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Countries and Concepts : Politics, Geography, and Culture,9780130867582
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Countries and Concepts : Politics, Geography, and Culture

by
Edition:
7th
ISBN13:

9780130867582

ISBN10:
0130867586
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2001
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $66.00
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Summary

For undergraduate Political Science courses including Introduction to Comparative Politics, Introduction to European Politics, and Introduction to Politics. Introduces the concepts and vocabulary of Comparative Politics through a country-by-country analysis and recent case studies. By demonstrating that political life is universal and comparable, the text also proves that no country is really alien, but rather that all countries are understandable.

Table of Contents

Feature Boxes xiii
A Note to Instructors xvii
The Concept of Country
1(19)
The Classic Nation-State
2(1)
The Modern State
3(1)
The Rise of Nationalism
3(2)
Looking for Quarrels
5(1)
The Impact of the Past
6(3)
The Key Institutions
9(1)
Political Culture
10(4)
Patterns of Interaction
14(3)
What People Quarrel About
17(1)
Key Terms
18(1)
Further Reference
18(2)
Part I Great Britain 20(66)
Britain: The Impact of the Past
22(12)
Magna Carta
23(2)
The Rise of Parliament
25(1)
Henry VIII
25(1)
Parliament versus King
26(2)
Cromwell's Commonwealth
28(1)
The ``Glorious Revolution''
28(1)
The Rise of the Prime Minister
29(1)
The Democratization of Parliament
30(2)
The Rise of the Welfare State
32(1)
Key Terms
33(1)
Further Reference
33(1)
Britain: The Key Institutions
34(15)
The Monarch
35(1)
The Cabinet
36(3)
The Prime Minister
39(2)
The Commons
41(2)
How the Commons Works
43(2)
The New House of Lords
45(1)
The Parties
45(2)
Key Terms
47(1)
Further Reference
48(1)
British Political Culture
49(12)
``Public'' Schools
50(1)
``Oxbridge''
51(1)
Class and Voting
52(1)
The Deferential British?
53(1)
British Civility
53(1)
Pragmatism
53(2)
Traditions and Symbols
55(1)
Legitimacy and Authority
56(2)
The Ulster Ulcer
58(1)
A Changing Political Culture
59(1)
Key Terms
59(1)
Further Reference
60(1)
Britain: Patterns of Interaction
61(12)
National and Local Party
62(2)
Politics within the Parties
64(1)
Parties and Interest Groups
65(2)
The Parties Face Each Other
67(1)
The Cabinet and the Civil Servants
68(2)
The Civil Service and Interest Groups
70(1)
Key Terms
71(1)
Further Reference
72(1)
What Britons Quarrel About
73(13)
The ``British Disease''
73(1)
The Thatcher Cure
74(3)
The Trouble with National Health
77(2)
Is Northern Ireland Settled?
79(1)
British Racism
79(3)
Britain and Europe
82(1)
Great Britain or Little England?
83(2)
Key Terms
85(1)
Further Reference
85(1)
Part II France 86(74)
France: The Impact of the Past
88(15)
The Roman Influence
89(1)
The Rise of French Absolutism
89(3)
Louis XIV: The High Point of Absolutism
92(1)
Why the French Revolution?
92(2)
From Freedom to Tyranny
94(3)
The Bourbon Restoration
97(1)
The Third Republic
98(1)
Vichy: France Splits Again
98(2)
The Fourth Republic
100(1)
Key Terms
101(1)
Further Reference
102(1)
France: The Key Institutions
103(15)
A Semipresidential System
104(3)
Premier and Cabinet
107(1)
The National Assembly
108(3)
A Senate That Fights Back
111(1)
The French Multiparty System
112(1)
France's Electoral System
113(1)
The Constitutional Council
113(4)
Key Terms
117(1)
Further Reference
117(1)
French Political Culture
118(15)
Historical Roots of French Attitudes
119(1)
A Climate of Mistrust
120(2)
The Nasty Split
122(1)
School for Grinds
123(2)
The ``Great Schools''
125(2)
The Fear of ``Face to Face''
127(1)
Freedom or Authority?
128(1)
Social Class
128(2)
The Great Calming Down
130(2)
Key Terms
132(1)
Further Reference
132(1)
France: Patterns of Interaction
133(14)
The Emerging Party System
134(1)
The Socialists and the Communists
135(1)
The Fractured Right
135(3)
The Stalemate Cycle
138(2)
Referendum Madness
140(1)
Fragmented Labor Unions
141(1)
Business and the Bureaucracy
142(1)
The Eternal Bureaucracy
143(1)
Government by Bureaucracy
144(1)
Key Terms
145(1)
Further Reference
145(2)
What the French Quarrel About
147(13)
Big Guys versus Little Guys
149(1)
The Privatization Question
149(2)
What to Do about Unemployment
151(3)
France's Racial Problem
154(2)
France's Education Problems
156(1)
The Covering Up of Things Past
157(2)
Key Terms
159(1)
Further Reference
159(1)
Part III Germany 160(74)
Germany: The Impact of the Past
162(17)
Who Are the Germans?
163(1)
The Fragmented Nation
163(4)
The Rise of Prussia
167(2)
German Nationalism
169(1)
The Second Reich
170(2)
The Catastrophe: World War I
172(1)
Republic without Democrats
172(1)
The Third Reich
173(3)
The Occupation
176(2)
Key Terms
178(1)
Further Reference
178(1)
Germany: The Key Institutions
179(15)
The President
182(1)
The Chancellor
182(1)
The Cabinet
183(1)
The Bundestag
184(3)
The Constitutional Court
187(1)
Germany's ``Two-Plus'' Party System
188(1)
The Bundesrat
189(1)
A Split Electoral System
190(3)
Key Terms
193(1)
Further Reference
193(1)
German Political Culture
194(13)
The Moral Vacuum
195(1)
The Remembrance of Things Past
196(2)
The Generation Gap
198(3)
A Normal Germany?
201(2)
The Disorienting Unification
203(1)
The End of Shell Shock
204(1)
The German Political Elite
204(1)
The German Split Personality
205(1)
Key Terms
205(1)
Further Reference
206(1)
Germany: Patterns of Interaction
207(14)
Parties and the Electorate
209(2)
The Chancellor and the Electorate
211(1)
German Dealignment?
212(1)
The Bundestag and the Citizen
213(2)
The Union-Party Linkup
215(1)
The Lander and Berlin
216(1)
German Voting Patterns
217(3)
Key Terms
220(1)
Further Reference
220(1)
What Germans Quarrel About
221(13)
The End of the Miracle
222(2)
How to Merge Two Economies
224(4)
How Much Welfare?
228(1)
The Flood of Foreigners
228(3)
A Fourth Reich?
231(2)
Key Terms
233(1)
Further Reference
233(1)
Part IV Russia 234(70)
Russia: The Impact of the Past
236(17)
The Slavic People
237(1)
Russian Autocracy
238(1)
Absolutism or Anarchy?
239(1)
Forced Modernization
240(1)
Westernizers and Slavophiles
241(1)
From Frustration to Revolution
241(1)
Marxism Comes to Russia
242(2)
Curtain Raiser: The 1905 Revolution
244(1)
World War I and Collapse
244(3)
The Revolution and Civil War
247(3)
War Communism and NEP
250(1)
Key Terms
251(1)
Further Reference
251(2)
Russia: The Key Institutions
253(14)
The Stalin System
253(5)
The New System
258(8)
Key Terms
266(1)
Further Reference
266(1)
Russian Political Culture
267(12)
The Russian Difference
268(2)
The Mask of Legitimacy
270(1)
The Illusion of Ideology
271(1)
The Rediscovery of Civil Society
271(3)
Natural Egalitarians?
274(1)
Russian Racism
274(1)
Learning a Democratic Political Culture
275(1)
Russia: Paranoid or Normal?
275(3)
Key Terms
278(1)
Further Reference
278(1)
Russia: Patterns of Interaction
279(1)
Reformers versus Conservatives
279(2)
President versus Parliament
281(4)
The Oligarchs
285(1)
The Mafia
286(1)
The Army
286(4)
Key Terms
290(1)
Further Reference
290
What Russians Quarrel About
278(26)
Why the Soviet Union Collapsed
291(1)
How to Reform?
292(2)
Can Russia Now Reform?
294(3)
Recover the Lost Republics?
297(3)
A Middle Way for Socialism?
300(1)
Which Way Russia?
301(2)
Key Terms
303(1)
Further Reference
303(1)
Part V Japan 304(70)
Japan: The Impact of the Past
306(13)
Japanese Feudalism
307(1)
The European Jolt
308(1)
The Forced Entry
309(1)
The 1868 Meiji Restoration
310(2)
The Path to War
312(2)
The Great Pacific War
314(1)
Up from the Ashes
315(2)
Key Terms
317(1)
Further Reference
318(1)
Japan: The Key Institutions
319(13)
The Monarchy
319(2)
The Diet
321(1)
The Prime Minister
322(2)
The Parties
324(2)
Japan's Electoral System
326(3)
The Ministries
329(1)
Japanese Territorial Organization
330(1)
Key Terms
330(1)
Further Reference
331(1)
Japanese Political Culture
332(14)
The Cult of the Group
335(1)
Education for Grinds
336(3)
Death of a Sarariman
339(2)
Political Suicide
341(1)
The ``New Human Race''
342(2)
Key Terms
344(1)
Further Reference
344(2)
Japan: Patterns of Interaction
346(13)
Bureaucrats in Command
347(3)
Corruption Scandals
350(3)
No One in Charge?
353(1)
No Losers
354(1)
The Dangers of Multiparty Coalitions
355(1)
The Blocked Society
356(2)
Key Terms
358(1)
Further Reference
358(1)
What Japanese Quarrel About
359(15)
The Japanese Economic Miracle
359(1)
The Secret of Japan's Success
360(4)
From Bubble to Burst
364(3)
Should Japanese Live Better?
367(2)
Should Japan Re-Arm?
369(3)
A New Japan?
372(1)
Key Terms
372(1)
Further Reference
372(2)
Part VI The Third World 374(133)
China
376(32)
The Impact of the Past
376(2)
A Traditional Political System
378(1)
The Long Collapse
379(2)
From Empire to Republic
381(2)
The Communist Triumph
383(1)
The Key Institutions
384(1)
The Soviet Parallel
384(3)
The Party
387(1)
The Army
388(2)
Chinese Political Culture
390(1)
Traditional Culture
390(1)
Nationalism
390(1)
Maoism
391(1)
Concealed Anger
392(3)
Patterns of Interaction
395(1)
Cycles of Upheaval
395(1)
Radicals and Moderates
396(2)
Chinese Liberal and Conservative Politics
398(1)
The Underlying Problem
399(1)
What Chinese Quarrel About
400(1)
A Market Economy for China?
400(2)
A Middle Way for the Middle Kingdom?
402(2)
Do Markets Lead to Democracy?
404(1)
Which Is the Real China?
405(1)
Key Terms
406(1)
Further Reference
406(2)
Brazil
408(32)
The Impact of the Past
408(1)
The Portuguese Influence
408(1)
A Painless Independence
409(2)
From Empire to Republic
411(1)
The Old Republic
412(1)
Vargas's ``New State''
413(1)
The Rise and Fall of Jango Goulart
413(3)
The Key Institutions
416(1)
Flawed Structure
416(1)
Congress and the Presidency
416(2)
An Inchoate Party System
418(1)
The Military as Political Institution
419
A Lack of Institutions
398(24)
Brazilian Political Culture
422(1)
The Easygoing Image
422(1)
Brazilian Racism
422(1)
Brazil's Poor: Passive or Explosive?
423(2)
Uneven Democratic Attitudes
425(2)
Patterns of Interaction
427(1)
An Elite Game
427(1)
The Mobilization-Demobilization Cycle
427(2)
The Inflation Connection
429(1)
The Corruption Connection
430(1)
Resurgent Interest Groups
431(1)
The Church as Opposition
432(1)
What Brazilians Quarrel About
433(1)
How to Make a Second Brazilian Miracle
433(2)
Brazil's State Capitalism
435(1)
Growth for Whom?
436(1)
The Population Problem
437(1)
Is Democracy Here to Stay?
438(1)
Key Terms
438(1)
Further Reference
439(1)
South Africa
440(32)
The Impact of the Past
440(1)
The Great Trek
441(1)
The Boer War
442(1)
From Defeat to Victory
443(2)
The Key Institutions
445(1)
System in Flux
445(1)
A Quasi-Presidential System
445(2)
A Bicameral Parliament
447(2)
The Cabinet
449(1)
The Parties
449(5)
Farewell to the Homelands
454(1)
South African Political Culture
454(1)
The Africans
454(2)
The Afrikaners
456(1)
The English-Speakers
457(1)
Indians and Coloureds
458
The Browns
439(20)
Patterns of Interaction
459(1)
Politics within the ANC
459(1)
The ANC and the Whites
460(1)
The ANC versus Inkatha
461(2)
A Dominant-Party System?
463(2)
Harvest of Hatred
465(1)
What South Africans Quarrel About
466(1)
How to Manage a Revolution
466(1)
Capitalism for South Africa?
466(2)
Tyrants-in-Waiting?
468(3)
Key Terms
471(1)
Further Reference
471(1)
Iran
472(30)
The Impact of the Past
472(1)
The Arab Conquest
472(1)
Western Penetration
472(3)
The First Pahlavi
475(1)
The Last Pahlavi
476(2)
The Key Institutions
478(1)
A Theocracy
478(2)
Iran's Executive
480(1)
Iran's Legislature
480(1)
Emerging Parties?
481(1)
A Partly Free System
482(2)
Iranian Political Culture
482(2)
Islam as a Political Ideology
484(1)
Democracy and Authority
484(2)
Persian Nationalism
486(2)
Patterns of Interaction
488(1)
Religion as a Political Tool
488(1)
Radicals and Moderates in Iran
489(4)
The Revolution Burns Out
493(1)
What Iranians Quarrel About
493(1)
Which Way for Iran's Economy?
493(3)
The Veiled Debate on Islam
496(1)
What Kind of Foreign Policy?
497(3)
Do Revolutions End Badly?
500(1)
Key Terms
500(1)
Further Reference
500(2)
Lessons of Nine Countries
502(5)
Glossary 507(11)
Index 518


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