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Creativity : Understanding Innovation in Problem Solving, Science, Invention, and the Arts,9780471739999
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Creativity : Understanding Innovation in Problem Solving, Science, Invention, and the Arts

by
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780471739999

ISBN10:
0471739995
Media:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
4/1/2006
Publisher(s):
Wiley
List Price: $96.55

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This is the 1st edition with a publication date of 4/1/2006.
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Summary

How cognitive psychology explains human creativity Conventional wisdom holds that creativity is a mysterious quality present in a select few individuals. The rest of us, the common view goes, can only stand in awe of great creative achievements: we could never paint Guernica or devise the structure of the DNA molecule because we lack access to the rarified thoughts and inspirations that bless geniuses like Picasso or Watson and Crick. Presented with this view, today's cognitive psychologists largely differ finding instead that "ordinary" people employ the same creative thought processes as the greats. Though used and developed differently by different people, creativity can and should be studied as a positive psychological feature shared by all humans.Creativity: Understanding Innovation in Problem Solving, Science, Invention, and the Arts presents the major psychological theories of creativity and illustrates important concepts with vibrant and detailed case studies that exemplify how to study creative acts with scientific rigor.Creativity includes: Two in-depth case studies-Watson and Crick's modeling of the DNA structure and Picasso's painting of Guernica- serve as examples throughout the text Methods used by psychologists to study the multiple facets of creativity The "ordinary thinking" or cognitive view of creativity and its challengers How problem-solving and experience relate to creative thinking Genius and madness and the relationship between creativity and psychopathology The possible role of the unconscious in creativity Psychometrics-testing for creativity and how personality factors affect creativity Confluence theories that use cognitive, personality, environmental, and other components to describe creativity Clearly and engagingly written by noted creativity expert Robert Weisberg, Creativity: Understanding Innovation in Problem Solving, Science, Invention, and the Arts takes both students and lay readers on an in-depth journey through contemporary cognitive psychology, showing how the discipline understands one of the most fundamental and fascinating human abilities."This book will be a hit. It fills a large gap in the literature. It is a well-written, scholarly, balanced, and engaging book that will be enjoyed by students and faculty alike." -David Goldstein, University of Toronto

Author Biography

ROBERT W. WEISBERG, PHD, is Professor of Psychology and Director of the Brain, Behavior, and Cognition Cluster at Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. A cognitive psychologist, Dr. Weisberg's area of interest is creative thinking, particularly the cognitive processes involved in the intentional production of novelty. He has published papers investigating cognitive mechanisms underlying problem solving, and has published papers and books examining the cognitive processes underlying creative thinking, including Creativity: Genius and Other Myths and Creativity: Beyond the Myth of Genius.

Table of Contents

Preface xi
Acknowledgments xvii
Credits xix
Two Case Studies in Creativity
1(58)
Beliefs about Creativity
4(2)
Two Case Studies in Creativity
6(1)
Creativity in Science: Discovery of the Double Helix
6(25)
Conclusions: Watson and Crick's Discovery of the Double Helix
31(3)
Artistic Creativity: Development of Picasso's Guernica
34(17)
Structure in Creative Thinking: Conclusions from the Case Studies
51(3)
Revisiting the Question of Artistic Creativity versus Scientific Discovery
54(3)
Beyond Case Studies: Outline of the Book
57(2)
The Study of Creativity
59(45)
Outline of the Chapter
59(1)
Creative Product, Creative Process, and Creative Person: Questions of Definition
60(12)
Method versus Theory in the Study of Creativity
72(1)
Methods of Studying Creativity
73(17)
An Introduction to Theories of Creativity
90(14)
The Cognitive Perspective on Creativity, Part I: Ordinary Thinking, Creative Thinking, and Problem Solving
104(49)
Outline of the Chapter
105(1)
Basic Cognitive Components of Ordinary Thinking
106(2)
General Characteristics of Ordinary Thinking
108(10)
Creative Thinking and Ordinary Thinking: Conclusions
118(1)
The Cognitive Analysis of Problem Solving
119(2)
An Example of Problem Solving
121(2)
Solving a Problem: Questions of Definition
123(5)
A Brief History of the Cognitive Perspective on Problem Solving
128(7)
Problem Solving: Processes of Understanding and Search
135(6)
Strategies for Searching Problem Spaces
141(11)
Weak Heuristic Methods of Problem Solving and Creative Thinking: Conclusions
152(1)
The Cognitive Perspective on Creativity, Part II: Knowledge and Expertise in Problem Solving
153(56)
Outline of the Chapter
154(1)
Use of Knowledge in Problem Solving: Studies of Analogical Transfer
155(13)
Strong Methods in Problem Solving: Studies of Expertise
168(10)
Outline of a Cognitive-Analytic Model of Problem Solving: Strong and Weak Methods in Problem Solving
178(2)
The Cognitive Perspective on Problem Solving and Creativity: Conclusions and Implications
180(3)
The Creative Cognition Approach: A Bottom-Up Analysis of Creative Thinking
183(6)
Skepticism about Expertise and Creativity
189(2)
Practice or Talent?
191(7)
Expertise and Achievement: Reproductive or Productive?
198(5)
Expertise, Knowledge, and Experience versus Creativity: The Tension View
203(4)
The Cognitive Perspective on Problem Solving and Creativity: Conclusions
207(2)
Case Studies of Creativity: Ordinary Thinking in the Arts, Science, and Invention
209(73)
Outline of the Chapter
210(1)
Basic Components of Ordinary Thinking
210(2)
The 10-Year Rule in Creative Development
212(11)
Case Studies of Creativity in the Visual Arts
223(14)
Case Studies of Creativity in Science
237(17)
Scientific Creativity: Scientific Discovery as Problem Solving
254(1)
The Wright Brothers' Invention of the Airplane
255(6)
Thomas Edison as a Creative Thinker: Themes and Variations Based on Analogy
261(14)
James Watt's Invention of the Steam Engine
275(3)
Eli Whitney's Cotton Gin
278(2)
Ordinary Thinking in Invention: Summary
280(1)
Case Studies of Creativity: Conclusions
280(2)
The Question of Insight in Problem Solving
282(59)
Outline of the Chapter
286(1)
The Gestalt Analysis of Insight: Problem Solving and Perception
286(5)
Evidence to Support the Gestalt View
291(11)
The Neo-Gestalt View: Heuristic-Based Restructuring in Response to Impasse
302(6)
Challenges to the Gestalt View
308(17)
An Elaboration of the Cognitive-Analytic Model to Deal with Restructuring and Insight
325(5)
A Critical Reexamination of Evidence in Support of the Gestalt View
330(9)
Insight in Problem Solving: Conclusions and Implications
339(2)
Out of One's Mind, Part I: Muses, Primary Process, and Madness
341(45)
Outline of the Chapter
342(1)
Messengers of the Gods
342(1)
Primary Process and Creativity
343(13)
Genius and Madness: Bipolarity and Creativity
356(7)
Mood Disorders and Creativity: The Question of Causality
363(5)
The Role of Affect in Creativity
368(3)
Genius and Madness: Schizophrenia and Creativity
371(4)
Social Factors and Genius and Madness
375(7)
A Reconsideration of Some Basic Data
382(2)
Genius and Madness: Conclusions
384(2)
Out of One's Mind, Part II: Unconscious Processing, Incubation, and Illumination
386(61)
Outline of the Chapter
386(1)
Unconscious Associations and Unconscious Processing
387(2)
Poincare's Theory of Unconscious Creative Processes
389(8)
Wallas's Stages of the Creative Process
397(1)
Hadamard's Studies of Unconscious Thinking in Incubation
398(1)
Koestler's Bisociation Theory
399(1)
Campbell's Evolutionary Theory of Creativity: Blind Variation and Selective Retention
400(2)
Simonton's Chance Configuration Theory
402(5)
Csikszentmihalyi's Theory of the Unconscious in Creative Thinking
407(6)
Unconscious Thinking in Creativity: Conclusions
413(1)
Laboratory Investigations of Incubation and Illumination
414(14)
Evidence for Incubation and Illumination: A Critique
428(5)
Illumination without Unconscious Processing?
433(12)
Incubation, Illumination, and the Unconscious: Conclusions
445(2)
The Psychometric Perspective, Part I: Measuring the Capacity to Think Creatively
447(41)
Outline of the Chapter
448(1)
Guilford and the Modern Psychometric Perspective on Creativity
448(3)
Methods of Measuring Creativity
451(10)
Cognitive Components of the Creative Process: Testing for Creative-Thinking Ability
461(9)
Testing the Tests: The Reliability and Validity of Tests of Creative-Thinking Capacity
470(13)
The Generality versus Domain Specificity of Creative-Thinking Skills
483(4)
Testing Creativity: Conclusions
487(1)
The Psychometric Perspective, Part II: The Search for the Creative Personality
488(29)
Creative versus Comparison or Control Groups
489(3)
Questions about Method in Studies of the Creative Personality
492(4)
A Model of the Role of Creative Personality in Creative Achievement in Science
496(8)
Is It Futile to Search for The Creative Personality in the Arts and the Sciences?
504(2)
Creativity and the Need to Be Original: A Reexamination of Divergent Thinking and Creativity
506(2)
Personality, Cognition, and Creativity Reconsidered: The Question of Openness to Experience and Creativity
508(7)
Divergent Thinking and the Creative Personality: Conclusions
515(2)
Confluence Models of Creativity
517(55)
Outline of the Chapter
517(1)
The Social Psychology of Creativity: Amabile's Componential Model
518(16)
Economic Theory of Creativity: Buy Low, Sell High
534(18)
The Darwinian Theory of Creativity
552(18)
Confluence Models of Creativity: Summary
570(2)
Understanding Creativity: Where Are We? Where Are We Going?
572(28)
Outline of the Chapter
572(1)
Ordinary versus Extraordinary Processes in Creativity
573(2)
Ordinary Thinking in Creativity
575(11)
Extraordinary Processes in Creativity?
586(6)
On Using Case Studies to Study Creativity
592(2)
Is It Possible to Test the Hypothesis That ``Ordinary Thinking'' Is the Basis for Creativity?
594(2)
On Creative Ideas and Creative People
596(4)
References 600(13)
Index 613


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