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Criminal Justice

by
Edition:
3rd
ISBN13:

9780205422029

ISBN10:
0205422020
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2005
Publisher(s):
Allyn & Bacon
List Price: $117.60
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Summary

Criminal Justice, 4/E Jay S. Albanese, "Virginia"" Commonwealth University" ISBN-10: 0205499090 Albanese's Criminal Justice, 4th edition is a thorough introduction to the field of criminal justice. In addition the major concepts, this text focuses on critical thinking as well as the media's influence on both criminal justice and the public's perception of criminal justice. Albanese gives new attention to up-to-the-minute laws and policies related to crime, search and seizure, and operations of the criminal justice system. The text examines cutting-edge issues of technology, including crimes facilitated by the Internet and identity theft. An experienced author, scholar, and past president of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, Jay Albanese has received high marks for his appealing narrative style and comprehensive style.

Table of Contents

Features xvii
Preface xix
Perspectives on Criminal Justice
1(23)
Perspectives on Crime
2(9)
Media Perspectives on Crime
2(1)
The Political Perspective on Crime
3(3)
Crime and Other Life Events
6(1)
Effects of Fear
7(3)
The Universality of Crime
10(1)
What Is Crime?
11(4)
Historical and Political Contexts of Crime
11(4)
Origins of the Criminal Justice System
15(9)
Justice in the Colonial Period
16(1)
The Evolution of Due Process
17
Perspectives on Fear of Crime
8(5)
Television Crime Dramas and the Causes of Homicide
13(6)
Carjackings in the United States
19(1)
Binge Drinking
19(5)
The Nature and Causes of Crime
24(33)
Defining Deviance
27(1)
Thinking versus Acting
27(1)
Mala in Se, Mala Prohibita, and Criminal Harm
28(2)
Criminalization of Behavior
30(4)
How Can Crime Be Explained?
34(11)
Biological Determinism and Psychological Explanations
37(2)
Sociological Explanations
39(4)
Rational Choice Explanations
43(1)
Gender-Based Explanations
44(1)
Guns, Drugs, and Crime
45(12)
Guns
45(2)
Drugs and Alcohol
47(1)
Perspectives on Gun Control by Teenagers and Adults
48
Perceptions and the Reality of Crime
40(11)
Choosing What to Criminalize
51(1)
A Case Study of Delinquency
51(6)
Defining and Measuring Crime
57(25)
What Are the Types of Crime?
59(1)
How Are Violent Crimes and Property Crimes Classified?
60(4)
Homicide
60(1)
Sexual Assault
61(1)
Assault
62(1)
Robbery
62(1)
Burglary
63(1)
Larceny
63(1)
Arson
64(1)
How Are Crime Rates Determined?
64(18)
The FBI Uniform Crime Reports
66(2)
The National Crime Victimization Survey
68(7)
What Offenders Say
75(1)
The Future of Crime in the United States
76
Perspectives on the Crime Index
70
America's Most Wanted: America Fights Back
65(13)
The Circumstances of Crime
78(1)
Identifying Serious Crimes
78(4)
Perpetrators and Victims of Crime
82(19)
Who Are the Victims and Perpetrators of Crime?
84(9)
Age
84(1)
Gender
85(3)
Race and Ethnicity
88(4)
Socioeconomic Status
92(1)
What Is Crime Profiling?
93(8)
Offender Profiles
93(1)
Victim Profiles
94(1)
Crime Scene Profiles
95
Perspectives on Partner Violence
88(6)
Superheroes and Crime Prevention
94(3)
The Characteristics of Homicide
97(1)
Preventing School Shootings
97(4)
Economic and Political Crime
101(35)
What Is Meant by Economic and Political Crimes?
104(1)
How Can White-Collar Crimes Be Defined?
105(6)
Types of White-Collar Theft
106(1)
Crimes against Public Administration
107(1)
Corporate Crimes
108(2)
Trends in White-Collar Crime
110(1)
Why Is Computer Crime a Growing Threat?
111(5)
Types of Computer Crimes
112(1)
Consequences of Computer Crime
113(3)
How Does Organized Crime Operate?
116(8)
A Typology of Organized Crime
117(1)
Organized Crime Offenders
118(2)
National and International Aspects of Organized Crime
120(4)
What Are the Impacts of Terrorism and Hate Crimes?
124(12)
Terrorism and Hate Crime Trends
125(2)
How Terrorism and Hate Crimes Merge
127
Perspectives on Terrorism
126
A Civil Action
110(19)
Is the Internet an Avenue for Terrorists?
129(1)
Should There Be Limits on Controlling Pollution?
130(6)
Criminal Law
136(30)
What Is Criminal Law?
138(4)
Four Sources of American Criminal Law
139(1)
Limits on Criminal Law
140(2)
How Did the American System of Law and Justice Develop?
142(4)
Evolution of Lawful Justice
143(1)
Evolution of Due Process
144(2)
How Does the Law Define the Elements of a Crime?
146(4)
Characteristics of Criminal Acts
148(1)
The State of Mind Requirement
149(1)
What Defenses against Criminal Charges Does the Law Recognize?
150(9)
Defenses Related to Mental Illness
150(3)
Defenses Involving Force
153(1)
Defenses Involving Justification or Excuse
154(5)
What Are Some Concerns about Applying Criminal Law?
159(7)
Controlling Animals or Owners?
159(1)
Assisted Suicide or Murder?
160
Perspectives on Liability for the Death of Others
156
Murder on TV: Law & Order, The Practice, and NYPD Blue
147(13)
Justice on the Carolina Frontier (1764)
160(1)
What Are the Crimes of the Century?
161(5)
The Criminal Justice System
166(22)
What Are the Agencies of Criminal Justice?
168(3)
Law Enforcement
168(1)
Courts
169(1)
Corrections
170(1)
What Is Procedural Law?
171(3)
Law, Investigation, and Arrest
172(1)
The Fourth Amendment and Probable Cause
173(1)
Arrest
174(1)
What Is Involved in Criminal Court Procedure?
174(6)
Initial Appearance and Preliminary Hearing
174(2)
Grand Jury, Indictment, Arraignment
176(2)
Trial and Conviction
178(1)
Sentencing and Appeals
178(2)
What Are Some Concerns about the Criminal Justice System?
180(8)
The Cost of Justice
180(1)
Fairness in Adjudication
181(1)
Perspectives on Fairness in the Criminal Justice System
182(1)
The Star Chamber
183(1)
The Limits of Drug Testing
184(1)
Addressing Violence in Entertainment
184(4)
Criminal Procedure and the Police
188(25)
What Is the Role of Police in Criminal Procedure?
190(10)
Reasonable Suspicion and Stop and Frisk
190(2)
The Exclusionary Rule
192(1)
The Good Faith Exception
193(2)
Searches without Warrants
195(5)
The Fifth Amendment and the Miranda Warning
200(13)
The Public Safety Exception
203(1)
Interrogations and Confessions
204(1)
Impacts of Procedural Law on Law Enforcement
205(1)
Perspectives on Fairness of Police
206
Law & Order
202(6)
The Limits of Stop and Frisk
208(1)
Civil Suits against Police
209(4)
Origins and Organization of Law Enforcement
213(39)
How Did Policing Evolve?
215(7)
The Watch and Ward System
215(2)
The New Police Bobbies
217(1)
Metropolitan Police in American Cities
218(2)
Crime Commissions and the Professionalization of Policing
220(1)
The Law Enforcement Assistance Administration
221(1)
What Is the Organization of Law Enforcement?
222(11)
Local Police
223(3)
State Police
226(2)
Federal Law Enforcement Agencies
228(3)
Transnational Law Enforcement
231(2)
Who Are the Police?
233(5)
Training and Education
235(1)
Issues of Gender and Race
236(2)
What Are Some Concerns about Policing in the United States?
238(14)
The Dilemma of Jurisdictions and Need for Cooperation
239(1)
The Impacts of Technology and the Media on Police Work
240(3)
The Movement toward Private Policing
243
Perspectives on Changes in Police Departments in Large Cities
236(3)
Police Dramas on Television
239(6)
Campus Law Enforcement
245(1)
The Cyclical Nature of Community Policing
246(6)
Issues in Law Enforcement and Police Behavior
252(38)
Is There Such a Thing as a Police Personality?
254(7)
Myths and Stereotypes about Police
254(1)
Three Styles of Policing
255(2)
Current Research on Police Attitudes toward Their Jobs
257(1)
Current Research on Police Attitudes toward the Public They Serve
258(3)
How Should Police Performance Be Evaluated?
261(8)
Police Discretion and Police Misconduct
261(3)
Police Pursuits
264(1)
Crime Response and Clearance Rates
265(3)
Arrest and Conviction Rates
268(1)
Community Service
269(1)
What Are Some Forms of Police Corruption?
269(7)
Explanations of Corruption
270(5)
Preventing Corruption
275(1)
What Is Legitimate Use of Deadly Force?
276(14)
Victims of Violent Crime Control
276(2)
``Fleeing Felon'' and ``Prowler Inside'' Laws
278(2)
Police Brutality
280
Perspectives on a New Role for Police: Intelligence Gathering
266(8)
Police and Terrorists in Film
274(8)
Responding to Spouse Abuse
282(1)
An Appropriate Remedy for Police Misconduct?
283(7)
Origins and Organization of the Courts
290(30)
How Were Criminal Courts Similar and Different in the Past?
292(2)
How Did the State and Federal Court Systems Develop?
294(5)
State Court Systems
295(1)
The Federal Court System
296(3)
Who Are the Participants in the Judicial Process?
299(11)
Prosecutors
300(2)
Defense Counsel and Defendants
302(2)
Judges
304(1)
Victims and Witnesses
305(3)
Juries
308(1)
The Courtroom Work Group
309(1)
How Are Specialized and Alternative Courts Changing the Court System?
310(10)
Felony Drug Courts
311(1)
Dispute Resolution and Community Courts
311(1)
Perspectives on the Deluge of Criminal Cases
312
Seeking Justice in Court and on TV
310(4)
Independent Counsel and Prosecutorial Misconduct
314(1)
Limiting Criminal Appeals
315(5)
Trial Defense and Prosecution
320(30)
What Are the Rights of the Accused?
322(6)
Right to Counsel
322(3)
Right to Effective Counsel
325(3)
How Are Cases Settled without Trial?
328(4)
Prosecutorial Discretion
329(1)
Diversion of Cases
330(1)
Plea Bargaining
331(1)
What Are Some Problems of the Court System?
332(18)
Caseloads
333(4)
Case Mortality
337(4)
Adjudicate the Offender or the Act?
341(2)
Crime Control or Due Process?
343
Perspectives on Adjudication
334
The Matrix Made Me Do It
328(16)
Selective Prosecution of High-Rate Offenders
344(1)
Should a Lawyer Defend a Guilty Person?
345(5)
Trials and Sentencing
350(40)
What Happens at Trial?
352(5)
Jury Selection
353(1)
Witness Testimony and Evidence
354(1)
Defense Strategies
355(1)
Arguments and Outcomes
356(1)
How Do Judges Decide on a Sentence?
357(5)
Retribution and Incapacitation
358(1)
Deterrence and Rehabilitation
359(1)
Probation, Restitution, and Incarceration
360(1)
The Presentence Report
361(1)
How Do Sentencing Options Differ?
362(7)
Indeterminate Sentencing
362(1)
Determinate Sentencing
363(4)
Sentencing Guidelines
367(2)
How Does the Eighth Amendment Restrict Sentencing?
369(1)
What Is the Answer to the Death Penalty Debate?
370(20)
The Legal Status of the Death Penalty
370(4)
The Death Penalty
374(1)
Arguments for and against Capital Punishment
375(1)
Perspectives on the Death Penalty
376
Dead Man Walking
371(10)
Victim's Race and Death Penalty Decisions
381(1)
Is Life Imprisonment a More Severe Punishment Than the Death Penalty?
382(8)
Origins and Organization of Jails and Prisons
390(33)
How Are Correctional Institutions in the United States Organized?
392(6)
The Invention of the Prison
393(1)
Levels of Custody
394(1)
State and Federal Correctional Systems
395(1)
Problems with Jails
396(2)
How Do Correctional Institutions Operate?
398(3)
Punishment
398(1)
Custody and Deterrence
399(1)
Rehabilitation and Reform
400(1)
Models of Prison Administration
400(1)
Who Is in Prison?
401(5)
Correlates of Incarceration
401(3)
Incarceration of Women
404(1)
Prison Overcrowding
405(1)
What Is Inmate Life Like?
406(8)
Prison Work
406(2)
Drug Use and Treatment Programs
408(2)
AIDS in Prison
410(1)
Prison Gangs
411(1)
Violence in Prison
412(2)
What Are Prisoners' Rights and Responsibilities?
414(9)
Constitutional Rights
414(1)
Prison Rules
415
Perspectives on Prisoner Trends
403(4)
The Shawshank Redemption
407(10)
Private Prisons and Liability
417(1)
The Elderly Inmate
418(5)
Probation and Community Corrections
423(36)
What Are the Alternatives to Incarceration?
425(9)
Fines as a Form of Criminal Sanction
426(1)
Probation
427(4)
Intensive Supervision
431(1)
Confinement and Monitoring
432(2)
How Can Ex-offenders Return to the Community after Prison?
434(6)
Parole
434(2)
Work/Study Release and Furloughs
436(2)
Halfway Houses
438(1)
Pardons and Commutations
439(1)
What Are Forms of Authentic and Restorative Justice?
440(19)
Restitution and Repair
442(1)
Mediation
443(1)
Shock Incarceration
443(2)
Corporal Punishment and Public Humiliation
445(2)
Forced Birth Control and Chemical Castration
447(3)
Forfeitures and Fees
450
Perspectives on Probation and Parole
430(5)
First Time Felon
435(17)
The Return of Chain Gangs
452(1)
Registering Former Sex Offenders
452(7)
Justice and Punishment in the Twenty-First Century
459(24)
What Are New Ways of Administering Justice and Punishment?
461(4)
Technocorrections
461(1)
Risk-Based Treatment
462(1)
Early Life Interventions
463(1)
Virtual Prison
464(1)
How Can Offenders with Mental Health and Drug Problems Be Handled in the Criminal Justice System?
465(6)
Mental Health of Offenders
465(2)
Is There Effective Treatment for Sex Offenders?
467(2)
Gender Issues
469(1)
Balancing Just Punishment with Public Safety
470(1)
What Is the Future of Corrections?
471(12)
Offender Accountability
471(1)
Professionalization of the Corrections Profession
472(1)
Punishment and Control by Distance
472(2)
Preparing Offenders for Release
474(1)
Corrections as Prevention
475
Perspectives on Criminal Justice and Mental Illness
468(5)
American Me
473(4)
Illicit Drug Use in Movies and Music
477(1)
Ecstasy: Crime Problem, Health Problem, or Recreation?
478(5)
Juvenile Justice
483(37)
Juvenile Justice versus Criminal Justice
486(1)
The Nature and Extent of Delinquency
487(6)
Arrest Figures
487(4)
Self-Reports
491(1)
Victimization Surveys
492(1)
Foundations of Juvenile Justice
493(3)
Objections to Parens Patriae
494(1)
Modifications of the Juvenile Justice System
495(1)
The Law and Procedure of Juvenile Justice
496(12)
Lawyers and Self-Incrimination
497(3)
The Burden of Proof
500(1)
Juries in Juvenile Court
501(1)
Double Jeopardy
502(1)
Preventive Detention
503(3)
Searches and the Fourth Amendment
506(1)
Punishment and the Eighth Amendment
507(1)
Juveniles in the System: Police, Courts, Corrections
508(6)
Police Disposition of Juveniles Taken into Custody
508(1)
Juvenile Court Outcomes
509(3)
Juvenile Dispositions
512(1)
Trends in Legislation
513(1)
The Outlook for Juvenile Justice
514(6)
Perspectives on Serious Juvenile Crime
511
Scared Straight
505(10)
Abolish the Age of Majority?
515(1)
Juries for Juveniles?
515(5)
Comparative Criminal Justice
520(25)
The Risk of Crime around the World
522(6)
Incidence of Major Crimes
524(1)
Victimization
525(2)
Why Study Comparative Criminal Justice?
527(1)
Transnational Crimes
528(4)
Hijacking
528(1)
Trafficking in Humans
529(1)
Corruption
530(1)
War Crimes
531(1)
Transnational Law Enforcement
532(13)
International Justice
533(2)
International Corrections
535(1)
Legal, Ethical, and Practical Problems
536
Perspectives on International Victimization
526(11)
Citizen X
537(2)
War Crime Suspects Hiding in the United States?
539(1)
Who Goes to Prison?: Comparing England and the United States
540(5)
Appendix: The Constitution of the United States of America 545(10)
Glossary 555(8)
Name Index 563(7)
Subject Index 570


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