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Countries and Concepts : Politics, Geography, Culture,9780132432559
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Countries and Concepts : Politics, Geography, Culture

by
Edition:
10th
ISBN13:

9780132432559

ISBN10:
0132432552
Media:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2009
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $113.20
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Summary

Eminently readable and written with candor and spirit, this 9th edition ofCountries and Conceptssimply observes that politics is composed of human conflicts or quarrels, forming patterns that can be studied.Analyzing four European nations and Japan at some length and four developing nations more briefly, this text studies the history, institutions, and political culture of each.For political analysts or those in international business that need to grasp the political culture of the country(ies) they're dealing with.

Table of Contents

FEATURE BOXES xix
A NOTE TO INSTRUCTORS xxxi
CHAPTER 1 THE CONCEPT OF COUNTRY 1(15)
The Modern State
2(1)
The Rise of Nationalism
3(1)
Looking for Quarrels
4(1)
The Impact of the Past
5(2)
The Key Institutions
7(1)
Political Culture
8(1)
Patterns of Interaction
9(3)
What People Quarrel About
12(2)
Key Terms
14(1)
Key Web Sites
14(1)
Further Reference
15(1)
Part I Great Britain 16(68)
CHAPTER 2 BRITAIN: THE IMPACT OF THE PAST
18(12)
Magna Carta
20(1)
The Rise of Parliament
21(1)
Henry VIII
22(1)
Parliament versus King
23(1)
Cromwell's Commonwealth
24(1)
The "Glorious Revolution"
24(1)
The Rise of the Prime Minister
25(1)
The Democratization of Parliament
25(3)
The Rise of the Welfare State
28(1)
Key Terms
28(1)
Further Reference
29(1)
CHAPTER 3 BRITAIN: THE KEY INSTITUTIONS
30(16)
The Monarch
31(2)
The Cabinet
33(3)
The Prime Minister
36(3)
Commons
39(2)
How Commons Works
41(1)
Peerless Lords
42(2)
The Parties
44(1)
Key Terms
44(1)
Further Reference
45(1)
CHAPTER 4 BRITISH POUTICAL CULTURE
46(12)
"Public" Schools
48(1)
"Oxbridge"
49(1)
Class and Voting
49(1)
The Deferential British?
50(1)
British Civility
50(2)
Pragmatism
52(1)
Traditions and Symbols
53(1)
Legitimacy and Authority
54(1)
The Ulster Ulcer
54(2)
A Changing Political Culture
56(1)
Key Terms
57(1)
Further Reference
57(1)
CHAPTER 5 BRITAIN: PATTERNS OF INTERACTION
58(12)
National and Local Party
60(1)
Politics within the Parties
60(4)
Parties and Interest Groups
64(1)
The Parties Face Each Other
65(1)
The Cabinet and the Civil Servants
66(1)
The Civil Service and Interest Groups
67(2)
Key Terms
69(1)
Further Reference
69(1)
CHAPTER 6 WHAT BRITONS QUARREL ABOUT
70(14)
The "British Disease"
71(1)
The Thatcher Cure
72(4)
The Trouble with National Health
76(1)
Is Northern Ireland Settled?
77(1)
Britain's Race Problem
77(3)
Britain and Europe
80(2)
Great Britain or Little England?
82(1)
Key Terms
82(1)
Further Reference
83(1)
Part II France 84(76)
CHAPTER 7 FRANCE THE IMPACT OF THE PAST
86(14)
The Roman Influence
87(1)
The Rise of French Absolutism
88(2)
Louis XIV: The High Point of Absolutism
90(2)
Why the French Revolution?
92(2)
From Freedom to Tyranny
94(1)
The Bourbon Restoration
94(2)
The Third Republic
96(1)
Vichy: France Splits Again
97(1)
The Fourth Republic
98(1)
Key Terms
99(1)
Further Reference
99(1)
CHAPTER 8 FRANCE: THE KEY INSTITUTIONS
100(16)
A Semipresidential System
101(3)
Premier and Cabinet
104(4)
The National Assembly
108(2)
A Senate That Fights Back
110(1)
The French Multiparty System
110(2)
France's Electoral System
112(2)
The Constitutional Council
114(1)
Key Terms
114(1)
Further Reference
115(1)
CHAPTER 9 FRENCH POLITICAL CULTURE
116(16)
Historical Roots of French Attitudes
118(1)
A Climate of Mistrust
119(1)
The Nasty Split
120(2)
School for Grinds
122(1)
The "Great Schools"
123(2)
The Fear of "Face to Face"
125(1)
Freedom or Authority?
126(1)
Social Class
127(1)
The Great Calming Down
128(2)
Key Terms
130(1)
Further Reference
130(2)
CHAPTER 10 FRANCE: PATTERNS OF INTERACTION
132(14)
The Emerging Party System
134(1)
The Demise of the French Communists
135(1)
The Fractured Right
136(1)
The Stalemate Cycle
137(2)
Referendum Madness
139(2)
Fragmented Labor Unions
141(1)
Business and the Bureaucracy
141(2)
The Eternal Bureaucracy
143(1)
Government by Bureaucracy
144(1)
Key Terms
145(1)
Further Reference
145(1)
CHAPTER 11 WHAT THE FRENCH QUARREL ABOUT
146(14)
Big Guys versus Little Guys
148(2)
The Privatization Question
150(2)
Unemployment: The Giant Problem
152(2)
France's Racial Problem
154(3)
France's Education Problems
157(1)
France and Europe
157(1)
Key Terms
158(1)
Further Reference
158(2)
Part III Germany 160(100)
CHAPTER 12 GERMANY: THE IMPACT OF THE PAST
162(18)
Who Are the Germans?
163(2)
The Fragmented Nation
165(3)
The Rise of Prussia
168(1)
German Nationalism
168(2)
The Second Reich
170(2)
The Catastrophe: World War 1
172(1)
Republic without Democrats
173(1)
The Third Reich
174(2)
The Occupation
176(2)
Key Terms
178(1)
Further Reference
178(2)
CHAPTER 13 GERMANY: THE KEY INSTITUTIONS
180(16)
The President
182(1)
The Chancellor
183(2)
The Cabinet
185(2)
The Bundestag
187(1)
The Constitutional Court
188(1)
From "Two-Plus" to Multiparty System?
189(2)
The Bundesrat
191(1)
A Split Electoral System
191(4)
Key Terms
195(1)
Further Reference
195(1)
CHAPTER 14 GERMAN POLITICAL CULTURE
196(14)
The Moral Vacuum
198(1)
The Remembrance of Things Past
198(3)
The Generation Gap
201(1)
A Normal Germany?
202(2)
The Disorienting Unification
204(2)
The End of Shell Shock
206(1)
The German Political Elite
207(1)
The German Split Personality
208(1)
Key Terms
208(1)
Further Reference
209(1)
CHAPTER 15 GERMANY: PATTERNS OF INTERACTION
210(16)
Parties and the Electorate
211(3)
The Chancellor and the Electorate
214(2)
German Dealignment?
216(2)
The Bundestag and the Citizen
218(1)
The Union-Party Linkup
219(1)
The Linder and Berlin
220(1)
German Voting Patterns
221(3)
Key Terms
224(1)
Further Reference
224(2)
CHAPTER 16 WHAT GERMANS QUARREL ABOUT
226(14)
The End of the Miracle
228(3)
How to Merge Two Economies
231(2)
How Much Welfare?
233(1)
The Flood of Foreigners
234(2)
Is Berlin Weimar?
236(2)
Key Terms
238(1)
Further Reference
238(2)
CHAPTER 17 THE EUROPEAN UNION
240(20)
Impact of the Past
242(5)
A History of Wishful Thinking
242(4)
"Ever Closer Union"
246(1)
The Key Institutions
247(3)
Democratic Deficit
249(1)
The Political Culture of the EU
250(1)
Patterns of Interaction
251(4)
An Elite Thing
251(1)
Attack of the Polish Plumbers
252(3)
What Europeans Quarrel About
255(3)
Liberal Europe versus Social Europe
255(1)
Europe's Budget Battles
255(2)
What Next?
257(1)
Key Terms
258(1)
Further Reference
258(2)
Part IV Russia 260(76)
CHAPTER 18 RUSSIA: THE IMPACT OF THE PAST
262(16)
The Slavic People
263(2)
Russian Autocracy
265(1)
Absolutism or Anarchy?
265(1)
Forced Modernization
266(1)
Westernizers and Slavophiles
266(1)
From Frustration to Revolution
267(1)
Marxism Comes to Russia
267(2)
Curtain Raiser: The 1905 Revolution
269(1)
World War I and Collapse
270(1)
The Revolution and Civil War
271(1)
War Communism and NEP
272(4)
Key Terms
276(1)
Further Reference
276(2)
CHAPTER 19 RUSSIA: THE KEY INSTITUTIONS
278(16)
The Stalin System
279(3)
A Centralized Federal System
282(3)
The New System
285(6)
A Party System under Construction
291(1)
Key Terms
292(1)
Further Reference
292(2)
CHAPTER 20 RUSSIAN POLITICAL CULTURE
294(14)
The Russian Difference
295(1)
The Mask of Legitimacy
296(3)
The Illusion of Ideology
299(1)
The Rediscovery of Civil Society
300(3)
Natural Egalitarians?
303(1)
Russian Racism
304(1)
A Culture of Insecurity
305(1)
Russia: Paranoid or Normal?
306(1)
Key Terms
307(1)
Further Reference
307(1)
CHAPTER 21 RUSSIA: PATTERNS OF INTERACTION
308(14)
Reformers versus Conservatives
309(3)
President versus Parliament
312(2)
The Taming of the Oligarchs
314(3)
The Mafia
317(1)
The Army
317(3)
Transition to What?
320(1)
Key Terms
320(1)
Further Reference
320(2)
CHAPTER 22 WHAT RUSSIANS QUARREL ABOUT
322(14)
Why the Soviet Union Collapsed
323(1)
How to Reform?
324(1)
From the Rubble of the Ruble
325(3)
Recover the Lost Republics?
328(4)
A Middle Way for Socialism?
332(1)
Which Way Russia?
332(2)
Key Terms
334(1)
Further Reference
334(2)
Part V Japan 336(70)
CHAPTER 23 JAPAN: THE IMPACT OF THE PAST
338(14)
Japanese Feudalism
340(1)
The European Jolt
341(1)
The Forced Entry
342(1)
The 1868 Meiji Restoration
343(2)
The Path to War
345(1)
The Great Pacific War
346(2)
Up from the Ashes
348(2)
Key Terms
350(1)
Further Reference
350(2)
CHAPTER 24 JAPAN: THE KEY INSTITUTIONS
352(14)
The Monarchy
353(2)
The Prime Minister
355(2)
The Diet
357(1)
The Parties
358(2)
Japan's Electoral System
360(2)
The Ministries
362(2)
Japanese Territorial Organization
364(1)
Key Terms
364(1)
Further Reference
364(2)
CHAPTER 25 JAPANESE POLITICAL CULTURE
366(14)
The Cult of the Group
369(2)
Education for Grinds
371(2)
Death of a Sarariman
373(2)
Political Suicide
375(1)
The "New Human Race"
376(2)
Key Terms
378(1)
Further Reference
379(1)
CHAPTER 26 JAPAN? PATTERNS OF INTERACTION
380(12)
Bureaucrats in Command
382(3)
Corruption Scandals
385(3)
No One in Charge?
388(1)
No Losers
389(1)
Reform without Change
390(1)
Key Terms
391(1)
Further Reference
391(1)
CHAPTER 27 WHAT JAPANESE QUARREL ABOUT
392(14)
The Japanese Economic Miracle
393(1)
The Secret of Japan's Success
394(3)
From Bubble to Burst
397(1)
Should Japanese Live Better?
398(3)
Should Japan Re-Arm?
401(3)
A New Japan?
404(1)
Key Terms
404(1)
Further Reference
404(2)
Part VI China 406(72)
CHAPTER 28 CHINA: THE IMPACT OF THE PAST
408(14)
The Bureaucratic Empire
409(6)
The Long Collapse
415(2)
From Empire to Republic
417(1)
The Communist Triumph
418(2)
Key Terms
420(1)
Further Reference
420(2)
CHAPTER 29 CHINA: THE KEY INISTITUTIONS
422(14)
The Importance of the Party
423(1)
The Soviet Parallel
424(3)
The Party
427(4)
The Army
431(2)
A Unitary System with Chinese Characteristics
433(1)
Key Terms
434(1)
Further Reference
434(2)
CHAPTER 30 CHINESE POLITICAL CULTURE
436(14)
Traditional Culture
437(2)
Nationalism
439(1)
Maoism
440(3)
Crouching Anger, Hidden Dissent
443(5)
Proud China
448(1)
Key Terms
448(1)
Further Reference
448(2)
CHAPTER 31 CHINA: PATTERNS OF INTERACTION
450(28)
Cycles of Upheaval
451(1)
Chinese Liberal and Conservative Politics
452(2)
Rule by Engineers
454(2)
Emerging Pluralism?
456(4)
Rice-Roots Democracy
460(1)
Coercion in Reserve
461(1)
Key Terms
462(1)
Further Reference
462(4)
It Only Looks Capitalist
466(1)
Yuan and Dollars
467(2)
A Market Economy for China?
469(3)
A Middle Way for the Middle Kingdom?
472(1)
Enraging the Dragon
473(1)
China and the World
474(2)
Key Terms
476(1)
Further Reference
476(2)
part VII The Third World 478(99)
CHAPTER 33 MEXICO
482(32)
The Impact of the Past
483(10)
New Spain
483(2)
Mexican Independence
485(1)
Between Monarchy and Republic
486(3)
The Mexican Revolution
489(1)
The Revolution Institutionalized
489(4)
The Key Institutions
493(5)
The Six-Year Presidency
494(1)
Mexico's Legislature
495(1)
Mexico's Dominant-Party System
496(1)
Mexican Federalism
497(1)
Mexican Political Culture
498(3)
Mexico's Indian Heritage
499(1)
Imported Ideologies
500(1)
Patterns of Interaction
501(5)
Politics inside PRI
503(1)
Mexican Catholicism
504(1)
Crime and Politics
504(2)
What Mexicans Quarrel About
506(6)
Population and Jobs
506(3)
The NAFTA Question
509(1)
Drugs: A Mexican or U.S. Problem?
510(1)
Illegal or Undocumented?
510(1)
Modern Mexico?
511(1)
Key Terms
512(1)
Key Web Sites
512(1)
Further Reference
513(1)
CHAPTER 34 NIGERIA
514(28)
The Impact of the Past
515(8)
The Coming of the Europeans
516(2)
The Scramble for Africa
518(1)
The Colonial Interlude
519(2)
Independence
521(2)
The Key Institutions
523(4)
From British to U.S. Model
524(1)
The National Assembly
524(1)
Nigeria's Parties
525(2)
Nigerian Political Culture
527(5)
Nigerian Fragmentation
527(2)
The Igbo and Biafra
529(2)
The Trouble with Nigeria
531(1)
Democrats without Democracy
531(1)
Patterns of Interaction
532(2)
Count the Coups
532(2)
What Nigerians Quarrel About
534(6)
The Corruption Factor
536(2)
Oil and Democracy
538(2)
Key Terms
540(1)
Key Web Sites
540(1)
Further Reference
541(1)
CHAPTER 35 IRAN
542(30)
The Impact of the Past
543(6)
The Arab Conquest
544(2)
Western Penetration
546(1)
The First Pahlavi
546(2)
The Last Pahlavi
548(1)
The Key Institutions
549(4)
A Theocracy
549(1)
Iran's Legislature
550(3)
Emerging Parties?
553(1)
An Unfree System
553(1)
Iranian Political Culture
553(5)
Islam as a Political Ideology
555(1)
Democracy and Authority
556(1)
Iranian Nationalism
557(1)
Patterns of Interaction
558(5)
Religion as a Political Tool
558(1)
Moderates and Islamists in Iran
559(3)
The Revolution Burns Out
562(1)
What Iranians Quarrel About
563(7)
Which Way for Iran's Economy
563(2)
The Veiled Debate on Islam
565(1)
What Kind of Foreign Policy?
565(3)
Do Revolutions End Badly?
568(2)
Key Terms
570(1)
Key Web Sites
570(1)
Further Reference
570(2)
CHAPTER 36 LESSONS OF NINE COUNTRIES
572(5)
GLOSSARY 577(18)
PHOTO CREDITS 595(1)
INDEX 596


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