CART

(0) items

Criminal Investigation : The Art and the Science,9780131198777

Criminal Investigation : The Art and the Science

by
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9780131198777

ISBN10:
0131198777
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2005
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $107.60

Rent Textbook

(Recommended)
 
Term
Due
Price
$4.99

Buy Used Textbook

In Stock Usually Ships in 24 Hours.
$1.00

eTextbook

We're Sorry
Not Available

New Textbook

We're Sorry
Sold Out

More New and Used
from Private Sellers
Starting at $0.04

Questions About This Book?

Why should I rent this book?
Renting is easy, fast, and cheap! Renting from eCampus.com can save you hundreds of dollars compared to the cost of new or used books each semester. At the end of the semester, simply ship the book back to us with a free UPS shipping label! No need to worry about selling it back.
How do rental returns work?
Returning books is as easy as possible. As your rental due date approaches, we will email you several courtesy reminders. When you are ready to return, you can print a free UPS shipping label from our website at any time. Then, just return the book to your UPS driver or any staffed UPS location. You can even use the same box we shipped it in!
What version or edition is this?
This is the 4th edition with a publication date of 1/1/2005.
What is included with this book?
  • The Used copy of this book is not guaranteed to inclue any supplemental materials. Typically, only the book itself is included.
  • The Rental copy of this book is not guaranteed to include any supplemental materials. You may receive a brand new copy, but typically, only the book itself.

Related Products


  • Criminal Investigation : The Art and the Science
    Criminal Investigation : The Art and the Science
  • Criminal Investigation : The Art and the Science
    Criminal Investigation : The Art and the Science
  • Criminal Investigation : The Art and the Science
    Criminal Investigation : The Art and the Science
  • Criminal Investigation : The Art and the Science
    Criminal Investigation : The Art and the Science
  • Criminal Investigation : The Art and the Science
    Criminal Investigation : The Art and the Science
  • Criminal Investigation: The Art and the Science Plus NEW MyCJLab with Pearson eText
    Criminal Investigation: The Art and the Science Plus NEW MyCJLab with Pearson eText




Summary

This book presents crime detection as a dynamic field relying heavily on the past experiences of investigators as well as recent practical and technological innovations. It explores the many external variables that can influence the investigator's success and the specific methods of crime detection and prosecution of law available today. The book also presents, in a logical flow, the steps and considerations observed in an actual criminal investigation.A six-part organization covers the fundamentals of criminal investigation, the investigation process, interpersonal violence, property crimes, vice crimes and related offenses, and prosecution.For anyone interested in thinking like a detective, and understanding the who, what, whyand more, behind a crime scene investigation.

Table of Contents

Preface xvii
Acknowledgments xix
About the Author xxi
PART 1 FUNDAMENTALS OF CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION
1(32)
Criminal Investigation: An Overview
1(19)
Introduction
1(1)
The Romance and Reality of Crime Solving
1(2)
Criminal Investigation and Our English Heritage
3(3)
The Bow Street Runners
4(1)
The London Metropolitan Police
5(1)
The Creation of Scotland Yard
5(1)
Criminal Investigation in America
6(3)
The Pinkerton National Detective Agency
7(1)
Prohibition
8(1)
The Creation of the FBI
8(1)
The Increase of Forensic Science Crime Detection
9(1)
Criminal Investigation Research
9(3)
The RAND Corporation Study
9(2)
The PERF Study
11(1)
The Objectives of Criminal Investigation
12(1)
The Emergence of the Police Specialist
13(1)
Types of Investigations
13(1)
Crime Scene Investigators (CSIs)
13(1)
Major Case Task Forces
14(1)
Modes of Investigation
15(1)
The Role of the Criminal Investigator
15(3)
Characteristics of the Investigator
16(1)
Gathering Information
16(1)
Field Operations
16(1)
Arrests
17(1)
Patrol Investigations
17(1)
Do You Recognize These Terms?
18(1)
Discussion Questions
19(1)
Class Project
19(1)
The Preliminary Investigation
20(13)
Introduction
20(1)
Performing the Preliminary Investigation
20(1)
The Role of Evidence at the Crime Scene
21(2)
Types of Evidence
22(1)
The First Officer's Responsibilities
23(5)
Arrival at the Scene
24(1)
Identification and Separation of Witnesses
24(2)
Determining the Size of the Crime Scene
26(1)
Entry into the Crime Scene
26(1)
When a Suspect Is Still on the Scene
26(1)
Broadcasting a Flash Description
27(1)
Managing Emergency Situations
28(1)
Securing the Scene
28(1)
Handling Special Situations at the Scene
28(2)
Dead Body
29(1)
Hanging Victim
29(1)
Firearms
29(1)
Contacting the Medical Examiner
30(1)
Conducting a Neighborhood Canvass
31(1)
Performing the Follow-up Investigation
31(1)
Do You Recognize These Terms?
32(1)
Discussion Questions
32(1)
Class Project
32(1)
PART 2 THE INVESTIGATIVE PROCESS
33(191)
Documenting the Crime Scene
33(25)
Introduction
33(1)
Field Notes and Reports
33(5)
The Role of Field Notes
35(1)
When to Take Notes
35(1)
What to Write Down
35(2)
Developing a Note-Taking System
37(1)
Field Interview Cards
37(1)
Putting Field Notes to Work
38(1)
Storage of Field Notes
38(1)
Using a Tape Recorder
38(1)
Using Field Notes in the Courtroom
38(1)
Writing the Official Police Report
39(2)
Factuality
39(1)
Thoroughness
40(1)
Getting to the Point
41(1)
Word Choice
41(1)
The Structure of the Report
41(3)
The Initial Complaint
41(2)
Supplemental Reports
43(1)
Photographing the Crime Scene
44(4)
What to Photograph
45(1)
Other Hints
46(2)
Admissibility of Photographic Evidence
48(1)
Identification of Photographs
49(1)
Surveillance Photographs
50(1)
Capturing the Crime Scene on Digital Video
51(1)
The Crime Scene Sketch
52(4)
Reasons to Sketch
52(1)
Putting It Together
52(1)
Measurement
53(1)
Rough and Finished Sketches
53(1)
Choosing the Best Method
54(2)
Do You Recognize These Terms?
56(1)
Discussion Questions
57(1)
Class Project
57(1)
Search and Seizure
58(37)
Introduction
58(1)
Due Process and the Constitution
58(1)
Legal Guidelines for Searches
59(1)
The Probable Cause Requirement
60(1)
The Exclusionary Rule
60(3)
The Fruit of the Poisoned Tree Doctrine
61(1)
Search Incident to Lawful Arrest
61(2)
Exceptions to the Exclusionary Rule
63(2)
The Good Faith Exception
63(1)
The Inevitable Discovery Doctrine
64(1)
The Computer Errors Exception
65(1)
Searches with a Warrant
65(5)
Advantages of Searching with a Search Warrant
65(1)
Structuring the Warrant
66(1)
The Affidavit
66(2)
The Search Warrant
68(1)
The Search Warrant Return
68(1)
Execution of the Warrant
68(2)
Warrantless Searches
70(11)
Search by Consent
71(3)
Emergency Searches
74(1)
Searches Incident to Arrest
74(1)
Stop-and-Frisk Searches
74(1)
Plain-View Searches
75(3)
Automobile Searches
78(2)
Open-Field Searches
80(1)
Beginning the Search
81(2)
Search Patterns
82(1)
Searching the Scene
83(1)
Rules for Collecting Evidence
84(1)
Gathering and Preserving Evidence
84(4)
The Chain of Custody
85(1)
Marking the Evidence
86(2)
Special Cases in Evidence Handling
88(5)
Infected Evidence
88(1)
Firearms
89(1)
Bullets, Cartridges, and Empty Cases
90(1)
Stains
90(1)
Glass
90(1)
Impressions
91(1)
Drugs
91(1)
Plant Material
92(1)
Powdered Material
92(1)
Liquid Material
92(1)
Tablets or Capsules
93(1)
Do You Recognize These Terms?
93(1)
Important Cases to Remember
93(1)
Discussion Questions
93(1)
Class Project
94(1)
Identification of Criminal Suspects
95(36)
Introduction
95(1)
The Role of the Crime Laboratory
96(4)
Trace Evidence
96(1)
Questioned Documents
96(1)
Forensic Chemistry
96(1)
DNA Analysis
97(1)
Ballistics
98(1)
Latent Prints
99(1)
Forensic Photography
100(1)
Specialized Laboratory Equipment
100(1)
Fingerprinting
100(7)
The History of Fingerprinting
101(2)
Types of Prints
103(1)
Types of Patterns
104(2)
Searching for Prints
106(1)
Developing Latent Fingerprints
107(7)
Powders
107(1)
Iodine
108(1)
Ninhydrin
109(1)
Silver Nitrate Solution
109(2)
Superglue Fuming
111(1)
Lasers
111(1)
Preservation of Fingerprints
112(1)
Prints from Gloves
113(1)
Computerized Fingerprints: The AFIS System
114(1)
How AFIS Works
114(1)
The Genetic Fingerprint: DNA
114(4)
What Is DNA?
115(1)
DNA's History
116(2)
Analyzing DNA
118(4)
Admissibility of DNA as Evidence
119(2)
Other Uses of DNA
121(1)
Handwriting Analysis
122(3)
Collection of Exemplars
123(1)
The Writing Medium
124(1)
The Writing Area
125(1)
Criminal Composites
125(1)
Personality Profiling
125(2)
Police Lineups
127(2)
The Photo Lineup
129(1)
Do You Recognize These Terms?
129(1)
Discussion Questions
129(1)
Class Project
130(1)
The Criminal Intelligence Function
131(13)
Introduction
131(1)
Overt and Covert Intelligence Collection
131(1)
Criminal Intelligence and Criminal Investigation
132(1)
Defining Criminal Intelligence
132(1)
Types of Intelligence
133(1)
Procedures for Intelligence Gathering
133(4)
Phase 1: Target Selection
134(2)
Phase 2: Data Collection
136(1)
Phase 3: Data Collation and Analysis
137(1)
Phase 4: Dissemination
137(1)
Analyzing the Information
137(4)
Link Analysis
138(1)
Flowcharting
139(2)
The RISS Projects
141(1)
Do You Recognize These Terms?
142(1)
Discussion Questions
142(1)
Class Project
143(1)
Undercover and Surveillance Operations
144(22)
Introduction
144(1)
Overview
145(1)
Undercover Operations
146(2)
Preparing for Undercover Assignments
148(1)
Personnel Considerations
148(1)
Functions of UC Officers
149(1)
Equipment
149(1)
Vehicles
150(1)
Support Officer Vehicles
150(1)
Undercover Officer Vehicles
150(1)
The Undercover Working Environment
150(5)
The Cover Story
151(1)
Protecting the Undercover Officer's Cover
151(2)
Infiltration
153(2)
Surveillance Operations
155(9)
Preparing for the Surveillance
155(1)
Foot Surveillance
156(2)
Difficulties in Surveillance Operations
158(1)
Vehicle Surveillance
159(1)
Fixed Surveillance
160(1)
Satellite Assisted Surveillance
161(3)
Do You Recognize These Terms?
164(1)
Discussion Questions
164(1)
Class Project
164(2)
Making an Arrest
166(16)
Introduction
166(1)
Defining Arrest
166(4)
What Is an Arrest?
167(1)
The Legal Arrest
167(1)
Detention versus Arrest
168(1)
Investigatory Stops
169(1)
When Is a Person Under Arrest?
170(2)
Use of Force
172(5)
Defining Use of Force
174(1)
Understanding Reasonableness
175(1)
Levels of Force
176(1)
Deadly Force
177(2)
The Fleeing-Felon Rule
177(1)
The Deadly Force Triangle
178(1)
Off-Duty Arrests
179(1)
Do You Recognize These Terms?
180(1)
Discussion Questions
180(1)
Class Project
180(2)
Interviews and Interrogations
182(28)
Introduction
182(1)
Interview versus Interrogation
182(1)
The Interview Process
183(5)
Interviewing Witnesses, Citizens, and Victims
183(5)
The Suspect Interrogation Process
188(1)
Goals of the Interrogation
188(1)
Legal Requirements of the Interrogation
189(1)
Safeguarding Against Police Misconduct
189(5)
Coercion and Duress
190(1)
Unreasonable Delay in Arraignments
190(1)
The Suspect's Right to Legal Counsel
190(4)
Preparation for the Interrogation
194(1)
The Interrogation Setting
194(1)
The Interrogation Procedure
195(3)
Interrogation Styles
196(1)
Verbal Symptoms of Deception
196(2)
Why Suspects Cooperate and Confess
198(2)
Searching for Information
199(1)
Closing the Communication Gap
199(1)
Admission versus Confession
200(1)
Written Statements
200(1)
Structuring the Written Statement
201(1)
Tape-Recorded Statements
201(2)
The Recording Procedure
202(1)
Videotaped Confessions
203(1)
Recap Bias
203(1)
Framing the Tapes
204(1)
Use of the Polygraph
204(3)
Accuracy of the Polygraph
205(1)
Administration of the Polygraph Exam
205(1)
Admissibility of Polygraph Results
206(1)
The Voice Stress Analyzer
207(1)
Do You Recognize These Terms?
208(1)
Discussion Questions
208(1)
Class Project
208(2)
Development and Management of Informants
210(14)
Introduction
210(3)
Who Are Informants?
213(2)
Utilizing the Informant
214(1)
Informant Motivations
215(1)
Documenting Your ``Source''
216(2)
Maintaining Control of the Informant
218(1)
Protecting the Informant's Identity
219(1)
Legal Considerations
219(2)
Federal Protection of the Informant
221(1)
Other Problems with Informants
221(1)
Do You Recognize These Terms?
222(1)
Discussion Questions
222(1)
Class Project
222(2)
PART 3 INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE
224(114)
Wrongful Death
224(29)
Introduction
224(1)
Murder and Non-Negligent Manslaughter
224(3)
Trends
225(1)
Arrests
225(2)
Modes of Death
227(1)
Legal Characteristics of Homicide
227(2)
Elements of Homicide
228(1)
The Preliminary Investigation
229(1)
Protecting the Crime Scene
229(1)
Taking Notes at the Scene
230(1)
Identifying the Victim
230(1)
The Deceased Victim
230(1)
The Victim Who Is Still Alive
231(1)
Obtaining a Dying Declaration
231(1)
Estimating the Time of Death
231(6)
Changes in the Body
234(3)
Insects
237(1)
Animals
237(1)
Bodies Found in Water
237(1)
Gunshot Wounds as Evidence
237(5)
Entrance Wounds
240(1)
Exit Wounds
240(1)
Smudging
240(1)
Tattooing
240(1)
Defense Wounds
240(1)
Shotgun Wounds
241(1)
Pitfalls in Homicide Investigations
242(1)
Serial, Mass, and Sensational Murders
243(1)
National Center for the Analysis of Violent Crime
243(3)
VI-CAP
246(1)
Autoerotic Death
246(2)
Suicide
248(3)
Evidence of Suicide
248(1)
The Suicide Note
249(1)
Reconstructing the Death
250(1)
Instruments of the Killing
250(1)
Motives for Suicide
250(1)
Do You Recognize These Terms?
251(1)
Discussion Questions
251(1)
Class Project
252(1)
Robbery
253(16)
Introduction
253(1)
Robbery Offenses
253(4)
Understanding Robbery
254(1)
Defining Robbery
254(1)
Trends
255(1)
Clearances
256(1)
Arrests
256(1)
Consequences of Robbery
256(1)
Elements of Robbery
256(1)
Types of Robbery
257(5)
Commercial Robberies: Stores and Banks
257(1)
Street Robberies
258(1)
Residential Robberies
259(1)
School Robberies
259(1)
Vehicle Robberies
260(1)
Types of Robbers
261(1)
The First Officer on the Scene
262(1)
The Preliminary Investigation
263(1)
The Neighborhood Canvas
264(1)
The Robber's Method of Operation
264(1)
Physical Evidence
265(1)
The Role of Witnesses
266(1)
Do You Recognize These Terms?
267(1)
Discussion Questions
267(1)
Class Project
267(2)
Assault and Related Offenses
269(18)
Introduction
269(1)
Legal Classifications of Assault
270(3)
Simple Assault
270(1)
Aggravated Assault
270(1)
Trends
271(1)
Clearances
271(1)
Arrests
272(1)
Self-Defense
273(1)
The Preliminary Investigation
273(2)
Documenting the Elements of Assault
274(1)
Protecting the Crime Scene
274(1)
Initial Questioning
274(1)
Searching the Crime Scene
275(1)
Domestic Violence
275(3)
The Investigative Response to Domestic Violence
276(1)
Legal Approaches to Domestic Violence
277(1)
Elder Abuse
278(2)
Stalking
280(5)
Who Stalks Whom?
281(1)
Forms of Stalking
282(1)
Occurrence of Stalking
283(1)
The Investigative Response to Stalking
284(1)
Do You Recognize These Terms?
285(1)
Discussion Questions
285(1)
Class Project
285(2)
Sex Offenses
287(24)
Introduction
287(1)
The Role of the Sex-Crime Investigator
288(1)
Nuisance Sex Offenses
288(3)
Exhibitionism
289(1)
Voyeurism: The Peeping Tom
289(1)
Pyromania: The Fire-Starter
289(1)
Fetishism
290(1)
The Obscene Phone Caller
290(1)
Forcible Rape
291(4)
Trends
292(1)
Clearances
293(1)
Arrests
293(1)
Legal Aspects of Rape
294(1)
Date Rape
295(1)
The Initial Interview of the Rape Victim
295(1)
The Follow-up Interview of the Rape Victim
296(2)
Evidence in Rape Cases
298(3)
The Rape Evidence Kit
299(1)
The Medical Examination
300(1)
Profiling the Rapist
301(7)
The Power-Reassurance (Manhood) Rapist
301(4)
The Power-Assertive Rapist
305(1)
The Anger-Retaliatory Rapist
305(1)
The Anger-Excitation Rapist
306(1)
The Rapist's Approach
307(1)
Methods of Control
307(1)
Do You Recognize These Terms?
308(1)
Discussion Questions
308(1)
Class Projects
309(2)
Child Abuse and Neglect
311(27)
Introduction
311(1)
Assaults Against Children
312(3)
Battered Child Syndrome
312(2)
Recognizing Abuse
314(1)
Taking the Initial Report
314(1)
The Initial Police Response to Child Abuse
315(1)
Steps in Investigating Battered Child Syndrome
315(3)
Interviews with Medical Personnel
316(1)
Other Important Sources of Information
316(1)
Consultation with Experts
317(1)
Interviews with Caretakers
317(1)
The Crime Scene Investigation
317(1)
Investigator Guidelines for Child Homicide
318(4)
Shaken Baby Syndrome
319(1)
Munchhausen Syndrome by Proxy
320(1)
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
321(1)
Conclusion
321(1)
Sexual Abuse of Children
322(6)
The 2003 Child Protection Act (Amber Alerts)
323(1)
The Preliminary Investigation
324(1)
Interviewing the Child Victim
324(3)
Closing the Interview
327(1)
Children as Witnesses
328(1)
The Child Molester
329(1)
Investigating the Molester
330(2)
Premeditation and Intent
331(1)
Investigating Missing and Abducted Children
332(3)
Kidnapping via the Internet
333(1)
Interviewing Suspects
334(1)
Do You Recognize These Terms?
335(1)
Discussion Questions
335(1)
Class Project
336(2)
PART 4 PROPERTY CRIMES
338(81)
Burglary
338(15)
Introduction
338(1)
Burglary
338(6)
Trends
339(1)
Offense Analysis
339(1)
Clearances
340(1)
Arrests
340(2)
Burglary versus Robbery
342(1)
Why Criminals Burglarize
342(1)
Elements of Burglary
343(1)
How a Thief Works
343(1)
Types of Burglaries
344(1)
ATM Burglaries
344(1)
Types of Burglars
344(1)
The Amateur Burglar
345(1)
The Professional Burglar
345(1)
The Preliminary Investigation
345(4)
Indications of Burglary
346(1)
Approach with Caution!
346(1)
Physical Evidence
346(1)
Possession of Burglary Tools
347(2)
Safe Burglaries
349(1)
Tracing Stolen Property
350(1)
The Fence
350(1)
Proving the Receipt of Stolen Property
350(1)
Circumstantial Evidence
351(1)
Burglary Prevention Through Proactive Patrol
351(1)
Do You Recognize These Terms?
352(1)
Discussion Questions
352(1)
Class Project
352(1)
Larceny--Theft
353(16)
Introduction
353(1)
Larceny--Theft Offenses
353(4)
Trends
354(2)
Clearances
356(1)
Arrests
356(1)
Forgery and Fraud
357(3)
Check Fraud
357(2)
Investigating Check Forgery
359(1)
Embezzlement
360(3)
Investigating Embezzlement
361(1)
Categories of Embezzlement
362(1)
Credit Card Fraud
363(2)
Obtaining Cards
364(1)
Using Stolen Cards
364(1)
Investigating Credit Card Theft
364(1)
Shoplifting
365(2)
Investigating Shoplifting
366(1)
Do You Recognize These Terms?
367(1)
Discussion Questions
367(1)
Class Project
367(2)
Motor Vehicle Theft
369(22)
Introduction
369(1)
Motor Vehicle Theft Offenses
369(4)
Trends
370(1)
Offense Analysis
371(1)
Clearances
371(1)
Arrests
371(2)
Motivations for Motor Vehicle Theft
373(4)
Joyriding
373(1)
Theft for Resale
374(1)
Transportation for Other Crimes
374(1)
Stripping and Chop-Shop Operations
374(3)
The Preliminary Investigation
377(1)
The Investigative Traffic Stop
377(1)
The Vehicle Identification Number
378(1)
History of the VIN
378(1)
How the VIN Works
378(1)
The Altered VIN
379(1)
Disguising the Stolen Vehicle
379(1)
The Salvage Switch Method
379(1)
The Modified VIN Technique
379(1)
The Bogus VIN
380(1)
The Rip-Off
380(1)
Tools of the Trade
381(1)
Recognizing the Stolen Vehicle
381(2)
The Usefulness of Alarms
383(1)
Carjacking
383(2)
Theft of Off-Road Machinery
385(1)
Motor Vehicle Fraud
386(1)
Methods of Fraud
386(1)
Stolen Motorcycles
387(1)
The Motorcycle VIN
388(1)
Methods of Motorcycle Theft
388(1)
The NATB
388(1)
Do You Recognize These Terms?
389(1)
Discussion Questions
389(1)
Class Project
389(2)
Arson and Bombings
391(28)
Introduction
391(1)
Arson Offenses
391(3)
Comparative Rates
392(1)
Trends
392(1)
Clearances
392(1)
Arrests
392(2)
Elements of Arson
394(1)
Legal Categories
394(1)
The Police and Fire Alliance
394(1)
Arson Investigative Techniques
395(1)
The Preliminary Investigation of Arson
396(5)
Identify the Point of Origin
397(1)
Search for Flammable Liquids
398(1)
Observe the Span of the Fire
398(1)
Photograph the Scene
398(1)
Identify Plants or Trailers
398(1)
Question Witnesses
399(1)
Observe Alligatoring
399(1)
Other Clues
400(1)
Motivations of the Arsonist
401(4)
Arson for Profit
402(1)
Arson for Revenge
403(1)
Arson for Vandalism
403(1)
Arson for Crime Concealment
404(1)
Pyromania
404(1)
Serial Fire Setters
405(1)
Profiling the Fire-Starter
405(1)
The Role of the Insurance Industry
406(1)
Prosecution of Arson Cases
407(1)
Bombing Incidents
408(3)
What Is a Bomb?
409(1)
Teen Bombings
410(1)
Investigating the Bomb Threat
411(4)
The Written Bomb Threat
413(1)
Booby Traps
413(1)
Safety Precautions
413(2)
Bomb Search Techniques
415(1)
First Room-Searching Sweep
415(1)
Second Room-Searching Sweep
416(1)
Third Room-Searching Sweep
416(1)
Fourth Room-Searching Sweep
416(1)
When a Bomb Is Found
416(1)
Handling the Media
417(1)
Do You Recognize These Terms?
417(1)
Discussion Questions
417(1)
Class Project
418(1)
PART 5 VICE CRIMES AND RELATED OFFENSES
419(59)
Drug Offenses
419(31)
Introduction
419(2)
Principal Drugs of Abuse
421(9)
Characteristics of Drugs
421(1)
Cannabis
422(1)
Narcotics
422(2)
Stimulants
424(2)
Hallucinogens
426(1)
Depressants
427(2)
Designer Drugs
429(1)
The General Structure of Drug Laws
430(1)
The 1970 Controlled Substances Act
430(2)
Initiating Drug Cases
432(1)
Confidential Informants
432(2)
Case Planning
434(1)
Investigation of an Illegal Drug Laboratory
435(1)
The Drug Raid
436(3)
Purpose of the Raid
436(1)
Team Personnel
436(1)
Preraid Planning
437(1)
Raid Execution
437(2)
Reverse String Drug Operations
439(5)
Planning the Reverse Sting
440(1)
Manpower Considerations
440(2)
Conducting the Sting
442(2)
Pharmaceutical Diversion
444(1)
Diversion by Legal Registrants
444(1)
Diversion by Street Criminals
445(1)
Extraordinary Drug Enforcement Techniques
445(4)
Drug Courier Profiling
446(1)
Asset Forfeiture
447(2)
Do You Recognize These Terms?
449(1)
Discussion Questions
449(1)
Class Project
449(1)
White-Collar Crime
450(28)
Introduction
450(1)
Defining White-Collar Crime
451(1)
Corporate Crime
452(1)
Money Laundering
453(7)
The History of Money Laundering
453(2)
Combatting the Money-Laundering Problem
455(1)
Techniques of Money Laundering
456(4)
Confidence Games
460(5)
The Pigeon Drop
460(1)
The Bank Examiner Scheme
461(1)
The Pyramid ``Get Rich Quick'' Scheme
461(2)
Travel Scams
463(1)
Home Repair Scams
464(1)
Contest Cons
464(1)
The Magazine Subscription Scam
464(1)
Computer Crime
465(11)
Defining Computer Crime
467(1)
The Nature of the Crime
467(1)
Computer Crime Investigations
468(1)
Classification of Computer Crimes
468(1)
Typical Forms of Computer Crimes
469(3)
Automatic Teller Machine Frauds
472(1)
The Preliminary Investigation of Computer Crimes
472(1)
Evidence Considerations
473(2)
Profile of the Computer Criminal
475(1)
Interviewing the Computer Crime Suspect
475(1)
Do You Recognize These Terms?
476(1)
Discussion Questions
476(1)
Class Project
476(2)
PART 6 PROSECUTION
478(13)
Preparation for Court
478(13)
Introduction
478(1)
Pretrial Procedures
478(4)
The Pretrial Conference
479(1)
Going to Court
479(3)
The Criminal Trial Process
482(2)
Selection of the Jury
482(1)
Opening Statements
482(1)
Direct Examination
482(1)
Cross-Examination
483(1)
Objections
483(1)
Closing Arguments
483(1)
Jury Instructions and the Verdict
484(1)
Witness Preparation
484(2)
The Investigator as a Professional Witness
486(2)
Preparing for Court
486(1)
Reviewing Evidence and Reports
486(1)
Credibility as a Witness
487(1)
Courtroom Demeanor
487(1)
Giving a Positive Impression
488(1)
The Role of the Expert Witness
488(2)
Do You Recognize These Terms?
490(1)
Discussion Questions
490(1)
Class Project
490(1)
Appendix A Physical Evidence 491(16)
Appendix B Cases 507(4)
Glossary 511(14)
Index 525

Excerpts

Criminal investigation represents a timeless and dynamic field of scientific study. This book, now in its fourth edition, was written with the perception that crime detection is a field that relies heavily on the past experiences of investigators as well as recent practical and technological innovations. The investigator's success in crime detection can be influenced by several external variables. For example, increased pressures by public interest groups and courts of law have caused police supervisors to place greater emphasis on case management and officer accountability. In addition, because of increased social problems associated with drug abuse, criminal violence, and related gang activity, the public spotlight has focused more than ever before on methods of crime detection and successful prosecution of lawbreakers. Finally, because of the rising incidence of mass and serial murders in the last decade, more people are realizing the importance of a thoroughly investigated case and the reasons behind the occurrence of such crimes.This book is intended to meet the needs of students and others interested in criminal justice by presenting information in a logical flow, paralleling the steps and considerations observed in an actual criminal investigation. Additionally, it is designed to fulfill an ongoing need for a book that explains clearly and thoughtfully the fundamentals of criminal investigation as practiced by police officers on the job.The book is written with several observations in mind. First, as its title indicates, it is designed to blend scientific theories of crime detection with a practical approach to criminal investigation. It has been drafted on the assumption that sound criminal investigations depend on an understanding of the science of crime detection procedures and the art of anticipating human behavior. There is yet another critical observation made in the book: It recognizes that both the uniformed officer and the criminal investigator play important roles in the field of criminal investigation. The duties of each are outlined throughout the book, recognizing that there is a fundamental need for both to work in tandem throughout many aspects of the criminal investigation process.One underlying theme of the book is that as with all police endeavors, criminal investigation is a law enforcement responsibility that must be conducted within the framework of the U.S. Constitution and the practices of a democratic society. Consequently, court decisions and case studies have been quoted extensively for clarification of issues and general reader information.In summary, I am hopeful that this book will prove to be an engaging textbook that is descriptive of the duties of modern-day crime detection and police professionalism. For more efficient use, this book has been designed to follow closely standard curriculum format. Accordingly, each chapter ends with key terms, discussion questions, and a class project to aid in the instructional process. Michael D. Lyman


Please wait while the item is added to your cart...