9781412996082

Crime in a Psychological Context : From Career Criminals to Criminal Careers

by
  • ISBN13:

    9781412996082

  • ISBN10:

    1412996082

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2011-08-08
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications, Inc
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Summary

This book examines the psychological constructs of crime and the criminal lifestyle and includes topics such as psychopathy, antisocial personality disorder, and criminal lifestyle. Written in an engaging style, the author introduces compelling explanations of crime, in part by showing how the criminal lifestyle is capable of integrating two seemingly incompatible crime paradigms: the career criminal paradigm and the criminal career paradigm. Starting with a context for criminality, moving from particular constructs of crime to more evidence-based theories, this volume challenges students to think in a different way about crime and criminal behavior. Each chapter: ⬢ Begins with a clinical case study that is periodically referenced throughout the chapter to illustrate and illuminate the context being discussed ⬢ examines the latent structure of crime-related constructs such as psychopathy, antisocial personality disorder, and criminal lifestyle ⬢ explores evidence-based interventions that could prevent further crime ⬢ offers a view of the phenomenological world of the criminal offender to help students further understand the nature of crime.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xi
About the Authorp. xiii
Understanding Crime: The Prime Contextp. 1
Predatorp. 1
Crimep. 3
Lay Explanations of Crimep. 4
Scientific Explanations of Crimep. 6
Rapprochementp. 8
In Contextp. 8
The Organization of This Bookp. 9
Conclusionp. 12
Key Terms and Conceptsp. 13
Latent Structure: The Criminal Lifestyle in a Dimensional Contextp. 14
The Self-Mutilatorp. 14
What Is Latent Structure?p. 15
The Taxometric Methodp. 16
Identifying the Number of Dimensions or Classesp. 18
Behavioral Dimensions of a Criminal Lifestylep. 23
Cognitive Dimensions of a Criminal Lifestylep. 24
General Belief Systemsp. 25
Schematic Subnetworksp. 27
Specific Criminal Thoughtsp. 30
Why Should We Care About Latent Structure?p. 30
Theoretical Implicationsp. 31
Research Implicationsp. 31
Practical Implicationsp. 32
Conclusionp. 33
Key Terms and Conceptsp. 34
Classification: The Criminal Lifestyle in a Diagnostic Contextp. 35
Mr. Consistencyp. 35
Diagnostic Functionsp. 36
Essentials of Categorical Diagnosisp. 38
Essentials of Dimensional Diagnosisp. 39
Constructing a Dimensional Diagnosis for the Criminal Lifestylep. 40
Lifestyle Criminality Screening Formp. 40
Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Stylesp. 47
Analyzing Trends and Identifying Patternsp. 56
Trend and Pattern Analysis of Will's Lifestyle Criminality Screening Form and Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Stylesp. 56
Trend and Pattern Analysis of Pete's Lifestyle Criminality Screening Form and Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Stylesp. 58
Trend and Pattern Analysis of Rick's Lifestyle Criminality Screening Form and Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Stylesp. 60
Conclusionp. 62
Key Terms and Conceptsp. 63
Assessment: The Criminal Lifestyle in an Appraisal Contextp. 64
Tuesday's Childp. 64
Clinical Forensic Assessmentp. 66
Construct Assessmentp. 61
Risk Assessmentp. 61
Broadband Clinical Forensic Assessment Instrumentsp. 69
Lifestyle Criminality Screening Formp. 69
Psychopathy Checklist-Revisedp. 72
Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Stylesp. 74
Level of Service Inventory-Revisedp. 77 Predictio
Narrowband Clinical Forensic Assessment Instrumentsp. 81
General Violencep. 81
Domestic Violencep. 82
Sexual Violencep. 83
Clinical Forensic Evaluation of Gracep. 83
Construct Assessmentp. 86
Risk Assessmentp. 86
Overall Impressionp. 86
Conclusionp. 87
Key Terms and conceptsp. 88
Development or Propensity: The Criminal Lifestyle in an Etiological Contextp. 89
Born Under a Bad Signp. 89
Development Versus Propensity in Explaining Crimep. 92
Moffitt's Developmental Taxonomyp. 92 Sampson a
Hare's Psychopathy Constructp. 96
Gottfredson and Hirschi's General Theory' of Crimep. 91
Strengths and Weaknesses of the Four Modelsp. 99
A Lifestyle Theory of Crimep. 101
Precursors to a Criminal Lifestylep. 101
Initiationp. 102
Transitionp. 107
Maintenancep. 110
Burnout and Maturityp. 112
Jerry Revisited: A Developmental Analysisp. 115
Conclusionp. 117
Key Terms and Conceptsp. 117
Phenomenology: The Criminal Lifestyle in a Subjective Contextp. 119
Married to the Mobp. 119
Phenomenologyp. 122
Responses to the Ten Questionsp. 123
Tell Me About Your Life Before Crimep. 123
Describe Your Initiation Into Crimep. 125
Discuss How You Became Committed to a Criminal Lifestylep. 127
What Do You Think You Learned From Prison?p. 129
What Factors Encourage or Facilitate Your Continued Involvement in a Criminal Lifestyle?131
What Factors Discourage or Hinder Your Continued Involvement in a Criminal Lifestyle?p. 134
Relate to Me Your View of Society (Its People, Policies, and Institutions)p. 135
How Do You Rate Yourself on the (Eight) Thinking Styles and (Four) Behavioral Styles of a Criminal Lifestyle?p. 137
If You Were to Abandon the Criminal Lifestyle Today, What Would You Miss Most?p. 139
How Do You See Your Future?p. 141
Conclusionp. 142
Key Terms and Conceptsp. 143
Intervention: The Criminal Lifestyle in a Programmatic Contextp. 144
The Boxerp. 144
Programmed Interventionp. 147
Unassisted Changep. 148
The "Nothing Works" Controversyp. 150
Finding a Philosophyp. 151
The Conflict Philosophyp. 152
The Moral Philosophyp. 153
The Fulfillment Philosophyp. 153
The Learning Philosophyp. 153
Implementing the Programp. 154
Individual Versus Group Interventionp. 154
Preconditions for Changep. 155
Phases of Changep. 158
Matching Offenders to Interventionsp. 161
Specific Intervention Strategiesp. 162
Evaluating the Outcomep. 167
Conceptual Issuesp. 167
Sampling Issuesp. 168
Practical Issuesp. 168
Measurement Issuesp. 169
An Example: The Lifestyle Change Programp. 169
Conclusionp. 172
Key Terms and Conceptsp. 173
Prevention: The Criminal Lifestyle in a High-Risk Youth Contextp. 174
Dennis the Menacep. 174
Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Preventionp. 176
The Lifestyle Approach to Secondary Preventionp. 177
Incentivep. 177
Opportunityp. 180
Choicep. 191
Conclusionp. 192
Key Terms and Conceptsp. 194
Mental Illness and Malingering: The Criminal Lifestyle in an Application Contextp. 195
Tattoop. 195
Mental Illnessp. 196
Prevalencep. 197
Latent Structurep. 198
Diagnosis and Assessmentp. 198
Developmentp. 199
Interventionp. 200
Malingeringp. 205
Prevalencep. 206
Latent Structurep. 206
Diagnosis and Assessmentp. 207
Developmentp. 210
Interventionp. 210
Conclusionp. 212
Key Terms and Conceptsp. 213
Future Contexts and Distant Horizonsp. 214
The Second Story Manp. 214
Understanding Crime: The Prime Contextp. 217
Future Dimensional Contextsp. 218
Future Diagnostic Contextsp. 219
Future Appraisal Contextsp. 221
Future Etiological Contextsp. 222
Future Subjective Contextsp. 223
Future Programmatic Contextsp. 224
Future Preventive Contextsp. 225
Future Application Contextsp. 226
Conclusionp. 228
Key Terms and Conceptsp. 228
Referencesp. 229
Indexp. 263
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