9780205593392

Crime Control in America What Works?

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780205593392

  • ISBN10:

    0205593399

  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 12/22/2007
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
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Summary

Crime Control in America introduces readers to the many methods of crime control and reviews the research concerning their effectiveness. The text covers policing, prosecution and courts, and legislative methods of crime control. It also moves beyond the justice system and examines the effectiveness of crime control at the individual, family, school, and community levels. Finally, it covers environmental criminology, juvenile crime control, and explanations of large-scale crime trends, particularly the reductions witnessed during the 1990s.

Table of Contents

Introduction
Identifying and Evaluating Crime Control
Introduction
The Crime Problem in America
Approaches, Not Just Policies
On the Importance of Definitions
Evaluating Success: An Impossible Task? Displacement and Diffusion
The Tentative Nature of Scientific Knowledge
How Resources Dictate Public Policy and Guide Research
Academic Crusaders and Bandwagon Science
How Crime Control is Accomplished: A Preview of What s to Come
Does it Work? Conclusion
Crime Control Perspectives
Introduction
Operational Perspectives
Political Perspectives
Other Perspectives
Goals of Crime Control
Conclusion
Law Enforcement Approaches
Traditional Policing
Introduction
The Theory of Traditional Policing
Does Hiring More Cops Reduce Crime? Freeing Up Resources
Removing Supposed Procedural Restraints
The Problem With Being Reactive and Random
Bring in the Detectives
Other Traditional Approaches to Policing
Conclusion
Proactive Policing, Directed Control and other Advancements Introduction
Proactive Arrests
Interrogations and Enhanced Supervision
Directed Patrol
The Broken Windows Law Enforcement Approach
Police-Corrections Partnerships
More Partnering: Multijurisdictional Drug Task Forces
Compstat
Conclusion
Community Involvement in Policing
Introduction
Community Justice
Problem-Oriented Policing
Community Policing: Some History
Community Policing: What is It? Community Policing: Is It Really Happening? Structural Change
The Definition Problem Rears Its Head
Research on Community Policing s Effectiveness
Conclusion
Prosecutors and Crime Control
Introduction
The Harder Side of Prosecution
The Softer Side of Prosecution
A Plea Bargaining Pandemic? Conclusion
Courts, Corrections, and Legislative Approaches
Crime Control Though Legislation
Introduction
Legislative Bans Gun Control Sex Offender Laws Laws Aimed at Contemporary Problems Conclusion
Crime Control in the Courts and Beyond
Introduction
Courts and Incapacitation Diversion Shaming Restorative Justice Anti-Gang Injunctions Problem-Solving Courts Conclusion
Sentencing
Introduction
Non-Prison Sentences Types of Prison Sentences Does Sentence Length Matter? Determining Sentencing Sentence Enhancements Mandatory Sentencing Supermax Prisons Capital Punishment Castration Conclusion
Probation, Parole, and Intermediate Sanctions
Introduction
The Organization and Administration of Probation and Parole Probation and Parole Issues Intermediate Sanctions Conclusion
Rehabilitation, Treatment, and Job Training
Introduction
Criminals are Not Created Equal Rehabilitation Treatment Job Training More Lessons From Meta Analysis Conclusion
Approaches Beyond the Criminal Justice System
Individual, Family, and Household Crime Control
Introduction
Individual Crime Control
Household and Family Crime Control
Conclusion
Crime Control in the Community and in Schools
Introduction
Comm
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