate
200(1)
Thunder on the Right: CSU
200(1)
German Dealignment?
201(1)
Impressive German Words: Weltanschauung
201(1)
German Dealignment?
201(2)
The "Catchall" Party
202(1)
Movable Mayors
203(1)
The Bundestag and the Citizen
203(1)
The Union-Party Linkup
204(2)
Boring! Boring! Politics without Passion
204(1)
Impressive German Words: Spitzenverband
205(1)
The Lander and Berlin
206(1)
German Voting Patterns
207(1)
Vocabulary Building
208(1)
Further Reference
208(1)
CHAPTER 16 WHAT GERMANS QUARREL ABOUT
209(16)
The End of the Miracle
209(3)
Impressive German Words: Wirtschaftswunder
210(1)
Impressive German Words: Sozialmarkt
210(1)
Impressive German Words: Mitbestimmung
211(1)
Comparing: Who Wins the Manufacturing Race?
212(1)
How to Merge Two Economies
212(5)
Impressive German Words: Ladenschlussgezetz
213(1)
Could Unification Have Come Gradually?
214(2)
How to Handle the Euro?
216(1)
How Much Welfare?
217(1)
Comparing: Running Out of Germans
217(1)
The Flood of Foreigners
218(3)
Impressive German Words: Gastarbeiter
219(1)
The Stasi Stain
220(1)
Impressive German Words: Waldsterben
221(1)
A Fourth Reich?
221(2)
Vocabulary Building
223(1)
Further Reference
223(2)
PART IV RUSSIA 225(66)
CHAPTER 17 RUSSIA: THE IMPACT OF THE PAST
226(17)
The Slavic People
226(2)
Momorable Russian Slogans: "Moscow Is the Third Rome"
227(1)
Russian Autocracy
228(1)
Absolutism or Anarchy?
228(1)
State Plus Church: "Caesaropapism"
229(1)
Forced Modernization
229(1)
Westernizers and Slavophiles
230(1)
From Frustration to Revolution
230(1)
Premature Democrats: The Decembrists
231(1)
Marxism Comes to Russia
231(3)
A Russian Genius: Lenin
232(1)
One City, Three Names
233(1)
Curtain Raiser: The 1905 Revolution
234(1)
Memorable Russian Slogans: "Bread, Land, Peace"
234(1)
Kerensky: Nice Guys Lose
235(1)
World War I and Collapse
235(2)
Memorable Russian Slogans: "All Power to the Soviets"
236(1)
Why the October Revolution Was in November
237(1)
The Revolution and Civil War
237(1)
Memorable Russian Slogans: "He Who Does Not Work, Neither Shall He Eat"
238(1)
War Communism and NEP
238(4)
Yet Another Tale of Two Flags
239(1)
Stalin: "One Death Is a Tragedy; a Million Is a Statistic"
240(2)
Vocabulary Building
242(1)
Further Reference
242(1)
CHAPTER 18 RUSSIA: THE KEY INSTITUTIONS
243(13)
The Stalin System
243(4)
Memorable Russian Slogans: "The Communist Party Is Not a Party Like Other Parties"
244(1)
Government in a Fortress
245(2)
The New System
247(7)
The KGB
247(1)
1991: The Coup That Failed
248(2)
Yeltsin: A Cautious Reformer
250(1)
1993: The Second Coup That Failed
251(1)
Russia's 1996 Presidential Elections
252(1)
The Russian Elections of 1995: A Fragmented Party System
253(1)
The Persistence of Pattern
254(1)
The Once and Future KGB
254(1)
Vocabulary Building
255(1)
Further Reference
255(1)
CHAPTER 19 RUSSIAN POLITICAL ATTITUDES
256(11)
The Russian Difference
256(3)
Huntington's "Civilizational" Divide in Europe
257(1)
Solzhenitsyn: Russian Mysticism
258(1)
The Mask of Legitimacy
259(1)
The Illusion of Ideology
259(2)
How to Build a Civil Society: The Philosophical Gap
260(1)
The Rediscovery of Civil Society
261(1)
How to Build a Civil Society: The Moral Gap
262(1)
Natural Egalitarians?
262(1)
Russian Racism
263(1)
How to Build a Civil Society: The Economic Gap
264(1)
Can a Democratic Political Culture Be Learned?
264(2)
How to Build a Civil Society: The Legal Gap
265(1)
Vocabulary Building
266(1)
Further Reference
266(1)
CHAPTER 20 RUSSIA: PATTERNS OF INTERACTION
267(11)
Reformers versus Conservatives
267(3)
Khrushchev: The First Reformer
268(2)
Totalitarian versus Authoritarian
270(1)
President versus Parliament
270(4)
Gorbachev: "Life Punishes Those Who Delay"
271(1)
Centrist Reformer: Prime Minister Chernomyrdin
272(1)
Comparing: The Timing of Reforms
273(1)
The Mafia
274(1)
Remembering the Marshal
274(1)
The Army
275(2)
The Next Russian Strongman? Ex-General Lebed
276(1)
Vocabulary Building
277(1)
Further Reference
277(1)
CHAPTER 21 WHAT RUSSIANS QUARREL ABOUT
278(13)
Why the Soviet Union Collapsed
278(1)
How to Reform?
279(1)
Economic Goods versus Economic Bads
279(1)
The Pace and Pain of Economic Reform
280(3)
Why Did We Fail to Anticipate?
281(1)
Lacking Facts, They Theorized
282(1)
Recover the Lost Republics?
283(4)
The Terminology of Economic Reform
284(1)
The Horror of Chechnya
285(1)
Comparing: Yugoslavia: A Miniature Soviet Union?
286(1)
A Middle Way for Socialism?
287(1)
The Horror of Russian Health
287(1)
Comparing: Scandinavian-Type Socialism for the Soviet Union?
288(1)
Which Way Russia?
288(1)
Vocabulary Building
289(1)
Further Reference
289(2)
PART V JAPAN 291(59)
CHAPTER 22 JAPAN: THE IMPACT OF THE PAST
292(10)
Japanese Feudalism
293(1)
Comparing: The Uniqueness Trap
293(1)
Comparing: Japan and Britain
294(1)
The European Jolt
294(1)
The Forced Entry
295(1)
The 1868 Meiji Restoration
296(1)
The Japanese Model of Industrialization?
297(1)
The Path to War
297(1)
The Great Pacific War
298(2)
The United States and Japan: Collision in the Pacific
299(1)
Japanese Understatement: "The War Has Not Gone So Well"
300(1)
Up from the Ashes
300(1)
Vocabulary Building
301(1)
Further Reference
301(1)
CHAPTER 23 JAPAN: THE KEY INSTITUTIONS
302(12)
The Monarchy
302(1)
The Diet
302(3)
Comparing: Deference to Monarchs
303(1)
A Woman Speaker for Japan's Diet
304(1)
Prime Minister
305(2)
Fill in the Blanks: A Generic Prime Minister
307(1)
Parties
307(2)
Comparing: The LDP and Italy's DC
308(1)
Japan's Electoral System
309(2)
The 1996 Elections: A New Hybrid System in Action
310(1)
The Ministries
311(1)
Japanese Territorial Organization
312(1)
Vocabulary Building
313(1)
Further Reference
313(1)
CHAPTER 24 JAPANESE POLITICAL ATTITUDES
314(12)
Comparing: Guilt versus Shame
315(1)
The United States and Japan: Destined to Misunderstand?
316(1)
The Cult of the Group
316(2)
The United States and Japan: Managing Differences
318(1)
Education for Grinds
318(2)
How Would You Do on a Japanese Exam?
319(1)
Why Is Wa?
320(1)
Death of a Sarariman
320(2)
The United States and Japan: The Minamata Pieta
321(1)
Political Suicide
322(1)
Japanese Understatement: Sorry for the "Inconvenience"
322(1)
The Honor of On
323(1)
The "New Human Race"
323(1)
Comparing: Changing Political Cultures of Germany and Japan
324(1)
Vocabulary Building
324(1)
Further Reference
325(1)
CHAPTER 25 JAPAN: PATTERNS OF INTERACTION
326(11)
Bureaucrats in Command
327(3)
Japan's Major Interest Groups
327(1)
Comparing: Bureaucratic Elites in France and Japan
328(1)
The United States and Japan: An American DITI?
329(1)
The Big Three of Japanese Scandals
330(1)
Corruption Scandals
330(2)
Comparing: Can "Money Politics" Be Broken?
331(1)
No One in Charge?
332(1)
The Dangers of Multiparty Coalitions
333(2)
Plus ca Change: Who Is Really in Charge?
334(1)
The Hopes of Reform
335(1)
Vocabulary Building
336(1)
Further Reference
336(1)
CHAPTER 26 WHAT JAPANESE QUARREL ABOUT
337(13)
The Japanese Economic Miracle
337(1)
Japan Destroys the German Photo Industry
338(1)
The Secret of Japan's Success
338(3)
Equality Works
340(1)
From Success to Failure
341(3)
Japanese Understatement: "Japan Has a Trade Surplus"
341(1)
Purchasing Power Parity
342(1)
Silly Excuses to Exclude Foreign Goods
343(1)
Poor Man's PPP: The Big Mac Index
344(1)
Should Japanese Live Better?
344(1)
Could Japan Turn Aggressive?
345(2)
Repeal Article 9?
346(1)
A New Japan?
347(1)
The Japanese Non-Welfare State
347(1)
Vocabulary Building
348(1)
Further Reference
348(2)
PART VI THE THIRD WORLD 350(139)
What Is the Third World? 352(1)
CHAPTER 27 CHINA
353(32)
The Impact of the Past
353(7)
A Traditional Political System
353(2)
The Long Collapse
355(2)
Confucianism: Government by Right Thinking
355(1)
Cyclical versus Secular Change
356(1)
From Empire to Republic
357(1)
The Communist Triumph
358(2)
Mao and Guerilla War
359(1)
The Key Institutions
360(5)
The Soviet Parallel
360(3)
Tandem Power: Mao and Zhou
361(1)
The Invisible Puppeteer: Deng Xiaoping
362(1)
The Party
363(1)
The Army
363(2)
Tandem Power Continues
364(1)
Chinese Political Attitudes
365(6)
Traditional Attitudes
365(2)
Reverence for Age
366(1)
Nationalism
367(1)
Maoism
367(2)
Slogans from the Cultural Revolution
368(1)
Concealed Anger
369(2)
Big Lie and Little Whisper
369(2)
Patterns of Interaction
371(6)
Cycles of Upheaval
371(1)
Radicals and Moderates
371(3)
The Great Leap Forward: "Twenty Years in a Day"
372(1)
The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution: "Bombard the Command Post"
373(1)
Chinese Liberal and Conservative Politics
374(1)
The Underlying Problem
375(2)
Anti-Western Campaigns
375(1)
The Tienanmen Massacre
376(1)
What Chinese Quarrel About
377(8)
A Market Economy for China?
377(2)
The Trouble with Markets
378(1)
A Middle Way for the Middle Kingdom?
379(2)
How Many Chinese?
380(1)
Do Markets Lead to Democracy?
381(2)
The Hong Kong Problem
382(1)
Dissent and Democracy
383(1)
Vocabulary Building
383(1)
Further Reference
384(1)
CHAPTER 28 BRAZIL
385(35)
The Impact of the Past
385(7)
The Portuguese Influence
385(2)
A Painless Independence
387(1)
From Empire to Republic
388(1)
The Old Republic
389(1)
"Order and Progress"
389(1)
The Addiction of Statism
390(1)
Vargas's "New State"
390(1)
The Rise and Fall of Jango Goulart
391(1)
The Key Institutions
392(7)
The Military as Political Institution
392(2)
Brazil's Powerful Military School
393(1)
The President Who Never Was
394(1)
The Presidency
394(2)
Comparing: Spain Turns Democratic
395(1)
A New Democratic Constitution
396(1)
An Emerging Party System
396(2)
The 1994 Election: The Inflation Connection
397(1)
A Lack of Institutions
398(1)
Brazilian Political Attitudes
399(6)
The Easygoing Image
399(1)
Personalismo and Machismo
400(1)
Brazilian Racism
400(2)
Comparing: Apartheid, Brazilian Style
401(1)
Brazil's Poor: Passive or Explosive?
402(1)
Marginals in Brazil's Favelas
402(1)
Uneven Democratic Attitudes
403(2)
Latin America's Changing Leftists
404(1)
Patterns of Interaction
405(7)
An Elite Game
405(1)
The Mobilization-Demobilization Cycle
405(2)
Political Mobilization, Brazilian Style
406(1)
The Inflation Connection
407(1)
"Praetorianism"
407(1)
Brazil's Desperate Struggle against Inflation
408(1)
The Corruption Connection
408(1)
Resurgent Interest Groups
409(1)
The Brazilian Political Cycle
409(1)
The Church as Opposition
410(2)
Chico Mendes: Another Death in the Amazon
411(1)
What Brazilians Quarrel About
412(8)
How to Make a Second Brazilian Miracle
412(1)
"They Got an Awful Lot of Everything in Brazil"
412(1)
Headed for Extinction: Brazil's Indians
413(1)
Brazil's State Capitalism
413(2)
Great Brazilian Wisecracks
414(1)
Great Brazilian Wisecracks
415(1)
Growth for Whom?
415(1)
The Population Problem
416(1)
Will Brazilian Democracy Last?
417(1)
Crime and Punishment, Brazilian Style
417(1)
Vocabulary Building
418(1)
Further Reference
418(2)
CHAPTER 29 SOUTH AFRICA
420(33)
The Impact of the Past
420(6)
The Great Trek
421(2)
South Africa's Population (in Millions)
422(1)
Dingaan's Kraal: Still Remembered
423(1)
The Boer War
423(1)
From Defeat to Victory
424(2)
Why Did Apartheid End?
425(1)
The Key Institutions
426(9)
System in Flux
426(1)
A Quasi-Presidential System
426(1)
South African Might-Have-Been: The Black and Coloured Vote
427(1)
A Bicameral Parliament
427(2)
Nelson Mandela: A President for All South Africans
428(1)
The Cabinet
429(2)
Comparing: How to Reform an Unjust System?
430(1)
The Parties
431(4)
A Constitutional Court for South Africa
431(1)
Beware the Confusion: South Africa's Two "National" Parties
432(1)
1994: A New Proportional Representation System in Action
433(1)
Home for Four Million People?
434(1)
Farewell to the Homelands
435(1)
South African Political Attitudes
435(5)
The Africans
435(1)
The Afrikaners
436(2)
From Euphoria to Dysphoria
436(1)
A Lost Generation of African Youth
437(1)
Do Afrikaners Change?
438(1)
The English Speakers
438(1)
The Browns
439(1)
South African Might-Have-Been: If the English Had Retained Power
439(1)
Patterns of Interaction
440(6)
Politics within the ANC
440(1)
Why Do Plural Societies Cohere? "Cross-Cutting Cleavages"
441(1)
The ANC and the Whites
441(2)
Why Do Plural Societies Cohere? "Consociational Democracy"
442(1)
The ANC versus Inkatha
443(1)
South Africa's Bloodshed: Whose Fault?
443(1)
New Player: COSATU
444(1)
An Emerging Party System
444(2)
Harvest of Hatred
446(1)
What South Africans Quarrel About
446(7)
How to Manage a Revolution
446(2)
How Much Truth Can South Africa Take?
447(1)
Favelas in South Africa?
448(1)
Capitalism for South Africa?
448(1)
The Brazilianization of South Africa?
449(1)
Which Way for South Africa?
450(1)
A Separate KwaZulu?
450(1)
Who Can Replace Mandela?
451(1)
Vocabulary Building
451(1)
Further Reference
452(1)
CHAPTER 30 IRAN
453(30)
The Impact of the Past
453(6)
The Arab Conquest
454(1)
Western Penetration
454(1)
The First Pahlavi
455(2)
Comparing: Ataturk and Reza Shah
456(1)
The Last Pahlavi
457(2)
The Big U.S. Mistake
457(2)
The Key Institutions
459(4)
A Theocracy
459(1)
Iran's 1997 Presidential Election
460(1)
Iran's Executive
460(1)
Iran's Legislature
461(1)
The Strange "Council of Guardians"
461(1)
Emerging Parties?
462(1)
A Partly Free System
463(1)
Iranian Political Attitudes
463(7)
Is Islam Anti-Modern?
464(2)
Is Islamic "Fundamentalism" the Right Name?
466(1)
Islam as a Political Ideology
466(1)
Democracy and Authority
467(1)
Are Iranians Religious Fanatics?
467(1)
Islamic Modernization: The Silencing of Soroush
468(1)
Persian Nationalism
468(2)
Sunni and Shia
469(1)
Patterns of Interaction
470(6)
Religion as a Political Tool
470(1)
Does Islam Discriminate against Women?
470(1)
Radicals and Moderates in Iran
471(4)
The U.S. Embassy Takeover
472(1)
Saudi Arabia: The Next Iran?
473(1)
Mullahs versus Bazaaris
474(1)
The Revolution Burns Out
475(1)
What Iranians Quarrel About
476(7)
Which Way for Iran's Economy?
476(2)
How Many Iranians?
477(1)
Open Letter to Americans: Don't Mess with Iran
478(1)
The Veiled Debate on Islam
478(2)
Open Letter to Iranians: Don't Mess with America
479(1)
A Fatwa on Rushdie
480(1)
What Kind of Foreign Policy?
480(1)
Do Revolutions End Badly?
481(1)
Vocabulary Building
482(1)
Further Reference
482(1)
CHAPTER 31 LESSONS OF NINE COUNTRIES
483(6)
GLOSSARY 489(8)
INDEX 497


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