CART

(0) items

Criminal Investigation With Infotrac,9780534615246
This item qualifies for
FREE SHIPPING!
FREE SHIPPING OVER $59!

Your order must be $59 or more, you must select US Postal Service Shipping as your shipping preference, and the "Group my items into as few shipments as possible" option when you place your order.

Bulk sales, PO's, Marketplace Items, eBooks, Apparel, and DVDs not included.

Criminal Investigation With Infotrac

by
Edition:
7th
ISBN13:

9780534615246

ISBN10:
0534615244
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
8/4/2003
Publisher(s):
Wadsworth Publishing

Questions About This Book?

What version or edition is this?
This is the 7th edition with a publication date of 8/4/2003.
What is included with this book?
  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any CDs, lab manuals, study guides, etc.

Related Products


  • Criminal Investigation
    Criminal Investigation
  • Criminal Investigation
    Criminal Investigation
  • Criminal Investigation
    Criminal Investigation
  • Criminal Investigation
    Criminal Investigation
  • Criminal Investigation (Non Info Trac Version)
    Criminal Investigation (Non Info Trac Version)
  • Criminal Investigation With Infotrac
    Criminal Investigation With Infotrac
  • Criminal Investigation, 11th Edition
    Criminal Investigation, 11th Edition
  • Criminal Investigation, 9th Edition
    Criminal Investigation, 9th Edition
  • Study Guide for Criminal Investigation
    Study Guide for Criminal Investigation





Summary

This text stresses the practical procedures, techniques, and applications of private and public investigations to provide students with a solid foundation in criminal investigation. The Seventh Edition emphasizes professionalism and integrates coverage of modern investigation tools as it presents established investigation policies, procedures, and techniques for the law enforcement officer. Recent court cases; coverage of the latest investigative techniques and technology; and new material on topics such as terrorism, stalking, and child abuse enhance the text's practical and applied approach. In addition, a new 8-page, full color crime scenes photos insert uses current, real-life cases to illustrate chapter topics, and a new interactive Crime and Evidence in Action CD-ROM comes packaged with each student edition.

Table of Contents

Preface xix
Section One: Introduction
1(30)
Criminal Investigation: An Overview
2(29)
Introduction
3(1)
Criminal Investigation Definitions
4(1)
Other Terms Defined
4(1)
Goals of Criminal Investigation
5(1)
Basic Functions
6(1)
Characteristics of an Effective Investigator
6(3)
Intellectual Characteristics
7(1)
Psychological Characteristics
8(1)
Physical Characteristics
9(1)
The Preliminary Investigation: Basic Considerations
9(6)
The Initial Response
9(1)
The Point of Arrival
10(1)
Setting Priorities
11(1)
Handling Emergency Situations
11(1)
Protecting the Crime Scene
12(1)
Conducting the Preliminary Investigation
13(2)
Crime Scene Investigators (CSIs)
15(1)
The Follow-Up Investigation
15(1)
Computer-Aided Investigation
16(2)
Crime Analysis, Mapping and Geographical Information Systems
17(1)
Problem-Oriented Policing
18(1)
Investigative Productivity
19(1)
The Investigative Function: The Responsibility of All Police Personnel
19(1)
Interrelationships with Others---Community Policing
20(4)
Uniformed Patrol
21(1)
Dispatchers
21(1)
Prosecutor's Staff
22(1)
Defense Counsel
22(1)
Physicians, Coroners and Medical Examiners
22(1)
Crime Laboratories
22(1)
Private Laboratories
23(1)
Citizens
23(1)
Witnesses
23(1)
Victims
23(1)
Witnesses, Victims and the Media
24(1)
Major-Case Task Forces
24(1)
Avoiding Civil Liability
25(1)
Summary
25(1)
Checklist
26(1)
Discussion Questions
27(1)
Investigate the Web
27(1)
InfoTrac College Edition
27(1)
Internet
27(1)
Crime and Evidence in Action CD-ROM
27(1)
References
28(3)
Section Two Basic Investigative Responsibilities
31(168)
Documenting the Scene: Note Taking, Photographing and Sketching
33(30)
Introduction
34(1)
Field Notes
35(1)
When to Take Notes
35(1)
What to Record
35(2)
Where to Record Notes
37(1)
How to Take Notes
37(1)
Using a Tape Recorder
38(1)
Characteristics of Effective Notes
38(1)
Filing Notes
38(1)
Admissibility of Notes in Court
39(1)
Investigative Photography: An Overview
39(1)
Advantages and Disadvantages of Photographs
40(1)
Basic Photographic Equipment
40(3)
Training in and Using Investigative Photography
43(2)
What to Photograph or Videotape
43(1)
Errors to Avoid
44(1)
Types of Investigative Photography
45(2)
Surveillance Photography
45(1)
Aerial Photography
45(1)
Night Photography
46(1)
Laboratory Photography
46(1)
Mug Shots
46(1)
Lineup Photographs
47(1)
Identifying, Filing and Maintaining Continuity of Evidence
47(1)
Admissibility of Photographs in Court
48(1)
Crime-Scene Sketches: An Overview
48(1)
The Rough Sketch
49(1)
Sketching Materials
49(1)
Steps in Sketching the Crime Scene
49(7)
Step One: Observe and Plan
50(1)
Step Two: Measure and Outline the Area
50(2)
Step Three: Plot Objects and Evidence
52(2)
Step Four: Take Notes
54(1)
Step Five: Identify the Scene
54(1)
Step Six: Reassess the Sketch
54(2)
File the Sketch
56(1)
The Finished Scale Drawing
56(1)
Computer-Assisted Drawing
57(2)
Admissibility of Sketches and Drawings in Court
59(1)
Summary
59(1)
Checklists
60(1)
Discussion Questions
61(1)
Investigate the Web
62(1)
InfoTrac College Edition
62(1)
Internet
62(1)
Crime and Evidence in Action CD-ROM
62(1)
References
62(1)
Searches
63(23)
Introduction
64(1)
Legal Searches and the Fourth Amendment
64(6)
Search with a Warrant
65(2)
Search with Consent
67(1)
Patdown or Frisk during a ``Stop''
68(1)
Search Following an Arrest
69(1)
Search in an Emergency Situation
69(1)
Basic Limitation on Searches
70(1)
The Exclusionary Rule
70(1)
The Crime-Scene Search
70(2)
Organizing the Crime-Scene Search
71(1)
Physical Evidence
71(1)
Search Patterns
72(4)
Exterior Searches
72(1)
Interior Searches
72(3)
General Guidelines
75(1)
Plain-View Evidence
75(1)
Other Types of Investigatory Searches
76(4)
Building Searches
76(1)
Trash or Garbage Can Searches
76(1)
Vehicle Searches
76(3)
Suspect Searches
79(1)
Dead Body Searches
80(1)
Use of Dogs in a Search
80(2)
Summary
82(1)
Checklist
83(1)
Discussion Questions
83(1)
Investigate the Web
83(1)
InfoTrac College Edition
83(1)
Internet
83(1)
Crime and Evidence in Action CD-ROM
83(1)
References
83(1)
Cases Cited
84(2)
Forensics/Physical Evidence
86(41)
Introduction
87(1)
Definitions
88(1)
Investigative Equipment
89(3)
Considerations in Selecting Equipment
91(1)
Equipment Containers
91(1)
Transporting the Equipment
91(1)
Training in Equipment Use
92(1)
Discovering, Recognizing and Examining Evidence
92(1)
Forensic Light Sources
93(1)
Collecting, Marking and Identifying Evidence
93(1)
Packaging and Preserving Evidence
94(3)
Transporting Evidence
97(1)
Frequently Examined Evidence
97(22)
Fingerprints
97(6)
Voiceprints
103(1)
Language Analysis
103(1)
DNA Profiling
103(4)
Blood and Other Body Fluids
107(1)
Hairs and Fibers
108(1)
Shoe and Tire Impressions
109(1)
Bite Marks
110(1)
Tools and Tool Marks
110(2)
Firearms and Ammunition
112(3)
Glass
115(1)
Soils and Minerals
116(1)
Safe Insulation
116(1)
Ropes, Strings and Tapes
117(1)
Drugs
117(1)
Documents
117(1)
Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Marks
118(1)
Paint
118(1)
Skeletal Remains
118(1)
Wood
119(1)
Other Types of Evidence
119(1)
Evidence Handling and Infectious Disease
119(1)
Protecting and Storing Evidence
120(1)
Admissibility of Evidence in Court
121(1)
Final Disposition of Evidence
121(1)
Summary
122(1)
Checklist
123(1)
Discussion Questions
124(1)
Investigate the Web
124(1)
InfoTrac College Edition
124(1)
Internet
124(1)
Crime and Evidence in Action CD-ROM
124(1)
References
125(1)
Cases Cited
126(1)
Obtaining Information
127(33)
Introduction
128(1)
Sources of Information
128(4)
Reports, Records and Databases
129(1)
The Internet
130(1)
Complainants, Witnesses, Victims and Informants
131(1)
Suspects
132(1)
Interviewing and Interrogating
132(2)
Characteristics of an Effective Interviewer/Interrogator
132(2)
The Interview
134(5)
Advance Planning
134(1)
Selecting the Time and Place
134(1)
Beginning the Interview
135(1)
Establishing Rapport
135(1)
Networking an Interview
136(1)
Interviewing Techniques
136(2)
Enhancing Communication
138(1)
Statements
139(1)
Closing the Interview
139(1)
The Interrogation
139(12)
The Miranda Warning
140(3)
The Interplay of the Fourth and Fifth Amendments
143(1)
Foreign Nationals and the Vienna Convention Treaty
144(1)
Selecting the Time and Place
145(1)
Starting the Interrogation
145(1)
Establishing Rapport
146(1)
Approaches to Interrogation
146(1)
Using Pervision during Interrogation
147(1)
Ethics and the Use of Deception
147(1)
Third-Degree Tactics
148(1)
Admissions and Confessions
148(3)
Questioning Children and Juveniles
151(1)
Evaluating and Corroborating Information
151(1)
Breaking a ``Pat'' Story
152(1)
Scientific Aids to Obtaining and Evaluating Information
152(3)
The Polygraph and CVSA
153(1)
Hypnosis and Truth Serums
154(1)
Use of Psychics and Profilers
155(1)
Sharing Information
155(1)
Summary
156(1)
Checklist
157(1)
Discussion Questions
157(1)
Investigate the Web
157(1)
InfoTrac College Edition
157(1)
Internet
158(1)
Crime and Evidence in Action CD-ROM
158(1)
References
158(1)
Cases Cited
159(1)
Identifying and Arresting Suspects
160(39)
Introduction
161(1)
Identifying Suspects at the Scene
162(1)
Identification by Driver's License
162(1)
Mobile Identification Technology
162(1)
Field Identification/Show-Up Identification
162(1)
Developing a Suspect
163(7)
Victims and Witnesses
163(1)
Mug Shots
164(1)
Composite Drawings and Sketches
165(1)
Developing a Suspect through Modus Operandi Information
166(1)
Psychological or Criminal Profiling
166(1)
Racial Profiling
167(1)
Tracking
168(1)
Other Identification Aids
168(1)
Information in Police Files and Files of Other Agencies
168(2)
Informants
170(1)
Locating Suspects
170(1)
Identifying Suspects
171(1)
Photographic Identification
171(1)
Lineup Identification
171(1)
Surveillances, Undercover Assignments and Raids: The Last Resort
172(1)
Surveillance
173(8)
The Surveillant
174(1)
The Subject
175(1)
Types of Surveillance
175(2)
Avoiding Detection
177(1)
Surveillance Equipment
177(1)
Aerial Surveillance
177(1)
Visual/Video Surveillance
177(2)
Audio or Electronic Surveillance
179(2)
Surveillance and the Constitution
181(1)
Undercover Assignments
181(2)
Raids
183(3)
Planning a Raid
183(1)
Executing a Raid
184(1)
SWAT Teams
185(1)
Legal Arrests
186(7)
Use of Force
187(2)
Less-Lethal Weapons
189(1)
Use of Deadly Force
190(2)
Off-Duty Arrests
192(1)
False Arrest
192(1)
Summary
193(1)
Checklists
193(1)
Discussion Questions
194(1)
Investigate the Web
195(1)
InfoTrac College Edition
195(1)
Internet
195(1)
Crime and Evidence in Action CD-ROM
195(1)
References
195(2)
Cases Cited
197(2)
Section Three Investigating Violent Crimes
199(126)
Death Investigations
202(33)
Introduction
203(1)
Classification
204(2)
Natural Causes
204(1)
Accidental Deaths
204(1)
Suicide
204(1)
Homicide
205(1)
Elements of the Crime
206(2)
Challenges in Investigation
208(1)
Suicide
208(2)
Equivocal Death
209(1)
Suicide by Police
209(1)
Suicide of Police Officers
210(1)
The Preliminary Investigation
210(2)
Determining that Death Has Occurred
211(1)
The Focus of the Homicide Investigation
211(1)
Discovering and Identifying the Victim
212(1)
Estimating the Time of Death
213(4)
Recent Death
213(1)
Death that Occurred 1/2 Hour to 4 Days Prior
213(2)
Many Days after Death
215(1)
Effects of Water
216(1)
Factors Suggesting a Change in the Victim's Routine
216(1)
Unnatural Causes of Death and Method Used
217(4)
Gunshot Wounds
217(2)
Stabbing and Cutting Wounds
219(1)
Blows from Blunt Objects
219(1)
Asphyxia
219(2)
Poisoning
221(1)
Burning
221(1)
Explosions, Electrocution and Lightning
221(1)
Drug-Related Homicides
221(1)
Vehicular Homicide
221(1)
The Homicide Victim
222(1)
Domestic Violence Homicide
223(1)
Law Enforcement Officers Killed
223(1)
Witnesses
223(1)
Suspects
223(3)
Mass Murderers
224(1)
Serial Killers
224(2)
Lust Murderers
226(1)
Physical Evidence
226(1)
The Medical Examination
227(1)
Exhuming a Body for Medical Examination
228(1)
Death Notification
228(1)
Strategies for Reducing Homicide
229(1)
Summary
230(1)
Checklist
231(1)
Application
231(1)
Discussion Questions
232(1)
Investigate the Web
232(1)
InfoTrac College Edition
232(1)
Internet
233(1)
Crime and Evidence in Action CD-ROM
233(1)
References
233(1)
Case Cited
234(1)
Assault, Domestic Violence, Stalking and Elder Abuse
235(22)
Introduction
236(1)
Assault: An Overview
236(1)
Classification
237(1)
Legal Force
237(1)
Elements of the Crime
237(1)
Simple Assault
237(1)
Aggravated Assault
238(1)
Attempted Assault
238(1)
Special Challenges in Investigation
238(1)
The Preliminary Investigation
239(1)
Proving the Elements of Assault
239(1)
Evidence in Assault Investigations
240(1)
Investigating Domestic Violence
240(9)
History of Domestic Violence and the Police Response
240(1)
The Cycle of Violence
241(1)
Prevalence of Domestic Violence and Its Victims
241(2)
Predictors and Precipitators of Domestic Violence
243(1)
The Police Response
244(2)
Effectiveness of Various Interventions
246(2)
Restraining Orders
248(1)
Legislation
248(1)
Other Efforts to Deal with Domestic Violence
248(1)
Avoiding Lawsuits
249(1)
Investigating Stalking
249(2)
Types of Stalking
249(1)
Legislation and Department Policies
250(1)
The Police Response
250(1)
Investigating Elder Abuse
251(1)
Prevalence of Elder Abuse
251(1)
Signs of Physical Abuse of the Elderly
252(1)
The Police Response
252(1)
Reducing Elder Abuse
252(1)
Summary
252(1)
Checklist
253(1)
Application
253(1)
Discussion Questions
254(1)
Investigate the Web
254(1)
InfoTrac College Edition
254(1)
Internet
254(1)
Crime and Evidence in Action CD-ROM
254(1)
References
255(1)
Cases Cited
256(1)
Sex Offenses
257(20)
Introduction
258(1)
Classification
259(1)
Other Sex Offense Terminology
260(1)
Investigating Obscene Telephone Calls
260(1)
Rape/Sexual Assault
260(2)
Elements of the Crime of Rape
261(1)
Sex Offenders
262(2)
Challenges to Investigation
264(1)
Blind Reporting
264(1)
The Police Response
264(2)
Physical Evidence
265(1)
Investigating Date Rape
265(1)
The Victim's Medical Examination
266(1)
Interviewing the Victim
267(3)
Establishing the Behavioral Profile in Sex Offense Cases
269(1)
Ending the Victim Interview
269(1)
Follow-Up Investigation
270(1)
Interviewing Witnesses
270(1)
Taking a Suspect into Custody and Interrogation
270(1)
Coordination with Other Agencies
270(1)
Prosecution of Rape and Statutory Changes
271(1)
False Reports
271(1)
Civil Commitment of Sex Offenders after Sentences Served
272(1)
Sex Offender Registry and Notification
272(1)
Summary
273(1)
Checklist
274(1)
Application
274(1)
Discussion Questions
275(1)
Investigate the Web
275(1)
InfoTrac College Edition
275(1)
Internet
275(1)
Crime and Evidence in Action CD-ROM
275(1)
References
276(1)
Cases Cited
276(1)
Crimes against Children
277(26)
Introduction
278(1)
The Extent of the Problem
279(1)
The Cycle of Abuse
279(1)
Classification
280(1)
Terminology
281(1)
The Effects of Child Abuse
281(1)
Challenges to Investigation
282(2)
Protecting the Child
282(1)
Difficulty in Interviewing Children
282(1)
Credibility Concerns
283(1)
The Need to Involve Other Agencies: The Multidisciplinary Team Approach
283(1)
The Initial Report
284(1)
The Police Response
284(1)
Interviewing Abused Children
284(3)
Sample Protocol
287(1)
Evidence
287(2)
Indicators of Child Neglect and Abuse
288(1)
The Suspect
289(4)
The Parent as Suspect
289(2)
The Nonparent Suspect
291(2)
Child Sexual Abuse Rings
293(1)
Types of Sex Rings
293(1)
Sex Crimes by Other Children
294(1)
Victimology
294(1)
Offender Reactions
294(1)
Missing Children: Runaway or Abducted?
294(2)
Parental Abductions
295(1)
Resources Available
296(1)
Children as Witnesses in Court
296(1)
Preventing Crimes against Children
297(1)
Summary
298(1)
Checklist
298(1)
Application
299(1)
Discussion Questions
300(1)
Investigate the Web
300(1)
InfoTrac College Edition
300(1)
Internet
300(1)
Crime and Evidence in Action CD-ROM
301(1)
References
301(1)
Cases Cited
302(1)
Robbery
303(22)
Introduction
304(1)
Robbery: An Overview
304(2)
Classification
306(4)
Residential Robberies
306(1)
Commercial Robberies
306(2)
Street Robberies
308(1)
Vehicle-Driver Robberies
309(1)
Carjacking
309(1)
Elements of the Crime: Robbery
310(1)
Special Challenges in Investigation
311(3)
Hostage Situations
312(2)
The Preliminary Investigation
314(1)
Proving the Elements of the Offense
314(3)
The Elements of Robbery
315(2)
The Complete Investigation
317(2)
Identifying the Suspect
317(1)
Establishing the Modus Operandi
318(1)
Physical Evidence
318(1)
Mapping Robbery
318(1)
False Robbery Reports
319(1)
Summary
320(1)
Checklist
320(1)
Application
321(1)
Discussion Questions
322(1)
Investigate the Web
323(1)
InfoTrac College Edition
323(1)
Internet
323(1)
Crime and Evidence in Action CD-ROM
323(1)
References
323(2)
Section Four Investigating Crimes against Property
325(82)
Burglary
327(16)
Introduction
328(1)
Burglary versus Robbery
329(1)
Classification
329(1)
Residential Burglaries
329(1)
Commercial Burglaries
329(1)
Elements of the Crime: Burglary
330(1)
Additional Elements
331(1)
Establishing the Severity of the Burglary
331(1)
Elements of the Crime: Possession of Burglary Tools
331(1)
The Burglar
332(1)
Responding to a Burglary Call
332(1)
The Preliminary Investigation
333(1)
Residential Burglaries
333(1)
Commercial Burglaries
333(1)
Special Challenges in Investigation
334(2)
Obtaining Physical Evidence
336(1)
Precautions for Explosives at the Scene
336(1)
Modus Operandi Factors
337(1)
Effective Case Management
337(1)
Showing Concern for Burglary Victims
338(1)
Fake Burglaries
338(1)
Recovering Stolen Property
338(1)
The Offense of Receiving Stolen Goods
339(1)
Preventing Burglary
340(1)
Summary
340(1)
Checklist
341(1)
Application
341(1)
Discussion Questions
341(1)
Investigate the Web
342(1)
InfoTrac College Edition
342(1)
Internet
342(1)
Crime and Evidence in Action CD-ROM
342(1)
References
342(1)
Larceny/Theft, Fraud, White-Collar Crime and Environmental Crime
343(26)
Introduction
344(1)
Larceny/Theft: An Overview
344(1)
Elements of the Crime: Larceny/Theft
345(1)
Classification of Larceny/Theft
345(1)
Found Property
346(1)
The Preliminary Investigation
346(1)
Types of Larceny/Theft
346(8)
Pickpockets and Purse-Snatchers
347(1)
Employee Theft, Shoplifting and Vendor Theft/Fraud
347(3)
Bicycle Theft
350(1)
Mail Theft
351(1)
Jewelry Theft
351(1)
Art Theft
351(1)
Numismatic Theft: Coins, Metals and Paper Money
352(1)
Agricultural Theft
352(1)
Fish and Wildlife Theft
353(1)
Cargo Theft
353(1)
Proving the Elements of the Crime
354(1)
Fraud
354(7)
Confidence Games
354(1)
Real Estate Fraud
355(1)
Telephone Fraud
355(1)
Mail Fraud
356(1)
Counterfeiting
356(1)
Check Fraud
357(1)
Debit and Credit-Card Fraud
358(2)
Identity Fraud/Theft
360(1)
White-Collar Crime
361(2)
Embezzlement
362(1)
Environmental Crime
363(1)
Summary
364(1)
Checklist
365(1)
Application
365(1)
Discussion Questions
366(1)
Investigate the Web
366(1)
InfoTrac College Edition
366(1)
Internet
367(1)
Crime and Evidence in Action CD-ROM
367(1)
References
367(2)
Motor Vehicle Theft
369(17)
Introduction
370(1)
Motor Vehicle Identification
370(1)
Classification of Motor Vehicle Theft
371(3)
Joyriding
372(1)
Transportation
372(1)
Commission of Another Crime
372(1)
Stripping for Parts and Accessories
372(1)
Reselling
373(1)
Elements of the Crime
374(1)
Unauthorized Use of a Motor Vehicle
374(1)
Motor Vehicle Embezzlement
374(1)
Interstate Transportation
374(1)
The Preliminary Investigation
375(1)
Common Tools and Methods
375(1)
Insurance Fraud
376(1)
Cooperating Agencies in Motor Vehicle Theft
377(1)
The FBI
377(1)
The National Insurance Crime Bureau (NICB)
377(1)
Recognizing a Stolen Motor Vehicle or an Unauthorized Driver
377(1)
Recovering an Abandoned or Stolen Motor Vehicle
378(2)
Preventing Motor Vehicle Theft
380(1)
Routine Activities and Motor Vehicle Theft
381(1)
Theft of Patrol Cars
381(1)
Thefts of Other Types of Motor Vehicles
381(2)
Trucks and Trailers
381(1)
Construction Vehicles and Equipment
381(1)
Recreational Vehicles
382(1)
Motorized Boats
382(1)
Snowmobiles
382(1)
Motorcycles, Motor Scooters and Mopeds
382(1)
Aircraft
383(1)
Summary
383(1)
Checklist
383(1)
Application
384(1)
Discussion Questions
384(451)
Investigate the Web
835
InfoTrac College Edition
385(1)
Internet
385(1)
Crime and Evidence in Action CD-ROM
385(1)
References
385(1)
Arson, Bombs and Explosives
386(21)
Introduction
387(1)
Classification
388(1)
Elements of the Crime: Arson
388(1)
Classification of Arson
389(1)
Aggravated and Simple Arson
389(1)
Attempted Arson
389(1)
Setting Negligent Fires
389(1)
The Model Arson Law
389(1)
The Arsonist
389(2)
Motivation
390(1)
Police and Fire Department Cooperation
391(1)
Fire Department Expertise
391(1)
Police Department Expertise
391(1)
Coordinating Efforts
391(1)
Other Sources of Assistance in Investigating Arson
391(1)
The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms
392(1)
News Media
392(1)
Insurance Companies
392(1)
Arson Task Forces
392(1)
Special Challenges in Investigation
392(1)
Responding to the Scene
393(1)
The Preliminary Investigation
393(5)
The Fire Triangle
393(1)
Arson Indicators
394(1)
Burning Pattern
395(1)
Summary of Arson Indicators
396(1)
Photographing and Videotaping an Arson Fire
396(1)
Physical Evidence
397(1)
Using K-9s in Arson Investigations
398(1)
Evidence on a Suspect, at a Residence or in a Vehicle
398(1)
Observing Unusual Circumstances
398(1)
Interviewing the Victim, Witnesses and Firefighters
398(1)
Search Warrants and Fire Investigations
398(1)
Investigating Vehicle Arson
399(1)
Prosecuting Arsonists
400(1)
Preventing Arson
400(1)
Investigating Bombings and Explosions
400(1)
Responding to a Bomb Threat
401(1)
Investigating Bomb Explosions
401(2)
Using K-9s in Detecting Explosives
401(1)
Using Robots
402(1)
Importance of the Team Approach
402(1)
Summary
403(1)
Checklist
403(1)
Application
404(1)
Discussion Questions
405(1)
Investigate the Web
405(1)
InfoTrac College Edition
405(1)
Internet
406(1)
Crime and Evidence in Action CD-ROM
406(1)
References
406(1)
Cases Cited
406(1)
Section Five Other Challenges to the Criminal Investigator
407(132)
Computer Crime
409(24)
Introduction
410(1)
The Scope of the Problem
411(2)
Legislation
412(1)
Terminology
413(1)
Storing and Retrieving Information and Accessing the Internet
414(1)
The Internet
414(1)
Classification of Computer Crimes
415(1)
Targets
416(1)
Viruses
416(1)
Nature of the Crimes
417(1)
Special Challenges in Investigation
418(1)
Search Warrants
419(1)
The Preliminary Investigation
419(6)
Suspects
420(1)
Evidence
421(3)
Data Recovery
424(1)
Follow-Up Investigation
425(1)
Undercover Investigation
425(1)
Subpoenas
425(1)
Investigating Internet Fraud
425(1)
Security of the Police Department's Computers
426(1)
The Investigative Team
426(1)
Resources Available
427(1)
Preventing Computer Crime
427(1)
Summary
428(1)
Checklist
428(1)
Application
429(1)
Discussion Questions
430(1)
Investigate the Web
430(1)
InfoTrac College Edition
430(1)
Internet
430(1)
Crime and Evidence in Action CD-ROM
430(1)
References
430(2)
Useful Resources
432(1)
Organized Crime, Bias/Hate Crime and Ritualistic Crime
433(26)
Introduction
433(2)
Organized Crime: An Overview
435(1)
Characteristics of Organized Crime
435(1)
Applicable Laws
435(1)
Major Activities
436(2)
Victimless Crimes
436(1)
Loan-Sharking
437(1)
Money Laundering
437(1)
The Threat of Specific Organized Crime Groups
438(2)
Asian Organized Crime
438(1)
Mexican Organized Crime
439(1)
Russian Organized Crime
439(1)
Gypsies
439(1)
Organized Crime and Corruption
440(1)
The Police Response
440(1)
Agencies Cooperating in Investigating Organized Crime
441(1)
Methods to Combat Organized Crime
441(1)
Investigative Aids
442(1)
Asset Forfeiture
442(1)
The Decline of Organized Crime?
442(1)
Bias/Hate Crime: An Overview
443(1)
Motivation for Hate Crime
443(1)
Hate Crime Offenders
444(1)
Neo-Nazi Groups
445(1)
The Police Response
445(2)
Reporting Bias/Hate Crimes
446(1)
Efforts to Combat Bias/Hate Crimes
447(1)
Legislation
448(1)
Programs
448(1)
Ritualistic Crime: An Overview
448(1)
Terminology
449(1)
Symbolism
449(1)
The Nature of Ritualistic Crimes
449(2)
Who Commits Ritualistic Crime?
451(1)
Investigating Ritualistic Crime
451(3)
Signs of Cult-Related Activity
451(1)
Risk Factors Indicating Potential Violence
452(1)
Investigating Animal Deaths
452(1)
Investigating Homicides
453(1)
Investigating Satanic Serial Killings
453(1)
Investigating Youth Suicides
453(1)
Special Challenges
454(1)
Summary
454(1)
Checklists
455(1)
Application
456(1)
Discussion Questions
456(1)
Investigate the Web
456(1)
InfoTrac College Edition
456(1)
Internet
457(1)
Crime and Evidence in Action CD-ROM
457(1)
References
457(1)
Case Cited
458(1)
Gang-Related Crime
459(18)
Introduction
460(1)
Gang-Related Crime: An Overview
460(1)
Gangs Defined
460(1)
Extent of Gangs
461(1)
Proliferation and Migration
461(1)
Why People Join Gangs
461(1)
Types of Gangs
461(3)
Stereotypes of Gangs versus the Reality
464(1)
Gang Membership, Leadership and Organization
464(2)
Turf and Graffiti
465(1)
Gang Activities
466(2)
Gangs and Drugs
468(1)
Identifying Gang Members
468(2)
Records to Keep
470(1)
Investigating Illegal Gang Activity
470(2)
Collaborative Efforts
472(1)
Prosecuting Gang-Related Crimes
473(1)
Summary
474(1)
Checklist
474(1)
Application
474(1)
Discussion Questions
474(1)
Investigate the Web
474(1)
InfoTrac College Edition
474(1)
Internet
475(1)
Crime and Evidence in Action CD-ROM
475(1)
References
475(1)
Case Cited
476(1)
Illegal Drugs and Terrorism
477(42)
Introduction
478(1)
Seriousness and Extent of the Drug Problem
479(1)
Legal Definitions and Problems
480(1)
Classification of Controlled Drugs
480(5)
Cocaine and Crack
482(1)
Heroin
483(1)
Marijuana
483(1)
Methamphetamine
484(1)
Club Drugs
484(1)
Other Narcotics and Drugs
485(1)
Prescription Drugs
485(1)
Inhalents
485(1)
Investigating Illegal Possession or Use of Controlled Substances
485(5)
Recognizing the Drug Addict
488(1)
Drug-Recognition Experts
488(1)
Physical Evidence of Possession or Use of Controlled Substances
489(1)
In-Custody Deaths
490(1)
Investigating Illegal Sale and Distribution of Controlled Substances
490(5)
On-Sight Arrests
491(1)
Surveillance
492(1)
Planned Buys
492(2)
Stings
494(1)
Narcotics Raids
494(1)
Clandestine Drug Laboratories
495(2)
Investigative Aids
497(2)
Agency Cooperation
499(1)
Drug Asset Forfeiture
499(1)
Preventing Problems with Illegal Drugs
500(1)
Terrorism: An Overview
501(4)
Terrorism Defined
502(1)
Motivation for Terrorism
502(1)
Classification of Terrorist Acts
502(1)
Types of Terrorism
503(2)
Terrorists as Criminals
505(1)
The U.S. Response to September 11th
505(1)
The Local Law Enforcement Response: Investigating Terrorism
506(1)
The Elements of Terrorism
506(1)
Similarities between Investigating Terrorism and Illicit Drug Activity
506(1)
Approaches to Investigation
507(1)
Crucial Collaborations: Partnerships and Communication
507(1)
Summary
508(1)
Checklist
509(1)
Application
509(6)
Discussion Questions
515(1)
Investigate the Web
515(1)
InfoTrac College Edition
515(1)
Internet
515(1)
Crime and Evidence in Action CD-ROM
515(1)
References
516(2)
Useful Resource
518(1)
Writing Reports, Preparing for and Presenting Cases in Court
519(20)
Introduction
520(1)
The Importance of Reports
520(1)
Organizing Information
521(1)
Structuring the Narrative
521(1)
Characteristics of Effective Reports
522(2)
Paragraphs
522(1)
Past Tense
522(1)
First Person
522(1)
Active Voice
522(1)
Objective
522(1)
Concise
523(1)
Clear
523(1)
Grammatically and Mechanically Correct
523(1)
Legible
523(1)
Reader Friendly
523(1)
Evaluating Your Report
524(1)
Taping and Dictating Reports
524(1)
Computerized Report Writing
524(1)
Nonprosecution
524(1)
Closing a Case by Arrest and Prosecution
525(1)
Preparing a Case for Prosecution
525(3)
Review and Evaluate Evidence
525(1)
Review Reports
526(1)
Prepare Witnesses
526(1)
Prepare the Final Report
526(2)
Pretrial Conference
528(1)
Final Preparations
528(1)
The Trial
528(1)
Sequence of a Criminal Trial
529(1)
Testifying under Direct Examination
529(2)
Nonverbal Factors
531(1)
Strategies for Excelling as a Witness
531(1)
Expert Testimony
532(1)
Testifying under Cross-Examination
532(2)
Handling Objections
534(1)
Concluding Your Testimony
534(1)
Summary
535(1)
Checklists
536(1)
Discussion Questions
537(1)
Investigate the Web
537(1)
InfoTrac College Edition
537(1)
Internet
537(1)
Crime and Evidence in Action CD-ROM
537
References
535(4)
Appendix A Death Scene Checklist 539(3)
Appendix B Sample Form for Reporting Bias Crimes 542(3)
Glossary 545(13)
Author Index 558(4)
Subject Index 562


Please wait while the item is added to your cart...