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Criminal Investigation : Basic Perspectives,9780131188594
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Criminal Investigation : Basic Perspectives

by ;
Edition:
10th
ISBN13:

9780131188594

ISBN10:
0131188593
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2006
Publisher(s):
Pearson College Div
List Price: $104.20
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    Criminal Investigation : Basic Perspectives




Summary

Together, the authors of Criminal Investigation: Basic Perspectives have in excess of fifty years of law enforcement experience with a variety of agencies such as the United States Postal Inspection Service, the United States Marshal's Service, the Sacramento Sheriff s Department, the New York Police Department and the California State Police. Prom this perspective the authors have written a well-balanced, comprehensive text on criminal investigation. This Tenth edition has been updated and includes two newly rewritten chapters on Interviewing and the Detection of Deception, and the Interrogation Process. New discussion regarding witness motivation, the importance of separating witnesses, and the need to get a commitment from a witness have been added to the chapter on Direct and Circumstantial Evidence. A new section on computer databases has been added to the chapter on Basic Investigative Leads. Added to the end of each chapter is a new "related web sites" section for additional research and information on the chapter topic. In addition, a new case study has been added to this edition. These case studies that are included at the end of each chapter are designed to highlight the chapter content and enhance the learning process. Criminal Investigation Basic Perspectives, Tenth Edition is a resource that will prepare students for the challenging world of criminal investigation.

Table of Contents

Preface xii
PART I Elements of Investigation
Chapter 1 The Initial Investigation
3(22)
The Legal Significance of Evidence
4(1)
Coordination of the Crime Scene
4(2)
Systematic Search Procedures
6(14)
Collecting Evidence
9(1)
Marking Evidence
9(2)
Establishing the Chain of Possession
11(1)
Packaging Physical Evidence
12(2)
Matching Physical Evidence with Known Standards
14(2)
Transporting Evidence
16(1)
Handling Infected Evidence
17(1)
Identifying Physical Changes at the Scene
18(1)
Conducting a Final Survey of the Scene
19(1)
Media Relations
20(1)
Chapter Review
20(2)
CASE STUDY: Incredible Evidence
20(2)
Discussion Questions
22(1)
Library Assignment
23(1)
Workbook Project
23(1)
Related Web Sites
23(1)
Notes
24(1)
Chapter 2 Direct and Circumstantial Evidence
25(22)
Direct Evidence
25(7)
Locating Witnesses at the Crime Scene
25(3)
Revisiting the Crime Scene
28(1)
Canvassing the View Area
28(1)
Canvassing the Neighborhood
29(1)
Issuing Pleas for Public Cooperation
30(2)
Circumstantial Evidence
32(12)
Weapons
32(3)
Blood
35(2)
Imprints and Impressions
37(4)
Tool Marks
41(1)
Dust, Dirt, and Other Traces
41(2)
Questioned Documents
43(1)
Other Evidence
43(1)
Chapter Review
44(1)
CASE STUDY: Revenge
44(1)
Discussion Questions
45(1)
Library Assignment
45(1)
Workbook Project
45(1)
Related Web Sites
46(1)
Notes
46(1)
Chapter 3 Records of the Crime Scene
47(22)
Field Notes
47(1)
Preliminary Investigative Report
48(4)
Photography
52(2)
Sketches
54(5)
Videotapes
59(1)
Progress Reports
60(1)
Discovery
61(1)
Chapter Review
61(6)
CASE STUDY: The Lucky Market Case
61(6)
Discussion Questions
67(1)
Library Assignment
67(1)
Workbook Project
67(1)
Related Web Sites
67(1)
Notes
68(1)
Chapter 4 Laboratory and Technical Services
69(16)
Criminalistics: Forensic Science
70(1)
DNA "Fingerprinting"
71(2)
Laboratory Determinations
73(3)
Laboratory Equipment
76(3)
Voiceprint Identification
79(1)
Cryptography
80(1)
Chapter Review
81(1)
CASE STUDY: Child Abduction
81(1)
Discussion Questions
82(1)
Library Assignment
83(1)
Workbook Project
83(1)
Related Web Sites
83(1)
Notes
83(2)
Chapter 5 Basic Investigative Leads and Informants
85(30)
Basic Leads
85(16)
Victim's Background
87(1)
Benefit
88(1)
Opportunity
88(1)
Knowledge
89(1)
Field Contact Reports
90(1)
Vehicles
90(1)
Weapons
91(1)
Fingerprints
92(1)
Stolen Property
93(2)
Modus Operandi
95(1)
Computer Databases
95(1)
Offender Registration
96(2)
Photographs of Known Criminals
98(1)
Composite Sketches
98(1)
Injured Suspects
99(1)
Linkage Between Suspect and Crime Partners
100(1)
Informants
101(5)
Basic-Lead Informants
102(1)
Participant Informants
103(1)
Covert Informants
104(1)
Accomplice-Witnesses
105(1)
Chapter Review
106(7)
CASE STUDY: The Shugars and Smith Case
106(7)
Discussion Questions
113(1)
Library Assignment
113(1)
Workbook Project
113(1)
Related Web Sites
113(1)
Notes
114(1)
Chapter 6 Major Investigative Techniques
115(22)
Surveillance
115(7)
Visual Surveillance
115(3)
Audio Surveillance
118(3)
Contact Surveillance
121(1)
Search Warrants
122(1)
Police Intelligence: Criminal Investigation Information
123(3)
Proactive Investigation
125(1)
Undercover Police Agents
125(1)
Lineups
126(2)
Chapter Review
128(7)
CASE STUDY: The Brown Case
128(7)
Discussion Questions
135(1)
Library Assignment
135(1)
Workbook Project
136(1)
Related Web Sites
136(1)
Notes
136(1)
Chapter 7 Interviewing and the Detection of Deception
137(14)
Interview Essentials
137(4)
Privacy
137(1)
Rapport Building
138(1)
Competency and Credibility Issues
139(1)
Interview Structure
140(1)
Listening
140(1)
Detection of Deception
141(4)
Physical Signs of Deception
141(1)
Polygraph Testing
142(3)
Recollection Refreshment
145(2)
Investigative Hypnosis
145(1)
Cognitive Interview
146(1)
Written Statement of a Witness
147(1)
Chapter Review
147(1)
CASE STUDY: Robbery Interview
147(1)
Discussion Questions
148(1)
Library Assignment
148(1)
Workbook Project
149(1)
Related Web Sites
149(1)
Notes
149(2)
Chapter 8 Interrogation of Suspects
151(14)
Interrogation Law
151(2)
The Waiver
153(2)
Interrogation Essentials
155(2)
Privacy
155(1)
Prior Investigation
155(1)
Approach
156(1)
Why People Confess
157(1)
The Suspect's Dilemma: The Crime Partner
158(1)
Documentation of the Confession
158(2)
Chapter Review
160(1)
CASE STUDY: Interrogation of a Robbery Suspect
160(1)
Discussion Questions
161(1)
Library Assignment
162(1)
Workbook Project
162(1)
Related Web Sites
162(1)
Notes
162(3)
Chapter 9 The Arrest of the Accused Person
165(26)
The Broadcast Alarm
166(2)
Records as Sources of Information
168(1)
Wanted Notices
169(3)
The Arrest
172(4)
Pedigree
174(2)
Case Preparation
176(3)
The Defendant's Identity
176(1)
The Defendant and the Corpus Delicti
177(1)
Negative Evidence
178(1)
Lawful Procedures
178(1)
Arrangement of Evidence
178(1)
The "Package," or Case Folder
179(1)
The Decision to Charge
179(1)
Closure of an Investigation
180(2)
Chapter Review
182(5)
CASE STUDY Double Murder-Ms. Wylie and Ms. Hoffert
182(5)
Discussion Questions
187(1)
Library Assignment
187(1)
Workbook Project
187(1)
Related Web Sites
187(1)
Notes
188(3)
PART II Investigation of Major Crimes
Chapter 10 Physical Assaults
191(26)
Homicide
191(16)
"Suspicious Death" Investigation
191(2)
The Autopsy as an Extension of the Crime Scene
193(1)
Medicolegal Laboratory Services
193(2)
Suicide, Accident, or Criminal Homicide?
195(1)
Identification of Victim
196(1)
Time of Death
197(2)
Exhumation
199(1)
Checklist for the Investigation of Criminal Homicide
199(3)
Patterns of Criminal Homicide
202(2)
Motive for Murder-Relationships
204(1)
Multicide
205(2)
Stalking
207(1)
Assaults
207(2)
Child Abuse
209(3)
Chapter Review
212(3)
CASE STUDY: Autopsy Surgeon
212(3)
Discussion Questions
215(1)
Library Assignment
215(1)
Workbook Project
215(1)
Related Web Sites
215(1)
Notes
216(1)
Chapter 11 Sexual Assaults
217(18)
Rape
217(9)
Initial Action
218(2)
Follow-Up Interview of Victim
220(2)
Follow-Up Interviews of Witnesses
222(1)
Personality Profile of the Serial Rapist
222(1)
Arrest of the Suspect
223(1)
Case Preparation
224(1)
Problems of Proof
225(1)
Child Sexual Abuse
226(5)
Incest
226(1)
Pedophilia
227(1)
The Child as Victim-Witness
228(2)
Missing Children
230(1)
Chapter Review
231(1)
CASE STUDY: East Area Rapist
231(1)
Discussion Questions
232(1)
Library Assignment
233(1)
Workbook Project
233(1)
Related Web Sites
233(1)
Notes
233(2)
Chapter 12 Robbery
235(16)
Components of Robbery
235(5)
The Target in Robberies
240(1)
Identification Evidence
241(1)
Checklist for the Investigation of Robbery
242(2)
Repeat-Offender Cases
244(1)
Carjacking
245(1)
Outline of the Carjacking Investigation
245(1)
Problems of Proof
246(1)
Chapter Review
247(1)
CASE STUDY: This is a Holdup!
247(1)
Discussion Questions
248(1)
Library Assignment
249(1)
Workshop Project
249(1)
Related Web Sites
249(1)
Notes
249(2)
Chapter 13 Arson, Bombings, and Hate Crimes
251(20)
Arson
251(12)
The Suspicious Fire Concept
252(3)
Burn Patterns: Structural Fires
255(1)
Burn Patterns: Nonstructural Fires
256(1)
Ignition and Place of Origin of Fire
257(1)
The Fire Scene
258(2)
Fire Scene Photographs
260(1)
The Continuing Arson Investigation
261(2)
Bombings
263(2)
Problems of Proof in Arson and Bombing Cases
265(1)
Hate Crimes
265(1)
Chapter Review
266(1)
CASE STUDY: Motive for Arson
266(1)
Discussion Questions
267(1)
Library Assignment
268(1)
Workbook Project
268(1)
Related Web Sites
268(1)
Notes
268(3)
Chapter 14 Property Crimes
271(34)
Burglary
271(7)
Types of Burglars
273(2)
Burglary as a Behavioral Concept
275(1)
Safe Burglars
276(1)
Burglary Scene Investigation
277(1)
Postscene Investigation
278(1)
Known Burglars
278(1)
Theft
278(10)
The Attack
280(1)
Modus Operandi Searches
281(1)
The Universe of Suspects
282(1)
Criminal Receivers of Stolen Property
283(1)
Auto Theft
284(2)
Theft by Employees
286(2)
Fraud
288(12)
Elements of Fraud
289(1)
Bunco Schemes and Con Games
289(4)
The Bank Examiner Fraud
293(1)
Fraudulent Checks
293(1)
Credit Card Frauds
294(1)
Consumer and Business Frauds
294(2)
Workplace Frauds
296(1)
ATM Frauds
297(1)
Identity Theft
298(1)
Computer Fraud
298(1)
Investigation of Frauds
299(1)
Chapter Review
300(1)
CASE STUDY: The Year My Life Was Stolen
300(1)
Discussion Questions
301(1)
Library Assignment
302(1)
Workbook Project
302(1)
Related Web Sites
303(1)
Notes
303(2)
Chapter 15 Dangerous Drugs
305(24)
Entrapment
307(1)
The Drug Scene
307(4)
Heroin
308(1)
Cocaine
308(1)
Marijuana
308(1)
Amphetamine and Methamphetamine
309(1)
Phencyclidine
309(1)
Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD)
310(1)
Ecstasy
311(1)
Rohypnol
311(1)
Drug-Selling Organizations
311(2)
Drug Investigations
313(8)
Pickup Arrests
313(1)
Arrests Based on "Buys"
314(1)
Search Warrants
315(3)
Warrantless Searches
318(1)
"Working Up" Investigations
319(2)
Raids
321(1)
Problems of Proof
321(1)
Chapter Review
322(4)
CASE STUDY: Dangerous Drugs Law Enforcement-Roles and Story Lines
322(4)
Discussion Questions
326(1)
Library Assignment
326(1)
Workbook Project
326(1)
Related Web Sites
326(1)
Notes
327(2)
Chapter 16 Special Investigations
329(28)
Vice
329(2)
Gambling
329(1)
Prostitution
330(1)
Organized Crime
331(3)
Nature of Operations
331(1)
Characteristic Activity
332(1)
Investigative Alerts
332(1)
Gang Activity
333(1)
Problems of Proof
334(1)
Terrorism
334(8)
Terrorist Groups
336(2)
Preventive Intelligence
338(2)
Role of Police Operations Units
340(1)
The Criminal Investigator's Role
340(1)
Problems of Proof
341(1)
Computer Crime
342(4)
Hackers and Their Tools
342(1)
Computer Fraud
343(1)
Child Pornography and Exploitation
344(1)
Cybercrime Investigation and Prevention
345(1)
Hit and Run
346(6)
The Hit-and-Run Operator
346(1)
The Alarm
346(2)
The Scene Search
348(1)
Stakeouts
349(1)
Transfer Evidence
350(1)
Accountability
351(1)
Possible Murder
351(1)
Chapter Review
352(1)
CASE STUDY: Hit and Run
352(1)
Discussion Questions
353(1)
Library Assignment
354(1)
Workbook Project
354(1)
Related Web Sites
354(1)
Notes
354(3)
Chapter 17 The Investigator as Witness and Ethical Awareness
357(14)
The Investigator as Witness
357(6)
Action Prior to Court Appearance
357(2)
General Behavior
359(2)
Nonverbal Communication
361(1)
Conduct After Testifying
362(1)
Ethical Awareness
363(2)
Crime and Outrageous Conduct
363(1)
Impact of Misconduct on Criminal Investigation
364(1)
Standards for Criminal Investigators
364(1)
Prevention of Misconduct
364(1)
Chapter Review
365(4)
CASE STUDY: The Special Crime Squad
365(4)
Discussion Questions
369(1)
Library Assignment
369(1)
Workbook Project
369(1)
Related Web Sites
370(1)
Notes
370(1)
Appendix A Case Briefs 371(6)
Appendix B Federally Controlled Substances Law 377(4)
Appendix C Identity Theft: What to Do If It Happens to You 381(4)
Glossary 385(22)
Selected Bibliography 407(4)
Index 411

Excerpts

The tenth edition of Criminal Investigation: Basic Perspectives was written to keep abreast of the changes in the field of criminal investigation. The chapter on Interviewing and the Detection of Deception and the chapter on the Interrogation of Suspects have been extensively rewritten. These changes are reflective of new insights in these areas, 1n addition new segments were added to three chapters: Witness motivation, separation of witnesses, obtaining a commitment from a witness and information on gunshot residue examinations (Chapter 2, "Direct and Circumstantial Evidence") Computer databases ('Basic Investigative Leads and Informants") Search warrants ("Major Investigative Techniques") Federal Controlled Substances Law ("Appendix B") One new case study, designed W enhance the learning process, has been added to this edition. The case study method of instruction facilitates learning by linking case content to textbook topics and by encouraging the exchange of opinions and viewpoints among students during discussion sessions. The case studies in this book are designed to contribute to this type of learning process. Each case provides factual information that is likely to promote analysis and discussion and thus aid in developing the student's ability to analyze, evaluate, and reason. The topic of discussion is focused on the facts of each case study, but only the range of student opinions and ideas limits the scope of the discussion. Some cases are presented in straight narrative style, while others are written in dialogue form as the best means of joining the personalities and the situations of a case study. Each case presents a real-life situation or episode experienced some time in the past. There has been no "doctoring" to develop points, theories, or problems. However, names, dates, and locations have been altered in some instances to avoid embarrassing any persons or their families.


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